“ An assessment functions formatively when evidence about student achievement elicited by the assessment is interpreted and used to make decisions about the next steps in instruction that are likely to be better, or better founded, than the decisions that would have been made in the absence of that evidence”
"... These create "moments of contingency," in which the direction of the instruction will depend on student responses. Teachers provide feedback that engages students, make time in class for students to work on improvement, and activate students as instructional resources for one another."
A bespoke string (sequence) comparator was designed; uses fine-granularity sequence comparison to compare correct language strings to a user’s answer. Students answer questions and the comparator marks up errors in their input using colour coding (and font style) to highlight the different types of error. If an answer contains errors the student is given a second attempt in which to correct the submission based on the feedback received.
Open mentor (Denise Whitelock) http://purl.org/planet/Cases/OpenMentor
Try Once, Refine Once (Aliy Fowler) http://pul.org/planet/Patterns/TryOnceRefineOnce
Problem Lack of immediate feedback for students leads to fossilisation of errors and misconceptions providing immediate feedback in an iterative fashion can also hinder effective learning since students are able to "grope their way" step-by-step to a correct solution without necessarily having to think about each answer as a whole.
Embed a mechanism in the learning and teaching system that regularly captures tutor feedback, analyses it, and presents them with graphical representation of the types of feedback they have given. Ideally, this should also include constructive advice as to how to shift from less to more effective forms.
In computer supported environments (e.g. VLEs), this mechanism could be integrated into the system, providing tutors with immediate analysis of their feedback, as well as long-term aggregates.
Practitioners (educational / software) acknowledge the value of patterns, when served with side dishes of cases + scenarios
Collaborative elicitation of patterns from cases could be a potent form of professional development.
Thank you The Formative e-Assessment project: http://projects.lkl.ac.uk/feasst Final report http://telearn.noe-kaleidoscope.org/open-archive/browse?resource=1875 Yishay Mor http://people.lkl.ac.uk/yishay firstname.lastname@example.org This presentation http://www.slideshare.net/yish/formative-eassessment-cases-patterns-and-scenarios