A Disciple’s Habit Scripture What we study determines what kind of habits are to be formed in our lives
“ All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God my be thoroughly equipped for every good work” II Timothy 3: 16-17
“ Scripture can not be broken” – Jesus John 10:35
“ How can a young man keep his way pure? By living according to Your word” Psalms 119:9
Blessed is the man…delights in the word ( law ) of the LORD, and on His words he, meditates day and night. He is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit…” Psalms 1:1-3
Scripture Basics When you read you should:
1. Summarize - the narrative. Making sense of the passage.
2. Understand - What does this mean? Why would God choose this story and these words/tense/phrase/person/story/theme? What is the purpose?
3. Application - How does this change me? In light of this scripture, how shall I live?
Beginning Study Methods Most of these elements can be applied at different levels: sentence, paragraph, story/event, chapter, book, whole Bible
Summary: Understand and be able to tell the basic story
Character/Biographical sketch: Explore the actions, motives, emotions, transformation, impact… of the individuals in the narrative
Primary theme/Subordinate themes: See example
Word study: See example
Phrase study: See example
Background: What was the historical, political, religious, cultural, philosophical and religious setting for the text?
Structure analysis: A lot of possibilities here. Why is the narrative built in this order? What is the pivot point? Repeated words/phrases/metaphors? What would happen if you changed individuals, location, verbs. I’ve included one example
Meaning(s) Why did God include this_____________?
Application : How will I apply what God says through His word?
Word Study Psalm 23
“ The LORD is my shepherd
I shall not want.”
“ All scripture is God-breathed…”
What does this word * mean?
Why is this word * chosen and why is it placed here?
What other word * could have been chosen?
What does this (or the negative) imply?
Where else in scripture are these words * found?
The LORD is my shepherd not a some singular Why not God Adoni Elohim Elroi I AM “YWH” Moses and Burning bush Other places it is used Did you know the Jews refused to pronounce this word? Why not another verb? What comes to mind when you hear this word? What does this word signify? What was the point of this encounter? Why not a, the, our, righteous, good, kind? “ How does this word fit with “The LORD”? Out of all of the things that the LORD is, why this word? What if you were reading it for the first time? If He is this, what am I? What are the characteristic of a shepherd? Where else in scriptures is this shepherd/sheep motif used? What are the characteristics of sheep? Why not “is like a” Notice the big hinge coming next! Job description
“ The LORD is my shepherd
I shall not want
He makes me to lie down in green pastures;
He leads me beside still waters.
He restores my soul.
He guides me in paths of righteousness
For His name’s sake.
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death,
I will fear no evil,
For You are with me;
Your rod and staff, they comfort me.
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies.
You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.
Surely goodness and loving kindness will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.”
Psalm 23 Word Study - Verbs
You are with me
Your rod/staff comfort
(I will not want/fear)
Phrase Study (in a single book) “Come unto me”
In the Gospel of Matthew
5:24 –1 ST Go and be reconciled then come …
8:11 – Many will come from the east and the west and take their places with Abraham
11:28- Come to me all of you who are weary and burdened
14:28 –Lord…tell me to come to you on the water. Jesus said, Come .
16:24 –If any one would come after me he must: deny, take, follow
19:14 –Let the little children come …because…
19: 21–If you want “telos”: go…sell…give…then come …follow
25:34 Come , you who are blessed…
Theme (over several chapters)
Gospel of Matthew 5-9 - Authority of Jesus
Chapters 5, 6, and 7 - Teaching: Over man’s conduct & O.T. Law
Worst kind 1-4 (touches and speaks)
Gentiles and distance 5-13 (speaks)
Common and uncommon 14-16
(touches only and speaks only)
Over prophecy (the past) 17
Over man’s motives 18-22
Over nature 23-27
Over demons 28-34
Chapter 9 - Over Sin
Structure (Biographical Interchange)
“’ The days are coming,’ declares the Sovereign LORD, ‘when I will send a famine through the land - not a famine of food or a thirst for water, but a famine of hearing the words of the Lord’” Amos 8:11