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Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 8 Structure
 

Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 8 Structure

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Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub. These lectures on architectural design are addressed to first year design students.

Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub. These lectures on architectural design are addressed to first year design students.

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    Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 8 Structure Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 8 Structure Presentation Transcript

    • Architectural Design Lectures Lecture 8 Structures Lectures to Architectural Design 1 October 2009 By: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
    • 3. THE STRUCTURE
      • 3.1. Structural Requirements
      • 3.2. Structure Types
      • 3.2.1. Post and Beam Structures
      • 3.2.2. Arches and Vaulted Halls, and Domes
      • 3.2.3. Portal Frames
      • 3.2.4. Trusses
      • 3.2.5. Space Frames
      • 3.2.6. Folded Roofs
      • 3.2.7. Shells
      • 3.2.8. Tensile Structures
      • 3.3. DETERMINATION OF THE STRUCTURAL FORM
      • 3.3.1. Design Strategies
      • 3.3.2. Selection Of The Generic Type Of Structure
      • 3.3.3. Selection Of Structural Material
    • 3. The Structure 3.1. STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS
      • DURABILITY
      • The durability of the structure depends entirely in the physical/chemical conditions
      • of the structural material, and our willingness to continue using the building ( at the
      • end of the lifecycle of a building, it may be demolished)
      • STABILITY AND EQUILLIBRIUM
      • When the structure is stable and in equilibrium it resists any load without suffering
      • a major change of shape or collapsing.
      • STRENGTH AND RIGIDITY
      • Strength and rigidity are reached by the adequate specification of geometry, size,
      • and the material of the structural elements. In example, for resisting the same
      • structural load , a steel structural element needs a smaller cross section than a
      • reinforced concrete element, and this is due to the difference between the
      • strength of the kind of materials.
    • 3. The Structure 3.1. MORE ABOUT STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS: LOADS
    • 3. The Structure 3.1. MORE ABOUT STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS: LOADS
    • 3. The Structure 3.1. MORE ABOUT STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS: LOADS
    • 3. The Structure 3.1. MORE ABOUT STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS: LOADS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. STRUCTURE TYPES ROOFS SUPPORTED WITH VERTICAL ELEMENTS SUBJECTS OF COMPRESSION: POST AND BEAM STRUCTURES: - LOAD BEARING WALLS - SKELETON FRAME ROOFS SUPPORTED WITH VERTICAL ELEMENTS SUBJECTS OF TENSION: MASTED STRUCTURES - ARCHES, VAULTED HALLS, AND DOMES - PORTAL FRAMES - TRUSSES - SPACE FRAMES - FOLDED ROOFS - SHELLS - MEMBRANES AND TENTS ROOF STRUCTURES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. MORE ABOUT STRUCTURE TYPES: MATERIALIZATION OF A CUBE
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.1. POST AND BEAM STRUCTURES
          • Most architectural structures are of the post-and-beam type.
          • Post and beam buildings carry the weight of their structural components
          • (and the weight of objects and people in them) by bearing on one another.
          • The weight of the roof and beams is carried by the posts down to the foundation
          • and then into the ground. Horizontal beams are subject to bending loads,
          • therefore the structural materials should be able of resisting both tension and
          • compression.
          • We can further subdivide the post and beam structures into:
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.1. MORE ABOUT POST AND BEAM STRUCTURES: LOAD BEARING WALLS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.1. MORE ABOUT POST AND BEAM STRUCTURES: LOAD BEARING WALLS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.1. MORE ABOUT POST AND BEAM STRUCTURES: LOAD BEARING WALLS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.1. MORE ABOUT POST AND BEAM STRUCTURES: SKELETON FRAME
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.2. ARCHES, VAULTED HALLS, AND DOMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.2. MORE ABOUT ARCHES AND VAULTED ROOFS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.2. MORE ABOUT DOMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.3. PORTAL FRAMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.3. MORE ABOUT PORTAL FRAMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.4. TRUSSES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.4. MORE ABOUT TRUSSES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.5. SPACE FRAMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.5. MORE ABOUT SPACE FRAMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.5. MORE ABOUT SPACE FRAMES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.6. FOLDED ROOFS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.6. MORE ABOUT FOLDED ROOFS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.7. SHELLS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.7. MORE ABOUT SHELLS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.7. MORE ABOUT SHELLS
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.8. TENSILE STRUCTURES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.8. MORE ABOUT TENSILE STRUCTURES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.8. MORE ABOUT TENSILE STRUCTURES
    • 3. The Structure 3.2. Structure Types 3.2.8. MORE ABOUT TENSILE STRUCTURES
    • 3. The Structure 3.3. DETERMINATION OF THE STRUCTURAL FORM
    • 3. The Structure 3.3. Determination Of The Structural Form 3.3.1. DESIGN STRATEGIES
    • 3. The Structure 3.3. Determination Of The Structural Form 3.3.2. SELECTION OF THE GENERIC TYPE OF STRUCTURE
    • 3. The Structure 3.3. Determination Of The Structural Form 3.3.3. SELECTION OF STRUCTURAL MATERIAL
    • Thank you Dr. Yasser Mahgoub http://ymahgou.fortunecity.com/