E-WASTE IRON WASTEWhat is waste ? Waste includes all items that people no longer have any use for, which they either intend to get rid of or have already discarded HOUSE CLEEN WASTE BIO-WASTE
What Is Minimization ? The act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position. D E C High waste R E Low waste A S
What Is Waste Minimization? Waste minimization is the process and the policy of reducing the amount of waste produced by a person or a society. Waste minimization can be defined as "systematically reducing waste at source". It means: • Prevention and/or reduction of waste generated WM PROCESS • Efficient use of raw materials and packaging • Efficient use of fuel, electricity and water • Improving the quality of waste generated to facilitate recycling and/or reduce hazard • Encouraging re-use, recycling and recovery.
Environmental Legislation The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989. The National Environmental Tribunal Act, 1995. The Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998. The Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000.
Categories of bio medical waste: Category Waste category Treatment & disposal number option 1 Human Anatomical Waste Incineration / deep burial (human tissues, organs, body parts) 2 Animal Waste Incineration / deep burial (animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals colleges, discharge from hospitals animal houses) 3 Microbiology & Biotechnology Waste Local autoclaving /micro waving (wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or / incineration specimens of micro-organism live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell culture used ) 4 Waste Sharps Disinfections (needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc.) 5 Discarded Medical and Cytotoxic Incineration / destruction drugs Drugs (wastes comprising or updated, disposal insecured landfills contaminated and is carded medicines)
Category Waste category Treatment & disposalnumber option 6 Solid Waste Incineration / (Items contaminated with blood, and Autoclaving / body, fluids including cotton, Micro waving dressings, soiled plaster casts, 7 Solid Waste Disinfections by (wastes generated from disposable chemical treatment items other than the waste sharps Such as tubing‘s, catheters) 8 Liquid Waste Disinfections by (waste generated from laboratory ) chemical treatment 9 Incineration Ash Disposal in municipal landfill (ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste ) 10 Chemical Waste Chemical treatment and (chemical used in production of biological, discharge into drains for chemicals used in disinfections, as insecticides, liquids and secured landfill for etc) solids
COLOR CODING OF WASTE CATEGORIES : Color Coding Type of Container and Treatment options as per Waste Category Schedule IYellow Plastic bag Cat. 1, Cat. 2, Incineration/deep burial and Cat. 3, Cat. 6.Red Disinfected Autoclaving/Microwavin container/plastic bag g/ Chemical Treatment Cat. 3, Cat. 6, Cat.7.Blue/White translucent Plastic bag/puncture Autoclaving/Microwavin proof Cat. 4, Cat. 7. g/ Chemical Treatment Container and destruction/shreddingBlack Plastic bag Cat. 5 and Disposal in secured Cat. 9 and Cat. 10. landfill (solid)
SCHEDULE IV (see Rule 6) LABEL FOR TRANSPORT OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE CONTAINERS/BAGS Day ............ Month ..............Year ........... Date of generation ...................Waste category No ........Waste class ……………….Waste description ………………..Senders Name & Address Receivers Name & AddressPhone No ........ Phone No ...............Telex No .... Telex No ...............Fax No ............... Fax No .................Contact Person ........ Contact Person .........In case of emergency please contactName & Address :Phone No. ……....Note : Label shall be non-washable and prominently visible.
Implementation of BIO-MEDICAL WASTE RULES 1998Health care waste includes Waste generated by the health care facilities Research facilities LaboratoriesBiomedical waste in hospitals 85% are non-infectious 10% are infectious 5% are hazardous
WM TECHNIQUES:Modification of the waste generation WM TECHNIQUESprocess in order to transform the wastedmaterial of wasted materials in the instructions, supervision, awareness Reuse into a material that can same Working be process or for another useful applicationreused or recycled for another application training of workforce would and regular RECYCLING SOURCE PRODUCTIONwithin or the industry. within outside the company. facilitate good housekeeping. MODIFICATION REDUCTION Modifications of the working procedures,technology, processing Replacement of the machine- Substitution of input materialsprocess record keeping in in order to operating of existing and of eco- synthesis route, Good house- sequence by Modificationinstructions production equipment and Onsite Creation and/or Process friendly material the processes atwaste and emission generation can be useful by Characteristics of the keeping order to and preferably havinghigher change recovery run minimize longer efficiency and product utilities, for instance, by the addition of measuring service reuse waste generation and emissions. minimize the environmental time. with lower devices . products modified to during production. and controlling impacts of its production or those of the product itself during or after its use Input (disposal). Equipment Better Technology material process modification change change control
How to Minimize Waste :Waste can be minimized by looking at:Inputs ------- (for example, energy and raw materials)Processes ------- (controlling them and improving them)Outputs ------- (for example, end products, solid waste, water and effluent, waste raw materials, heat and energy losses)A Waste Minimization Initiative should effectively manage all aspects of abusiness’s waste.
What are the Benefits of Waste Minimization? Minimizing waste will help the business to: Keep waste disposal costs down. Keep raw material costs down. Comply with legislation. Reduce impact on the environment. Perhaps support other businesses – one business’s waste may be another business’s resource.