Basic english powerpoint


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Basic english powerpoint

  1. 1. 1. Nouns 6.Prepositions2. Pronouns 7.Conjunctions3. Verbs 8.Interjections4. Adverbs 9.And Articles5. Adjectives
  2. 2. Nouns: there are many kinds of nouns such as:-Countable Nouns= singular+pluralUncountabe NounsCommon Nouns school, girl, catProper Nouns Bangkok,Monday, TheThameCollective nouns
  3. 3. Compound Nouns 2Bed+room=bedroomMail+box=mailboxTooth+brush=toothbrushBus+driver=Hair+dryer=Pencil+sharpener=washing+machine=Running+shoes=
  4. 4. PronounsPossessive PronounsPossessive AdjectivesSelf Forms of Pronouns
  5. 5.  Personal Pronoun ( I, you, we, he , she,it, they Possessive Pronoun ( mine, yours,his, hers, its,theirs, ours Reflexive Pronouns ( - selfmyself, yourself,ourselves Definite Pronoun ( Demonstrative Pronounsthis, that, these, those, one, such, the same Indefinite Pronoun ( all, some, any,somebody, something, someone Interrogative Pronoun ( Who, Which,What
  6. 6. I meYou youHe himShe she herIt itWe usThey them
  7. 7. Possessive Form ReflexivePronounAdjective PronounI me my mine myselfwe us our ours ourselvesyou you your yours yourselfhe him his his himselfshe her her hers herselfit it its its itselfthey them their theirs themselves
  8. 8. VerbsMain VerbsAuxillaries VerbsTransitive verbsIntransitive verbs
  9. 9. V.To be=V.To have=V.To do=Will, shall, would,should, can, could, may, might, need, want, dare,ought to, must........................................
  10. 10. Finite VerbStand, walk, sit, sleep, eat, drink, make, build, create,speak, tell, say, ask, think, feel, play, run, smile, buy,sell, cry, fly, give, go, get, take,Non-Finite verb 3Infinitive with to=to work,to runGerund with ing=walking,sleepingparticiple withing&V.3=eating,coming/eaten,come,spoken,cleaned
  11. 11. Verb to beIs, am, are, = present simpleWas, were, = past tenseBe, been, = participle perfect tense
  12. 12. Verb to haveHave, has = present simplehad, = past tenseHave been, has been, had been, = participleperfect tense
  13. 13. Verb to doDo, does, = present simpledid, = past tenseDone , be done, been done, have done, has done ,had done = participle perfect tense
  14. 14. Transitive verbs= like , see, play, eat, drink,give,buy,bring,write, speak,read, hit,see,look at,open,close,washIntransitiveverbs=go,come,run,sleep,sit,stand,fly,light,dance,regret,relapse,stay,stifleSubjective complementGet,feel,look,seem,taste,turn,stay,grow,become,prove,appear, be,v. To have
  15. 15.  adverbs Adverb adjective adverbAdverbs of Degree Adverb verbAdverbs of Time3. Adverbs of Manner4. Adverbs of Place5. Conjunctive AdverbsInterrogative Adverbs7. Relative Adverbs8. Viewpoint and Commenting Adverbs9. Adverbs phrases and clauses of purpose10. Adverbs of Certainty
  16. 16. absolutely certainly definitely, probably entirely obviously veryalmost nearly quite just too enough hardlycompletely very extremely exactly scarcely so muchquite perhaps probably rather fairly only slightly1. Adverbs of Degreeadjective2. adverb
  17. 17. The water was extremely cold.adjective - cold)I am too tired to go out tonight.adjective - tired)Please do not speak too fast.adverb - fast )He hardly noticed what she was saying.main verb - noticed )She had almost finished her breakfast when I camein.- had main verb - finished
  18. 18. Adverbs of Time adverb(when ) ( for how long( how often )• Adverbs of time•Adverb ( When )I m going to tidy my room tomorrowYou have to get back before darkEveryone arrived earlyIt is time to leave now
  19. 19. •When : today, yesterday, later,now, last year, after,soon,before, sometime ( immediately,recently,early•For how long : all day, not long, for a while, since lastyear,temporarily,briefly,, till, until (Adverbs of Duration )•How often : sometimes ( frequently,never, often, always, monthly (Adverbs of Frequency )
