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Sunshine Policy


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A brief introduction about sunshine policy between south korea and north korea.

A brief introduction about sunshine policy between south korea and north korea.

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  • 1. Sunshine Policy(햇볕정책) Prepared by : Riri Kusumarani Class : Korean History and Culture II by Prof. Chun10/26/2012 1
  • 2. Content • What is Sunshine Policy • The History • Fundamental Principles • What Differences? • President Roh Moo Hyun • Legacy and Ends10/26/2012 2
  • 3. the foreign policy of South Korea towards North Korea President Kim Dae Jung , launched the Sunshine Policy,  Also known officially as the Policy of reconciliation and Cooperation toward North Korea, resulted in greater political contact between the two States and some historical moments for the Korean peninsulaIn 2000, Being awarded A Novel Peace Prizefor Launching Sunshine PolicyThe first South Korean President to visitNorth Korea in 2000 10/26/2012 3
  • 4. • Originates in The North Wind and the Sun, one of Aesops fables. • In the fable, the sun and the wind compete to remove a mans coat. The wind blew strongly, but the man clutched his coat and kept it on. The sun shone warmly, and the man voluntarily took off his coat to enjoy the fine weather.The main aim of the policy was to soften North Koreas attitudestowards the South by encouraging interaction and economicassistance.10/26/2012 4
  • 5. Fundamental Principles • No armed provocation by the North will be tolerated. • The South will not attempt to absorb the North in any way. • The South actively seeks cooperation10/26/2012 5
  • 6. 2 Added Component The Separation of Politics and Economics the South loosened restrictions on its private sector to invest in North Korea, limiting its own involvement essentially to humanitarian aid. to improve the Norths economy to induce change in the Norths economic policy, though the latter goal was later (at least officially) de-emphasized. The requirement of reciprocity from the North T he two States would treat each other as equals, each making concessions and compromises. the South would provide aid without expecting an immediate reciprocation and without requesting a specific form of reciprocity The South also announced that it would provide humanitarian assistance without any expectations of 10/26/2012 concessions in return. 6
  • 7. Why Different?  Responds to North Korea’s Economic & Humanitarian Needs Seek to Help N.K with its chronic food, energy and currency Dialogue and Deterrence Focuses first on tasks and problems that both can resolve & overcome Encourages allies to actively engage North KoreaThere are may changes in the inter-Korean relations during thecouple years of Sunshine Policy10/26/2012 7
  • 8. Inter-Koreans ProgressMore than 29,000 S.Koreans toured Mt.KumGang11,000 S.Koreans visited the NorthN.Korea has establised diplomatic Relations with : S.Africa , Brunei, Italy, Australia & Philippines Germany, UK, Spain & Netherlands expresses their intention to establish relationVisits by 200 Seperated family members on Aug.15Reconnecting of The Kyongui railway through DMZBuilding a four-lane highway (5.5km on theSouth, 12Km on the North) North Korea’s Attitude has change substantially 10/26/2012 8
  • 9. President Roh Moo-Hyun • continued the policy of his predecessor • In 2003, the issue of the Norths possession of nuclear weapons surfaced again • S.Korean continued to supply the North with humanitarian aid. • Started the Kaesong Industrial Park, with South Korea spending the equivalent of just over $324 million on aid to the North in 2005.[ Both the North and South Korean Governments agreed to hold a summitin Pyongyang on August 20, 2007, but this was later postponed to [9] October2 to 4 Roh travelled from Seoul to Pyongyang overland by car on October 2. Rohmade a stopover at Panmunjeom and crossed the Military Demarcation Lineby foot, stating that his gesture would symbolize the future reunification ofKorea.[11]10/26/2012 9
  • 10. Legacy and End • October 9,2006 – South Korea suspended aid shipments to the North and put their military on high alert status. – some aspects of the Sunshine Policy, including the Mount Gumgang Tourist Region and the Kaesong Industrial Region would continue. • March 2008, – Lee Myung-bak stated that any• 2009 expansion of the economic • North Korean nuclear test, cooperation at the Kaesong Industrial • South Koreas response to Region would only happen if the North resolved the international standoff the nuclear test, over its nuclear weapons. •signing the Proliferation – North Korea making military moves Security Initiative to prevent such as a series of short range ship-to- the shipment of nuclear ship missile tests.[26] materials to North Korea 10/26/2012 10
  • 11. In November 2010, the South Korean Unification Ministry officially declaredthe Sunshine Policy a failure, thus bringing the policy to an end.[29][30]10/26/2012 11
  • 12. RELATED INFORMATION10/26/2012 12
  • 13. Chung-Ju Yung• the first CEO, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group• Born Tongchon, Kangwŏn, Japanese Korea (Now is North Korea)• the Unification Bridge Sent 1001 Cows & 50,000 tons of Corns to North Korea via DMZ10/26/2012 13
  • 14. Hana Program Center • launched on May 10, 2001 in Dandong, China. • The first inter-Korean IT joint venture company Talented North and South Korean workers in the IT industry met for the first time to market software10/26/2012 14
  • 15. References••• 0/northkorea• pacific-1529267410/26/2012 15