THe French Revolution By Thomas Kim and Emily Palmer 1
The Who, What, and when of the American revolutionGeorge Washington was a man from Virginia April 19, 1775 was the initial day when thewho was elected to raise up an army for the colonists and the British fired. The wholeSecond Continental Congress. This act launched American Revolution was from 1775 -1789.the beginning of the American Revolution. This time period included the French and Indian War and the election of the first president. The fighting started in Lexington, Massachusetts, but the American Revolution took place in the thirteen colonies in the United States. 2
Thomas Jefferson was a major part of the In 1774, political leaders decided to make aEnlightenment in America by encouraging Second Continental Congress. The Declarationfree religion and speech, and also human of Independence was released in July 1776.rights. This was ironic, though, because heowned slaves like many other Americans.Jefferson was a major part of the writing ofthe Declaration of Independence The Second Continental Congress meet in Philadelphia to make the Declaration of Independence. 3
Problems? The colonists were against the British government because they wouldn’t listen to the people when they were accused of “taxation without representation”.America had a poor, untrainedarmy which wasn’t nearly as big asthe British army. It also didn’t haveas many materials used in war. The English king declined the colonists pleas for fair political rights, and so they felt the need and the right to revolt. 4
the GOAL.In the end, the goal of both ThomasJefferson and George Washington was tohave won the war and the agreement to anindependent country, not a colony, known asthe United States of America. They wantedto be apart of a country where everyone wasequal and had the basic human rights:life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. INDEPENDENCE The people wanted to break away from Britain and create a new republic LIBERTY The people wanted their rights to be understood and protected. PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS The people wanted to be carefree and not worry about the taxes they were going to have to pay for the next month. They wanted to live in America for the same reason their ancestors moved years ago. 5
EVENTS The leaders of the colonists created theDeclaration of Independence which was sent to King Charles III. It included a number of abuses the parliament did to America. France anticipated the fact that Britain, the most powerful country in Europe, was fighting against one of their colonies, America. They wanted Britain to lose some of its power, and at the same time gain power itself. They sent troops to fight with America against the British. America’s future looked pretty bleakwhen the war first started out. But since they had the French soldiers on their side who were very successful in the navy, they pulled through and won the war, therefore ending the American Revolution. 6
The British army was away from home, and getting materials consistently from across the ocean was no small feat. After fighting for many years, the army was becoming tired. France greatly helped the American army in numbers and in strength. They made up roughly 45% of the army against Britain. They also had a very strong navy which aided in blocking the British getting to specific ports.What were some of the key factors that led to the end of the American Revolution, and the victory of the Americans? The Americans were more determined than the British to gain their freedom and independence because of the injustices that they had been through. THE END. 7
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