Urban Planning Legislation project - Fall 2013

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Urban Planning Legislation project - Fall 2013

  1. 1. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Streets and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Group Work MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project INTRODUCTION 0 SITE LOCATION: Qatar is positioned at the central part of the Arabic Gulf Region having the privilege of a long coastal borders with only one direct land connection with Saudi Arabia. The Old-Msheireb site is similarly well- placed within Doha, being centrally located on the western edge of Inner Doha, less than 0.5km south of Doha Bay. The Old-Msheireb has a strategic location in the heart of Doha surrounded buy main key roads, namely; the A Ring Road, Wadi Msheireb Street and Abdul Aziz Bin Ahmed Street. The existing and the new airports are located to the east of our area under study. To the north we can find large areas of suburban and commercial development on reclaimed land in an area called the West Bay. Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha STUDY OBJECTIVES: This project is part of the urban legislation course requirement . Which is aiming to practice the process of applying legislation that would allow a change to a sustainable and better in a sensitive built environment, considering the social, physical and economic aspects. The objective is to ensure a high quality life experience in an attractive heritage place that would respect all age group demands in a sustainable approach. Also the objective is to be able to write the suitable and appropriate legislations based on the location, nature, heritage and residents of the State of Qatar taking into consideration the international standards and the local legislation attempts by Government or Private Sector. SITE CHALLENGES: 1. It has a considerable amount of Historical Buildings as identified recently by MATAHEF. 2. It has a main metro station which is currently under construction. 3. Close to one of the largest development projects “Msheireb”. 4. It has mixed-use buildings, especially on the parameters of the area under study. 5. The main residence of the area from the un-educated and un- skilled labors. 6. Very congested site with no proper infrastructure. 7. Most of the buildings are either abandoned or deteriorated and neglected with no proper maintenance.
  2. 2. Children … (Nada Ghanem) The located area is part of zone 4 that is considered a mixed use (residential and commercial zone). According to 2010 censes the zone contain 680 child from the age of 0 to 14. though, this population is likely to be decreasing because of the low quality of facilities that can serve household living. Moreover, the site investigation precise the following existing conditions that children deal within the area, advantages are pointed in having a human scale built area with spreading trees that works as a shaded elements in the street and makes it suitable for children outdoor movement. However, the disadvantages are pointed as the area is not facilitated with any health centers, green space or schools. Moreover, in the terms for children safety, It lacks street lighting that would make the night life safer for children, it has a high risk of abandoned/accessible old houses and there is no continuous paved foot paths. While in terms of the healthy environment condition, it is poor especially with the current failure in the sewage system. And as for the existing high labor population, it makes the area more unfriendly for children. Safety & Security … (Rana Awwad) The main observations regarding the safety and security aspects after visiting the area under study are summarized below: (1) Many dead-end streets due to the old design of the cluster of buildings. (2) Unfinished roads & bad conditions of alleys and pathways. (3) Demolition of the northern part of the area under study creating dead-ends & uncontrolled areas. (4) The class of the residents of the area is mainly from the un-educated and un- skilled labors. (5) Many abandoned houses which means unsafe zones. (6) The area is dark at night; existing street lighting of the area is not enough. (7) Lots of narrow streets which creates a threat to pedestrians especially when its dark. (8) Mixed use type of buildings are currently available in this area. (9) Un- serviced back-of-house areas for the buildings in the parameters of the area in study. (10) No proper signage and way-finding. (11) Many areas can’t be reached by cars, ambulance and fire engine in the current condition. (12) Many destroyed houses standing in a dangerous way – Risk of falling down and causing injury. Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project STUDY OF EXISTING Submitted By: Abdullah Al-Qahtani, Amna Al-Jehani, Ayla Shawish, Dalal Harb, Esra Mutlu, Nada Ghanem and Rana Awwad. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood Key Map: Hotel Masjed Historical Buildings Under Construction Metro Station Location of Future Bus Station Relatively New Buildings Old Buildings Walkability … (Ayla Shawish) In order to have a better understanding about the existing condition of Old-Msheireb neighborhood, a site visit had been made and the assessment of walkability in the study area indicated some major findings on the current site conditions: first of all it showed number of constrains regarding: 1) - Lack of sidewalks and crosswalks, 2) - Dirt, bad smell, and noise, 3) - Damaged paths with unfinished infrastructure and pavement , 4) - Lack of benches, bus shelters, trees, plantings, and other street furniture, 5) - Lack of street lightning and way finding, 6) - Dangerous multi lane, two way streets. But it also highlighted some opportunities in the area like: 1) - Rich history and culture, 2) - Human scale Pathways, 3) - Small average block size, 4) - Empty spaces could be use as public spaces, 4) - High transit service level (metro station, bus station), 5) - Commercial stores on the surrounding edge, 6) - City projects invested in improving Msheireb neighborhood. Senior Citizens … (Amna Al-Jehani) Old-Mesheirb is reach in history; however, it does not promote senior involvement. The following observations are for senior accessibility, services and facilities: For accessibility, the area is hard to reach 1) there are no special needs parking or clear entrance. 