Transcript of "Human trafficking the issue versus propaganda & its ultimate solution"
Human Trafficking: The Issue Versus Propaganda & Its Ultimate SolutionPresented by Yolanda Martin Template by PresenterMedia.com
ObjectiveThe purpose of this presentation is to provide insight intohuman trafficking or modern-day slavery, which is moreprevalent today than it’s been at any point in human history,to dispel myths and propaganda that minimize thisdilemma, and to propose viable solutions to it and itscauses.Insomuch as the chief cause of Human trafficking ispoverty, the proposed solutions will hinge upon emergencyand permanent relief (food, health care, transitionalhousing, education, and international industry or businesscreation and proliferation).
DefinitionHuman trafficking is the recruitment, receipt or harboring,and transporting of people for the purpose of forced labor,including prostitution, domestic servitude, forced marriagefor the purpose of sex and domestic servitude, and otherforms of sexual exploitation (organ harvesting is anotherform of human trafficking).
ScopeThe trafficking of humans is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world,second only to drug trafficking. According to the International Labor Organization, ithas a global annual market of about $44.3 billion. Foreign trafficking forprostitution in Canada alone is estimated to be worth $400 million. The UnitedNations estimates that 12 to 27 million people are trafficked worldwide. Victims are usually economically disadvantaged minorities, although they may come from any social background, race, or class, and they are often displaced persons, like runaways or refugees (Trafficked children in West Africa have lost one or both parents to AIDS). Agriculture, mining, and forced prostitution are the most prevalent forms of human trafficking (Antebellum slavery in America hinged primarily upon agriculture). Females are especially vulnerable for sex trafficking (70% of victims are women and girls), while men are more at risk for being trafficked or forced into unskilled labor.
CausesThe chief causes of human trafficking are:1. Poverty2. Social discrimination3. Organized crime4. Corruption in government5. Insufficient penalties against traffickersThe trafficking of humans is a lucrative industry because itrequires little start-up money, and, unlike drugs, people can besold repeatedly. According to the State Department’s AnnualTrafficking in Person’s Report cited by Secretary of State,Hillary Clinton, the global economic crisis has increasedepisodes of human trafficking.
Global Stats An estimated 14,000+ people are trafficked into the United States each year. In Moldova (or officially the Republic of Moldova), a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, where the unemployment rate for women ranges as high as 68%, a third of the workforce lives and works abroad, and an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 women (up to 10% of the female population) have been sold into prostitution. An estimated 300,000 women and children are involved in the sex trade throughout Southeast Asia. An estimated 200,000 Nepali girls have been sold into sex slavery in India, many under 14 years of age. Many Iraqi women, fleeing the Iraq war, turned to prostitution or are trafficked abroad to countries like Syria, which is popular for sex tourism, and where an estimated 50,000 girls and women (many of whom are widows) are forced into prostitution. In Cambodia, where the average income is less than $300.00 a year, and where around 30,000 children, according to Cambodia’s Minister of Women’s Affairs, Mu Soc Hua, are disposable for exploit. An estimated 500,000 women from Central and Eastern Europe are working in prostitution in the European Union.
The Controllers A majority of trafficking is done by networks of small groups in which each specialize in certain areas, like recruitment, advertising, retail, or transportation. In places like Eastern Europe, Russia, Columbia, Hong Kong, and Japan, trafficking is controlled by large criminal organizations. Trafficked victims in the Russian federation are typically kidnapped and sold by police to be used for hard labor, often chained and drugged like dogs to prevent them from escaping. NATO and United Nations “peacekeeping” forces are even linked to human trafficking, including forced prostitution. Rapid increases in prostitution were reported in Cambodia after UN forces moved in, and in Bosnia and Kosovo after UN and NATO forces settled into these regions.
Recruitment/TacticsVictims are commonly lured and trafficked through promises oflegitimate employment, like, commonly, in the catering and hotelindustry, clubs, bars, modeling, au pair work (a foreign nationaldomestic assistant working for and living as part of a host family). Theyare typically recruited by use of coercion, deception, abuse of power,fraud, feigned love, and abduction, and through newspaper ads, theinternet, pseudo employment agencies and front businesses, diplomats,and employers generally.Victims are often impelled to consent to exploitation by threats(including those against family members), violence, and debt bondage.
