• Like
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
Uploaded on


More in: Travel , Art & Photos
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Bartłomiej NowakThree elements thatmake up the island:•RED - volcanic fires•WHITE - snow andicefields•BLUE – oceanssurrounding Iceland
  • 2. Geography
  • 3. Geography Part of Mid-Atlantic Ridge Boundary between both the Eurasian Plate and the North American Plate Westernmost European country Reykjavik – northernmost capital in the world
  • 4. Geography Capital – Reykjavik 198 000 (2009) Total country area – 103 000 sq km Coastline – 4 970 km Earthquakes and volcanic activity
  • 5. Historical background Norwegian and Celtic (Scots and Irishmen) immigrants settled in the late 9th century First democratic country in the World (Parliament established in 930 AD) Independent for over 300 years Ruled by Norway and Denmark
  • 6. Historical background Devastated economy in 1875 caused by fallout from Askja volcano 20% Iceland’s population left until 1900’s 1944 – fully independent country 1994 – joined the European Economic Area
  • 7. Society Population – 313 183 (July 2012 est.) Languages - Icelandic, English, Nordic languages and German Ethnic groups - mixture Norse and Celts 94%, others 6% Religion - Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 80.7%, Roman Catholic 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 11.4%
  • 8. Economy Growth rate: 2.4% (2011)
  • 9. Economy GDP per capita: $38,000 (2011)
  • 10. Economy Public debt: 130.1% of GDP (2011)
  • 11. Economy Unemployment rate: 6.9% (2011)
  • 12. Economy Inflation rate - 4.5% (2011)
  • 13. Economy Exports: $5.3 billion (2011) Main exp. partners: Netherlands 33.9%, Germany 14.1%, UK 10.1%, Spain 4.7%, US 4.5%, Norway 4.3% (2010) Commodities: fish and fish products 40%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite
  • 14. Economy Imports: $4.495 billion (2011) Main imp. partners: Norway 9%, Brazil 8.7%, Netherlands 8.5%, US 8.1%, Germany 7.5%, Denmark 7%, China 6%, Finland 5.4%, Sweden 5.2%, UK 5.1% (2010) Commodities: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles
  • 15. Financial crisis 3 main banks collapsed Icelandic Krona declined amost 50% against US Dollar between 2007 – 2010 (from 63 to 122 ISK/$) Economic recession Lowered Ratings Market capitalization of Icelandic stock exchange dropped by 90%.
  • 16. Financial crisis Market capitalization of Icelandic stock exchange dropped by 90%.
  • 17. Military No standing military force. From 1951 defense was provided by US Army but they withdrawn in 2006. Wartime defense of Iceland remains to NATO. From 2008 Norway is providing aerial surveillance and defense of Iceland’s airspace.
  • 18. Facts about Iceland No surnames! Leifur Eriksson, Iceland Viking, was the first European man who land in North America. 500 years before Columbus. Geysir, the first geyser described in a printed sources. Eruptions at Geysir can hurl boiling water up to 70 metres in the air. In June, July and half of august the day is about 20 hours long. But of course during winter it’s completely conversely.
  • 19. Facts about Iceland Most of Icelanders know English language but the oldest people speak better Danish. Iceland is the world’s oldest democracy. Its parliament (Althingi) was founded about the year 930 AD. Icelandic water is so clean and pure that it is piped into the city and to the kitchen taps in the home without any treatment (no chlorination needed). Iceland has the longest-lived men.
  • 20. Facts about Iceland Urban Icelandic homes do not need a water heater or a furnace for heating. Steam and hot water are piped into the city from natural geysers and hot springs for use in homes and buildings. The weather in Iceland is not so cold as you might think. Average daytime temperature in Reykjavik is -1 degrees C. Despite that Coca-Cola is not national drink of Iceland. Consumption per capita is one of the highest in the world.
  • 21. Bibliography https://www.cia.gov http://www.islandia.org.pl http://bjork.pl/islandia/index.htm http://www.iceland.is http://www.statice.is http://www.danshort.com/iceland/icefacts.htm http://www.reuters.com http://icelandchronicles.com http://www.indexmundi.com