Prof. Yohimar Sivira
Writing skill shows an array of approaches that falls into two main conceptions:  Writing as a product and writing as a pr...
Prof. Yohimar Sivira
<ul><li>After figuring out your assignment - you need to generate ideas before you begin drafting. </li></ul><ul><li>Forge...
<ul><li>Listing is a good way to quickly gather many ideas on paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Simply make a list of as many ideas...
<ul><li>Mapping is a form of free association that creates a visual image of ideas and their connections. Using mapping ca...
<ul><li>An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented in a speech or a paper. The outline shows the...
<ul><li>Rules for Outlining </li></ul><ul><li>1. Subdivide topics by a system of numbers and letters, followed by a period...
<ul><li>Choices in College and After </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, ...
<ul><li>Choices in College and After </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, ...
<ul><li>After gathering ideas, you can think of your essay writing process in three drafts: </li></ul><ul><li>The Down Dra...
<ul><li>During the revision phase - read your paper slowly, out loud to yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Better yet, read it ou...
Prof. Yohimar Sivira Academic writing tasks aim to find out how well you can research a topic, argue  a point of view, eva...
Prof. Yohimar Sivira Academic writing tasks aim to find out how well you can research a topic, argue  a point of view, eva...
Prof. Yohimar Sivira <ul><li>Introductory Paragraph:  </li></ul><ul><li>introduces the topic, narrows it down, and then st...
Prof. Yohimar Sivira
Prof. Yohimar Sivira <ul><li>Narration :  telling a story </li></ul><ul><li>Description:  describing a person ,place, etc....
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Writing

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This is a complementary information for FATLA VLE..compiled by Prof. Yohimar Sivira UNEFM