Dynamics of Trafficked Children Children are forced into early marriage as well as prostitution, or they are recruited as child soldiers, beggars, or for sports, such as football or child camel jockey, or religious cults. Young virgin girls are enslaved and used sexually by “priests” in a ritualistic system of servitude called trokosi in Ghana or voodoosi in Togo and Benin, and are further exploited for free labor within this system of shrine slavery… The Fundamental Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in the United States and Canada has been implicated in the trafficking of minor girls across state and international boundaries. Thousands of children from South America, Africa, and Asia are sold into the global sex trade. They are often orphaned, kidnapped, or actually sold by their families. Illicit international adoption is a vehicle of the trafficking of babies and pregnant women between the developing world and the West.
PropagandaItis a hoax, exaggerated, or sensationalized.Trafficking only occurs in poor countries, when actually every country in the world is involved. Victims want to be in this industry. Trafficking is distinguished from “people smuggling,” where there may be no deception involved, and individuals voluntarily request smuggler’s services for fees. Rhetorical debates have further invoked a line of demarcation between trafficking and prostitution.
The Pros & Cons of Voluntary Prostitution & People Smuggling According to the Yay and Naysayers “Pros” “Cons” Some form of income is better than none, Unethical and exploitative labor practices, from or the ends justify the means. inhumane or substandard working conditions to Those who endorse legalizing prostitution emotional and physical abuse, often under argue that condoms and pimps for duress or the threat of deportation, as for “protection” somehow dignify the trade. trafficked refugees and/or immigrants. Vulnerability for and for spreading sexually Where people smuggling or forms of transmitted diseases and for undesirable voluntary trafficking are concerned, the pregnancies and forced abortions. electing of these individuals to market Scarce pay, in some cases, nothing more than a themselves supersedes any question of meal. ethics. Trafficked individuals may be provided a place to Trafficked individuals (including mail live, but are less likely to acquire appropriate order brides) are provided with a place to assistance and make more intelligent decisions live and may be in a better situation than on a spouse or mate. they were previously. Human trafficking perpetuates ignorance, as Human Trafficking is a multi-billion dollar many trafficked children and adults do not industry. attend school to improve their odds of gaining merited employment, due to the restraints that are imposed by traffickers. Traffickers do not pay taxes, nor do the millions of individuals who are trafficked.
TerminologyBrothel – A place where prostitutes meet to have sex with clients.Bonded labor (debt bondage) – A practice in which employers givehigh-interest loans to workers who then labor at low wages to pay offdebt (A member of the debtor’s family may also be required to worktowards payment of the debt).Source country – A country that victims are trafficked from, i.e. theformer Soviet territories, Nepal, Nigeria, and Guatemala.Transit country – A temporary stop, i.e. Mexico, on the traffickedvictim’s journey to the country where they will be enslaved.Destination country – Where trafficked victims end up.Sex tourism – Travel undertaken primarily or exclusively by men fromdeveloped countries to usually third world countries where there area lack of restrictions on prostitution, and for the purpose of engagingin sexual activity with often trafficked women and children.
Similar Forms of Human Exploitation Quid pro quo harassment is similar to human trafficking in that the victim’s employment is predicated upon whether or not they engage in an inappropriate (sexual) relationship with the perpetrator. Domestic violence may contribute to human trafficking where the victim is subject to financial control, including being prevented from gaining and/or retaining employment or from attending school to increase their employability, and the victim’s sole method of survival is reliance upon the perpetrator and/or public assistance. The victim’s work performance, grades in school, and/or attendance or ability to sustain employment may be affected by the perpetrator’s harassment and abuse. Employment Blacklisting or Blackballing is a form of or may contribute to human trafficking where an existing or former employer attempts to impede the employment of an individual in retaliation for protected conduct and/or any other conduct that should not necessarily warrant prejudice against the individual for other sought employment, or where the employer or former employer or any other individuals involved actually profit, monetarily and/or otherwise, from the individual’s professional bondage.
