What isleukemia ?Leukemia is a type ofcancer that affects theblood and bonemarrow, the spongycenter of bones whereour blood cells areformed. The diseasedevelops when bloodcells produced in thebone marrow grow outof control.
What are the causes for leukemia ? Experts say that different leukemias have different causes. Artificial ionizing radiation. Viruses - HTLV-1 (human T-lymphotropic virus) and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) . Benzene and some petrochemicals. Alkylating chemotherapy agents used in previous cancers. Maternal fetal transmission (rare) . Hair dyes. Down syndrome. Electromagnetic energy. Genetic predisposition
There are mainly four types of leukemias. Witch are : Acute myeloid leukemia (AML).What are somecommon types Acute lymphoblastic leukemiaof leukemias ? (ALL). Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) . Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) .
Symptoms of leukemia. Symptoms of leukemia depend on how much the cancer has grown and may include : Fevers and night sweats. Frequent or unusual infections. Weakness and fatigue. Headaches. Bruising of the skin and bleeding from the gums or rectum. Bone pain. Joint pain. Swelling in the belly or pain on the left side of the belly or in the left shoulder from a swollen spleen. Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit, neck, or groin. Decreased appetite and weight loss because you feel full and dont want to eat.
Can leukemia be prevented ?Unfortunately, most cases of leukemia cannot beprevented. We have yet to identify real, knowncauses and risk factors for leukemia, so preventingleukemia is not really possible at this time.Researchers have identified a few risk factors forcertain types of leukemia: Cigarette smoking. Exposure to benzene. Previous chemotherapy or radiationtreatment.
It all depends what kind of leukemia you have. Many people with leukemia are treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy leukemia cells. o some examples :How is o By mouth.leukemia • Into a vein.treated ? • Through a catheter (a thin, flexible tube). • Into the cerebrospinal fluid. • Into the spinal fluid. • Under the scalp. • Blood cells. • Cells in hair roots. • Sperm or egg cells. Etc. •
Facts about leukemia. Most patients with leukemia are treated with chemotherapy. Some patients also may have radiation therapy and/or bone marrow transplantation. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. While the exact cause(s) of leukemia is not known, risk factors have been identified. There is no known way to prevent leukemia. The prognosis of leukemia depends upon several factors, including the patients age, the type of leukemia, and the extent to which the cancer has spread.