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Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
Passive Voice
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Passive Voice


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  • 1. Passive Voice By Selim BALCI
  • 2. Active - Passive
    • In English, sentences can be in either active or passive voice.
    • In active voice the “doer (subject)” is important. We know the doer.
    • Görkem writes these stories . (Ali is the doer, “stories” is the object)
    • In passive voice we don’t know the “doer” or the “doer” is not important.
    • These stories are read by all the students. (“These stories” is emphasized.)
  • 3. Present Passive:
    • I wash my car every week.
    • My car is washed every week.
    • We can add the “doer” if we want:
    • My car is washed by me every week.
    • --------------------------------------------------
    • Warning: Not every verb can be passive, intransitive verbs (fall, go, come, return, die, live, climb, etc.) don’t have passive forms because they take no object.)
    • I return to Bursa.
    • Bursa is returned by me. (WRONG)
    am/is/are V3
  • 4. Exercises:
    • She makes a cake on Sundays.
    • A cake is made by her on Sundays.
    • The secretary writes the letters
    • Letters are written by the secretary
    • We learn new words every day.
    • New words are learned by us every day.
    • The dog eats bone.
    • Bone is eaten by the dog.
    • Girls don’t play football.
    • Football is not played by the girls.
    • He doesn’t sell fruit.
    • Fruit is not sold by him.
    • Linda doesn’t study German.
    • German is not studied by Linda.
  • 5. Any => No:
    • I don’t eat anything in the mornings.
    • Nothing is eaten by me in the mornings.
    • I don’t love anybody.
    • Nobody is loved by me.
    • She doesn’t drink any alcohol.
    • No alcohol was drunk by her.
  • 6. Passive with Modals
    • When making the modals passive, “be” is used instead of “am, is, are” after the modal.
    • I can solve this problem.
    • This problem can be solved by me.
    • We have to wear a tie.
    • A tie has to be worn.
    • They should finish the project.
    • The project should be finished.
  • 7. Simple Past Passive:
    • When making past passive, was / were are used instead of am,is,are before the verb.
    • He painted this wall yesterday.
    • This wall was painted by him yesterday.
    • She helped me last week.
    • I was helped by her last week.
  • 8. Exercises:
    • He saw Lisa in Antalya last year.
    • Lisa was seen in Antalya last year.
    • They wrote paragraphs yesterday.
    • Paragraphs were written by them yesterday.
    • The teacher didn’t answer the question.
    • The question was not answered by the teacher.
    • We didn’t decide the place for the party.
    • The place for the party was not decided by us.
    • She prepared this report.
    • This report was prepared by her.
  • 9. Question form:
    • Do you remember the answers?
    • Are the answers remembered by you?
    • Does she sing “Ağrı Dağı Türküsü”?
    • Is Ağrı Dağı Türküsü sung by her?
    • Did they wash the dishes?
    • Were the dishes washed by them?
    • Did you visit him at the hospital?
    • Was he visited by you at the hospital?