<ul><li>Attitudes & Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cultural Awareness” </li></ul>
Structure of Presentation <ul><li>What is Culture? </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding Cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>...
Take this to your reality <ul><li>During this class … </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about your experiences… </li></ul><ul><li>If ...
Culture <ul><li>A shared system of  </li></ul><ul><li>meanings,  </li></ul><ul><li>beliefs,  </li></ul><ul><li>values  </l...
Culture Is .. <ul><li>Relative </li></ul><ul><li>Learned </li></ul><ul><li>Collective </li></ul><ul><li>Changes over time ...
Forces Shaping Individual Culture   Personal Culture Values World-views Beliefs Behaviours Urbanization Migration Minority...
 
 
Dangers! <ul><li>Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Ethno-centric perspectives </li></ul>
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Asia -  chop sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Europe - ...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Beef </li></ul><ul><li>Pork </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Pork not eaten by Muslims for religious reasons...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Religion – an important place in many societies </li...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Family and Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Elders are highly respected in some culture...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Language is culture specific </li></ul><ul><li>...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>Gesture/body language have different meanings <...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Dress Code </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on culture, customs, traditions and climat...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Peacekeeper die in traffic accidents </li></ul><ul><l...
Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>People have different concept of time </li></ul><ul><li>...
Building Cultural Awareness <ul><li>Understand your own culture </li></ul><ul><li>Understand and accept logic of other cul...
Host Country’s Culture <ul><li>Knowledge of history, culture, customs and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Background for the ...
Cultural Shock <ul><li>Unfamiliar: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
The Adaptation Stages <ul><li>Honeymoon </li></ul><ul><li>Initial confrontation </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustment crisis </li><...
The Adaptation Stages STAGE SITUATION APPROACH REACTION Honeymoon First exciting contact with new culture Observe Exciteme...
The Adaptation Stages STAGE SITUATION APPROACH REACTION Adjustment crisis Problems intensify Experimentation  with new beh...
Cultural Awareness <ul><li>“ If you are </li></ul><ul><li>Humble </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly <...
Case Studies <ul><li>The market place </li></ul><ul><li>The toilet  experience </li></ul><ul><li>To walk hand in hand </li...
Summary <ul><li>Cultural awareness is increased by giving you the most common examples </li></ul><ul><li>This is the first...
Summary <ul><li>Closely related to “Code of Conduct”, where you get written rules.  </li></ul><ul><li>In culture you may f...
 
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Cultural Awareness

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Cultural Awareness

  1. 1. <ul><li>Attitudes & Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cultural Awareness” </li></ul>
  2. 2. Structure of Presentation <ul><li>What is Culture? </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding Cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with Cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>See some experiences… </li></ul>
  3. 3. Take this to your reality <ul><li>During this class … </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about your experiences… </li></ul><ul><li>If you agree or no! </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about you contact with other cultures… </li></ul><ul><li>Express your thoughts! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Culture <ul><li>A shared system of </li></ul><ul><li>meanings, </li></ul><ul><li>beliefs, </li></ul><ul><li>values </li></ul><ul><li>behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>through which experience is interpreted and carried out </li></ul>
  5. 5. Culture Is .. <ul><li>Relative </li></ul><ul><li>Learned </li></ul><ul><li>Collective </li></ul><ul><li>Changes over time </li></ul><ul><li>Complex responsive process </li></ul>
  6. 6. Forces Shaping Individual Culture Personal Culture Values World-views Beliefs Behaviours Urbanization Migration Minority Experience Cross-cultural Adjustments Profession Gender Language Education Industrialization Social background Ethnic background Religion Nationalism Colonisation
  7. 9. Dangers! <ul><li>Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Ethno-centric perspectives </li></ul>
  8. 10. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Asia - chop sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Europe - knife and fork </li></ul><ul><li>Clean right hand in some countries </li></ul><ul><li>Common plate </li></ul>
  9. 11. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Beef </li></ul><ul><li>Pork </li></ul><ul><li>Horse </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everything that moves” </li></ul>
  10. 12. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Pork not eaten by Muslims for religious reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Christians keep horses, dogs and cats as pets </li></ul><ul><li>Fish is neutral </li></ul>
  11. 13. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Religion – an important place in many societies </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of religion of host nation very important </li></ul><ul><li>Respect religious beliefs </li></ul>
  12. 14. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Family and Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Elders are highly respected in some cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Understand family ties </li></ul><ul><li>Different gender beliefs and views </li></ul>
  13. 15. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Language is culture specific </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid use of idiomatic expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Humour </li></ul>
  14. 16. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>Gesture/body language have different meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Smile will never be misunderstood </li></ul><ul><li>Polite handshake is accepted in most cultures </li></ul>
  15. 17. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Dress Code </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on culture, customs, traditions and climate </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to local customs </li></ul>
  16. 18. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Peacekeeper die in traffic accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Different traffic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Respect local traffic laws </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to local conditions </li></ul>
  17. 19. Understanding Cultural differences <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>People have different concept of time </li></ul><ul><li>Need to understand </li></ul><ul><li>“ You have the clock, we have the time” </li></ul>
  18. 20. Building Cultural Awareness <ul><li>Understand your own culture </li></ul><ul><li>Understand and accept logic of other cultural frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences as unique and creative problem-solving opportunity </li></ul>
  19. 21. Host Country’s Culture <ul><li>Knowledge of history, culture, customs and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Background for the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations from “Blue Berets” </li></ul>
  20. 22. Cultural Shock <ul><li>Unfamiliar: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road signs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleagues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptation process </li></ul>
  21. 23. The Adaptation Stages <ul><li>Honeymoon </li></ul><ul><li>Initial confrontation </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustment crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul>
  22. 24. The Adaptation Stages STAGE SITUATION APPROACH REACTION Honeymoon First exciting contact with new culture Observe Excitement; Curiosity; Slight concern Initial confrontation First intensive feeling with new culture Solve problems in familiar ways Confusion; Mystified about; Others behaviour
  23. 25. The Adaptation Stages STAGE SITUATION APPROACH REACTION Adjustment crisis Problems intensify Experimentation with new behaviours Frustration; Anger; Confusion about Recovery Sense of belonging to culture emerges New strategies to help one function effectively New culture is understandable; Enjoying many aspect of it
  24. 26. Cultural Awareness <ul><li>“ If you are </li></ul><ul><li>Humble </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly </li></ul><ul><li>you will always be fine” </li></ul>
  25. 27. Case Studies <ul><li>The market place </li></ul><ul><li>The toilet experience </li></ul><ul><li>To walk hand in hand </li></ul><ul><li>Movement control at the airport </li></ul><ul><li>The gift </li></ul>
  26. 28. Summary <ul><li>Cultural awareness is increased by giving you the most common examples </li></ul><ul><li>This is the first step to handle cultural differences positively, avoid conflicts due to misperception and to make you interact positively with host cultures </li></ul>
  27. 29. Summary <ul><li>Closely related to “Code of Conduct”, where you get written rules. </li></ul><ul><li>In culture you may find few written rules, but make sure, you know and obey them </li></ul>
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