Biomass Success Factors And Opportunities In Asia
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Analysis Asia Biomass Market about government policy, electricity price, community application and natural resources

Analysis Asia Biomass Market about government policy, electricity price, community application and natural resources

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Biomass Success Factors And Opportunities In Asia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 熱情 Biomax Success Factors and Opportunities in Asia Flow Inc. Young Yang Email: im.young.yang@gmail.com
  • 2. Biomass Renewable Energy Key Success Factors Farm Capital grant Enterprise Investment Food / wood processing Soft loan Paper / pulp mill Investment Tax reduction Coffee / Ceramics Irrigation Quota obligation Community Customers’ Government Operating Public Tender School Solution Support Feed-in tariffs Health care District heat and cool Fiscal incentives Equipment cost Initial Cap. Financial Biomass Forestry residues Wood Sustainability Consistency Construction wood residues Lumber mills Black liquor in pulp/paper mill Biomass feedstock price O&M Cost Electricity Price Nutshells Agriculture Maintenance Cube grasses Labor cost Corn / Wheat / Rice Coconut / coffee bean •Irrigation significantly contributes to farm productivity and wages. 1 •Feed-in tariffs achieves greater renewable energy penetration. 2 •Transportation represents 30 ~ 50% of feedstock cost. 3 •Heat and electricity price are sensitive to the investment return 4 •Recommended Countries: China, Thailand, and India 1.Scongco, J., 2002. Do Rural Infrastructure Investments Benefit the Poor? World bank working paper 2796, 2. European Communities 2008, The support of electricity from renewable energy sources 3. Biotechnolgy Industry Organization 2006, Achieving sustainable production of agricultural biomass for biorefinery feedstock 4. Based on CPC Biomax cost calculation sheet 2
  • 3. Government Support Fully support PRELIMINARY Solutio Gover n nment Moderate support Financ Bioma No policy support ial ss Validation in second stage Capital Soft Investment Quota Fiscal Feed-in Grant Loan Tax Obligation Incentives Tariffs Japan    Korea*    Taiwan   China       Capital Soft Investment Quota Fiscal Feed-in Grant Loan Tax Obligation Incentives Tariffs Philippines   Indonesia   Fully support Capital Soft Investment Quota Fiscal Feed-in Grant Loan Tax Obligation Incentives Tariffs Government Support Scheme Moderate support No policy support Vietnam Malaysia     China, Malaysia, Thailand, India Thailand      Japan, Korea*, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia Myanmar Vietnam, Myanmar India      3 *Korea regulation prevents from burning solid biomass in urban area and most of supports for natural gas CHP
  • 4. Biomass Consistency PRELIMINARY Sufficient biomass** Solutio Gover n nment Moderate biomass Financ Bioma ial ss Limited biomass Validation in second stage Sugar Oil Coco Cassa Pea Forest Paddy Maize cane Palm nut va nut Japan  Korea   Taiwan China      Sugar Oil Coco Cassa Pea Forest Paddy Maize cane Palm nut va nut Philippines    Indonesia         Sufficient biomass Sugar Oil Coco Cassa Pea Biomass Resources Moderate biomass Forest Paddy Maize cane Palm nut va nut Limited biomass Vietnam    Malaysia   China, Indonesia, Thailand, India Thailand     Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia Myanmar   Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Myanmar India      4 •Source: FAO 2006, PROMOTION OF BIOGAS AND BIOMASS IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC , Asian and Pacific Centre for Agricultural Engineering and Machinery ** Check Criteria: Production forest area is over 10M ha; Annual agriculture production is over 10,000 tons
  • 5. Customers’ Solution PRELIMINARY All population with electricity Solutio Gover n nment Less 10M w/o electricity Financ Bioma ial ss Over 10M w/o electricity Validation in second stage Population without Electrification electricity1 rate (%) (millions) India 487.2 56 Indonesia 101.2 54 Myanmar 45.1 11 Philippines 16.2 81 Vietnam 13.2 84 Cambodia 10.9 20 China 8.5 99 Thailand 0.6 99 Malaysia 0.6 98 Japan 0 100 Korea 0 100 Taiwan 0 100 The Impacts of the irrigation system •77% income increased, India •$5+ value adds to agriculture output originally worth Potential Countries for Community Services $1, Australia •1% increase in irrigation along with 0.41% increase of India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, output per worker & 1.13% decrease of poverty Vietnam, Cambodia, China incidence, PRC 2 •$60-$70 diesel cost reduced per 100 pump installed, Pakistan 2 5 1. Source: 2007/2008 Human Development Reports, UNDP, http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/ 2. Can Renewable Energy Make a Real Contribution? Global Network On Energy For Sustainable Development, 2006
