Design phases of architectural design <ul><li>Pre-design phase is often referred to as ‘ programming ’. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Duerk (1993), architectural programming is “ the systematic process of gathering and analyzing information about a building or other setting, and then using that information to create guidelines for the performance of that setting .” </li></ul><ul><li>Programming is also defined as “ consultation to establish and document the following detailed requirements for a project ” (AIA 1993). </li></ul><ul><li>In general, pre-design is a problem-seeking stage . </li></ul>
Design phases of architectural design <ul><li>Site analysis is treated as distinct phase probably because it involves on-site activity in real projects. </li></ul><ul><li>In contrast to the pre-design stage, schematic design phase is a problem solving stage in this phase. What is called ‘ creative part ’ usually refers to the schematic design phase where main concepts of form and space are generated . </li></ul>
Program & Site <ul><li>The site and the program should be </li></ul><ul><li>"right for each other“! </li></ul>PROGRAM SITE
<ul><li>The Architectural Design Problem has Three Main Variables; </li></ul><ul><li>NEED - CONTEXT - FORM </li></ul>Architectural Design Variables Paul Laseau, “Graphic Thinking fpr Architects and Designers”
Programming 1. Need Programming the requirements of a proposed Building is the architect’s first task, often the most important. Programming concerns 5 steps: 1. Establish Goals 2. Collect and analyze Facts 3. Uncover and test Concepts 4. Determine Needs 5. State the Problem William Pena, “Problem Seeking”
Design Data 1. Need An important activity in the beginning of the design process is the collection of relevant design data and examples.
<ul><li>The architectural design programs are usually complicated. We are going to use here a small and simple program of a small house or chalet containing the following spaces: </li></ul>1. Need Entrance 5 m2 Living/Dining Space 40 m2 2 Bedrooms 25 m2 each Kitchen 10 m2 Bathroom 8 m2 The Program
1. Need Circulation Circulation, patterns of movement, is one of the most important aspects of design because it affects the human experience of space and place. The needs of special groups should be considered especially while designing public buildings.
1. Need Social and Cultural Variables Patterns of behavior are different from country to country and among people of same country according to social and cultural backgrounds. The meaning and use of spaces in western countries is different than in Eastern and Middle Eastern countries. Spaces are not understood and used the same way by all people. In order to satisfy the end users of buildings, design should meet the specific needs of people such as: space configuration, use, form, orientation, control, privacy, etc.
2. Context Climate Sun Wind Temerature N Summer Spring/Fall Winter
2. Context Site Analysis The selection of site is a very important and sensitive task. It affects the success of the project. Site features include macro and microclimates, topography, natural circulation, views and landscaping elements such as trees, bushes, rocks, or water.
2. Context Site Analysis The site analysis can be further extended taking into account program area needs to explore some preliminary alternatives for building massing.
3. Form <ul><li>Zoning </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Type </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Process </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Control </li></ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul>
3. Form Mass and Balance Volume and Composition Unity and Diversity
An Architectural Design Method The method is primarily a means of resolving a conflict that exists between logical analysis and creative thought. Christopher Jones B A S E D Briefing Problem Definitions Needs Context Program Site Analysis Program Site Goals Performance Concepts Alternatives Synthesis Solutions Creativity Form & Space Parti - Concept Schematic Design Study Models Evaluation Priorities Grading Communication Feedback Selection Optimization Design Drawings Final Models Reports Computer App. Presentation Communication BASED
Drawings are the architects' preferred tool. Besides being an effective means of presentation and communication, drawings enable us to develop the first flash of an idea into the most detailed architectural form. In other words, drawings are important to design because design develops only through the interaction between and architect and such a vehicle as drawings. Freehand Sketching