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Writing

  1. 1. Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  2. 2. Writing skill shows an array of approaches that falls into two main conceptions: Writing as a product and writing as a process. Prof. Yohimar Sivira Process writing Product writing <ul><li>text as a resource for comparison </li></ul><ul><li>ideas as starting point </li></ul><ul><li>more than one draft </li></ul><ul><li>more global, focus on purpose, theme, text type, i.e., reader is emphasised </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>imitate model text </li></ul><ul><li>organization of ideas more important than ideas themselves </li></ul><ul><li>one draft </li></ul><ul><li>features highlighted including controlled practice of those features </li></ul><ul><li>individual </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  4. 4. <ul><li>After figuring out your assignment - you need to generate ideas before you begin drafting. </li></ul><ul><li>Forget about the end product for a bit and just get creative. </li></ul><ul><li>Try listing, mapping, free-writing, journalist questions or any other method that works for you. </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  5. 5. <ul><li>Listing is a good way to quickly gather many ideas on paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Simply make a list of as many ideas as come to you as quickly as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: Essay About An Important Place </li></ul><ul><li>List: Bed, my comfy chair, the mountains, the ocean, my office, the garden, anywhere with a book, home, the shower, the right state of mind… </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mapping is a form of free association that creates a visual image of ideas and their connections. Using mapping can give you not only ideas for an essay - but connecting ideas that may turn into paragraphs. </li></ul>Comfort Starbucks Aesthetics Books Tastes Smell Hanging out with friends Writing Studying Energy Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  7. 7. <ul><li>An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented in a speech or a paper. The outline shows the order of the various topics, the relative importance of each, and the relationship between the various parts. </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  8. 8. <ul><li>Rules for Outlining </li></ul><ul><li>1. Subdivide topics by a system of numbers and letters, followed by a period. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>I. </li></ul><ul><li>    A. </li></ul><ul><li>    B. </li></ul><ul><li>        1. </li></ul><ul><li>        2. </li></ul><ul><li>            a. </li></ul><ul><li>            b. </li></ul><ul><li>II. </li></ul><ul><li>    A. </li></ul><ul><li>    B. </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira 2. Each heading and subheading must have at least two parts. 3. Headings for parts of the paper of speech such as, Introduction and Conclusion, should not be used. 4. Be consistent. Do not mix up the two types of outlines. Use either whole sentences of brief phrases, but not both.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Choices in College and After </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. </li></ul><ul><li>    I. Two decisions described </li></ul><ul><li>A. Art history or chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>1. Professional considerations </li></ul><ul><li>2. Personal considerations </li></ul><ul><li>B. A third year of French? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Practical advantages of knowing a  foreign  language </li></ul><ul><li>2. Intellectual advantages </li></ul><ul><li>3. The issue of necessity </li></ul><ul><li>    II. Definition of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>A. Decisions about occupation </li></ul><ul><li>B. Decisions about a kind of life to lead </li></ul><ul><li>    III. Temporary resolution of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>A. To hold open a professional possibility: chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>B. To take advantage of cultural gains already made: French </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  10. 10. <ul><li>Choices in College and After </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. </li></ul><ul><li>I. I have two decisions to make with respect to choosing college courses in the immediate future. </li></ul><ul><li>A. One is whether to elect a course in art history or in chemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>1. One time in my life, I planned to be a chemical engineer professionally. </li></ul><ul><li>2. On the other hand, I enjoy art and plan to travel and see more of it. </li></ul><ul><li>B. The second decision is whether to continue a third year of French beyond the basic college requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>1. French might be useful both in engineering and travel. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Furthermore, I am eager to read good books which are written in French. </li></ul><ul><li>3. How necessary are these considerations in the light of other courses I might take instead? </li></ul><ul><li>II. My problem can be put in the form of a dilemma involving larger questions about my whole future. </li></ul><ul><li>A. On the one hand I want to hold a highly-trained position in a lucrative profession. </li></ul><ul><li>B. On the other hand I want to lead a certain kind of life, with capacities for values not connected with the making of money. </li></ul><ul><li>III. I will have to make a decision balancing the conflicting needs I have described. </li></ul><ul><li>A. I will hold open the professional possibilities by electing chemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>B. I will improve and solidify what cultural proficiency in another language I have already gained, by electing French.  </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  11. 11. <ul><li>After gathering ideas, you can think of your essay writing process in three drafts: </li></ul><ul><li>The Down Draft: Just get it all down . </li></ul><ul><li>The Up Draft: Then fix it up (revision and organization). </li></ul><ul><li>The Dental Draft: Check every ‘tooth’ carefully - work on word choice and sentencing to make it sound better (tweaking). </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  12. 12. <ul><li>During the revision phase - read your paper slowly, out loud to yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Better yet, read it out loud to a friend or tutor. </li></ul><ul><li>Even better - have someone read it out loud to you! </li></ul><ul><li>You will be amazed what paper issues you can ‘hear’ that you missed when reading. </li></ul><ul><li>If parts are awkward, confusing, choppy or repetitive, you’ll notice. </li></ul><ul><li>You might feel a little silly - but it may mean the difference in your paper grade. </li></ul>Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  13. 13. Prof. Yohimar Sivira Academic writing tasks aim to find out how well you can research a topic, argue a point of view, evaluate evidence, and organize your thinking.
  14. 14. Prof. Yohimar Sivira Academic writing tasks aim to find out how well you can research a topic, argue a point of view, evaluate evidence, and organize your thinking.
  15. 15. Prof. Yohimar Sivira <ul><li>Introductory Paragraph: </li></ul><ul><li>introduces the topic, narrows it down, and then states the thesis of the essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Body paragraphs: </li></ul><ul><li>provides supporting information and arguments for the overall thesis of the composition </li></ul><ul><li>Concluding Paragraphs: </li></ul><ul><li>its function is to re-emphasize the thesis statement and to provide clousure </li></ul>
  16. 16. Prof. Yohimar Sivira
  17. 17. Prof. Yohimar Sivira <ul><li>Narration : telling a story </li></ul><ul><li>Description: describing a person ,place, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplification: giving examples that illustrate a general point . </li></ul><ul><li>Process: explaining how to do something </li></ul><ul><li>Cause/effect: explaining why things happen, and what happens as a result of them </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison/Contrast: examining similarities and/or differences between two ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Division/Classification: analyzing a subject into components, or grouping items into categories </li></ul><ul><li>Definition : providing a meaning of a term </li></ul>
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