  20. 20. actively any howaggressively loudlycarefully distinctlyeasily equallyfast gladlygreedily intentionallyquickly promptlysimply quietlystill sincerelytogether suddenlywisely wellAdverbs of Manner adverb( How ) adverb -ly
  21. 21. Adverbs of Manner•They walk slowlyslowly walk )Her eyes shine brightlyWe waited patiently for the show to begin.•I can speak Japanese well (Japanese speak )She sings the song beautifully ( songsing )
  22. 22. . Adverb of Place adverb (Where )• Adverb of Place ( mainverb ) ( object )The students are walking home)You ll find these flowers everywhere-flowers )The books are here- are )Cat doesnt usually walk backwards- walk )towards preposition nounspronouns Adverb of PlaceHe walked towards the car. ( car noun )
  23. 23. upstairs downstairs outside inside outdoors indoors here theresomewhere nowhere everywhere anywhere elsewhere home southwards Backwards
  24. 24. accordingly alsoanywaybesides certainly consequentlyfurther furthermore hence however incidentally indeedmeanwhile moreover namelyneverthelessnext nonethelesssimilarly still then thereafter therefore thusfinally likewise otherwise finally instead nowundoubtedly so again in fact for example on the contraryConjunctive Adverbs(independent clause )
  25. 25. Interrogative Adverbswhy, where, how, whenWhy are you so late?Where is my passport?How much is that coat?When does the train arrive?how( in what way)?:How do you start the car?adjectives:How tall are you?much many:How much are these tomatoes?How many people are coming to the party?adverbsHow quickly can you read this?How often do you go to London?
  26. 26. Relative Adverbs relative clausewhen, where, why preposition + whichI remember the day when we first met .( when = preposition on + which )Thats the restaurant where we had dinner last night.( where=preposition at/in + which)The reason why he refused is unconvincing.( why= preposition for+ which )
  27. 27.  8. Viewpoint and Commenting Adverbs honestly seriously confidentially personally surprisinglyideally economically officially obviouslyclearly Honestly, I think he is a liar.Personally, Id rather go by train.You obviously enjoined your meal.
  28. 28.  9. Adverbs phrases and clauses of purposeWhy" I went to the store yesterday to buy some sugar.I will go to the library tomorrow to return the book.I need to buy a new shirt because my old one isworn out.commaBecause it was such a beautiful day, I decided to
  29. 29.  10. Adverbs of Certainty certainly,definitely, probably, undoubtedly, surely He definitely left the house this morningHe has certainly forgotten the meetingHe will probably remember tomorrowUndoubtedly, Winston Churchill was a greatpolitician.undoubtedly conjunctive adverbsAdverb of Certainty
  30. 30. AdjectivesSlow,bad,quick,careful,happy,hard,fast,good,wise,this,red,tall,fat,dirty,thin,those,short,long,
  31. 31.  Adjective Descriptive Adjective young, rich, new, god, black, clever, happy 2.Possessive Adjective my, your, his, her,their, our, its 3.Quantitativt Adjective some,half, little, enough 4.Numeral Adjective- one , two, first, many 5. Demonstrative Adjective this, that,these, those 6. Interrogative Adjective which, whose,what - Which way shall we go ? - Whose dictionary is this ? 7. Proper Adjective
  32. 32.  Positions of Adjective) 1. adjectivePeter wears a black suit.* Tom is a good guy.2. Verb to be Linking VerbsThe traffic is terrible at 5 o’clock on Friday.* He felt tired.
  33. 33. Linking Verbsubject adjectivetaste , smell , turn , keep , feel , appear , grow , get ,become , go , look , seem , soundThe soup tastes good.* The rose smells sweet.* Uncle’s hair turns grey.
  34. 34.  Adverbs Adverbs (verb) , adjective)adverb) Adverb 1. verbs) She walks clumsily. ( v. adv.
  35. 35.  adjective) She is very cute. adv. adj. 3. adverbs)That dog runs very quickly.adv. adv.
