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Complimentary health practices. chapt 5

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by Yolonda Proctor

by Yolonda Proctor

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  • 1. Complimentary Health Practices
    Chapter 5
  • 2. Traditional Healing Practices
    Methods are not alternatives, but are common.
    They do not work for HIV treatments.
    These methods are used in many poorer region where adequate health care is out of reach due to high costs.
    Many immigrant woman in North America use healing traditions from their mothers.
    Some Black people in America practice root work.
    Many Native Americans have maintained traditional healing methods.
    Some Puerto Ricans practice espiritismo.
    Mexicans in America practice curanderismo.
    Many Haitians practice vodoun and
    Hmoung folk practices.
  • 3. Why We Choose Complimentary Health Therapies
    More women than men use complementary health therapies
    Reasons for using complementary health practices with conventional ones.
    - Belief that these therapies are gentler, safer, and more effective.
    -They are less expensive
    Many women combine complementary health practices with conventional medicines.
  • 4. Traditional and Complementary Approaches
    Herbal Medicine is also known as botanical medicine or phytomedicine(phyto is Greek for plant)
    It has been used for over centuries
    Has been used in almost all cultures
    Concentrated herbal extracts at health food stores are very expensive.
    Herbs can be grown at home
    Quality of herbal preparations sold in the U.S. are inconsistent
    FDA issued quality control guidelines to manufacturers, which are voluntary.
    Herbalists in the U.S. are not certified, but can belong to the American Herbalists Guild.
    Most common herbal medicines used in the U.S. are
    - Echinacea is used for cold sand respiratory symptoms
    - St. John Wort is used for depression, ginkgo dementia, garlic preparations for cardiovascular risk
    factors.
    It’s important to research, before taking, because some are benign and some are not
    Research continues to evaluate the safety and efficiency of herbal medicines.
  • 5. Acupuncture
    Component of Chinese medicine
    It includes a complex system of
    herbal medicine, diet, exercise, and
    tuina ( a form of massage)
    In traditional Chinese medicine
    symptoms are attributed to alterations in the flow of qi
    (energy) by trauma, stress, disease, other factors.
    Acupuncture stimulates points along nonanatomic energy meridians to attract, disperse, or unblock the flow of qi.
    Treatment includes hair-thin stainless steel needles inserted into acupuncture points.
    -Person may feel a prick, tingling, numbness, pain, or nothing
    -Two to fifteen needles are used and they are mostly placed in the hands,
    forearms, lower legs, feet, back, abdomen, and ears.
    -Needles may be placed far from the symptomatic area.
    Acupuncture is effective in post operative nausea, morning sickness, recurrent headache, postoperative pain after dental treatment, and temporomandibular joint pain (TMJ) .
    Serious complications can be inadequately sterilized needles leading to infections of Hepatitis and other infections. Only disposable needles should be used.
    Non-physician acupuncturists are licensed or certified in more than 40 states and the Dis. of Columbia
    The national exam can be taken by the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.
    Insurance pay for visits.
  • 6. Spinal Adjustment
    Causes for pain or restricted motions include
    Both osteopaths and chiropractors use spinal adjustment to optimize body functioning.
    Controversies exist in chiropractic techniques.
    Studies have shown similar outcomes as medical treatment.
    Chiropractors are trained at chiropractic colleges and are not physicians.
    Some chiropractors restrict their practice to spinal adjustments
    Chiropractors are licensed in every state.
    Insurance usually covers chiropractic care.
    *Many woman visit osteopaths or chiropractors for musculoskeletal problems or for preventive health care.
    *Both osteopaths and chiropractors use spinal adjustment to optimize body functioning.
    *Doctors of osteopathy are physicians licensed to do everything that M.D.’s do.
  • 7. More Traditional & Complimentary Approaches
    Bodywork
    Used to relax, reduce tension, or relieve pain
    Physical manipulation and movement education are combined to realign the body and establish ease of movement.
    Rolfing is deep manipulation of the fascia.
    Different techniques include Alexander technique, Feldenkrais, and Hellerwork
    Some methods are practiced one-on-one with a practitioner.
    Feldonkrais and Alexander technique can be taught in groups.
  • 8. Massage
    Touching is a natural way to communicate and offer of comfort and an effective form of treatment.
    Massage can be done with hands, thumbs, feet, massage ball, and other instruments.
    Massages can be done by ourselves, family, friends, or a trained practitioner.
    Swedish massage is used in North America, using long gliding strokes, friction, and kneading.
    Ayurvedic massage uses oil and gentle strokes.
    Shiatsu massage uses pressure at specific energy points.
    Some massaging is done while one is clothed and others may be done with oils, and receiver partially or fully nude.
    Effective massage will relax the body.
    Practitioners sometimes include visualization and aromatherapy (use of essential oils made from flowers and herbs.
    Studies show that massage is helpful for back pain, lyphodema, and post breast cancer surgery.
    Costs for massage range from $50 to $85 an hour.
  • 9. Types of Meditative Practices
    Meditation: the intentional paying attention from moment to moment. Attaining a different level of consciousness or a deeper more gratifying state of relaxation.
    -People meditate to feel calm, diminish stress
    or pain, get through crisis, or to engage in
    spiritual practice.
