In 1066 William, Duke of Normandy, a vassal of the French king, led an invasion of England. He defeated the English King Harold II, and had himself crowned King of England.
Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War
It was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne. The two primary contenders were the House of Valois, and the House of Plantagenet. The House of Valois claimed the title of King of France, while the Plantagenets from England claimed to be Kings of France and England. The Plantagenet Kings in England had their roots in the French regions of Anjou and Normandy.
Conqueror William Saint Joan of Arc Saint Joan of Arc
French - first foreign language
Lux 力士恒久柔嫩香皂 腰圆膀粗，鼻直口方，力大无穷，眉宇间有英武之气
The Great Vowel Shift
The major change in the pronunciation took place in the south of England between 1200 and 1600. The Great Vowel Shift was first studied by Otto Jespersen (1860–1943), a Danish linguist and Anglicist. The values of the long vowels form the main difference between the pronunciation of Middle English and Modern English.
an English author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat.
Although he wrote many works, he is best remembered for his unfinished frame narrative The Canterbury Tales.
The Canterbury Tales
The tales are contained inside a frame tale and told by a collection of pilgrims on a pilgrimage from Southwark to Canterbury to visit the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral. The Canterbury Tales are written in Middle English. Although the tales are considered to be his magnum opus, some believe the structure of the tales is indebted to the works of The Decameron, which Chaucer is said to have read on an earlier visit to Italy.