2) It is also not pedestrian friendly and cares are parking anywhere, 3) there are no street crossing signs or traffic lights. For the services, 4) there are no appropriate signs for way finding which can lower seniors since of security, and there are no information or security points noting that the area seems to be exclusive for its residents, 5) there is no sewage system and open garbage cans reduced the urban quality of the area For the facilities, 6) there are no slops for wheelchairs or rails and the area lack good lighting and it mainly depends on daylight. On the positive side, there are two mosques in the area one is on good conditions while the other is closed for the Rail project. The mosque can be good attractions for seniors. Historical Preservation … (Esra Mutlu) In Old-Msheireb, there are replica of buildings of early 20th century. This area is unique to reflect Doha’s character. The condition area; (1) Same of buildings are very bad condition. (2)Many walls and roofs are demolished. (3) Same parts of walls, roofs, and tiles are missing. (4) Same part of doors, windows and glasses are broken. (5) Walls, some part of roofs and parapets have hazard risk. (6) While in the past, Qatari people lived there, now low- income and temporary workers live in this buildings. (7) More than ten temporary people are using same home even maybe same room. (8) When we entered inside of houses every furniture needs repairing (9) The infrastructure is very bad condition in this area. (10) The some area of houses are used by citizens for parking. (11) Some houses has suffer from bad smells from coming from nearby restaurants. Streets & Parking … (Abdullah Al-Qahtani) Site visit has been conducted to study and analyses the existing situation of traffic and parking. The following points has found: (1) No designated or assigned parking area. (2) People Parking in both sides on very narrow streets. (3) Some of the Streets in the area are not finished with asphalt. (4) The area has poor infrastructure. (5) Streets have bad management and traffic control. (6) No clear traffic signal for street directions, parking, pedestrian …etc. (7) Garbage containers are in the middle of the street and parking area. (8) Green trees and telephone wires are interrupting the street with no specific regulation. (9) There is no differentiation between streets, walkways, landscape and parking areas. (10) No bus line or station in the area. (11) New construction of Qatar rail station is in progress. Territoriality … (Dalal Harb) The concerned area, as many other areas in Doha, went through sudden transitions in its demography, growth, lifestyle and land use. It was exposed to a diversity of meanings attributed to the notion of territorial identity and hence ambiguity of interpretation of its importance to local development. The identity of local lifestyle has totally changed to appear in a different image. Although the area is considered as prime and historical location, it is suffering from degradation and waste of the uniqueness of places. As existing architecture seems to be more and more endangered, the social paradigm of the area grows more and more unbalanced. The limit between public space and private space has become more frank, thus reducing the nuances of semi-public and semi- private to the very minimum. As a consequence space for healthy urban life is also decreasing. This also questions the notion of the sanctity of property and its privacy of space as social fabric loses its equilibrium.
  3. 3. INSERT THE PROPOSED MAP HERE Safety & Security … (Rana Awwad) Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project PROPOSED STUDY Historical Preservation … (Esra Mutlu) Submitted By: Abdullah Al-Qahtani, Amna Al-Jehani, Ayla Shawish, Dalal Harb, Esra Mutlu, Nada Ghanem and Rana Awwad Key Map: To ensure proper historical preservation of the area, it should be under government protection and control. The aim of the renovation scheme is to conserve and protect the urban fabric of the area. It is not allowed by any means to damage the texture or urban fabric of the area. All areas, spaces and buildings should be recorded and documented. Buildings ages and history should be determined through physical and historical investigations. Assessment of buildings and spaces physical conditions should be determined in order to assess their damages and renovation needs. Complete drawings must be developed for each building that conform to the original condition. Renovating strategies should be developed to renovate deteriorated buildings to their original conditions using same materials and construction techniques. Buildings can have new functions, such as coffee shops, gift shops, restaurants or art studios if the owner allows. Objective: The aim of this project is to study the area and introduce legislation to preserve and enhance the quality of the physical environment that will consequently enhance the human experience and use of space. The goal is to make the area a national and tourist attraction that represents the physical evolution of Doha. Children … (Nada Ghanem) Walkability … (Ayla Shawish) Based on the major findings from the assessment of walkability in the existing condition of the studied area, and in order to encourage and increase walkability, the following strategies are to be implemented: 1) Close streets around heritage buildings and make them for pedestrian only to create a vibrant public realm for people, 2) Improve the condition of the sidewalks and pathways by adding proper pavement, 3) Create a hierarchy network of open spaces (barahat) to maximize the opportunities for meeting, 4) Create a continuous network of pedestrian paths (sikkat), 5) Implement marked crossing in main junctions and improve entry points from/to the area, 6) Implement street furniture, trees and planting, 7) Provide way finding signage system and lighting elements, 8)Improve the neighborhood environmental quality to encourage people to walk, 9)Integrate art into pedestrian spaces, and 10) Improve pedestrian connectivity to public transit systems. Streets & Parking … (Abdullah Al-Qahtani) Senior Citizens … (Amna Al-Jehani) Territoriality … (Dalal Harb) To enhance sense of belonging and identity, the following territoriality strategies are proposed: 1) Encourage new land use and functions such as art centers, traditional crafts workshops, traditional cafes, 2) End degradation and deterioration of this unique place, 3) Improve experience of public spaces, community spaces and private spaces, 4) It is suggested that the area be transformed to an Urban Hub (UH) to improve the integration and the connectivity of its people and spaces, 5) Provide green areas, roads’ paving, placement of trees, lighting, and landscaping, 