    -It can be done anywhere and in any position.
    Yoga includes asanas (physical poses) and pranayama (breathing exercises)
    -Different forms is taught in the U.S.
    -Some emphasize on exercising and some breathing
    -Sometimes used for carpal tunnel and osteoarthritis
    -Benefits come from efforts rather than reaching the goal.
    T’ai Chi is a form of Chinese martial arts intended to balance the flow
    of energy.
    -It uses gentle, flowing, and graceful body movements, while
    centering the mind.
    -It is usually available through the Y or community health centers.
    Relaxation releases tension and focus the energy of our minds and bodies.
    -Progressive relaxation training: leaning to relax muscle groups
    -Visualization is imagining an object, scene, or process, which has been
    used to calm women in labor.
  • 10. Dance and movement therapies
    • Dance was used for pleasure and relaxation over the years by woman.
    • 11. It is considered a vital cultural and spiritual component of community.
    • 12. Some dances are ancestral or indigenous forms of dance such as Hawaiian, African, and Native American.
    • 13. It develops spiritual and physical well-being.
    • 14. Dance can also be a formal mode of healing.
    • 15. It addresses our physical body, emotions, mental attitude, and relationship with the world.
    • 16. Dance therapists observe and dance along side the patient.
  • Spiritual Healing
    The word spirit comes from the meaning of nonmaterial beings
    such as ghosts or ancestors, the soul, emotions, or ones true inner
    core or most fundamental self.
    For some, spirituality is associated with deities or GOD. It is the
    spirit part of our being, along with our mind and body.
    What constitutes spirit or spirituality depends on our religious and cultural orientations and upon the healing orientations of the practitioners.
    Some venues, for some cultures include home altars, shrines of vodoun practitioners, Protestant and Roman Catholic churches, synagogues, and prayer chains on the internet.
    People may attribute healing to a nonphysical entity, a group, an individual, or a place.
    Techniques used in healing may include meditation,
    prayer, touching with healing intent, communication
    with the spirit realm, and connecting with sacred
    deities or ancestors.
    In communities of color spiritual healing is used to
    cure illness, general cleansing, safety, and spiritual
    guidance.
  • 17. Energy Healing
    “Therapeutic Touch is a secular form of energy healing in which the practitioner channels energy to help the healing process in another person.”
    The practice may not include touching.
    Techniques include the practitioner's hands moving along a person’s body in order to affect energy fields.
    This is practiced by nurses as well.
    Reiki and popularity therapy are
    other types of energy therapies.
  • 18. Homeopathy
    “This is a system of medicine that uses highly dilute preparations made from plants, minerals, or animals in efforts to stimulate healing.”
    It was developed in the late 1700’s by a German physician, Samuel Hahnemann.
    -Articulated the Law of Similars.
    *tiny doses of a substance that causes certain symptoms can be used to treat the same
    symptoms.
    A visit would take 1 hr. to 1 1/2 hr.
    -Includes detailed discussion about a person’s eating and sleeping habits, psychological
    and emotional state, fears, cravings, and
    family history, and specific ailments that are
    causing discomfort.
    It is considered a good sign if symptoms worsen
    before they get better.
    Oral homeopathic remedies sometimes are
    liquid or tiny pills placed under the tongue.
    Some practitioners are licensed by the Council for
    Homeopathic Education and others by naturopathy
    or chiropractic.
    Few states in the U.S. license medical doctors
    specifically for homeopathy.
  • 19. Choosing Therapies, Self Help Groups, and Providers
    Seek practitioners who are open-minded to different approaches and who listen.
    Therapists need to be open to referring patient to outside therapy if needed.
    Avoid those who blame you.
    If no good changes are seen, try something or someone else.
    Stay away from practitioners who offer miraculous results.
    Be aware of costs
    Stay away from alternative diagnostics, such as iridology.
    Look for
    competence.
    It is important to find the practitioner that meets our needs and is focused on the underlying problems at hand. We must research in order to find the appropriate provider.
    We can do this by reading books, looking online, attend classes, or from referrals from others.
    We must be careful to:
  • 20. Social and Political Awareness
    Alternative methods of healing promotes promise to practicing health care.
    Holistic practices and practitioners have the weaknesses as conventional Western medicine and M.D.’s.
    *Racism and Elitism sometimes
    affect the care of people of color.
    *Some alternative practitioners
    imply that it is the patients fault if
    they don’t get better.
  • 21. Access to Care
    Some complimentary therapies is inaccessible to low-income people.
    It is not always covered by insurance.
    Many woman are uninsured or do not have access to health care facilities.
    Insurance is designed to pay for
    treatment for the ill and complimentary
    care focuses on staying healthy.
    Doctors are sponsored by pharmaceutical
    companies.
    Single-payer health care systems may be best
    for complementary health care.
    Writing our legislatures can promote change.
  • 22. Jump Out & Question
    My jump out information
    Complimentary health care is not covered by insurance is what jumped out at me and also it is hard to get access by low income families and some people of color. I believe that this is a huge barrier because some people who believe strongly in this practice will not be able to utilize these services.
    Question for Facebook
    If you chose to use a complimentary health practice, which would it be and why?