系统 图解术语-09-神经

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  • 1. 《医学英语快速阅读》
    • 图解术语学
    • Nervous system
    • 神经系统
    • 杨明山
  • 2. 1. 神经
    • nerve
    • neuro-
    •  
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • brain
    • encephalon
    • cerebro-
    3. 脑、大脑
  • 5. To name the following structures
  • 6. Brain stem 脑干
  • 7. Cerebrovascular 脑血管的
  • 8. Gyrus [  ] 脑回
  • 9. 4. Cereb ellum 小脑
  • 10. 5. Thalamus = chamber 丘脑
  • 11. Hypothalamus 下丘脑
  • 12. 6. 脑桥
    • pons
    • Pontio-
  • 13. Pontage 过桥费
  • 14. 7. 延髓、延脑
    • Bulb
    • 球茎、灯泡
    • medulla oblongata
    • [  ]
  • 15.  
  • 16. 8. 髓(脊髓、骨髓、髓质)
    • Marrow 骨髓
    • Pulp 髓质
    • medullo-
    • myelo-
  • 17. Bone marrow 骨髓
  • 18. Myelin [  ] sheath 髓鞘
  • 19. Pulp 髓
  • 20. Dental pulp 牙髓
  • 21. Spinal cord
    • 脊髓
  • 22. 9. 皮质
    • cortex
    • cortico-
  • 23. Corticosterone
    • Cortisone 可的松
    皮质酮 [    ] 肾上腺酮
  • 24. 10.
    • 海 马
    • hippo-
    • =
    • Horse
  • 25. Hippo patmus [  ] 河马
  • 26. Hippocampus [  ] 海马
  • 27. 11. 杏仁核( 扁桃体)
    • Amygdala
    • [  ]
  • 28. 12. 纹状体 Striatum [ strai`eit  m ] Stria [  ]
  • 29. Stria gravidarum 妊娠纹  
  • 30. 13. 脑(脊髓)膜
    • meningo-
    Meningocele 脑脊膜膨出
  • 31. Meningococcus 脑膜炎双球菌
  • 32. 14. 蛛网膜
    • arachno- = spide 蜘蛛
  • 33. Subarachnoid hemorrage 蛛网膜下腔出血
  • 34. 15. 脑室 心室
    • ventricle
    • ventriculo-
  • 35. 脑室腹腔引流 Ventrico-peritoneal shunt
  • 36. 16. 锥体
    • Pyrmid
    • pyramido-
  • 37. Extra-pyramidal 椎体外系
  • 38. 17. 神经丛
    • plexus
  • 39. 18. 神经根
    • radicle :
    •  小根、根、基团
    • radiculo-
  • 40. 19. 神经节
    • ganglio- : gang + lion
    •   ( 匪帮 + 狮子 )
  • 41.
    • axon
    • axo-
    20. 轴突
  • 42. 21. 树突
    • tree
    • arbo
    • dendro-
  • 43. Arbor Day 植树节
  • 44.  
  • 45. 22. 突触 synapse [  ]
    • Syn
    • +
    • Apse
    • (away)
  • 46.  
  • 47. 23. 交感神经 sympathy [  ]
    • sym-pathy
  • 48. Sympathetic nerve
  • 49. Parasympathetic nerve
  • 50. 24. 迷走神经
    • vagus
    • vago-
  • 51. 25. Va go tomy 迷走神经切断术
  • 52. THANK YOU