Conduits Law enforcement – The trafficking of humans in corrections systems is one of the most subtle and common forms of the trade. It is fair to say, particularly in light of the disproportionate sentencing and presence of especially African American minorities in prison who are often used to work for little if any pay, that it has all of the makings of a sophisticated form of modern-day chattel slavery continuing in America. Though the 13th Amendment does provide for involuntary servitude as punishment for crime, there is no expressed legitimization of payment less than minimum wage for even a working prisoner, who, if paid minimum wage, should reasonably be expected to pay their share of living and other expenses, including health care premiums and income taxes, besides stern savings requirements via authorized banks, all of which would feed forcefully into the economy. Social service agencies – Some social service agencies, like domestic violence and other shelters and even the Department of Family & Children Services or employees of these agencies have endorsed improprieties. Organized religion – Christianity was and remains, with other forms of religion, namely Islam, a catalyst of slavery involving especially women and children in America and abroad.
Legislation• The 13th Amendment prohibits slavery and/or involuntary servitude.• The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 provides greater maximum sentences for traffickers, and provides resources for protection of and assistance for victims of trafficking…• Human trafficking is a federal crime under Title 18 of the United States Code, section 1584 making it a crime to force a person to work against their will, whether by use or threat of force or a “climate of fear” wherein individuals believe they may be harmed by leaving or refusing to work.
An International Office of DFACS and Authority of HousingThe International Office of the Department of Family & Children Services and Authorityof Housing, which would be funded by the United Nations via its proportionatecollection of fees and/or taxes from all of its member nations, other synonymousagencies, and private donors from every point of the globe, would provide basic livingnecessities to individuals, families and children in crisis in developing and other nationsin need of such services, to include the following:1. Emergency food2. Clean water (for cooking, drinking, bathing, and clothes washing)3. Health benefits (including birth control, dental services, etc.)4. Emergency, transitional, and/or permanent housing5. Clothing & toiletries6. Employment services (primarily online and other outsourced opportunities, to precede the proliferation of industry/local businesses that could provide traditional employment, for which transportation accommodations would be made).
Solutions/Resources Proportionate UN fee or tax collection from all member nations for the purpose of global relief Church and business resource pooling Development of an International Department of Family & Children Services The globalization/proliferation of Job Corps Programs The globalization/proliferation of Housing in Developing Nations Proliferation of international residential education programs for children The World Bank The globalization/proliferation of American and other businesses in developing nations Colleges & Universities
The College/University Student-Residence Solution The college/university student-residence solution would entail the disbursement of a set number of full scholarships that would cover tuition as well as room and board to trafficked victims who are high school graduates or who have acquired General Equivalency Diplomas, and meet matriculation requirements to the sponsoring colleges or universities. There are well over 4,350 colleges in the United States alone, and over 17,000 colleges and universities in the world, meaning that, if American colleges/universities sponsored/housed 10 trafficked victims each year, 43,500 would be rescued, and, if every college/university in the world sponsored 10 trafficked victims annually, 170,000 would be rescued. Supplemental collegiate dormitories for low income and overflow students who may not be accommodated with traditional campus housing due to space or slot limitations would help to shield many from distractions and hardships that are cause that some especially female students are lured or forced or voluntarily resort to self- exploitative practices, like stripping, etc. for the purpose of meeting school-related expenses. Each of these students, or those who are classified as low income could be required to volunteer for no more than 20 hours per week with designated companies or agencies, for the purpose of off-setting some of their expenses and receiving a modest stipend and/or transportation assistance. Supplemental dormitories would consist of full-service computer & printing labs, childcare (another issue that stands in major need of address amongst low income students), and shuttles that would transport students to and from campus throughout each school day.
