common names for this drug?Marijuana•Marijuana is usually rolled up in a cigarettecalled a joint or a nail. It can also be brewed asa tea or mixed with food, or smoked through awater pipe called a bong.•Cannabis is number three of the top fivesubstances which account for admissions todrug treatment facilities in the United States,at 16%
Short-term effects• Loss of coordination and distortions in the sense of time, vision andhearing, sleepiness, reddening of the eyes, increased appetite andrelaxed muscles.• Heart rate can speed up. In fact, in the first hour of smokingmarijuana, a user’s risk of a heart attack could increase fivefold.• School performance is reduced through impaired memory andlessened ability to solve problems.
Health risks of regular use of this drug• Memory and learning problems• Decreased motivation• Poor school and work performance• Respiratory conditions such as bronchitis or chronic cough• Increased risk for psychosis in susceptible individuals• Raised heart rate• Decreased life satisfaction• Increased risk of heart attack• Easily distracted• Decreased motor coordination• Decreased time with family or children because of marijuana abuse• Shortened attention span• Loss of mental alertness and impaired judgment• Increased risk for car accidents or STD due to altered decision-makingwhile high
Risks of dependence on marijuana• People who are dependent on marijuana are at a higher risk ofsuffering from the negative consequences of using the drug, suchas short term memory impairment, mental health problems andrespiratory diseases (if marijuana is smoked). Regular use anddependence also leads to problems with finances, conflict inrelationships with family and friends, and employment problems.• The earlier a person starts using marijuana, and the more they use,the more likely they are to become dependent.
legal penalties for possessing and/or usingMarijuana• For a first conviction, if you had less than 30 grams of marijuana,the maximum penalties are a fine of $1000 or 6 months in jail, orboth. But the penalty for a first offense is usually much less.• You may also get a criminal record. That can prevent you fromtraveling to other countries, getting certain jobs, being bonded(which some jobs require), and applying for citizenship.• If it is your first offence, ask the judge for a discharge or ask theCrown for diversion (or alternative measures). If you meet theconditions of the discharge or if you complete the alternativemeasures, you will not get a criminal record.• The legal issues for this crime can be complex and a conviction canseriously harm you
Resources for getting help with marijuanadependancy• Marijuana helpline• During marijuana addiction treatment, clients are offeredmedications and counseling that make the difficult withdrawalprocess easier, lessoning and/or eliminating withdrawal symptoms.After withdrawal, or detox, is complete, individual and groupcounseling sessions teaches ways to stay clean and sober for good,and promotes strategies for relapse prevention and information onhelpful, local support groups.
Strategies for saying "NO" to Marijuana if underpeer pressure to use it• Try to associate with people who do not use drugs, and avoidsituations where drugs will be used or offered to you.• Prepare yourself for occasions when friends, peers, or evenstrangers offer drugs to you.• Participate in activities that are fulfilling to you. They are more fun,cheaper, safer, and healthier than abusing drugs.• Recognize your talents, skills, and accomplishments; remindyourself of them when you feel worthless.• Realize that the future is full of hope and promises, even though itmight not seem that way at the time, and abusing drugs will robyou of them.