“The measure of any great civilisation is in its towns and cities and a
measure of a city‟s greatness is to be found in the quality of its public
spaces, its parks and its squares”
The death of a collective
‘The design and construction of setting meant to support a civic realm’
Civic origin from civis ( citizen)
City origin from civis (citizen)
Civil origin from civis (citizen)
Civilise. Bring to an advanced stage of social development
Citizen an inhabitant of a Town or City
Based on the latin civitas
“We have tried to make the fact of
being in private alone with ourselves
and family an end in itself. To know
oneself has become and end in itself
instead of a means through which one
knows the world.”
Richard Sennett. The Fall of Public Man
‘The current crisis of disorder’
„ Such is the residue of modern design in a culture that does not provide a larger
and governing vision in which to fit all the objects it produces; a culture gripped by a
devastating schizophrenia that finds no mediation between specific things and their
real or implied framework. We make very few successful places, only things.‟
What on earth is this? Utter desperation to be original
A combination of arrogance and ignorance
„Cafes and bars will no longer be the fungus that eats up the pavements
of Paris‟ Corbusier 1923
„To have a new vision of the future it has always first been necessary to
have a new vision of the past. „ Theodore Zeldin
Beware the new dinosaurs.
Gigantic and virtually extinct already
Urbanism is not giganticism.
How many are better than what was
Dense, tall, corporate
In the city but not of the city
Urban location yet anti-urban
in every way
Apartments over offices over shops
CONTINUITY OF CULTURE
EVER CHANGING YET
URBAN AND GREEN
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE
VIBRANT AND QUIET
URBANISM FOR ALL TIME
THE OPPOSITE OF FASHION
Characteristics of the Industrial Economy
EMPLOYMENT AND URBAN FORM. THE RISE OF THE POST INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY
WE ARE WHERE WE ARE
What’s our agenda for one planet living? It must form the basis for assessing our
strategic urban design. If not, scrap the whole idea.
Skills, Risk and Certainty
Certainty lies in anti-urbanism. The skills lie there too.
We have condemned the traditional City as chaos and trained all
those who built its constituent parts, to fragment and isolate.
Each profession has become its own audience.
We have lost the knowledge
What is even worse ?
So many of those engaged in
‘Town Making’ don’t even know
they’ve lost the knowledge
Why has that knowledge gone?
Because we refuse to engage
How cities are.
All we did was change
So change them back !
But they have to be RULES
Not sympathetic magic
Industrialisation and Urbanisation
are NOT the same thing
‘Nothing Gained From Overcrowding’
Confusion between density and overcrowding?
Seven Dials London
DENSITY AND AMENITY GO TOGETHER
Density makes the amenity successful
The amenity makes the density irrelevant
Town or Country?
Town and Country
“Along with the preservation of the
countryside the redemption of the
town must be attempted. The two
are interdependent; one rises to
beauty or falls to ruin with the other.
It is true to say that only through the
rehabilitation of the town can the
countryside be truly saved, thqt the
true way to save the countryside is to
build true urban towns”
Why do we build?
“Neighbourhoods towns and cities were
invented to facilitate exchange.
Exchange of information, friendship,
material goods, culture, insights, skills
and also the exchange of emotional,
psychological and spiritual support
For a truly sustainable environment we
must maximise this exchange while
minimising the travel necessary to do
David Engwicht. Towards an Eco-city
‘To the Vitruvian triad of commodity,
firmness and delight we postulate the
addition of a fourth ideal: restituitas
or restitution, restoration,
reinstatement; where the act of
building enhances its immediate and
the global environment in an
ecological as well as a visual sense’
Layers of change Urban Assembly Kit
Stewart Brand Ray Gindroz