I meYou youHe himShe she herIt itWe usThey them
Possessive Form ReflexivePronounAdjective PronounI me my mine myselfwe us our ours ourselvesyou you your yours yourselfhe him his his himselfshe her her hers herselfit it its its itselfthey them their theirs themselves
Verb to beIs, am, are, = present simpleWas, were, = past tenseBe, been, = participle perfect tense
Verb to haveHave, has = present simplehad, = past tenseHave been, has been, had been, = participleperfect tense
Verb to doDo, does, = present simpledid, = past tenseDone , be done, been done, have done, has done ,had done = participle perfect tense
Transitive verbs= like , see, play, eat, drink,give,buy,bring,write, speak,read, hit,see,look at,open,close,washIntransitiveverbs=go,come,run,sleep,sit,stand,fly,light,dance,regret,relapse,stay,stifleSubjective complementGet,feel,look,seem,taste,turn,stay,grow,become,prove,appear,v.to be,v. To have
adverbs Adverb adjective adverbAdverbs of Degree Adverb verbAdverbs of Time3. Adverbs of Manner4. Adverbs of Place5. Conjunctive AdverbsInterrogative Adverbs7. Relative Adverbs8. Viewpoint and Commenting Adverbs9. Adverbs phrases and clauses of purpose10. Adverbs of Certainty
absolutely certainly definitely, probably entirely obviously veryalmost nearly quite just too enough hardlycompletely very extremely exactly scarcely so muchquite perhaps probably rather fairly only slightly1. Adverbs of Degreeadjective2. adverb
The water was extremely cold.adjective - cold)I am too tired to go out tonight.adjective - tired)Please do not speak too fast.adverb - fast )He hardly noticed what she was saying.main verb - noticed )She had almost finished her breakfast when I camein.- had main verb - finished
Adverbs of Time adverb(when ) ( for how long( how often )• Adverbs of time•Adverb ( When )I m going to tidy my room tomorrowYou have to get back before darkEveryone arrived earlyIt is time to leave now
•When : today, yesterday, later,now, last year, after,soon,before, sometime ( immediately,recently,early•For how long : all day, not long, for a while, since lastyear,temporarily,briefly, from......to, till, until (Adverbs of Duration )•How often : sometimes ( frequently,never, often, always, monthly (Adverbs of Frequency )
actively any howaggressively loudlycarefully distinctlyeasily equallyfast gladlygreedily intentionallyquickly promptlysimply quietlystill sincerelytogether suddenlywisely wellAdverbs of Manner adverb( How ) adverb -ly
Adverbs of Manner•They walk slowlyslowly walk )Her eyes shine brightlyWe waited patiently for the show to begin.•I can speak Japanese well (Japanese speak )She sings the song beautifully ( songsing )
. Adverb of Place adverb (Where )• Adverb of Place ( mainverb ) ( object )The students are walking home)You ll find these flowers everywhere-flowers )The books are here- are )Cat doesnt usually walk backwards- walk )towards preposition nounspronouns Adverb of PlaceHe walked towards the car. ( car noun )
upstairs downstairs outside inside outdoors indoors here theresomewhere nowhere everywhere anywhere elsewhere home southwards Backwards
accordingly alsoanywaybesides certainly consequentlyfurther furthermore hence however incidentally indeedmeanwhile moreover namelyneverthelessnext nonethelesssimilarly still then thereafter therefore thusfinally likewise otherwise finally instead nowundoubtedly so again in fact for example on the contraryConjunctive Adverbs(independent clause )
Interrogative Adverbswhy, where, how, whenWhy are you so late?Where is my passport?How much is that coat?When does the train arrive?how( in what way)?:How do you start the car?adjectives:How tall are you?much many:How much are these tomatoes?How many people are coming to the party?adverbsHow quickly can you read this?How often do you go to London?
Relative Adverbs relative clausewhen, where, why preposition + whichI remember the day when we first met .( when = preposition on + which )Thats the restaurant where we had dinner last night.( where=preposition at/in + which)The reason why he refused is unconvincing.( why= preposition for+ which )
8. Viewpoint and Commenting Adverbs honestly seriously confidentially personally surprisinglyideally economically officially obviouslyclearly Honestly, I think he is a liar.Personally, Id rather go by train.You obviously enjoined your meal.