6) Renovate the traditional houses facades, gutters, staircases, roofs, doors and windows, 7) Provide facilities such as; civic centers, elderly homes, coffee shops, senior centers, info center and other focal points, 8) Provide communication technologies; wiring of buildings and free Wi-Fi areas, 9) Improvement energy utilization, environmental infra-structures and sustainability, 10) Foster gender equity in the use of urban spaces and facilities, and 11) Apply barrier- free and universal design accessibility and create a pedestrian walkways. To attract senior citizens to the are, the following strategies are to be implemented: 1) Street crossings for pedestrian to access public spaces should be defined clearly with traffic light, street boards and lighting,2) in addition, waiting areas for senior citizens should be shaded and furnished, 3) Accessibility for available facilities should be enhanced by designing safe and secure entrance to these facilitates, 4) Pedestrian area should be paved and smooth, 5) The area must be well aired and clean, have a green corridor in the middle, and closed garbage cans that is distributed around the area, 6) Restaurants and cafes must have private areas for senior citizens and families, and 7) An information/security booths should be located at both ends of the area to enhance senior citizens’ feeling of safety and security. Finally, it is also important to have attractions such as a park or cultural center to attract senior citizens to the area. To minimize vehicular traffic and provide adequate parking, the following strategies should be enforced: 1) Minimize traffic conjunction and accident in small streets, 2) Streets should be modified one way access in order to have smooth flow, 3) Traffic signal shall be added in every corner and wherever required in all intersections, walkways, stops, speed limits, street lining …etc. 4) Walkways shall be increased in congested areas where too much traffic is expected, to give the city sustainable, 5) Msherieb Rail Station and Msherieb Bus Station are to be integrated as part of the project, 6) As Old- Msherieb is in the center of Doha and a very congested place, all parking shall be chargeable with high rate of payment to encourage use of public transportation. 7) Business should not be located directly on main streets, but to have enough walking distance or in the walkways. To improve the safety and security condition in the area, the following measures should be implemented: (1) Surveillance cameras should be added around metro station, bus station, roads and pathways as highlighted in the proposed plan, (2) Proper signage and way finding system should be developed, (3) A special security plan for each building should be implemented by the building owner / tenant, (4) A small police station and clinic should be provided in the area, (5) Limit access of cars and encourage pedestrian use, (6) Have all streets as one-way direction, (7) Renovate abandoned and destroyed buildings, (8) Increase commercial use of the buildings with a variety of trades distributed in different territories, (9) Enhance the Back-Of-House areas, (10) increase the street lighting level, and (11) Link the core of the area under study with the surrounding main streets. To attract children to the area, a Children Creativity Center (CCC) is proposed to be hosted in the left corner of the area. A well facilitated library is proposed to be located in one of the renovated traditional houses. Streets and spaces should be safe for children to walk and play. No vehicular traffic is allowed; only golf carts are allowed in designated paths. Green spaces and children play areas should be provided in fenced areas to protect children from any dangers. Traditional events should be organized including children traditional games and storytelling. Small first aid clinics should be provided in the area. Schools visits should be regularly organized to the area and some classes can be delivered by senior citizens. This area would be a place to appreciate the past heritage and ensure having a new experience today’s generation life so as the generation that is yet to come. The place will offer such a flexibility to learn from the past and enjoy the present
  4. 4. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Streets and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 12 3 4 5 6 7 Dalal Farhat Harb ID: DH1203490 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project Territoriality 1 Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Old Msheireb, the location of the study, is part of old Doha downtown. And as many areas in Doha, went through sudden transitions in its demography, growth, lifestyle and land use. It was exposed to a diversity of meanings attributed to the notion of territorial identity and hence ambiguity of interpretation of its importance to local development. The identity of local lifestyle has totally changed to appear in a different image. Although the area is considered as prime and historical location, it is suffering from degradation and waste of the uniqueness of places. As existing architecture seems to be more and more endangered, the social paradigm of the area grows more and more unbalanced. The limit between public space and private space has become more frank, thus reducing the nuances of semi-public and semi-private to the very minimum. As a consequence space for healthy urban life is also decreasing. This also questions the notion of the sanctity of property and its privacy of space as social fabric loses its equilibrium. In this part of the study I will focus on the Territoriality, the meaning of the territoriality, diagnosing the problems of the area from this point of view, and coordinate with other aspects, by identifying the major characteristics of the area, emphasizing the problems, proposing recommendations, and developing the plan and legislation to be applied on the selected neighborhood as an example of what can be implemented in such areas in Doha. Introduction Territorial functioning refers to attitudes, sentiments and behaviors concerned with who has access to what particular spaces and what activities go on those spaces. Thus, cognitions and expectations regarding who has much control in a space, who has much responsibility for what goes on it a particular location, and whether one will see strange or familiar faces in a location all refer to territorial functioning. Relevant behaviors include maintenance and beatification efforts (so-called marking) as well as actions that indicate proprietorship, defense or assertion of control (Taylor & Brower, 1985) Territoriality involves an individual's perception of, and relationship with, the environment. A strong sense of territoriality encourages an individual to take control of his or her environment and defend it against attack. What is Territoriality? 