Compound words, blends and
phrasal words are formed through
combining two free forms.
What are the differences and
similar...
COMPOUND WORDS
COMPOUND WORDS
 formed by putting two or more words together
 it results an invention of a new meaning
 can function as...
3 types of compound words :
 closed compound words
 open compound words
 hyphenated compound words
CLOSED COMPOUND WORDS

 formed when two unique words are joined together
 do not have a space between them
 examples:
•...
OPEN COMPOUND WORDS
 have a space between the words
 a new meaning is formed when they are read together
 examples :
• ...
HYPHENATED COMPOUND WORDS
 connected by a hyphen
 examples :
• My mother-in-law is coming for a visit.
• Some over-the-c...
PHRASAL WORDS
PHRASAL WORDS
 mainly used in spoken English and informal texts
 consists of a verb plus a particle ( preposition or adv...
 Examples :
• ask around
• break down
• break into
• call on
• catch up
• check in
• blow up
• come apart

• cut down
• d...
POSITION OF PARTICLE
 the particle is placed either after the verbs or after the object
 examples :
• write down the wor...
BLENDS
BLENDS
 parts of two or more words combine to create
a new word
 meaning is often a combination of the original
words
 ...
3 Types of Blends :
 Blends with overlapping

 Blends with clipping
 Blends with overlapping and clipping
BLENDS WITH OVERLAPPING

 shortening of the words

• slang + language  slanguage
• cartoon + tune  cartune “ musical ca...
BLENDS WITH CLIPPING

 no overlapping
 one part or more is omitted
•
•
•
•

fan + magazine  fanzine
Europe + Asia  Eur...
BLENDS WITH OVERLAPPING AND CLIPPING

 created by using both overlapping and clipping
• motor + hotel  motel
• Hungarian...
SIMILARITIES
SIMILARITIES

 composed of two free forms
 a new meaning is formed
DIFFERENCES
DIFFERENCES

1. Structural
Compound Words

Blends

May be single
Usually combined
words, hyphenated as one word
or separat...
2. Ways of forming
Compound Words
Combination of
two/more lexical
categories.

Blends

Phrasal Words

Action abridging and...
2. Ways of forming
Compound Words
Compound verbs:
VV, NV, AV, PV
Compound
adjectives:
NA, AA, PA
Compound nouns:
VN, NN, A...
3. Meaning
Compound Words
• Little need of
definition.
• Explaining
themselves in
much greater
detail.
• Endocentric
compo...
References:
1. Fromkin, V., Rodman, R. and Hyams, N. (2011). An
introduction to language (Int 9th ed.). Canada:
Wadsworth ...
Similarities and differences of word formation compound words, blends and phrasal words .
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Similarities and differences of word formation compound words, blends and phrasal words .

7,868 views

Published on

Morphology oral presentation:

Question:

Compound words, blends and phrasal words are formed through combining two free forms.
What are the differences and similarities between them?

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,868
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
158
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Similarities and differences of word formation compound words, blends and phrasal words .

