系统 图解术语-13-局部

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系统 图解术语-13-局部

  1. 1. 图解医学术语 Medical Terminology Chapter 14 - Topology California Department of Education Language Policy and Leadership Office 杨明山
  2. 2. 组织 <ul><li>Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>histo- </li></ul>
  3. 3. Histo- + -ology 组织学
  4. 4. Histocompatibility 组织相容性 <ul><li>Histo- + -compati- + -bility </li></ul>
  5. 5. Histocompatibility
  6. 6. 皮 , 乳头 <ul><li>- thelium </li></ul><ul><li>thelo- </li></ul>
  7. 7. -Thelia ? 皮 <ul><li>epi- 上 皮 </li></ul><ul><li>endo- -thelia 内 皮 </li></ul><ul><li>meso- 内 皮 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Membrane 膜 <ul><li>Membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Tunica ( 被膜 ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Membrane Tunica ( 被膜 ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. -membrane ? 膜 <ul><li>Trans- 跨 膜的 </li></ul><ul><li>Intra- 膜 内 的 </li></ul><ul><li>-membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Endo- 内 膜的 </li></ul><ul><li>Inter- 膜间的 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tunica 被膜
  12. 13. 绒毛、纤毛、纤维 <ul><li>Villus (i) </li></ul><ul><li>Cilium(a) </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul>
  13. 15. 脂肪 <ul><li>Fat </li></ul><ul><li>adipo- </li></ul><ul><li>lipo- </li></ul><ul><li>stearo- </li></ul>
  14. 16. Example of how repositioning the muscles and fat can markedly improve bags under the lower eyelid
  15. 17. Adiposity = Fatness
  16. 20. 肝脂肪变性
  17. 21. 层 <ul><li>Layer </li></ul><ul><li>lamina </li></ul><ul><li>strato- </li></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>fibro- </li></ul><ul><li>ino- </li></ul><ul><li>Fibroblast </li></ul>
  19. 24. 肉 <ul><li>Flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Meat </li></ul><ul><li>car(n)- </li></ul><ul><li>sarco- </li></ul><ul><li>creato- </li></ul><ul><li>ino- </li></ul>
  20. 25. Flesh and Blood
  21. 26. Sarcoma 肉瘤
  22. 27. 肌质网
  23. 28. Inotropic 正性肌力作用
  24. 29. Rhabdomyo- 横纹肌
  25. 30. Leiomyo 平滑肌
  26. 31. 9. 皮质 <ul><li>cortex </li></ul><ul><li>cortico- </li></ul>
  27. 32. Corticosterone <ul><li>Cortisone </li></ul><ul><li>可的松 </li></ul>皮质酮
  28. 33. <ul><li>髓(脊髓、骨髓、髓质) </li></ul><ul><li>Marrow 骨髓 </li></ul><ul><li>Pulp 髓质 </li></ul><ul><li>medullo- </li></ul><ul><li>myelo- </li></ul><ul><li>区分 :myle- 肾盂 </li></ul>
  29. 34. 延髓、延脑 <ul><li>me du lla [    ] oblongata </li></ul>
  30. 35. Bone marrow 骨髓
  31. 36. Pulp 髓
  32. 37. Dental pulp 牙髓
  33. 38. 鞘 <ul><li>Sheath </li></ul><ul><li>vagino- </li></ul><ul><li>theco- </li></ul>
  34. 39. Myelin [  ] sheath 髓鞘
  35. 40. Spinal cord <ul><li>脊髓 </li></ul>
  36. 41. 结 <ul><li>Node </li></ul><ul><li>nodulo- </li></ul>
  37. 43. N odular goiter 结节性甲状腺肿
  38. 44. 窦 <ul><li>Sinus </li></ul><ul><li>antro- </li></ul><ul><li>sino- </li></ul>
  39. 45. <ul><li>Sinus </li></ul><ul><li>antro- </li></ul><ul><li>sino- </li></ul>
  40. 46. A general term for cavity or chamber which may have specific meaning in reference certain organs or sites. The antrum of the stomach (gastric antrum) is a portion before the outlet which is lined by mucosa which does not produce acid. The paranasal sinuses can be referred to as the frontal antrum, ethmoid antrum, and maxillary antrum.
  41. 47. 门 <ul><li>Door </li></ul><ul><li>Porta </li></ul><ul><li>Hilum </li></ul><ul><li>Pyle- </li></ul>
  42. 48. 门 <ul><li>Door </li></ul><ul><li>Porta </li></ul><ul><li>Hilum </li></ul><ul><li>Pyle- </li></ul>
  43. 49. porta 开口,尤指血管等进出部位 porta omenti porta pulmonis porta renis porta of spleen porta hepatis porta of lung porta labyrinthi porta lienis
  44. 50. 孔 <ul><li>Pore </li></ul><ul><li>Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>Aperture </li></ul><ul><li>foramono- </li></ul>
  45. 51. B acteria in pores
  46. 52. 小梁 <ul><li>Beam </li></ul><ul><li>trabecula </li></ul>
  47. 53. Leaf follio- phyllo-
  48. 54. 叶 <ul><li>Leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Lobe </li></ul><ul><li>lobo- </li></ul>
  49. 55. 索 <ul><li>Cord </li></ul><ul><li>cordo- </li></ul>
  50. 56. S permatic cord
  51. 57. 壁 <ul><li>Wall </li></ul><ul><li>parietao- </li></ul><ul><li>Parietal bones </li></ul>
  52. 58. Nail onycho-
  53. 59. onychosis
  54. 60. END

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