ByP.m. Yota PayuttoMCU. Raikhing NakhonpathomEnglish for Management
What does the English for Management means?How & Why ?Key performance indicators or KPI.?Where are we now?Where do we want to be?How will we get there?Introduction
What is Structure ? from Latin structūra, fromstruere to buildOrigin:Middle English < Latin structūra, equivalent tostruct ( us ) (past participle of struere to puttogether) + -ūra –ure-Structure
1. Something made up of a number of parts that are held or puttogether in a particular way: hierarchical social structure.2. The way in which parts are arranged or put together to form awhole; makeup: triangular in structure.3. The interrelation or arrangement of parts in a complex entity:political structure; plot structure.4. Something constructed, such as a building.5. Biology a. The arrangement or formation of the tissues, organs,or other parts of an organism.b. An organ or other part of an organism.Structure
Definition The framework, typically hierarchical, within which anorganization arranges its lines of authority andcommunications, and allocatesrights and duties.Organizationalstructure determines the manner and extentto which roles, power, and responsibilities aredelegated, controlled, and coordinated, and howinformation flows between levels of management. An structure depends entirely on theorganizationsobjectives and the strategy chosen toachieve them. In a centralized structure, the decisionmaking power is concentrated in the top layer of themanagement and tight control is exercised overdepartments and divisions. In a decentralizedstructure, the decision making power is distributed and thedepartments and divisions have varying degrees ofautonomy. An organizational chart illustrates theorganizational structure.
What is system?Origin of system: systēma < Gksýstēma=systē-, var. s. of synistánai tocombine, organize ( syn- syn - +histánaito stand ) +-ma, n. suffix of resultSystems
Dictionary system(noun)ˈsɪs təm several separate parts that work together the bodys circulation system; the states university system;a system of cameras to monitor airport activity systemˈsɪs təm a carefully organized method the countrys new tax system; a system for dealing withcustomers calls systemˈsɪs təm sbs body The medication stays in your system for eight hours. systemˈsɪs təm to do sth that gets rid of a bad feeling or habit Shes rebellious right now, but shell get it out of her
Definitions forsystem(noun)instrumentality thatcombines interrelated interactingartifacts designed to work as a coherententity"he bought a new stereo system""the system consists of a motor and asmall computer"system scheme(noun)agroup of independent but interrelatedelements comprising a unified whole"avast system of production anddistribution and consumption keep thecountry going"system(noun)
What is QA. ?-What Is Quality AssuranceMany people and organizations are confused aboutthe difference between quality assurance (QA),quality control (QC), and testing. They are closelyrelated, but they are different concepts.Quality Assurance: A set of activities designed toensure that the development and/or maintenanceprocess is adequate to ensure a system will meet itsQA
What is QC. ?Quality Control: A set of activities designed to evaluate adeveloped work product.Testing: The process of executing a system with the intentof finding defects. (Note that the "process of executing asystem" includes test planning prior to the execution ofthe test cases.)QC
The correct answer will vary depending on thesituation, but Mosaics experience suggests that: While line management should have the primaryresponsibility for implementing the appropriateQA, QC and testing activities on a project, anexternal QA function can provide valuableexpertise and perspective. The amount of external QA/QC should be afunction of the project risk and the processmaturity of an organization. As organizationsmature, management and staff will implement theproper QA and QC approaches as a matter ofhabit. When this happens only minimal externalguidance and review are needed.
What is CV. ?Curriculum Vitae - - - -Re?sume? BiodataBiographical DataCV & ResumeCover Letter)2. CV & Resume) - -3. Application Form)CV