“Variety is the very spice of life.”      Learner Differences:     Assets and Challenges
 What are individual differences? Overview of major individual differences What are learner differences?
What areIndividual Differences?
    Individual Differences are …   ????   Human diversity is … ????
WordCloud
   Researchers either ignore or minimize the role    that individual differences contribute.   Actually, determining wha...
An overview of some major  Individual Differences
Human beings are diverse individuals in terms of their:Physical     height, weight, skin tone, eye shape and color, hairap...
Socio-economic    the classification of people by their wealth andstatus            social status in their communityPhysic...
Differences can also be of a   psychological nature
Personality   the classification of people by their wealth and social              status in their communityValues        ...
What are  LearnerDifferences?
Check:14, 15, 19, 28Outline
   Learners in any classroom are both similar and different.    An understanding of such similarities and differences hel...
They could share the same mother tongue:   Darija - with all its regional variations, or   Tamazight, or   Tarifit, or...
   Since the classroom is a microcosm of society, within the    same classroom students can look and behave differently....
However, there are many ways in which they can be different: Some of them may be girls, some boys. Some may like school ...
Students can have different learning styles Some of them may be girls, some boys. Some may like school and some may not;...
1.   Gender2.   Personality Traits3.   Learning Style4.   Cognitive Abilities5.   Multiple intelligences6.   Degree of Mot...
Students can have different learning styles Some of them may be girls, some boys. Some may like school and some may not;...
Disability                   Area of Difficulty   Symptoms include trouble with:            ExampleLearning Disabilities  ...
Prodigies Maths
 It follows that if completely individualized  instruction is impractical and one-size-fits-all  is  ineffective for most...
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
Imane nejjar, individual differences
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Imane nejjar, individual differences

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  • Imagine we were all the same: all women or all men. We looked the same, behaved and reflected in the same way. How would life be like??? Surely not as exciting and intersting as it actually is NOW.
  • Differences within the same family
  • Imane nejjar, individual differences

    1. 1. “Variety is the very spice of life.” Learner Differences: Assets and Challenges
    2. 2.  What are individual differences? Overview of major individual differences What are learner differences?
    3. 3. What areIndividual Differences?
    4. 4.  Individual Differences are … ???? Human diversity is … ????
    5. 5. WordCloud
    6. 6.  Researchers either ignore or minimize the role that individual differences contribute. Actually, determining what most people believe represents an “individual difference” variable is NOT an easy task. Every possible variable cannot be studied in every situation, thus effort should be devoted to the determination of the most relevant variables within a particular context.
    7. 7. An overview of some major Individual Differences
    8. 8. Human beings are diverse individuals in terms of their:Physical height, weight, skin tone, eye shape and color, hairappearance color and texture.Gender a social construct that specifies the socially and culturally prescribed roles that men and women are to follow.Age infants, children , adolescents or adultsFamily family resources such as household income, parentalbackground education, etc.Language their mother tongue, in addition to any second or foreign language they may have learned or studied.
    9. 9. Socio-economic the classification of people by their wealth andstatus social status in their communityPhysical abilities the abilities that influence strength, endurance,(and disabilities) flexibility, balance and coordination.Intellectual the skills that are needed to perform mentalabilities activities usually involving thinking & reasoning.Race the biologically engineered features such as skin color, skin tone, eye and hair color …Ethnicity the learned cultural behaviors and heritage of a human being.Religion the level of their religious affiliation & commitment.
    10. 10. Differences can also be of a psychological nature
    11. 11. Personality the classification of people by their wealth and social status in their communityValues Values are the beliefs or ideals shared by theand members of a culture about what is good or bad andattitudes desirable or undesirable. Attitudes are the established ways of responding to people and situations that we have learned based on the beliefs, values and assumptions that we hold.Perception: the process by which people translate sensory impressions into a coherent and unified view of the world around them.
    12. 12. What are LearnerDifferences?
    13. 13. Check:14, 15, 19, 28Outline
    14. 14.  Learners in any classroom are both similar and different. An understanding of such similarities and differences help teachers determine what to teach and how to teach it.In a classroom of students in a Moroccan high school, forexample, students may share more similarities than differences: They would roughly be of the same age & socio-economic background They would usually have the same nationality and religion. They would often come from the same geographical region. They would mostly belong to the same race (Amazigh or Arab) or a combination of the two races.
    15. 15. They could share the same mother tongue: Darija - with all its regional variations, or Tamazight, or Tarifit, or Tachelhit, or Elhassania.
    16. 16.  Since the classroom is a microcosm of society, within the same classroom students can look and behave differently. From the first day in class, a teacher can notice the many ways in which their new students seem to be different.Diversity: “…Those human characteristics that have both the potential to either enrich or limit a student’s capacity to learn from the school environment.” Henson & Eller (1999, p121)
    17. 17. However, there are many ways in which they can be different: Some of them may be girls, some boys. Some may like school and some may not; Some may find learning at school an enjoyable experience; Others will feel it is a hardship. Some may feel happy most of the time, some unhappy. Some of the students may have special needs, such as hearing difficulties, poor eyesight, or difficulty sitting still.Shaping the way we teach English
    18. 18. Students can have different learning styles Some of them may be girls, some boys. Some may like school and some may not;Shaping the way we teach English
    19. 19. 1. Gender2. Personality Traits3. Learning Style4. Cognitive Abilities5. Multiple intelligences6. Degree of Motivation7. Exceptionality (Giftness & Limitations)8. Teachers are also different (Good & Bad)
    20. 20. Students can have different learning styles Some of them may be girls, some boys. Some may like school and some may not;Shaping the way we teach English
    21. 21. Disability Area of Difficulty Symptoms include trouble with: ExampleLearning Disabilities     Letters and words may  Processing Dyslexia Reading, writing, and spelling be written or  language pronounced backwards  Computation, remembering  Difficulty counting by 2s, Dyscalculia Math skills  math facts, concepts of time,  3s, and 4s and money Illegible handwriting,  Handwriting, spelling, Dysgraphia Written expression difficulty organizing  composition ideas  Coordination and manual  Trouble with scissors, Dyspraxia  Fine motor skills dexterity buttons, and drawing Information      Processing Disorders Difficulty anticipating Auditory Processing Interpreting  Language development and  how a speaker will end a Disorder auditory information reading sentence Visual Processing Interpreting visual  Difficulty distinguishing   Reading, writing, and mathDisorder information letters like "h" and "n" http://nymetroparents.com/article/Learning-Disabilities-ChartDiagnoses-and-Symptoms
    22. 22. Prodigies Maths
    23. 23.  It follows that if completely individualized instruction is impractical and one-size-fits-all is ineffective for most students, a more balanced approach that attempts to accommodate the diverse needs of the students in a class at least some of the time is the best an instructor can do.

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