基础 06--医学术语年代学

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  • 1. MILESTONES Neuroscience Research 神经学术语 年代学
  • 2. I. ENLIGHTEN PERIOD 启蒙期
    • 4000 B.C. - 0 A.D
  • 3. 4000 B.C.
    • Eu phoriant effect
    • poppy plant
    • Sumerian records
  • 4. Sumerian Poppy
  • 5. 2700 B.C.
    • Shen Nung
    • Acupuncture
  • 6. 1700 B.C. -Edwin Smith
    • first written record of nervous system
  • 7. 500 B.C . Alcmaion
    • dissects sensory nerves
  • 8. 460-379 B.C .-Hippocrates
    • believes:
    • the brain is involved with sensation and is seat of intelligence
  • 9. 387 B.C . - Plato
    • believes: brain is seat of mental process
  • 10. 335 B.C. - Aristole
    • believes
    • heart is seat of mental process
  • 11. 335-280 B.C. - Herophilus
    • "Farther of Anatomy "
    • believes ventricles are seat of human intelligence
  • 12. II. GAILEN PEROID 盖伦期
    • 0 A.D. to 1500
  • 13. 177 -Galen Lecture " On Brain"
  • 14. III. ANATOMIC PERIOD 解剖期
    • 1500 - 1600
  • 15. Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519
    • produces wax cast of human ventricles
    • 1504
  • 16. Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) often referred to as founder of modern human anatomy
  • 17. De Humani Corporis Fabrica
  • 18.  
  • 19. 1543 - Andreas Vesalius
    • discusses pineal gland
    • draws corpus striatum
  • 20. coins term hippocampus 1564 -Aranzi
  • 21. 1 658 -Johann Jakof Wepfer Theorizes a broken brain blood vessel may cause Apoplexy. (stroke)
  • 22. 1736 -Jean Astruc
    • coins term reflex
  • 23. 1758-1828 Franz Joseph Gall phrenology
  • 24. 1808 - Franz Joseph Gall Phrenology Cortex region
  • 25. 1758-1828 Franz Joseph Gall He was a neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain.
  • 26. 脑后有反骨 -> 大脑皮层分区 
  • 27. 1850 - 1900
    • IV. CYTOLOGICAL PERIOD
    • 细胞学期
  • 28. 5. 1873 -Camillo Golgi publishes first work on silver nitrate method
  • 29.
    • coins term neuron
    1891 -Wilhelm von Waldeyer
  • 30. conditinal reflex 1903 -Ivan Pavlov
  • 31. V. MOLECULAR PERIOD 分子期
    • 1901 – NOW
  • 32. Nobel Prize - Neuroscience
  • 33.
    • Nobel Prize – Neuroscience
    • (24 in total)
    • 1904 conditional reflex in digestive physiology
    • 1906 Structure of Nervous System
    • 1911 Optics of Eye
    • 1914 Physiology and pathology of vestibular apparatus
    • 1927 Discovery of Malaria inoculation to treat dementia paralytica
    • 1932 Function of neurons in sending messages
    • 1936 Chemical transmission of nerve impulses
    • 1944 Differentiated functions of single nerve fibers
    • 1949 Leucotomy for certain psychoses
    • 1957 Work on syntic substances that inhibit action of body substances
    • 1961 Function of cochlea1963Ionic mechanisms of nerve cell membrane
    • 1967 Mechanisms of Vision - Wavelength discrimination of eye
    • 1970 Humoral transmitters in sympatic nerves
    • 1973 Ethology
    • 1976 Mechanisms for origin and dissemination of infection disease
    • 1977 Production of peptides in brain
    • 1979 Invention of computer-assisted tomography
    • 1981 Information processing in visual system
    • 1982 D iscovery of prostaglandins
    • 1986 C ontrol of nerve cell growth
    • 1991 Function of single ion channels in cells
    • 1994 Discovery of G-protein coupled receptors and its role in signal transduction
    • 1997 Discovery of prions; a new biological principle of infection
    • 2000 Signal transduction in nervous system/dopamine
  • 34. 9. 1 658 -Johann Jakof Wepfer
    • Theorizes
    • a broken brain blood vessel may cause apoplexy (stroke)
    • 清顺治
  • 35. 中风病简史 2000 年前 战国时期 《内经》 病名有大厥、薄厥、仆击、偏枯、痱风 二世纪初 东汉末年 《金匮要略》 脉络空虚,风邪入中 1115-1368 金元 谓之“内风”,“心火暴甚” 1563-1640 明代 张景岳 倡导“非风”之说 20 世纪初 清代 叶天士 张伯龙 气血逆乱,直冲犯脑
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. THANK YOU