  • 6. ~ 10 Years breakeven ~ 20 years breakeven > 20 years breakeven Financial Sustainability PRELIMINARY Solutio Gover n nment Validation in second stage Financ Bioma Electricity and LPG Price in Asia countries1 ial ss Country Avg. Electricity Tariff Avg. LPG Price (USD/kwh) (USD/million Btu) Philippines 0.29 22.99 Korea 0.20 28.602 Japan 0.15 22.33 India 0.11 17.742 China 0.09 20.37 Taiwan 0.08 23.99 Malaysia 0.07 11.702 Thailand 0.07 13.572 Vietnam 0.07 2.61 Indonesia 0.06 7.05 ~ 10 years breakeven Financial Sustainability ~ 20 years breakeven > 20 years Philippines, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, China, India Thailand, Malaysia Vietnam, Indonesia 6 1. Source: Government website, power company, and gas company 2. 2008 Data
  • 7. Appendix 7
  • 8. Biomass resources in Asia-Forest Resource: FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization 2005
  • 9. Biomass resources in Asia-Agricultural Product Resource: NEDO, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, 2007
  • 10. Population without electricity and Energy Supply Portfolio 2007/2008 Population without electricity and Total Primary Energy Supply Portfolio Population Hydro, solar, Biomass Total primary energy without Electrification wind, and Nuclear supply (TPES) (Mt of Coal(%) Oil(%) Gas(%) electricity rate (%) geothermal waste (%) oil equivalent), 2005 (millions) (%) (%) India 487.2 56 537.3 38.7 23.9 5.4 1.7 29.4 0.8 Indonesia 101.2 54 179.5 14.2 36.6 17.1 3.7 28.5 0.0 Myanmar 45.1 11 14.7 0.6 13.7 14.4 1.8 69.6 0.0 Philippines 16.2 81 44.7 13.6 35.4 5.9 20.7 24.4 0.0 Vietnam 13.2 84 51.3 15.8 24.3 9.6 3.6 46.7 0.0 Cambodia 10.9 20 4.8 0.0 26.6 0.0 0.1 73.2 0.0 China 8.5 99 1717.2 63.3 18.5 2.3 2.0 13.0 0.8 Thailand 0.6 99 100.0 11.2 45.5 25.9 0.5 16.5 0.0 Malaysia 0.6 98 61.3 9.6 43.3 41.8 0.8 4.5 0.0 Japan 0 100 530.5 21.1 47.4 13.3 2.0 1.2 15.0 Korea 0 100 213.8 23.1 45.0 12.8 0.2 1.0 17.9 Taiwan* 0 100 138.4 32.0 51.0 8.0 2.0 0 7.0 source: Human Development Reports, UNDP Taiwan source: 2006 中華民國能源結構 http://web2.moeaboe.gov.tw/ecw/About/energy%20situation/main/ch_05.html 10
  • 11. Customer Solutions Solutio Gover n nment Solutions Impacts Financ Bioma ial ss •Irrigation •77% income increased, India; $5+ value adds to agriculture output originally worth $1, Australia; 1% increase in irrigation along with 0.41% increase of output per worker & 1.13% decrease of poverty incidence, PRC1; Community $60-$70 diesel cost reduced per 100 pump installed, Pakistan 2 Services •Transportation •50 Gallons syndiesel from 1 ton boimass, reducing diesel imported •Health care •Refrigerator for vaccine preservation 2 (CPC Biomax power supply sustain1 month consistently) •Education •Light for night classes 2 •Rice drying •$10 per ton of cost saving in logistic and drying by the regional dryer system, Taiwan 6 •Rural Electricity Enterprises (REE) •Biomax 1 month nonstop vs. current REE 11 hrs services, Cambodia 7; Replace deforestation by plantation of Leucaena, a fast growing & nitrogen-fixed tree, Cambodia4 Enterprises •Food processing & heat-related •50-60% fuelwood saved by gasification instead of traditional stove, industry 10-20% increase in agriculture product price, Nepal & India 2; 50% annealing operation cost reduced in metallurgy sector, India 3 •Battery charging Stations (BSC) •$0.22-0.52 / kWh of recharging batteries, average charged twice a week. Around $0.08 / kWh by BioMax 75, Cambodia8 •Lighting •Reduce indoor air pollution; Kill over 1M people per year by kerosene 5 •Cooking •5-7 times of efficiency improved by gasification stove 2 Households •Refrigeration •Better preservation of food 2 •Communication •Electricity for radio, TV, telephones, etc. 2 1. Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction. What is the Connection? Asia Development Back, Jan 2003 6. 稻米調製機械擴增與改善計畫執行成果 ,Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taiwan , 2009 2. Can Renewable Energy Make a Real Contribution? Global Network On Energy For Sustainable Development, 2006 7. A Survey of Small-Scale Private Service Providers in Electricity and Water Supply: Cambodia, Public- 3. Barriers and Unlocking Potentials. Global Network On Energy For Sustainable Development, 2007 Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility, Jan 2009 4. Potential for rural electrification based on biomass gasification in Cambodia, Biomass and Bioenergy (2007) 656-664 8. Renewable Energy Issues: NEDO’s Experience in Southeast ASIA, NEDO 5. Small-Scale Bioenergy Initiatives: Brief description and preliminary lessons on livelihood impacts from case studies in Asia, Latin America and Africa, FAO, Jan 2009