ContentsI. Language and style of presentation.•Introduction•Major points involved in Language andstyle of presentationII. Standard format of thesis.•Introduction•Outline of standard format of thesis•Explanation of steps•Conclusion.•References.
INTRODUCTION :- An outstanding scientific investigation should also be communicated effectively have provided Several style manuals. After adopting any of the style manuals, the researcher must stick on to it throughout the report. The presentation of the research report should be creative, logical and concise making use of Simple common words and sentence structure whenever possible. Its language should be formal and straight forward, avoiding slang, proverbial or discourteous phrases. The personal pronouns I, we, you, my, our, and us should not be used.
Language and style of presentation involve thefollowing major points: •Use simple, short and coherent sentences. •Logical and objective presentation •Avoid flowery language •Avoid emotional descriptions •use simple sentence structure and common words •use formal and state forward language •Avoid slang, proverbial and flocky style •Avoid personal pronouns such as “I” we, you, your, my our and us. •Use “the researcher ,” “the investigator” etc.,
Use of Abbreviations: The use of abbreviations, except someuniversally acceptable ones such asIQ, M.A., etc., should be avoided in the main text ofthe research report.following standard abbreviations;• Bk., bks.,-----------------book, books•Chap., chaps.,-----------chapter, chapters•p., pp.,--------------------page, pages•anon.,---------------------anonymous•col., cols.,----------------column, columns•e.g-------------------------for example•edn., edns.,-------------edition, editions•ed., eds.,----------------editor, editors•et.al-----------------------and others etc.,
Style of Writing: The research report should have acreative, clear and concise style. Although thephraseology should be dignified and straightforward, it need not be dull or pedantic.Objectivity is the primary goal, not exhortation ofpersuasion, the research report should describeand explain rather than convince or move toaction.
STANDARD FORMAT OF THESIS: It deals with results of completed researchwork. After completion a research work is generallyproduced in the written from called research reportor thesis. It provides a detailed description ofresearch activities. It has a variety of formats vary inlength. It is written on past tense and in third person.It is the final form of the research work.
PURPOSE OF REPORT WRITING:•Expansion of knowledge•Presenting the conclusions for information•Verification of validityProblems of preparation of report:•Problem of language•Problem of technical terms•Problem of objectivity•The problem of publication of facts andquasitruths
Precautions in report writing:•There should be no haste in writing report. The reportershould have patience in his job.•The language of the report should be generally according tothe level of the expected readers.•The presentation of the report should be logically connectedand systematic.•As per as possible the technical terms should also beexplained in simple language.•Comments and notes should be inserted in brief whereverrequired.•Tables, charts, graphs, maps and photographs should beused wherever required.•Detailed and systematic reference of the works connected inreport should give.e.g.; Sharma, Ramnath , principles of sociology, Bombay, Asia publishinghouse, 1964, Pg.No-115
Characteristics of a good ReportAttractiveness:Balanced languageAbsence of repetitionAbsence of imaginationPracticabilityMention of difficulties and shortcomings
Need of research report:•To report the research in full.•To subject its results to criticism and verification.•To make the research work communicable to thegeneral public for the practical use.•To encourage other persons to take up someproblems for future investigation.•To suggests some new problems for future studies asthe research report.•To give shape and form to the investigation andsolidify it.•To provide a clear picture of research method, sampleand techniques used in conducting the research work.•To popularize the new contribution in that discipline.
General format of research report:Preliminary section:•Title page•Preface, including acknowledgement•Table of contents•List of tables•Lists of figures, maps and illustration
MAIN BODY OF REPORT :I. INTRODUCTIONII. DESIGN OF THE STUDYIII.ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATAIV.SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONV.REFERENCE SECTIONS
CONCLUSION: The writing of research report to theconcluding task of the research. If communicatewhat was done, what occurred, and what theresult mean in aconcise, understandable, accurate, logical andwriting form. The research report should containall the necessary data. If should be the brief andto the point.
REFERENCE•Soti Shivendra Chandra Rajendra K. Sharma – Research inEducation, Atlantic publication Pg.No 421-426.•John W. Best and James V. Khan-Research inEducation, 9th Edition, pg.No69-75•Wiersma William-Research Methods in Education, 2009 -page512WEBLIOGRAPGYwww.paho.org/english/ad/dpc/nc/cmn-po-rpt-dcnt-pnan-bra.pdfwww.cnr.berkeley.edu/ucce50/ag-labor/7research/Stup06.pdfwww.cites.org/.../social_dynamics_&_lessons_learned_study.pdfwww.psy.cmu.edu/~rakison/tom.pdfwww.apmf.org.sg/Topic6.pptwww.authorstream.com/.../vikasindian001-682675-research-report-ppt/