1- Unexpected Sprawl and growth randomly. 2- Major Changing on the land use, Chaotic land use and blatant visual pollution 3- Losing of the sanctity of the property, and losing the privacy of the space. 4- Scarcity of healthy urban life 5- Losses in local identity. 6- Losses in the meaning of private, semiprivate, semipublic and public spaces 7- Uncontrolled diversity in the population, and deterioration of social fabric. 8- Profanation of traditional/historical area 9- Richness of traditional Qatari architectural elements without documentation or restoration. The Current situation and observation: Accordingly, these elements must be taken into account as the basis of design development. They should be enriched with a survey or a residential questioner in order to better address social issues, as well as a thorough area analysis to identify land use problems. Such a special area with such unique architecture also needs unique or special regulations that would not hinder the urban heritage. Furthermore, a special lifestyle standard needs to be determined in order to enhance the existing comprehensive plans. That being said, it is recommended to propose new land uses/functions that would take into consideration the necessity of preserving the uniqueness of the place. This would reduce degradation of important architectural heritage. Conceptual benchmarks in public spaces can also help foster community life and create several gathering points or plazas for the inhabitants. This directly puts light on the need to improve public space by providing green areas, better urban lighting and landscapes. These would offer better accessibility with exclusively pedestrian walkways. Public life also requires public activities. Civic centers, coffee shops, senior centers, info centers etc… would create focal points for men, women, children and families as a whole. The area also needs new infrastructure that would directly implement environmental implementations. Last but not least, buildings should be renovated with care and thoroughly, and equipped with communication technologies such as internet and Wi-Fi connections for instance. Recommendations: Territoriality Strategies To enhance sense of belonging and identity, the following territoriality strategies are proposed: • Encourage new land use and functions such as art centers, traditional crafts workshops, and traditional cafes. • End degradation and deterioration of this unique place. • Improve experience of public spaces, community spaces and private spaces. • It is suggested that the area be transformed to an Urban Hub (UH) to improve the integration and the connectivity of its people and spaces. • Provide green areas, roads’ paving, placement of trees, lighting, and landscaping. • Renovate the traditional houses facades, gutters, staircases, roofs, doors and windows. • Provide facilities such as; civic centers, elderly homes, coffee shops, senior centers, info center and other focal points. • Provide communication technologies; wiring of buildings and free Wi-Fi areas. • Improvement energy utilization, environmental infra-structures and sustainability. • Foster gender equity in the use of urban spaces and facilities, and • Apply barrier-free and universal design accessibility and create pedestrian walkways. The Public realm strategy supports the conservation and social objectives by improving entry points and routes from the surroundings areas. It also recreates small scale spaces maximizing opportunities for meeting through a network of Barahat. To support and improve the integration and the urban connectivity, new definition is proposed for the public, semi-public, semi-private and private 1- Public area: Area owned by the municipality (Government), can be accessed by all public people such as the walkways and the plazas 2- Semipublic: Area owned by the municipality or private sector, can be accessed by public in defined circumstances, such as the open terraces 3- Semiprivate: Area owned by Private sector, can be seen by public but can’t be accessed by them directly, such as the balconies, and closed terraces. 4- Private: Area owned by private, and can’t be seen or accessed by public, such as the internal spaces of the private house. Public realm Broad strategy Layering Privacy Connectivity Integration
  5. 5. Rehabilitation Study for Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Traffic and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 1 23 4 5 6 7 Name: Abdulla M. Al Qahtani Student ID: 200303470 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project 2 Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Introduction Proposed Legislation: 4) Poor Infrastructure Street are not Paved 2) No Street Management No Traffic Control 1)Green Trees & Tel. wires are interrupting Streets. 3) No Bus lines / Station & No proper Garbage can location 5) No designated walkway or any traffic signs . 6) New construction of Msheireb Rail Station. To minimize vehicular traffic and provide adequate parking, the following strategies should be enforced: 1) Minimize traffic conjunction and accident in small streets, 2) Streets should be modified one way access in order to have smooth flow, 3) Traffic signal shall be added in every corner and wherever required in all intersections, walkways, stops, speed limits, street lining …etc. 4) Walkways shall be increased in congested areas where too much traffic is expected, to give the city sustainable, 5) Msherieb Rail Station and Msherieb Bus Station are to be integrated as part of the project, 6) As Old-Msherieb is in the center of Doha and a very congested place, all parking shall be chargeable with high rate of payment to encourage use of public transportation. 7) Business should not be located directly on main streets, but to have enough walking distance or in the walkways. Traffic and Parking Existing Situation Street and Traffic Management are very critical in Old cities like Msheireb. It needs a deep study in consideration of the current situation of the area and its surrounding to accumulate the result with the future expectation. A study has been conducted in Old-Msheireb, Zone 4, to overcome the existing issues and come up with a future proposed legislation in street and parking for the designated area.