The Globalization/Proliferation of Job Corps ProgramsResidential job training programs like Job Corps could serve as a major vehicle ofresolve of the human trafficking dilemma, seeing particularly that many individualsare lured by traffickers through promises of education and employment. Job Corpsis a free job training program that provides three meals a day, childcare, clothingallotments, transportation, health services, pay, and job placement services tounderprivileged youth between the ages of 16 to 24 years old. The program should be weaned of minors (16-17 year olds), however, which comprise about 40% of its overall student population. These students should be compelled to attend traditional public schools through graduation, or at least to 18 years of age, whichever comes first (Job Corps pays more than $30,000 annually for services to students, while the public school system pays roughly $6,000 annually for student services). Weaning the program of minors would clear about 40,000 slots across its existent 123 centers in the United States that could be filled by trafficked victims. Job Corps should also service adults who are older than 24 years of age who could benefit from their services.
Proliferation of Residential Programs for Children & Families of School-age ChildrenThe issue of homeless children/homeless families with school-age children is within the local and global jurisdiction of theDepartments of Education and Family & Children Services, and warrants the financial support of the United Nations, which hasthe power to collect fees from each of its developed member nations for this and other purposes, including globalpeacekeeping military initiatives that would alleviate the financial burdens of any lone or few nations endeavoring to be worldpolice. EVERY homeless child and capable parent(s) or guardian(s) of every homeless child within the United States and inevery nation of the world should be immediately accommodated with emergency housing, food, and other vital resources, andthen all other homeless persons, and for the ultimate purpose of providing means for these individuals to achieve self-sufficiency through education and/or employment. Under-enrolled schools would be utilized for the purpose of educating homeless children, many of whom have never attended or have difficulty attending school due to the nature of their circumstances. Residential facilities would be established for families with school-age children attending these particular schools within their respective school zones/regions—a single facility would house students from multiple schools within the region of an under-enrolled school that is utilized for the prescribed purpose. Parents/guardians participating in these programs would be compelled to participate in career service initiatives in which they would conduct job searches and/or pursue educational opportunities, and, once employed, will be required to pay rent. Any such residential facilities that become under-used should be utilized to accommodate homeless families with school-age children from other school districts, or even other states or countries.
The Globalization/Proliferation of Housing inDeveloping NationsThe proliferation of housing in developing nationsHabitat for Humanity
The Globalization/Proliferation of American and otherBusinesses in Developing NationsOur developing nations should be viewed as opportunities to expand/grow American andother businesses and wealth, while providing employment and other human resources topoor and displaced persons around the globe.The proliferation of American and other businesses and franchising opportunities indeveloping nations will also provide a solid foundation and materials with which to buildnative grown businesses within these historically impoverished/famished nations andpioneer the ultimate industrialization of our entire world, and on *alternative/cleanenergy sources that would not further contribute to the mounting climate crisis.* What is termed alternative energy today (solar, etc.) should be the primary energysource and traditional energy sources (fossil fuels, etc.) should be the alternative(backup) for the sake of environmental healing; and the fossil fuel and oil industrieswould be of the ideals to market solar and other forms of clean energy while tapping intothe greater wealth of the vast previously untapped markets of our developing nations.
ConclusionHuman trafficking is a silent epidemic essentially because oflaws forbidding it, the voicelessness of its victims due to fear,poverty, and gender discrimination, and because of covertactics of traffickers.Human trafficking destroys the moral fiber of the country andworld at large, and, though it is a multi-billion dollar industry, itis a major attributor to the world’s financial crisis, as traffickersand their millions of victims do not pay taxes, and victims, whooutnumber traffickers, do not typically support our consumermarkets, as they would if they were availed educational andlegitimate employment opportunities.
Not for Sale! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mDHmhB jl70o
Resources Children of the Night, featured on the Dr. Phil Show, rescues and provides care for trafficked children Human trafficking search.net The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration Children and Family’s Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking is intended to identify and provide resources to trafficked victims to live safely in the United States. It provides general trafficking information and resources, like training and other tools, educational posters and brochures, fact sheets for healthcare and social service providers and law enforcement officers, and assessment cards for healthcare providers and law enforcement officers. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking The U.S. Department of Justice provides information on how to report trafficking crimes, the prosecution of traffickers, protection for victims, as well as information about the Trafficking in Persons and Worker Exploitation Task Force, Prevention Through Outreach and Research, and U.S. government-related trafficking web links. http://www.justice.gov/