  36. 36.  adverbHe worked carefully in theoffice every day last year.M) (P) (F)(T)2. My son sometimes went toschool by bike last month.(F) (P) (M)(T)M = ManerP = PlaceF = FrequencyT = Time
  37. 37. Prepositionson besidebehindat insideunder next toaboveacross
  38. 38. Prepositions 1. Simple preposition = at by down for from in on of off past round to
  39. 39.  2. Compound Preposition - about above along around acrossagainst after among between before behindbeside below into insideoutside
  40. 40.  3. Participial Preposition - -ing barring concerning considering during pending regarding respecting notwithstanding
  41. 41.  4. Phrase Preposition = according to because of by means of by reason by way of for the sake of
  42. 42.  Phrase Preposition - in accordance with in addition to in (on) behalf of in case of in connection with in compliancewith in consequence of in course of in favor of in forntof
  43. 43.  at first at last at times at present at once at the same time all day long so far in time on time from time to time
  44. 44.  get up get on look at look for look after listen to turn on turn off think of talk to take care of wait for
  45. 45. ConjunctionsAnd but because soTherefore then thus beforeAfter if by withAlso since for to
  46. 46.  Conjunction Coordinate Conjunction Coordinate Conjunction
  47. 47.  And He is tall and handsome And also Jim is tired and also hungry And…too … Ladda was beautiful and wise too As well as Dang as well as Somsak are the leaders
  48. 48.  And…also … I am tired and sleepy also Both…and … Suriya likes to eat both rice and bread Not only…but also … Jane can speak not only English but also Japanese.
  49. 49.  But Aran likes football but his wife likes tennis. Yet He never worked hard yet he gained all prize. While You like Pepsi while I like coke
  50. 50.  Still The pain was bad, still she didn’t complain. Whereas I like Pepsi, whereas the others hate it. Nevertheless Suda had no income; nevertheless she went onworking.
  51. 51.  Or Or else Either…or … Neither…. Nor … Or Would you like tea or coffee? Or else The man must breathe, or else he will die.
  52. 52.  Either… or You can take either this book or that one. Neither….nor I like neither Ladda nor Lalita.
  53. 53.  So For Therefore Accordingly So You look tired so you should stop working
  54. 54.  For She is very sad, for she has no money Therefore He had a toothache, therefore he didn’t go to work. Accordingly I was sick, accordingly I didn’t go to school.
  55. 55.  Where wherever Where He will go to the school where his son learns
  56. 56.  After She slept after you have left her home. Before Poke finished homework before you saw him.
  57. 57.  Because He had a stroke because he didn’t relax. Since She was sick since she has worked too hard. Though I won’t love her though she is beautiful.
  58. 58.  That He works hard that she would love him. So that I tried hard so that I will past the exam. In order that She came here in order that she might see me.
  59. 59. InterjectionsHey!! Oop!! Wow!!Dud!! Oh! Yep!What’sup man! What’s happen!Jesus christ!! Oh! My god !! Yaa!!!
  60. 60. ArticlesAAnThe
  61. 61. 1 Articles 21.1 “a” “an” Indefinite Articles 2. Indefinite Articlesindefinite articlea horse an elephanta car an airplanethe Pacific the air
  62. 62.  a, an, thea, an a uniform ( an uniform)a one-eyed man ( an one eyed man)one
  63. 63. 1. aa shoe a Europeana car a useful toola cow a ewea university a union
  64. 64.  2. “an”(“ ” an accident an houran egg an honouran orange an honest manan interesting book an heiran S. an M.A.
  65. 65.  3. Articles 31. “the”A church isusually cool2. articlesthe book, a book book3. a anShe is a doctor ( she is doctor)4. articles
  66. 66.  4.1 indefinite articles (a/an)1) “ ” “any”He has a brother2) a, anHe drove the car at 100 miles an hourThis Thai silk costs two hundred baht a yard3) dozen, hundred, thousand, million, billionI bought a dozen bookA hundred cows were in the field4)She is a doctorShe is an official in the bankShe is a Buddhist
  67. 67. a/anThe made him Prime MinisterKanittha was Professor of DevelopmentEducationa/an ranktitle)My friend gained the rank of Coronel5). a, an
  68. 68.  6) a, an noun inapposition)Sunthhornphoo is Thai poetDaotho, a small village in Chiangmai7). a/an WhatWhat a beaufiful girl she is !What an ugly man he is !