  6. 6. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Streets and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safty and Security0 1 2 34 5 6 7 Name: Ayla Shawish Student ID: 201200713 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project Walkability 3 Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Walk on… What is Walkability? “Walkability is the extent to which the built environment supports and encourages walking by providing for pedestrian comfort and safety, connecting people with varied destinations within a reasonable amount of time and effort, and offering visual interest in journeys throughout the network”-Southworth, M. (January 01, 2005). Designing the Walkable City. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 131, 4, 246. Walkability is the key action to achieve: Safety Sustainability Vitality Public health Equity Factors influencing walking: The assessment of walkability in Old- Msheireb neighborhood: In order to have a better understanding about the existing condition of Old-Msheireb neighborhood, a site visit had been made and the assessment of walkability in the study area indicated some major findings on the current site conditions: first of all it showed number of constrainsregarding: 1) - Lack of sidewalks and crosswalks, 2) - Dirt, bad smell, and noise, 3) - Damaged paths with unfinished infrastructure and pavement , 4) - Lack of benches, bus shelters, trees, plantings, and other street furniture, 5) - Lack of street lightning and way finding, 6) - Dangerous multi lane, two way streets. But it also highlighted some opportunities in the area like: 1) - Rich history and culture, 2) - Human scale Pathways, 3) - Small average block size, 4) - Empty spaces could be use as public spaces, 4) - High transit service level (metro station, bus station), 5) - Commercial stores on the surrounding edge, 6) - City projects invested in improving Msheireb neighborhood. Based on the major findings from the assessment of walkability in the existing condition of the studied area, and in order to encourage and increase walkability, the following strategies are to be implemented: 1) Close streets around heritage buildings and make them for pedestrian only to create a vibrant public realm for people, 2) Improve the condition of the sidewalks and pathways by adding proper pavement, 3) Create a hierarchy network of open spaces (barahat) to maximize the opportunities for meeting, 4) Create a continuous network of pedestrian paths (sikkat), 5) Implement marked crossing in main junctions and improve entry points from/to the area, 6) Implement street furniture, trees and planting, 7) Provide way finding signage system and lighting elements, 8)Improve the neighborhood environmental quality to encourage people to walk, 9)Integrate art into pedestrian spaces, and 10) Improve pedestrian connectivity to public transit systems. Public Realm Broad Strategy: Proposedsiteanalysisforwalkability Sketches in the Public Realm Proposed Vision and Planning Legislations: The walking experience in the proposed site plan can be can be divided into two typologies: 1)-Public Realm: (Pedestrian only) In order to create a diverse, vibrant public realm an overall network of open spaces with open space hierarchy is important. It is applied in the site as follow: primary open spaces (barahat, public space), secondary open spaces (Public/semi public), tertiary open spaces (private courtyards) and sikkat. Considering materiality, furniture, planting, and shade for each open space with accommodating way finding signage. Materiality: well paved paths based on traditional Qatari patterns, the materials shall be the same among the Barahat and sikkat to ensure continuity. Furniture: seating are to be provided were possible based on traditional Qatari design. Planting: the planting are to be located strategically to provide shade where required, tree species selection from native plants, with considering to provide shade at human scale. Lighting: to be accordance with site wide lighting vision and strategy located with furniture zone. 2)- Vehicles + pedestrian routs: These routes (perimeter or inside the area) are important in creating an overall network of complementary pedestrian routs, considering the same specification of materiality, planting and lighting, plus specification regarding sidewalks and crossings: Sidewalks: the perimeter existing sidewalks are to be upgraded and provide new sidewalk where missing, to be designed to meet the international standards regarding the width and kerb design Crossings: provided to ensure consistency and safety in the area, aligned with pedestrian routes where possible to capture majority of pedestrian flow. Drop Kerb, pedestrian crossing ramps and road markings are to be provided. Open space hierarchy
  7. 7. Rehabilitation Study for Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Traffic and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Name: Esra Mutlu Student ID: 201305499 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project 4 Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Alternative Design Proposed Legislation: Historical preservation and conservation is important for carrying the history and the character of the society to future generations. Historical preservation and conservation should be planned and implemented carefully. 1) Any antiquity inherited from the previous generations or civilizations is considered of historical value if it dates back at least forty years. 2) The task of maintenance of antiques will be on a specific institution who will discover antiques, record and do maintenance, maintain features, do decoration, and present to the people, disseminate the archeological culture, and owner may not object to them. 1) No part of the structure can be removed. 1) All available tools and techniques should be utilized for the preservation and maintenance of the historical structure. 2) It is not allowed by any means to damage the texture or urban fabric of the area. 3) The aim of preservation and conservation of antique is to preserve them both as a piece of art and a historical artifact. 4) The basic principle of conservation of the antiques is to ensure its sustainability. 5) The antiques can use for useful aim without any changes of texture, motif and decoration. 6) The building should be protected together with its surrounding. 7) All original materials should be used. If original material is not available, the new one should reflect the original. 8) The missing parts should be completed to match the whole. Historical Preservation Many walls, roofs and parapets are demolished and they have hazard risk. Inside of buildings are in poor condition. Some parts of walls, tiles and roofs are missing. Design of doors and windows reflect the character of urban architecture but they are broken and corroded. Existing Situation Proposed Design
