How urbanism learns
    -and what that teaches us
           Paul Murrain
Shenkar College of Engineering and
             ...
There is no such thing as ‘good design’
“The measure of any great civilisation is in its towns and cities and a
measure of a city‟s greatness is to be found in th...
Urbanism.

‘The design and construction of setting meant to support a civic realm’
William Westfall


Civic          origi...
“We have tried to make the fact of
being in private alone with ourselves
and family an end in itself. To know
oneself has ...
‘The current crisis of disorder’
Jack Robertson,
„ Such is the residue of modern design in a culture that does not provide...
What on earth is this? Utter desperation to be original
               A combination of arrogance and ignorance



paul mu...
„Cafes and bars will no longer be the fungus that eats up the pavements
               of Paris‟ Corbusier 1923
          ...
Beware the new dinosaurs.
Gigantic and virtually extinct already
Urbanism is not giganticism.
How many are better than wha...
Dense, tall, corporate
In the city but not of the city
Urban location yet anti-urban
in every way
paul murrain
Melrose Arch Johannesburg SA

paul murrain
Melrose Arch Phase One
paul murrain
Melrose Arch.
Apartments over offices over shops
DIVERSITY
               ADAPTABILITY
               CONTINUITY OF CULTURE

               EVER CHANGING YET
             ...
Characteristics of the Industrial Economy




                                            Derek Kemp
EMPLOYMENT AND URBAN FORM. THE RISE OF THE POST INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY

 .




                                               ...
Skills, Risk and Certainty

 Certainty lies in anti-urbanism. The skills lie there too.

 We have condemned the traditiona...
All we did was change
                            the rules




So change them back !
But they have to be RULES
Not sympat...
Industrialisation and Urbanisation
 are NOT the same thing
‘Nothing Gained From Overcrowding’
                                   Confusion between density and overcrowding?




1872...
DENSITY AND AMENITY GO TOGETHER
Density makes the amenity successful
The amenity makes the density irrelevant
Town or Country?




                                                             Town and Country




“Along with the pre...
Sherford




paul murrain
BRE Sustainable Assessment
BRE Sustainable Assessment
UK Urban Task Force
„Towards an Urban Renaissance‟

             A mixed use integrated neighbourhood.
Workplaces as good neighbours
Why do we build?

“Neighbourhoods towns and cities were
invented to facilitate exchange.

Exchange of information, friends...
‘To the Vitruvian triad of commodity,
firmness and delight we postulate the
addition of a fourth ideal: restituitas
or res...
Layers of change   Urban Assembly Kit
                  Stewart Brand        Ray Gindroz

paul murrain
Piazza Navona. Rome
The social logic of space. How settlements ARE. (the deformed wheel)
“The grid is the fundamental element of the urban buzz”




Oxford Street average of 9.8 changes of direction to arrive th...
The Traditional Structure of settlements. It is as natural as
a sand dune ecosystem. How Cities Are as opposed to half
bak...
Spatial Integration. Connecting space
Natural movement of the human species
paul murrain
Local places -punctuations in the global system.



Harlow North



                                                      ...
Time, Grain and
                                                         incremental change.

                            ...
The grain of adaptation; a living city
The grain of adaptation
The Grain of adaptation ?
‘We are what we repeatedly do.
               Excellence is not an act, but a habit.’

               -Aristotle




paul ...
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
How Urbanism Learns
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

How Urbanism Learns

1,639 views
1,550 views

Published on

Architect Paul Murrain's Presentation at the Movement for Israeli Urbanism Density Workshop

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,639
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
204
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

