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conditional sentences
 

conditional sentences

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    conditional sentences conditional sentences Presentation Transcript

    • Conditional Sentences
    • Conditional Sentences
      • Composed by 2 parts
      • one that expresses the condition
        • Introduced by the word “ if ”, commonly known as “if clause”.
      • one that expresses the consequence.
      • Example: If you work hard, you will succeed.
      • There are 3 main types of conditional patterns.
      • Pattern A : probable condition
      • Pattern B : improbable condition
      • Pattern C : imaginary condition
      Conditional Sentences
    • Pattern A : Probable Condition
      • Used for actions which are true or likely to happen
      • Examples:
      • If it rains tomorrow, we shall cancel the picnic.
      • You will be tired if you do a lot of exercises.
      • Note on pattern A:
      • If + present tense, future tense
    • Pattern B : Improbable Condition
      • Used for present or future activities which are improbable or unlikely to happen
      • Examples:
      • If it rained tomorrow, we should stay at home.
      • You could start dinner if it were ready.
      • Note on Pattern B:
      • if + past tense, would/should + verb
    • Pattern C : Imaginary Condition
      • Used for impossible activities which could NOT be true or performed
      • Examples:
      • If it had rained yesterday, I would have stayed at home.
      • What would you have done if you had been attacked by a monster?
      • Note on Pattern C:
      • if + past perfect, perfect conditional
      • “ Should/would + present perfect tense” is called perfect conditional.
    • Exercise
      • Try to distinguish the following sentences (pattern A,B or C).
      • 1. If you take a taxi, you can get there in time for the play.
      • Pattern A Probable B Probable C
      • 2. If I had known your arrival, I should have met you.
      • Pattern A Probable B Probable C
      • 3. If I dropped this bomb, it would explode .
      • Pattern A Probable B Probable C
    • Remember
      • Conditional sentences are composed by 2 parts
        • one that expresses the condition
        • one that expresses the consequence
      • 3 main types of conditional patterns.
        • Pattern A : Probable Condition
        • Pattern B : Improbable Condition
        • Pattern C : Imaginary Condition
      • Objective
        • Construct conditional sentences according to different situations