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conditional sentences

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  • 1. Conditional Sentences
  • 2. Conditional Sentences
    • Composed by 2 parts
    • one that expresses the condition
      • Introduced by the word “ if ”, commonly known as “if clause”.
    • one that expresses the consequence.
    • Example: If you work hard, you will succeed.
  • 3.
    • There are 3 main types of conditional patterns.
    • Pattern A : probable condition
    • Pattern B : improbable condition
    • Pattern C : imaginary condition
    Conditional Sentences
  • 4. Pattern A : Probable Condition
    • Used for actions which are true or likely to happen
    • Examples:
    • If it rains tomorrow, we shall cancel the picnic.
    • You will be tired if you do a lot of exercises.
    • Note on pattern A:
    • If + present tense, future tense
  • 5. Pattern B : Improbable Condition
    • Used for present or future activities which are improbable or unlikely to happen
    • Examples:
    • If it rained tomorrow, we should stay at home.
    • You could start dinner if it were ready.
    • Note on Pattern B:
    • if + past tense, would/should + verb
  • 6. Pattern C : Imaginary Condition
    • Used for impossible activities which could NOT be true or performed
    • Examples:
    • If it had rained yesterday, I would have stayed at home.
    • What would you have done if you had been attacked by a monster?
    • Note on Pattern C:
    • if + past perfect, perfect conditional
    • “ Should/would + present perfect tense” is called perfect conditional.
  • 7. Exercise
    • Try to distinguish the following sentences (pattern A,B or C).
    • 1. If you take a taxi, you can get there in time for the play.
    • Pattern A Probable B Probable C
    • 2. If I had known your arrival, I should have met you.
    • Pattern A Probable B Probable C
    • 3. If I dropped this bomb, it would explode .
    • Pattern A Probable B Probable C
  • 8. Remember
    • Conditional sentences are composed by 2 parts
      • one that expresses the condition
      • one that expresses the consequence
    • 3 main types of conditional patterns.
      • Pattern A : Probable Condition
      • Pattern B : Improbable Condition
      • Pattern C : Imaginary Condition
    • Objective
      • Construct conditional sentences according to different situations

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