How Urbanism Learns

  1. 1. How urbanism learns -and what that teaches us Paul Murrain Shenkar College of Engineering and Design Thursday May 7th 2009
  2. 2. There is no such thing as ‘good design’
  3. 3. “The measure of any great civilisation is in its towns and cities and a measure of a city‟s greatness is to be found in the quality of its public spaces, its parks and its squares” John Ruskin. Atlanta The death of a collective consciousness
  4. 4. Urbanism. ‘The design and construction of setting meant to support a civic realm’ William Westfall Civic origin from civis ( citizen) City origin from civis (citizen) Civil origin from civis (citizen) Civilise. Bring to an advanced stage of social development Citizen an inhabitant of a Town or City Based on the latin civitas paul murrain
  5. 5. “We have tried to make the fact of being in private alone with ourselves and family an end in itself. To know oneself has become and end in itself instead of a means through which one knows the world.” Richard Sennett. The Fall of Public Man
  6. 6. ‘The current crisis of disorder’ Jack Robertson, „ Such is the residue of modern design in a culture that does not provide a larger and governing vision in which to fit all the objects it produces; a culture gripped by a devastating schizophrenia that finds no mediation between specific things and their real or implied framework. We make very few successful places, only things.‟
  7. 7. What on earth is this? Utter desperation to be original A combination of arrogance and ignorance paul murrain
  8. 8. „Cafes and bars will no longer be the fungus that eats up the pavements of Paris‟ Corbusier 1923 „To have a new vision of the future it has always first been necessary to have a new vision of the past. „ Theodore Zeldin paul murrain
  9. 9. Beware the new dinosaurs. Gigantic and virtually extinct already Urbanism is not giganticism. How many are better than what was there before?
  10. 10. Dense, tall, corporate In the city but not of the city Urban location yet anti-urban in every way
  11. 11. paul murrain
  12. 12. Melrose Arch Johannesburg SA paul murrain
  13. 13. Melrose Arch Phase One
  14. 14. paul murrain
  15. 15. Melrose Arch. Apartments over offices over shops
  16. 16. DIVERSITY ADAPTABILITY CONTINUITY OF CULTURE EVER CHANGING YET NEVER CHANGING URBAN AND GREEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE VIBRANT AND QUIET URBANISM FOR ALL TIME THE OPPOSITE OF FASHION paul murrain
  17. 17. Characteristics of the Industrial Economy Derek Kemp
  18. 18. EMPLOYMENT AND URBAN FORM. THE RISE OF THE POST INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY . Derek Kemp WE ARE WHERE WE ARE What’s our agenda for one planet living? It must form the basis for assessing our strategic urban design. If not, scrap the whole idea.
  19. 19. Skills, Risk and Certainty Certainty lies in anti-urbanism. The skills lie there too. We have condemned the traditional City as chaos and trained all those who built its constituent parts, to fragment and isolate. Each profession has become its own audience. We have lost the knowledge What is even worse ? So many of those engaged in ‘Town Making’ don’t even know they’ve lost the knowledge Why has that knowledge gone? Because we refuse to engage the past How cities are.
  20. 20. All we did was change the rules So change them back ! But they have to be RULES Not sympathetic magic Charleston S.C.
  21. 21. Industrialisation and Urbanisation are NOT the same thing
  22. 22. ‘Nothing Gained From Overcrowding’ Confusion between density and overcrowding? 1872 Seven Dials London 2009
  23. 23. DENSITY AND AMENITY GO TOGETHER Density makes the amenity successful The amenity makes the density irrelevant
  24. 24. Town or Country? Town and Country “Along with the preservation of the countryside the redemption of the town must be attempted. The two are interdependent; one rises to beauty or falls to ruin with the other. It is true to say that only through the rehabilitation of the town can the countryside be truly saved, thqt the true way to save the countryside is to build true urban towns” Thomas Sharp Thomas Sharp
  25. 25. Sherford paul murrain
  26. 26. BRE Sustainable Assessment
  27. 27. BRE Sustainable Assessment
  28. 28. UK Urban Task Force „Towards an Urban Renaissance‟ A mixed use integrated neighbourhood.
  29. 29. Workplaces as good neighbours
  30. 30. Why do we build? “Neighbourhoods towns and cities were invented to facilitate exchange. Exchange of information, friendship, material goods, culture, insights, skills and also the exchange of emotional, psychological and spiritual support For a truly sustainable environment we must maximise this exchange while minimising the travel necessary to do it.” David Engwicht. Towards an Eco-city paul murrain
  31. 31. ‘To the Vitruvian triad of commodity, firmness and delight we postulate the addition of a fourth ideal: restituitas or restitution, restoration, reinstatement; where the act of building enhances its immediate and the global environment in an ecological as well as a visual sense’ Green Vitruvius
  32. 32. Layers of change Urban Assembly Kit Stewart Brand Ray Gindroz paul murrain
  33. 33. Piazza Navona. Rome
  34. 34. The social logic of space. How settlements ARE. (the deformed wheel)
  35. 35. “The grid is the fundamental element of the urban buzz” Oxford Street average of 9.8 changes of direction to arrive there.
  36. 36. The Traditional Structure of settlements. It is as natural as a sand dune ecosystem. How Cities Are as opposed to half baked „innovative theories.‟
  37. 37. Spatial Integration. Connecting space Natural movement of the human species
  38. 38. paul murrain
  39. 39. Local places -punctuations in the global system. Harlow North paul murrain
  40. 40. Time, Grain and incremental change. Making the grain of adaptation small enough The places where economies Hoxton Square innovate, thrive, live, work and play.
  41. 41. The grain of adaptation; a living city
  42. 42. The grain of adaptation
  43. 43. The Grain of adaptation ?
  44. 44. ‘We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence is not an act, but a habit.’ -Aristotle paul murrain

×