  8. 8. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Streets and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 1 2 3 4 56 7 Name: Amna Ali Aljehani Student ID: 200800683 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project Senior Citizens involvement Accessibility Legislations Accessibility in the area can encourage senior visits and mobility: • There must be shaded special needs parking on the area main entrances with appropriate space for loading, in addition to mini cars for transpiration • Street crossing must be will defined with appropriate signs: • Public streets crossing must have traffic light with speakers • Public street crossing must have chairs and shades for waiting • Facilities access must have rails/slobs to ease senior accessibility in general or for their wheelchairs. 5 Introduction Old-Mesherieb area a is located in the Heart of old Doha, zone 4 in particular. In general, the objective of this project is to ensure high quality life experience in an attractive heritage place that would respect all age group demands. Senior citizen involvement is an important part of todays urban planning process. The purpose of this poster is to discuses ways where we can enhance senior accessibility, servicers and attractions to attract seniors to the area. Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Important questions and objectives Accessibility:  How can senior citizens access the area?  How can senior citizens access available facilities? Services:  What kind of services would encourage senior involvement? Attractions:  What kind of attraction would attract seniors to the area? Services Legislations • Security/ first aid must be available in both ends of the area for senior safety • Way finding signs must be clear and easy to read, it also must include an interactive map • Public phone booth can be part of the interactive map for easier use. • Urban furniture such as chairs can be used creatively in the area to beautify the area and serve it function for senior comfort • There must be an appropriate sewage system and closed garbage cans • There must be good lighting over all part of the area Attractions Legislations In general all attractions must be easy to access and equipped with services for senior involvement. • The public Park should have urban furniture and shades, in addition to a café • The Mousqe must be easy to access with slob/rail for seniors • The Souq should be open and shaded with traditional merchandise • Hand Crafts area should represent old crafts with privet female section Conclusion In conclusion, the concentration on senior involvement in urban planning help in creating a multigenerational city. It is important to enhance the accessibility, services and attractions that will attract senior to an urban developed area. Moreover, including different organizations that deals with elderly care can enhance the planning process, where they can highlight the needs of senior citizens in an urban setting. References (1993). Improving the Quality of Life of the Elderly and Disabled People in Human Settlement. Nairob: United Nations Centre for Human Settlements. (2009). A Design Exploration Considering Elderly Living. Barcelona: Fuelfor. Retrieved from http://www.fuelfor.net/Considering%20Elderly.pdf Marcus, C. C., & Franc, C. (1998). People Places: Design Guidlines for Urban Open Space. Canada: John Willy & Sons, Inc. Plouffe, L., & Kalache, A. (2010). Towards Global Age-Friendly Cities: Determining Urban Features that Promote Active Aging. Urban Helath. Existing Conditions The area is important for Qatar history however it does not promote senior involvement which can be an important element in preserving the history of the area . The following observations are for senior’s accessibility, services and facilities: For accessibility, (1) the area is not pedestrian friendly while cares are parking everywhere. (2) There are no street crossing signs or traffic lights. On the other hand, (3) there are no slops for wheelchairs or rails and the area lack good lighting and mainly depend on daylight. In addition, there are no appropriate signs for way finding which can lower seniors since of security, and there are no information or security points noting that the area seems to be exclusive for its residents. Moreover, for the facilities, there is no appropriate sewage system and open garbage cans reduced the urban quality of the area, however, there are two mosques in the area one is closed for the Rail project while the other is on good conditions. Proposed Plan General Recommendations To attract senior citizens to the are, the following strategies are to be implemented: 1) Street crossings for pedestrian to access public spaces should be defined clearly with traffic light, street boards and lighting,2) in addition, waiting areas for senior citizens should be shaded and furnished, 3) Accessibility for available facilities should be enhanced by designing safe and secure entrance to these facilitates, 4) Pedestrian area should be paved and smooth, 5) The area must be well aired and clean, have a green corridor in the middle, and closed garbage cans that is distributed around the area, 6) Restaurants and cafes must have private areas for senior citizens and families, and 7) An information/security booths should be located at both ends of the area to enhance senior citizens’ feeling of safety and security. Way finding signs /Phone booth Public street Pedestrian Area entrance Adoption, administration, implementation and related policy As a general strategy , this project is a plan to illustrate how different areas of the city should be addressed.  The plan should be adopted by the government for its historical sensitivity, however, its should also work with organizations such as “Ahessan” to make sure that its meets seniors needs.  The plan should be administered by a special commission, it also can be administrated with Meshribe proprieties and other organizations that can represent a committee elderly care.  The plan can be implemented through elderly care consultants recommendation by phases starting with accessibility and services and finally attractions  Policies such as preserving the history of the area and the need to provide elderly services in all facilities must be implemented
