Site analysis is a vital step in the design process .
It involves the evaluation of an existing or potential site in relation to the development program , environmental impact , impacts on the community and adjacent properties , project budget , and schedule .
The surrounding area … the compatibility of the project and its program within the context of the existing community.
Aesthetic … traffic … circulation … solar orientation … shading … vistas to and from the site.
If the architect has a thorough knowledge of the community's composition, needs and concerns, the program and design can be developed in a manner that integrates the project with the surrounding community.
The economic value of the land … buildable area … steep topography generally requires a larger investment in construction costs.
Increasing the buildable area at increased construction cost may be economically feasible if the value of land and the increased return on development costs are high enough to outweigh the added investment.