Origamic Architecture


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Origamic Architecture

  1. 1. Digitally signed by Dr. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub DN: CN = Dr. Yasser Mahgoub, C = KW, O = Origamic Architecture Yasser Kuwait University, OU = Dept. of Architecture By: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Mahgoub Date: 2010.05.12 14:06:48 +03'00' What is Origamic Architecture? Origamic Architecture (also known as origami architecture) is a paper-craft form which combines the careful folding of origami, the detailed cutting, and the precise paper engineering of pop-ups. Unlike traditional pop-ups, these paper models are usually cut and folded from one sheet of paper. They can be folded flat for storage or mailing in conventional envelopes, but when they're unfolded magic happens as each card pops up into an amazing and delightful 3-dimensional structure. Some models are meant to be viewed open at a 180° or 360° angle and, a few, at 0° (these are actually overlapping collages), but most origamic architecture cards are designed to be displayed open at a 90° angle. Origami architecture (OA) is the art of making a pop-up card by cutting and folding paper. It transforms 3D object to 2D pattern and back to 3D object again. It was invented by a Japanese architecture professor, Masahiro Chatani, in 1980. The first origami architecture card he designed was a new year card for his friends. Later on he used origami architecture to make architecture and its related issues appealing to the general public. His works have been exhibited at The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York. Origami architecture is more than cutting and folding business. It sharpens the discipline and logical thinking. It sharpens the ability to discern the ESSENCE of things and beauty. It speaks the same philosophy as minimalist and Zen interior. And it is an art that rejoices in the extraordinary beauty of ordinary humble material, paper, in wonderful play of light and shadow. Getting Started in Origamic Architecture There are two basic tools you must have: an X-acto (or craft) knife and a ruler with a metal edge to cut against. A self-healing cutting mat to cut on is recommend, but thick cardboard or some old catalogs will work fine. You'll also want some "low-tack" tape to adhere the pattern to your cardstock while you're transferring the design, preferably 3M's Post-it® 1"-wide Correction Tape, but drafting tape or masking tape with some of the tack removed are other good options. You can use a pattern from a book or come up with your own design. And you can utilize a variety of papers as long as they're stiff enough to be able to hold the shape of the model once it's constructed. I recommend using at least 80 lb coverstock in 8.5"x11" sheets. Watercolor papers in the 90-140 lb range work well and have a nice textured finish. On some models, use a very stiff 100 lb Strathmore bristol board in 20 sheet pads of 9"x12". This paper is thick and somewhat difficult to work with, so I recommend getting some practice on lighter weight papers first.
  2. 2. Tools and materials 1.Pattern sheet 2.Kent paper 3.Cutter Knife 4.Cutting mat 5.Ruler: Use a hard plastic or a steel ruler 6.Drafting tape: It's a kind of Scotch tape which adhesive force is weaken. Then it can be peeled off easily. 7.Stylus pen (Substitute for Compasses or Pins) If you don't have stylus pen, you can use compasses or pins for substitutes. You use them to mark points on the paper and draw folding lines. 8.Tweezers: They are used to fold the delicate part easily. You don't have to have them. Assembly process 1. Fix the pattern sheet Put the drawing and kent paper together and fix them temporarily by taping (drafting tape) at the four corners. 2. Mark with a stylus pen Mark the key contact points for folding and cutting lines on the patterns. Trace the curves strongly so that the patterns may be copied. 3. Cut the lines Remove the drawing and cut the lines traced by the stylus pen. Use a cutter knife. Be careful not to cut folding lines.
  3. 3. 4. Run the folding line For easy folding, run the stylus pen or cutter knife with almost half way deep on the sheet along the folding lines. Work on the ridge folding lines from the top side, on the other hand, the valley, from the back side of the sheet. Be sure to use a ruler for precise application of the stylus pen or cutter knife. 5. Fold carefully Put both hands on both sides of the sheet and fold carefully to make the ridges and valleys exactly as instructed, starting with the finely patterned area in the center. 6. Fold into two Lastly, fold into two and press. 7. Open it 90 degree Notice Relax yourself when you cut. There often may be added too much strength, when you are cutting delicate part carefully. You don't need so much strength to cut a piece of paper. Please relax yourself, and make it. Pay attention to use edged tools. Be careful not to hurt yourself when you use the cutter knife or stylus pen. If you finished using them, it is necessary for you to put them a safe place.
  4. 4. Examples:
  5. 5. Origami Architecture NTT Makuhari Building KITZ and Kitazawa Museum JUSCO Headquarters Building/ EAON Tower Tokyo GAS Makuhari AC Center
  6. 6. Robot FA Center Utase Elementary school PATIOS 1st Ave. condominium
  7. 7. Practice Assignments Cutting line Ridge fold line Valley fold line Cube Side Steps Front Steps
  8. 8. Cave Bridge Maze
  9. 9. Array Stepped Pyramid ARCH.
  10. 10. Work of Kuwait Students
  11. 11. Architectural Landmarks from Kuwait