Thematic rolesThese are roles of preposition thatdescribe the NP in terms of its relation tothe verb.
Location• Static location. prepositions such as: In, On , Under, and Beside. Ex: The Book is On the Table
location• Source prepositions. such as: from , and off are used to describe an action’s point of origin or source. Ex : Naima has just came [ from khenifra ]
location• Goal preposition. Such as: to, into, and onto can be used an action’s point of termination. Ex :Ahlam went to [ Tetouan ].
InstrumentalThe prepostion with and by can be used to indicate: who or the thing with which the action is made.Ex: Akklouch disturbs me by his comments.
Comitative• Please note that with also expresses the notion of accompaniment. Ex: Last Wednesday, I saw Aziz running away from the armed students with Zakaria.
ComitativeThe prototypical meanings of many prepositions are often extended into different domains. For instance, can be used to refer to time.He said he was coming at four o’clock.Jennifer’s class runs from 10 am to 1:30.
Problems that ESL/ EFL students have with prepositionsThinking that language rules are the same.Ex : Està en la mesa. Està en el curato. It is on the table. It is in the room.
Exercise• Sophia went to the movies with her friend.• With => comitative• On the way to the class, they had to walk through the whole campus.• To => Goal, Through => intermediate location
Exercise• He opened the room with a key.• With => Instrumental• Asma fired her gun directly at takey-Eddin.• At => Goal• Hayda was standing by the water fountain.• By => static location