  69. 69.  whata/anWhat + S+V“What lovely flowers they are! 8) a/anIt’s a pity that she can’t comeHe wants to keep this a secret as a rule: to be in a hurryto be in a good/bad temperto tell a lie: all of a suddenIt’s a shame to do that : to take an interest into take a pride in: to take a dislike toto make a fool of oneself : to be in a position toto have a mind toto have a chance : to have an opportunity toat a discount/premium : on an averagea short time ago
  70. 70.  a/anTo have a headache/ a pain/ a cold/ a coughto havetoothache/earache/rheumatism/influenza9)such a : quite a: many a : rather aMany a letter has passed my desk since last yearMana is quite a good boyHe is rather a bad temper manIt’s such a nice day!
  71. 71.  4.2 Definite article (the)the1) thethat clauseThis is the book that I bought for you2) theThe sun rises in the east and sets in the westThe world : the equator : the universe3)The Queen May : The Comet
  72. 72.  6. The Thairath, The Bangkok Post7. The Smiths8. the a/an9. the the battle of Tungchang, the map ofBangkok10. the Queen Elizabeth the Second11. the common noun (common noun the planet Mar. the poet SunthornpootheTawee, the bankder, Suda, the Personal Manager12. the Union, United Repulbic, KingdomThe United Kingdom, the Netherlandscommon noun the +The Sahara ( desert)13 the Preeya plays the piano.Kalong plays the ranard14 the This is the oldest person15 the the rich,the poor, the brave16 the 2The harder you work, the more you will be paidThe more he gets, the more he wants
  73. 73.  4.3 Article1. Life is very hardfor some people2. material Butteris made from cream3. Books are mybest friends4. Come to dinner/breakfast/ lunch/ tea5. I walked in Hyde Park, Do you know theRegent Street?6. Lake) Cape) mount)of the lake of Lucene, the Capeof good hope
  74. 74.  7. KingGeorge, Doctor Amnuay8. She speaks French9.10. article Man Woman11 article go to school to stayat home. To be out of doors. The men work by daybut not by night. He is indebt/ in trouble. At anybreak/sunset He did the work for love, not formoney
  75. 75.  Tensetensetensetensetensetense Tense tense Present tense Past tense
  76. 76.  tense tense Simple tense Continuous tense Perfect tense Perfect continuous tense
  77. 77.  Present Tense[1.1] S + Verb 1 + ……([1.2] S + is, am, are + Verb 1 ing + …(S + has, have + Verb 3 + ….(S + has, have + been + Verb 1 ing + …(
  78. 78.  Past Tense[2.1] S + Verb 2 + …..([2.2] S + was, were + Verb 1 +ing…(S + had + verb 3 + …(S + had + been + verb 1 ing + …(
  79. 79.  Future Tense[3.1] S + will, shall + verb 1 +….([3.2] S + will, shall + be + Verb 1 ing + ….(S + will,s hall + have + Verb 3 +…(S + will,shall + have + been + verb 1ing +.. ..( -
  80. 80. StructureS+V1Singular SubjectPlural Subjects sh ch x o z
  81. 81. StructureS+V2
  82. 82. StructureS+will,shall+Main to
  83. 83. Some = used with Affirmative sentence onlyEx.I need some body love me, He likes some fruit.Ex. I have some sugar. She has some bags.Any = used with Interrogative and NegativesentencesEx. Any body here? Do you have any books?Ex. I don’t have any friends.
  84. 84. used with uncountabe nouns onlyMuch =Ex.I have much sugar.Little =Ex. She has a little sugar.
  85. 85. Many =Ex.I buy many cars from the City.A few =Ex.we have a few toys.
  86. 86.  Cardinal Numbers =one,two,three,four, Ordinal Numbers=first,second,third,fourth..
  87. 87. Plus +Minus –Multiple XDivisionEqual =Un- equal ≠Circle ( )
  88. 88. < > #. , :“ –” / ;_ // %? ! ↑ ↓ a ā iī u ū ṅ … & *
  89. 89. ScienseSocial & SocietyBuddhismIT.Nature or Environment
  90. 90. No one is old to learnGood LuckYour In DhammaPhramaha Yota Payutto