Preposition

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Preposition

  1. 1. PrepositionsPrepared by: Younes TAIA
  2. 2. Outline Preposition of occurrence Meanings of preposition Problems ESL/ EFL Exercise Activity
  3. 3. I. Position of occurrence
  4. 4.  WHEN or WHERE do prepositions occur?• At the head of a prepositional phrase and usually before the head of a noun phrase.
  5. 5. Prepositional verbs• An Example should be like below: vpThey [Decided on] [the bus]. Prepositional Verb
  6. 6. Adjectives + Preposition CombinationAn Example should be like below: Adj Some people should be very [ sorry ]. Adj Prep Some people should be very [ sorry] [ for] Np [ the inconvenience].
  7. 7. Idiomatic constructions with two prepositionsPrepositions can function as well as parts of idiomatic constructions... In comparison with… With regards to … In accordance with…
  8. 8. Construction with Preposition followed by ‘That clauses’ Prep clauseYou should pay me [in the event] [ that you understand the lesson.]
  9. 9. In Order + infinitive clauses usually in this construction ‘in order’ is removed or absent so instead of: Prep clauseShe worked hard [ in order ] [to get rich ].We use :She worked hard to get rich.
  10. 10. Preposition + preposition combinationSome types of prepositions may be directley followed by another PrepositionThe sound seemed to be coming [ from inside the chest ]
  11. 11. II. The meanings of prepositions
  12. 12. Thematic rolesThese are roles of preposition thatdescribe the NP in terms of its relation tothe verb.
  13. 13. Location• Static location. prepositions such as: In, On , Under, and Beside. Ex: The Book is On the Table
  14. 14. location• Source prepositions. such as: from , and off are used to describe an action’s point of origin or source. Ex : Naima has just came [ from khenifra ]
  15. 15. location• Goal preposition. Such as: to, into, and onto can be used an action’s point of termination. Ex :Ahlam went to [ Tetouan ].
  16. 16. InstrumentalThe prepostion with and by can be used to indicate: who or the thing with which the action is made.Ex: Akklouch disturbs me by his comments.
  17. 17. Comitative• Please note that with also expresses the notion of accompaniment. Ex: Last Wednesday, I saw Aziz running away from the armed students with Zakaria.
  18. 18. ComitativeThe prototypical meanings of many prepositions are often extended into different domains. For instance, can be used to refer to time.He said he was coming at four o’clock.Jennifer’s class runs from 10 am to 1:30.
  19. 19. Problems that ESL/ EFL students have with prepositionsThinking that language rules are the same.Ex : Està en la mesa. Està en el curato. It is on the table. It is in the room.
  20. 20. Exercise• Sophia went to the movies with her friend.• With => comitative• On the way to the class, they had to walk through the whole campus.• To => Goal, Through => intermediate location
  21. 21. Exercise• He opened the room with a key.• With => Instrumental• Asma fired her gun directly at takey-Eddin.• At => Goal• Hayda was standing by the water fountain.• By => static location
  22. 22. Activity
  23. 23. The endEnjoy Next presentation With Mr. Zakaria On ‘Multi Verbs’

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