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Patterns Workshop

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presentation given at the CPDD participatory patterns workshops, Sept-Oct 2009

presentation given at the CPDD participatory patterns workshops, Sept-Oct 2009

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  • 1. Singapore, Sept. 2009 Participatory Pattern Workshops
  • 2.  
  • 3. Patterns Workshop
  • 4. Patterns Workshop
    • We have a set of case stories
      • Completed stage 1 
    • Challenge: Generate Design Patterns
    • Key questions
      • What is a pattern?
      • Why generated it?
      • How to generate it?
  • 5.  
  • 6. What is a pattern?
    • At is simplest, it is a
      • Generalised solution to a problem
      • Follows a specific structure
    When, Where, Who What are we trying to achieve / solve? Cookbook: ingredients, procedure, expected outcomes C o n t e x t Problem Solution
  • 7. Origins theory of architecture
  • 8. A burda pattern.. Season: Fall For: Women Garment Type: Dress Style: Classic, Evening Wear, Romantic Material: Taffeta “ if I copy a dress, I can only create the same dress. If I have a pattern, I can create many dresses” (Yim Ping LENDEN)
  • 9. Pedagogical pattern: Try Once, Refine Once http://patternlanguagenetwork.myxwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Patterns/TryOnceRefineOnce
  • 10. Why generate patterns?
    • Need a way to collaborative produce and share knowledge of practice
    • Use this knowledge to inform the development of new TEL artifacts (technologies and pedagogic resources)
    • Integrate expertise across disciplines
  • 11. How to generate patterns?
    • Two-stage process
    • Start with this partial template
      • Problem
      • Context
      • Solution
    • Identify common features across case stories
      • How?
      • Let’s talk through an example
  • 12. Case study 1: CoMo
  • 13. Case study 2: MiGen
  • 14. How do I determine common features?
    • Identify the problem addressed
      • Supporting knowledge construction
    • How is it addressed?
      • Through communication around artifacts
    • Identify the key aspects
      • Students 
      • Setting 
      • Artifacts 
    • Identify the forces underlying the problem
  • 15. Underlying Forces
    • Knowledge construction through communication
    • Communication is a powerful driver of learning
      • Prompts learners to articulate their intuitions and in the process formulate and substantiate them
      • Enables learners to share knowledge and question
    • Communication is even more powerful when building on experience
  • 16. What are the common features?
    • Artifacts are produced
      • CoMo: images of practice
      • MiGen: mathematical models
    • Artifacts are shared
      • CoMo: online image blog
      • MiGen: shared on school network
    • Artifacts are discussed in conversation
      • CoMo: f2f with tutor
      • MiGen: online with teacher
  • 17. What are the key features?
    • Conversation mediated by artifacts produced by students using technology
    • Let’s make the language slightly simpler
      • “ Artifact” ~ “object”
      • “ Conversation” ~ “talk”
    • Memorable title!
  • 18. “ Objects to talk with” Pattern
    • Problem
      • How to support learning through online discussion of a shared activity
    • Context
      • Tools which allow learners to communicate
    • Solution
      • Learning activities often involve the use or construction of objects
      • When providing tools for learners to discuss their experience, allow them to easily include these objects in the discussion
      • The medium should support a visual (graphical, symbolic, animated or simulated) representation of the objects
  • 19. Pattern Generation
    • Pattern generated from cases
    • CoMo and MiGen are instances of this pattern
      • But there can be many more …
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. The Plan
    • Map the common features to core template
    • Illustrate the big idea
    • Force mapping
    • Sequence / block diagram of solution
    • Define context as per concept map
    • Fill in the blanks
  • 23. The core template
    • Context
      • Primary, English, PBL, Implementation
    • Problem (pick one!)
      • We want to do A under condition B but are constrained by C
    • Solution
    • (in any order that
    • works for you)
    C o n t e x t Problem Solution
  • 24. Draw it!
  • 25. Force Mapping
    • Name the forces
    • Give them icons
    • Plot the links and mark + / -
    Forces: constraints or factors that influence the problem. The difficulty of solving the problem arises from tensions between competing forces.
  • 26. Forces
    • A ctors
    • B eliefs
    • C onditions
    • D esires
  • 27. Sequence / block diagram / flowchart http://xkcd.com/627/
  • 28. Fill in the blanks
    • Support
      • Source Case
      • Other Cases
      • Theoretical justification
    • Related patterns
    • Notes, Links and References
    • Liabilities, potential risks, extensions, expected side-effects
  • 29. Thank you The pattern language network project: http://patternlanguagenetwork.org The learning patterns project: http://lp.noe-kaleidoscope.org/ This presentation http://www.slideshare.net/yish/patterns-workshop Yishay Mor people.lkl.ac.uk/yishay yishaym@gmail.com twitter: @yishaym Niall Winters www.lkl.ac.uk/naill n.winters@ioe.ac.uk twitter: @nwin

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