  9. 9. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Streets and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 1 2 3 4 5 67 Name: Nada Alaa Din Ghanem Student ID: 2200802873 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project Creating a Child-Friendly heritage Place in the Down town of Doha 6 Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Risk area for children (old houses containing demolishing trash left open) + Bad sewage system polluting the environment . Lack of continuous paved footpath ExistingPhotos Existing Condition The located area is part of zone 4 that is considered a mixed use (residential and commercial zone). According to 2010 censes the zone contain 680 child from the age of 0 to 14. though, this population is likely to be decreasing because of the low quality of facilities that can serve household living. Moreover, the site investigation precise the following existing conditions that children deal within the area, advantages are pointed in having a human scale built area with spreading trees that works as a shaded elements in the street and makes it suitable for children outdoor movement. However, the disadvantages are pointed as the area is not facilitated with any health centers, green space or schools. Moreover, in the terms for children safety, It lacks street lighting that would make the night life safer for children, it has a high risk of abandoned/accessible old houses and there is no continuous paved foot paths. While in terms of the healthy environment condition, it is poor especially with the current failure in the sewage system. And as for the existing high labor population, it makes the area more unfriendly for children. Proposed area vision This area would be a place to appreciate the past heritage and ensure having a new experience in today’s generation life so as the generation that is yet to come. The place will offer such a flexibility to learn from the past and enjoy the present. The area facilities would aim to Educate, increase culture awareness, increase physical activities for children and ensure safe environment. To attract children to the area, a Children Creativity Center (CCC) is proposed to be hosted in one corner of the area. A well facilitated library is proposed to be located in one of the renovated traditional houses. Streets and spaces should be safe for children to walk and play. No vehicular traffic is allowed; only golf carts are allowed in designated paths. Green spaces and children play areas should be provided in fenced areas to protect children from any dangers. Traditional events should be organized including children traditional games and storytelling. Small first aid clinics should be provided in the area. Schools visits should be regularly organized to the area and some classes can be delivered by senior citizens. Proposed Legislations: Outdoor environment standers: •Reuse of existing buildings to preserve heritage and guarantee sustainability. •All safety measurements should be taken to ensure a secure environment for children. •Consideration of a high level of health facilities, and pollution prevention measures to ensure a healthy environment for children. •Green and native solutions for the area beatification and amenities. •Place finding facilities should be located in different places to prevent children from getting lost. Playground standers: •Has an easy access and well lighting facilities. •Designing a proper place for guardians supervision near the playing area •Locating a toilet and refreshment facility in an accessible place. •The indoor and outdoor play areas and equipment should be inspected daily and observations should be documented and filed, and the problems corrected for the following: Missing or broken parts; Protrusion of nuts and bolts; Rust and chipping or peeling paint; Sharp edges, splinters, and rough surfaces; Stability of handholds; Visible cracks; Wear and deterioration. Supervision standers: The facility should assure supervision in the crossing area in the street, also for drop-off and loading area. To make sure children can be seen and that children are clear of the perimeter of all vehicles before any vehicle moves. Pedestrian cross in the commercial street protected with fencing facilities Nodes in the neighborhood were children gather for playing Trees being a shading elementsVisual landmark area for place finding Area for supervision References: Caring for our children standers(2014) http://cfoc.nrckids.org/StandardView/
  10. 10. Rehabilitation Study for Old-Msheireb Neighborhood – Doha – Zone 04 Introduction, Territoriality, Streets and Parking, Walkability, Historical Preservation, Senior Citizens, Children, Safety and Security0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Name: Rana Awwad Student ID: 201300064 MUPD 610 - Urban Planning Legislation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Term Project Old-Msheireb | The Heritage Neighborhood of Doha Existing Problem Proposed Solution – Mitigating Measures Safety/Security Tools (1) Many dead-end streets due to the old design of the cluster of buildings. (1) Surveillance cameras (2) A special security plan for each building should be implemented by the building owner / tenant, (3) Renovate abandoned and destroyed buildings, (4) Enhance the Back-Of-House areas, (5) increase the street lighting level, and (6) Link the core of the area with the surrounding main streets. Hydraulic or Removable Bollards * To be used as a barrier between the pedestrian areas and streets. * Type can be determined based on site conditions. Electrical Golf Carts * To be used within the pedestrian areas for emergencies, elderly help and police patrols. * Electrical ones are chosen to help in providing a clean environment within the pedestrian area and reduce the carbon emission footprint if the area. Surveillance Cameras * To be used throughout the area under study. * Type of camera can be determines based on the location and purpose of use (commercial or residential). Building Numbering System - Qatar Building numbering system implementation will help in cases of emergencies and allows fire engines, police and ambulance to reach the right spot on the right time. Added facilities to enhance safety and security Police station, clinic and information center were added to enhance the security and safety level of the area. Street Lighting Street lighting to be studied and added to avoid any darkness areas at night that will encourage crime. Proper Signage and Wayfinding A proper system and design must be followed and implemented to enhance the security and safety in this area. (2) Unfinished roads & bad conditions of alleys and pathways. