Introduction:What does language sexismmean within the pedagocialstream? what are the principles ofthis issue? how can these principles beapplied in classes?Why does teachers need tolearn and be aware about thisissue? why are both awareness andtaking language sexism intoconsideration necessary forstudents? Conclusion
Introduction:Language and gender An interesting DistinctionThe Represenation of Gender.Gender in Action.
English Language Being sexist Sexism in words Words show the lower social status of women The use of Suffixes – ette , -ess, -trix in occupational nouns and job titles The use of words tending to have less favorable meaning with female The use of ‘man’ and ‘he/him/his’ as generics.
Avoiding gender use of ‘He’ sexist Non-sexistGive each student his paper as soon Give students their papers as soonas he has finished as they have finished(notice that the grammar is correct in the rewrite students, their, papers=plural). Sexist Non-sexistThe averge student is worried about The avaverge student is worriedhis grades about grades Sexist Non-SexistIf the student is dissatisfied with his A student who is dissatisified withgrade, he can appeal his or her grade can appeal
Sexist Non sexistLet each student participate. Has Let each student participate. Hashe had a chance to talk ?did he feel she had a chance to talk ? did heleft out ? feel left out ? sexist Non-sexistAnyone who wants to go must All those who want to go mustbring his money tomorrow bring their money tomorrow Sexist Non sexistEvery person has a right to express Every person has a right to expresshis opinion his or her opinion
Sexist Non sexist- Dear Sir - Dear- Dear Madam Customer/Subscriber/colleague- Gentlemen - Dear Editor/manager/ account- To whom it May Concern (no executive (job title) Sexist just not you- attitude) - Dear representative/ senator (honorary title) - Dear friend/neighbor Ms.
Sexist Non sexistMiss. Lee, Ms. Chai and Ms. Lee, Ms. Chai, Ms. FeeneyMrs.FeeneyGovernor Stender and X Anna Governor Stender andJohnston Representative JohnstonMary, Lee, and Thompson - Ohashi , Lee and Thompson - Mary , Rayan and Jake Sexist Non-sexistMrs. Herman Lee Ms. Annabelle LeeMr. And Mrs. John Tanaka - Ellen and John Tanaka - The Tanaka’s - The Tanaka Family Sexist Non sexistMaiden name - Pre-marital name - Birth name
Avoiding De-gendered Terms Sexist Non sexistHostess HostActress ActorWaiter Wait helpSteward/ stewardess Flight attendant Sexist Non-sexistChairman = chairwoman (re- Chairgendered) Chair person (de-gendered) Avoiding Sexual Sterotyping
References- Sexism in Language. Xiaolan Lei. Northwest PolytehnicUniversity, Xi’an, China. Journal of Language and Linguistics. Volume5 Number 12 0006 ISSN 1475 -8989- Sexism in The English Language. Margaret Piercey. TESL CANADAJournal Revue TESL du Canada. VOL.17. No.2, SPRING 2000- Avoidibg Biased Language: Guidelines for Non-Sexist Use ofLanguage by Virginia L. Warren, Chapman College. AmericanPhilosophical Association Committee on the Status of Women in theProfession athttp://www.apa.udel.edu/apa/publications/texts/nonsexist.htmlNon-Sexist Language from Purdue University OWLhttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_nonsex.html- American Psychological Association athttp://www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/publications/language.htmlThe Mayfield Handbook of Technical & Scientific Writing athttps://mit.imoat.net/handbook/biased.htm
- Gendered Terms and Nonsexist Language by DawnelleLoiselle, Towson College,http://www.towson.edu/~loiselle/genderedterms.html- Recognising Sexist Language through Children’s Literature(Ramesh Nair). The English Teacher VOL.XXXIV, 51-59- Atkinson, K. 1993. Language and Gender. In Jackson, S. Et al(eds)- Women’s Stduies: A reader. Hertfordshine: Harverter Wleatshif- Sexist Language and the role of student affairs professional.Kathleen. G. Kerr. Journal of the Idiana University StudentPersonal Association 1988 (ed)