Sentence patternsJust about all sentences in the Englishlanguage fall into ten patterns determined bythe presence and func...
Linking verb Linking verb patterns (4, 5) use one ofthe linking verbs as the main verb inthe sentence. The linking verb i...
Action verb Action verb patterns (6, 7, 8, 9, 10)use one of the many action verbs asthe main verb in the sentence. Theact...
Terms Terms used to identify various parts ofeach sentence pattern include thefollowing: NP = noun phrase This abbrevia...
Numbers in sequential order areused with each NP Numbers in sequential order are usedwith each NP to designate itsdiffere...
THE TEN SENTENCE PATTERNS1. NP1 + V-be + ADV/TP The verb of being is followed by anadverb indicating where or when.
The adverbial indicatingwhere or when may be aprepositional phrase.
2. NP1 + V-be + ADJ The verb of being is followed by anadjective that functions as thesubjective complement.
The adjectival functioning asthe subjective complementmay be a prepositionalphrase.
3. NP1 + V-be + NP1 The verb of being is followed by a noun thatfunctions as the subjective complement.Note: The second N...
4. NP1 + LV + ADJ The linking verb is followed by an adjectivefunctioning as a subjective complement.
 The adjectival functioning as the subjectivecomplement may be a prepositional phrase.
5. NP1 + LV + NP1 The linking verb is followed by a nounfunctioning as a subjectivecomplement.Note: The second NP receive...
6. NP1 + V-int The action verb takes no directobject.
 Even if the action verb is followed by aprepositional phrase, the verb is stillintransitive as long as it does not takea...
7. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 The action verb is followed by a directobject.Note: The second NP, the direct object, receivesa diffe...
8. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 + NP3 The action verb is followed by anindirect object and then a direct object.Note: The indirect ob...
9. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 + ADJ The action verb is followed by a direct object. Thedirect object is followed by an adjective fu...
10. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 + NP2 The action verb is followed by a directobject. The direct object is followed by anoun function...
THE END
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Advance english 3[1]

502

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
502
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Advance english 3[1]"

  1. 1. Sentence patternsJust about all sentences in the Englishlanguage fall into ten patterns determined bythe presence and functions of nouns, verbs,adjectives, and adverbs.The patterns are most easily classifiedaccording to the type of verb used:Verb of beingVerb of being patterns (1, 2, 3) use a form ofthe verb to be as the main verb in the sentence.- is are was were has beenhave been had been
  2. 2. Linking verb Linking verb patterns (4, 5) use one ofthe linking verbs as the main verb inthe sentence. The linking verb isfollowed by a noun or adjectivefunctioning as a subjectivecomplement.-smell taste look feelseem become appeargrow
  3. 3. Action verb Action verb patterns (6, 7, 8, 9, 10)use one of the many action verbs asthe main verb in the sentence. Theaction verb may be either transitive(take a direct object) or intransitive(not take a direct object).-see jump embrace writeimagine buy plummet thinketc.
  4. 4. Terms Terms used to identify various parts ofeach sentence pattern include thefollowing: NP = noun phrase This abbreviation refers to a headwordnoun and its modifiers ("noun phrase")functioning as a subject, direct object,indirect object, subjective complement,or objective complement. • NP1, NP2, NP3, etc. = designationsfor different noun phrase functions
  5. 5. Numbers in sequential order areused with each NP Numbers in sequential order are usedwith each NP to designate itsdifference from or similarity to otherNPs before and after it. • V-be = verb of being • LV = linking verb • V-int = intransitive verb • V-tr = transitive verb • ADV/TP = adverbial of time orplace • ADJ = adjective
  6. 6. THE TEN SENTENCE PATTERNS1. NP1 + V-be + ADV/TP The verb of being is followed by anadverb indicating where or when.
  7. 7. The adverbial indicatingwhere or when may be aprepositional phrase.
  8. 8. 2. NP1 + V-be + ADJ The verb of being is followed by anadjective that functions as thesubjective complement.
  9. 9. The adjectival functioning asthe subjective complementmay be a prepositionalphrase.
  10. 10. 3. NP1 + V-be + NP1 The verb of being is followed by a noun thatfunctions as the subjective complement.Note: The second NP receives the samenumerical designation as the first NP becausethe second NP, the subjective complement, isthe same as the subject (Mr. James = teacher).
  11. 11. 4. NP1 + LV + ADJ The linking verb is followed by an adjectivefunctioning as a subjective complement.
  12. 12.  The adjectival functioning as the subjectivecomplement may be a prepositional phrase.
  13. 13. 5. NP1 + LV + NP1 The linking verb is followed by a nounfunctioning as a subjectivecomplement.Note: The second NP receives the samenumerical designation as the first NP becausethe second NP, the subjective complement, isthe same as the subject (Joan = Buddhist).
  14. 14. 6. NP1 + V-int The action verb takes no directobject.
  15. 15.  Even if the action verb is followed by aprepositional phrase, the verb is stillintransitive as long as it does not takea direct object.
  16. 16. 7. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 The action verb is followed by a directobject.Note: The second NP, the direct object, receivesa different numerical designation (NP2) becauseit is not the same as the subject (NP1).
  17. 17. 8. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 + NP3 The action verb is followed by anindirect object and then a direct object.Note: The indirect object and the direct objecteach receive a new numerical designationbecause each is different from the other andboth are different from the subject.
  18. 18. 9. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 + ADJ The action verb is followed by a direct object. Thedirect object is followed by an adjective functioningas an objective complement.Note: The second NP, the direct object,receives a different numerical designation(NP2) because it is not the same as the
  19. 19. 10. NP1 + V-tr + NP2 + NP2 The action verb is followed by a directobject. The direct object is followed by anoun functioning as an objectivecomplement.Note: The second NP, the direct object, receives adifferent numerical designation (NP2) because it is notthe same as the subject (NP1). The third NP, theobjective complement, receives the same numericaldesignation as the direct object (NP2) because it is thesame as the direct object (Jacobsen = friend).
  20. 20. THE END

×