Types of research

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Types of research

  1. 1. TYPES OF RESEARCH ACCORDING TO THE INTENT. IT IS NOT SHARPLY DISTINGUISHABLE. THERE MAY BE OVERLAPPING Pure Applied Exploratory Descriptive Diagnostic Evaluation Action
  2. 2. Pure research  Sake of knowledge  Aims at extension of knowledge  Without intention to apply it in practice  Fundamental research  Not necessarily problem oriented  New theory or refinement of an existing theory  Lays the foundation for applied research  Finding of research formed the basis for innumerable scientific & technological inventions.
  3. 3. Example  Einstein’s theory of relativity  Newton’s theory  Galileo’s contribution
  4. 4. Applied research  Problem & action oriented  It seeks an immediate & practical result.  To find out solution to real life problem  Vast scope in the field of technology, management, commerce, economics & other social science.  Innumerable problems are faced in these areas.  It needs empirical study for finding solution
  5. 5. Example  Marketing research carried on for developing a new market or for studying the post purchase experience of customers.
  6. 6. Exploratory/ Formulative research  Study of unfamiliar problem.  Pilot study Purposes,  New idea  Familiarity  Precise formulation  Feasible study  Dose not aim at testing hypothesis
  7. 7. Steps in exploration 1. Review of pertinent literature 2. An experience survey 3. An analysis of ‘ insight stimulating’
  8. 8. 1. Literature survey  Study of related & pertinent books, articles and reports.  A workable hypothesis may be formulated
  9. 9. 2. An experience survey  Informal interviews  May yield new hypothesis
  10. 10. 3. Analysis of insight stimulating cases  Intensive study of selected cases
  11. 11. Descriptive research  Fact finding with adequate interpretation  Specific study  More than one source of data collection Applicable to problem which satisfy certain conditions, 1. Describable not arguable 2. Quantitative assemblage for reliability & significance. 3. Possible to develop valid standard of comparison.
  12. 12. Example  Philosophical & controversial issues are not suitable for DS
  13. 13. Diagnostic study  Aims at identifying the causes of problems and the possible solution for it. Directed towards, 1. What is happening? 2. Why is happening? 3. What can be done?  It is more actively guided by hypothesis.
  14. 14. Evaluation studies  Made for assessing the effectiveness of social or economical schemes implemented  Types- concurrent, periodic and terminal Example:  Family planning schemes for assessing the impact of development projects
  15. 15. Action research  It is a evaluation study like concurrent evaluation.

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