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) A special security plan for each building should be implemented by the building owner / tenant, (3) Limit access of cars and encourage pedestrian use, (4) Enhance the Back-Of-House areas, (5) increase the street lighting level, and (6) Link the core of the area under study with the surrounding main streets. (3) Demolition of the northern part of the area under study creating dead-ends & uncontrolled areas. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Proper signage and way finding system should be developed, (3) Renovate abandoned and destroyed buildings,. (4) The class of the residents of the area is mainly from the un- educated and un-skilled labors. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Renovate abandoned and destroyed buildings, (3) Increase commercial use of the buildings with a variety of trades distributed in different territories, (4) Relocate the workers living in this area but give the priority to work in the future developments. (5) Many abandoned houses which means unsafe zones. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Renovate abandoned and destroyed buildings, (3) Increase commercial use of the buildings with a variety of trades distributed in different territories. (6) The area is dark at night; existing street lighting of the area is not enough. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) increase the street lighting level. (7) Lots of narrow streets which creates a threat to pedestrians especially when its dark. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Proper signage and way finding system should be developed, (3) Enhance the Back-Of-House areas, (4) increase the street lighting level. (8) Mixed use type of buildings are currently available in this area. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Proper signage and way finding system should be developed, (3) A special security plan for each building should be implemented by the building owner / tenant, (4) Increase commercial use of the buildings with a variety of trades distributed in different territories, (5) Link the core of the area with the surrounding main streets. (9) Un-serviced back-of-house areas for the buildings in the parameters of the area in study. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Enhance the Back-Of-House areas, (3) increase the street lighting level, and (4) Link the core of the area with the surrounding main streets. (10) No proper signage and way- finding. (1) Proper signage and way finding system should be developed. (11) Many areas can’t be reached by cars, ambulance and fire engine in the current condition. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) A small police station and clinic should be provided in the area, (3) Limit access of cars and encourage pedestrian use, (4) Have all streets as one-way direction, (5) Enhance the Back-Of-House areas, (6) Use electrical golf carts for emergencies. (12) Many destroyed houses standing in a dangerous way – Risk of falling down and causing injury. (1) Surveillance cameras, (2) Renovate abandoned and destroyed buildings, (3) Proper signage to be placed for safety until these areas are renovated. Adopted Legislations for Future Developments: There is to be a site wide management done by a private company or by MOI that provides security as a common service throughout the site. 1. Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) to be a core design principle throughout. 2. Security and Crime Risk Assessment exercise must be carried out in all existing and new development. 3. A secure Security Control Centre to be allocated onsite or offsite and security manpower. 4. Access to the service and pedestrian areas to be controlled. Only cleared and emergency vehicles to be allowed access. 5. There is to be an electronic access control system deployed across the multi-storey parking. 6. The security systems are to be connected as part of the ICT provisions. 7. CCTV coverage will provide pervasive surveillance of service areas, public realm, Vehicle and pedestrian routes and back of house areas. 8. Measures are to be deployed to prevent unauthorized vehicle access to car parks and to pedestrian/maintenance only areas of the Public Realm. 9. For each building type there should be standards of physical and electronic security specifically related to the threats associated with the building usage. 10. Large visible police/security guard presence. 11. Lighting levels at secondary and tertiary streetscape levels need to be uniform and avoid creating shadows. 12. Door sets, windows and grills on the building demise to adhere to the Loss Prevention Certification Board’s (LPCB) LPS 1175 Security Rated 3 if they are external facing. 13. For any new developments, the “secured by design” international guidelines and standards must be implemented. References: • (2013). Retrieved from Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning: http://www.baladiya.gov.qa/cui/index.dox • ARUP, AECOM, & Allies & Morrison Architects. (2010, July). Master Development Standards. Musheireb MDS, Chapter 5 Part 2 of 2. Doha, Qatar: Musheireb. • Cohen, N., Gattuso, J., & MacLennan-Brown, K. (2009). CCTV Operational Requirements Manual. London, UK: Home Office Scientific Development Branch. Retrieved from http://science.homeoffice.gov.uk/hosdb • General Specifications of CCTV. (2013). Retrieved from Ministry of Interiors: http://www.moi.gov.qa/site/Arabic/index.html • Safer by Design. (2013). Retrieved from NSW Police Force: http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/community_issues/crime_prevention/safer_b y_design • Thales Group. (2013). Retrieved from https://www.thalesgroup.com/en 7Safety, Security and Crime Prevention

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