9. Adverbs phrases and clauses of purposeWhy" I went to the store yesterday to buy some sugar.I will go to the library tomorrow to return the book.I need to buy a new shirt because my old one isworn out.commaBecause it was such a beautiful day, I decided to
10. Adverbs of Certainty certainly,definitely, probably, undoubtedly, surely He definitely left the house this morningHe has certainly forgotten the meetingHe will probably remember tomorrowUndoubtedly, Winston Churchill was a greatpolitician.undoubtedly conjunctive adverbsAdverb of Certainty
1 Articles 21.1 “a” “an” Indefinite Articles 2. Indefinite Articlesindefinite articlea horse an elephanta car an airplanethe Pacific the air
a, an, thea, an a uniform ( an uniform)a one-eyed man ( an one eyed man)one
1. aa shoe a Europeana car a useful toola cow a ewea university a union
2. “an”(“ ” an accident an houran egg an honouran orange an honest manan interesting book an heiran S. an M.A.
3. Articles 31. “the”A church isusually cool2. articlesthe book, a book book3. a anShe is a doctor ( she is doctor)4. articles
4.1 indefinite articles (a/an)1) “ ” “any”He has a brother2) a, anHe drove the car at 100 miles an hourThis Thai silk costs two hundred baht a yard3) dozen, hundred, thousand, million, billionI bought a dozen bookA hundred cows were in the field4)She is a doctorShe is an official in the bankShe is a Buddhist
a/anThe made him Prime MinisterKanittha was Professor of DevelopmentEducationa/an ranktitle)My friend gained the rank of Coronel5). a, an
6) a, an noun inapposition)Sunthhornphoo is Thai poetDaotho, a small village in Chiangmai7). a/an WhatWhat a beaufiful girl she is !What an ugly man he is !
whata/anWhat + S+V“What lovely flowers they are! 8) a/anIt’s a pity that she can’t comeHe wants to keep this a secret as a rule: to be in a hurryto be in a good/bad temperto tell a lie: all of a suddenIt’s a shame to do that : to take an interest into take a pride in: to take a dislike toto make a fool of oneself : to be in a position toto have a mind toto have a chance : to have an opportunity toat a discount/premium : on an averagea short time ago
a/anTo have a headache/ a pain/ a cold/ a coughto havetoothache/earache/rheumatism/influenza9)such a : quite a: many a : rather aMany a letter has passed my desk since last yearMana is quite a good boyHe is rather a bad temper manIt’s such a nice day!
4.2 Definite article (the)the1) thethat clauseThis is the book that I bought for you2) theThe sun rises in the east and sets in the westThe world : the equator : the universe3)The Queen May : The Comet
6. The Thairath, The Bangkok Post7. The Smiths8. the a/an9. the the battle of Tungchang, the map ofBangkok10. the Queen Elizabeth the Second11. the common noun (common noun the planet Mar. the poet SunthornpootheTawee, the bankder, Suda, the Personal Manager12. the Union, United Repulbic, KingdomThe United Kingdom, the Netherlandscommon noun the +The Sahara ( desert)13 the Preeya plays the piano.Kalong plays the ranard14 the This is the oldest person15 the the rich,the poor, the brave16 the 2The harder you work, the more you will be paidThe more he gets, the more he wants
4.3 Article1. Life is very hardfor some people2. material Butteris made from cream3. Books are mybest friends4. Come to dinner/breakfast/ lunch/ tea5. I walked in Hyde Park, Do you know theRegent Street?6. Lake) Cape) mount)of the lake of Lucene, the Capeof good hope
7. KingGeorge, Doctor Amnuay8. She speaks French9.10. article Man Woman11 article go to school to stayat home. To be out of doors. The men work by daybut not by night. He is indebt/ in trouble. At anybreak/sunset He did the work for love, not formoney
Tensetensetensetensetensetense Tense tense Present tense Past tense
StructureS+will,shall+Main VerbS+V.be+going to
Some = used with Affirmative sentence onlyEx.I need some body love me, He likes some fruit.Ex. I have some sugar. She has some bags.Any = used with Interrogative and NegativesentencesEx. Any body here? Do you have any books?Ex. I don’t have any friends.
used with uncountabe nouns onlyMuch =Ex.I have much sugar.Little =Ex. She has a little sugar.
Many =Ex.I buy many cars from the City.A few =Ex.we have a few toys.