Sexually transmitted infections


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Sexually transmitted infections

  1. 1. WOMEN’S HEALTH ISSUES<br />SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED<br />INFECTIONS<br /> CHAPTER 15<br />Created by: Yomayra Murillo<br />
  2. 2. What are STIs and STDs?<br />Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are diseases or infections transmitted primarily though sexual intercourse <br />Some of the most common STIs and STDs include HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, human papilloma virus (HPV), hepatitis B, etc…<br />
  3. 3. Transmission methods<br />Blood <br />Semen<br />Vaginal secretions<br />Discharge from sores or lesions<br />Can be transmitted though oral, anal and vaginal sex when no source of protective barrier between body parts<br />
  4. 4. Symptoms<br />Pain or burning sensation while urinating<br />Itching, discharge, or funky smell<br />Sharp pains in lower belly (women)<br />Growths, bumps, rashes, or sores in genital area<br />SOME PEOPLE MAY BE ASYMPTOMATIC<br />
  5. 5. Factors contributing to likelihood of getting an STI <br />Social and cultural factors<br />Poverty<br />Younger population with more than one partner<br />Violence and rape rates<br />Biological factors<br />Women are more likely to get and STI or and STD than men<br />Age constraints<br />Vaginal lining in women thins out with age making it easier to tear when performing a sexual activity<br />
  6. 6. Chlamydia<br />Spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex<br />Spread mother to child at birth<br />Symptoms related to STI occur 7-14 after intercourse<br />4 out of 5 women have no symptom<br />Symptoms in women include: discharge, pain, and bleeding<br />Symptoms in men include: burning and discharge<br />
  7. 7. Gonorrhea (clap)<br />Transmitted during vaginal, oral and anal sex, or on mother to child at birth<br />Symptoms appear within 2-30 days<br />No symptoms in most women but thick pus, and bleeding may occur<br />Other symptoms might include eye infection, and sore throat<br />Symptoms in men might include thick pus from penis and burning urination<br />
  8. 8. Syphilis<br />Transmitted through skin and sexual contact<br />Symptoms appear in primary stage at 10-90 days and 1-6 months at secondary stage<br />Symptoms include in both men and women: painless sores that heal in 1-5 weeks- sores go away but bacteria stay in body<br />Secondary stage symptoms- rash, flu-like symptoms, hair loss, wart like growths and swollen glands<br />
  9. 9. Herpes I and II<br />Type I generally only affects the mouth area though it may affect the genital area. Type II is known as genital herpes<br />Transmitted sexually<br />First outbreak occurs within 2-10 days having recurrent outbreak every 3-12 months<br />Symptoms include painful blisters, painful urination, discharge, swollen glands, fever, body aches<br />
  10. 10. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)<br />Spread through sexual contact with infected person<br />Symptoms appear several months to years after infection had occurred<br />Virus is not visible but small painless lesions are visible<br />
  11. 11. GenitalWarts<br />Caused by HPV<br />Spread through contact with warts<br />Warts appear 3 weeks to several months after infected <br />Symptoms include growths, itching, irritation and bleeding<br />
  12. 12. Hepatitis B<br />Spread through sexual contact AND needle sharing<br />Symptoms appear 6 weeks to 6 months after contact<br />Symptoms include loss of appetite, weakness, muscle pain, headache, fever and dark urine<br />Diagnosed through a blood test<br />
  13. 13. HIV<br />Spread through sexual contact, blood, body fluids, sharing needles, and breast feeding<br />Positive blood test at 6 weeks to 3 months after contracting STI. May take 10 years or more for AIDS to develop<br />Often mo symptoms to very, very mild symptoms like sore throat and swollen glands<br />
  14. 14. Trichomonas Vaginalis<br />Spread through sexual or contact with sexual fluids<br />Symptoms appear within 6 months of exposure<br />Symptoms include bad smelling greenish-yellowish discharge, itching, irritation, and redness<br />
  15. 15. Bacterial vaginosis/yeast infection<br />May or may not include sexual contact<br />Symptoms include vaginal discharge, itching and bad smell<br />Can be treated through pills or medicinal creams on affected area.<br />
  16. 16. scabies/crabs<br />Sexual contact or close contact with infected person sometimes through clothes or bedding<br />Symptoms appear 2-4 after exposure<br />Symptoms include severe itching<br />Visual exam<br />Topical treatments<br />
  17. 17. Resources<br />Women, B. (2005). Our bodies, ourselves: a new edition for a new era. Touchstone.<br />