483 BCE. Was born in the 5 th century Also known as the Buddha. Historians dated his lifetime as 563 BCE. Through 483 BCE He died in between 486 and 483 He was the chief's son of a tribal group called the Shakyas.. Siddhartha wondered what he needed because there was something that he wanted in his life, this thing was Suffering. The Buddha was meditating and fasting when he found enlightenment underneath a tree.