  1. 1. Compound words, blends and phrasal words are formed through combining two free forms. What are the differences and similarities between them?
  2. 2. COMPOUND WORDS
  3. 3. COMPOUND WORDS  formed by putting two or more words together  it results an invention of a new meaning  can function as different part of speech example : “carry over” • This surplus will carry over to next season. verb, open compound word • The extra supplies were part of the carryover from the budget. noun, closed compound word
  4. 4. 3 types of compound words :  closed compound words  open compound words  hyphenated compound words
  5. 5. CLOSED COMPOUND WORDS  formed when two unique words are joined together  do not have a space between them  examples: • I love the fireworks on the fourth of July. • Make sure you hold hands when you come to the crosswalk. • The ocean was bathed in moonlight.  others examples: football ; anybody ; everything ; inside ; upside ; railroad etc.
  6. 6. OPEN COMPOUND WORDS  have a space between the words  a new meaning is formed when they are read together  examples : • Ice cream is my favorite dessert. • There must be a full moon out tonight. • The line at the post office snaked all the way out the door and around the corner.  others examples : middle class ; cave in ; real estate ; half sister etc.
  7. 7. HYPHENATED COMPOUND WORDS  connected by a hyphen  examples : • My mother-in-law is coming for a visit. • Some over-the-counter drugs can have serious side effects.  others examples : one-half ; merry-go-round ; well-being etc.
  8. 8. PHRASAL WORDS
  9. 9. PHRASAL WORDS  mainly used in spoken English and informal texts  consists of a verb plus a particle ( preposition or adverb )  the particle can change the meaning of the verb completely  examples : • look up – consult a reference book (look a word up in a dictionary ) • look for – seek ( look for her ring ) • look forward – anticipate with pleasure ( look forward to meeting someone )
  10. 10.  Examples : • ask around • break down • break into • call on • catch up • check in • blow up • come apart • cut down • drop back • figure out • get on • get together • give away • go ahead • hang out
  11. 11. POSITION OF PARTICLE  the particle is placed either after the verbs or after the object  examples : • write down the word. • write the word down.  if the object is pronoun, however, the particle has to be placed after the pronoun (object)  example : write it down. pronoun
  12. 12. BLENDS
  13. 13. BLENDS  parts of two or more words combine to create a new word  meaning is often a combination of the original words  also known as portmanteau word
  14. 14. 3 Types of Blends :  Blends with overlapping  Blends with clipping  Blends with overlapping and clipping
  15. 15. BLENDS WITH OVERLAPPING  shortening of the words • slang + language  slanguage • cartoon + tune  cartune “ musical cartoon ” • insinuation + sin  in-'sin-uation “ insinuation of sin ”
  16. 16. BLENDS WITH CLIPPING  no overlapping  one part or more is omitted • • • • fan + magazine  fanzine Europe + Asia  Eurasia breakfast + lunch  brunch agitation + propaganda  agitprop
  17. 17. BLENDS WITH OVERLAPPING AND CLIPPING  created by using both overlapping and clipping • motor + hotel  motel • Hungarian + American  Hungarican
  18. 18. SIMILARITIES
  19. 19. SIMILARITIES  composed of two free forms  a new meaning is formed
  20. 20. DIFFERENCES
  21. 21. DIFFERENCES 1. Structural Compound Words Blends May be single Usually combined words, hyphenated as one word or separate words (rare occasions with a: • space eg : docu drama • hyphen eg : egg-cellent ) Phrasal Words Often separated word with space. No hyphen.
  22. 22. 2. Ways of forming Compound Words Combination of two/more lexical categories. Blends Phrasal Words Action abridging and Combination of a combination of verb with a particle ( various lexemes. Preposition or Adverb) Only draws upon Not only words, can Only draws upon complete words. also come from non complete words. Cannot combine with words. a bound form. 1 Draw upon affixes Eg. Demote 2 Blend splinters with neo-classical combining forms Eg. Aquarobics
  23. 23. 2. Ways of forming Compound Words Compound verbs: VV, NV, AV, PV Compound adjectives: NA, AA, PA Compound nouns: VN, NN, AN, PN Blends Phrasal Words Most of the blending Verb + Preposition words are noun, Verb + Adverb such as: Breakfast+ lunch=brunch (n+n=n) Slang+ language=slanguage (n+n=n)
  24. 24. 3. Meaning Compound Words • Little need of definition. • Explaining themselves in much greater detail. • Endocentric compounds which the meaning is predictable • Exocentric compounds which the meaning is unpredictable. Blends • The meaning is predictable from the component. • Usually words which used in various terminologies. • eg : prostate+ robot  probot Phrasal Words • The particle change the meaning of the verb completely. • It is flexible as the changes of the meaning are depended on the particles, which are preposition or adverb.
  25. 25. References: 1. Fromkin, V., Rodman, R. and Hyams, N. (2011). An introduction to language (Int 9th ed.). Canada: Wadsworth Cengage Learning 2. Carstairs-McCarthy, A. (2002). An introduction to English morphology: Words and their structure. Edinburgh University Press.

×