What is a Bibliography?Derived from two Greek words,“biblion” meaning book and“graphein” meaning to write orthe writing of books.
The history, identification, ordescription of writings or publications.A list of works written by an author orprinted by a publishing house.It is the name given to a list of books,manuscripts, and other publications,systematically described and arranged,which have some relationship to eachother.
Three Basic PurposesTo Identify and verify informationTo locate materialsTo select materials for the collection
Types of BibliographyA. Systematic Enumerative BibliographyB. Current Selection AidsC. Bibliography of Bibiliographies
A. Systematic Enumerative Bibliography Type of bibliography whichrefers to a list of books, film orrecordings.
1. Universal Bibliography Includes everything, published, issued or printed in the fields of communication from the beginning, through the present to the future. Conrad Gesner, known as the Father of Universal Bibliography. Biblioteca Universalis (1543)
Conrad Gesner, known as the Father ofUniversal Bibliography.
Biblioteca Universalis (1543) It was the first truly comprehensive"universal" listing of all the books of thefirst century of printing. It was analphabeticalbibliography that listed all theknown books printed in Latin, Greek, orHebrew.
2. National and Trade Bibliographies a. National Bibliography -published by government
Two basic requirements: Legal Deposit System- law that requires alibrary to received a copy.The record must be fromdirect examination ofmaterials.
Examples:Canadiana- CANMAGeneral Catalogue of Printed Books(Published by the British Library)
Philippine National Library (PNB)Published quarterly by TNL with annual cumulationIssued in two parts since 1985: I. Books, music scores, govpublications, periodicals, conference proceedings II Theseand dissertations.
b. National Library Catalog A list of all the workscataloged by a national library andother member libraries andincludes items not published in thecountry of origin.
Example:National Union Catalog (NUC) of the LC Issued in microfiche in 1983 Online version is MARC and can be accessed throughDIALOG.
c. Trade Bibliographies List commercial publications to aidin the selection and acquisition recentlypublished materials, specifically tradebooks. Information is gathered rom thepublished materials, specifically tradebooks.
Examples:Book in Print ( R.R. Bowker ofNew York) 1948 to dateCan be accessed:PrintedOnline through databasevendors e.g. DIALOGCD-ROM =Books in print withBook Reviews Plus(searchable by author, title,topic, publisher, ISBN, date ofpublication, and grade level)Microfiche
3. Subject Bibliography List materials thatrelate to a particular topic. Itis intended to researchworkers and other in specialareas.Examples:Blazek, Ron and ElizabethAversa. The Humanities:A Selective Guide to Information Sources.
4. Guide to Reference Materials Includes the best works for a givensituation or audience. Guides to a reference books,special reading, list by a library anditems devoted to the best works of aparticular group of people.
Examples:Guide to Reference Books compiled byEugene P. Sheehy (Chicago:ALA)Concentrates in American, Canadian, andsome British titles divided into 5 major areas.
Guide to ReferenceMaterials edited byAlbert J. Walford(London:ALA)Strong in British andEuropean titles.
5. Analytical and textual bibliographyAnalytical- concerned with the physicaldescription of books.Textual- highlights certain textualvariations between a manuscript and theprinted book.
6. Daily UseDirects the individual to an item andis primarily used to find a specificbook or article.
B. Current Selection AidsExamples:Choice. Chicago:ALA, 1964 to date. Issuedmonthly Evaluates a number of reference titles of value to all libraries.Reference and Research BookNews.Portland, OR: Book News. 1985 todate. Monthly. Provides full bibliographicinformation and a short descriptiveannotation.
C. Bibliography of Bibliographies A listing of bibliographies thatwere created as a means ofbibliographic control.
A World Bibliography ofBibliographies and ofBibliographicalCatalogues, Calendars,Abstracts, Digests,Indexes, and the like orBesterman by TheodoreBesterman. Laussanne:Societas Bibliographica,1965-1966, 4v.
Bibliography of PhilippineBibliographiesRetana says that this is themost complete bibliographythat has been compiled ofprinting in the PhilippinesWritten by:Gabriel Adriano Bernardo
Bibliographies for Non-Print Materials.Video Source Book.Detroit:Gale Research.1978 to date. Annual withtwo supplements.A listing of about 60, 000video programs on videotapesand disks.Arranged alphabetically bytitle
Guide to Microforms in Print. New York:Bowker-Saur, 1961 to date.List alphabetically by author and title.Considers sixteen diff. types of microform.The subject guide uses the LCSH
Bibliographies for Periodicalsand NewspapersUlrich’s International PeriodicalsDirectory. R.R. Bowker, 1932 todate.
Ulrich’s International PeriodicalsDirectory. R.R. Bowker, 1932 to date.A guide to currently available periodicals (about120,000)Arranged under 600 broad subject headings witha title index.Since 1988, it incorporated the Irregular Serialsand Annuals thus providing publication andordering information for most directories,almanacs, and yearbooks.
The Standard Periodical Directory.New York: OxbridgeCommunications. 1964 to date.Biannual.
The Standard Periodical Directory.New York: OxbridgeCommunications. 1964 to date.Biannual.List about 75, 000 periodical titles inthe US and Canada, inluding consumerand special interest magazine,newsletter, house organs, directories,gov. publication, bulletins, yearbooks,and religious association publications.
Current and Retrospective BibliographiesCurrent BibliographyLists books or other items closeto the time at which they are beingpublished.
Examples:Cumulative Book Index. New York: Wilson, 1898to date. Monthly except August.An author title-title-subject international list of bookspublished in the English LanguageProvides author full name, complete title, edition,series no. of pages, publisher, date of publication, price,LC Card Number, ISBN.Can be accessed online through Wilsonline; CD-ROMversion is accessible through Wilson Disc
Cumulative Book Index. New York:Wilson, 1898 to date. Monthlyexcept August.
American Book Publishing Record(Bowker), 1961 to date. Monthly.Provides complete cataloging, records forbooks as they are published.Excludes gov. publications, subscriptions ofbooks, pamphlets under 49 pages, anddissertationsArrangement is by DDC, with author and titleindex.
American Book Publishing Record(Bowker), 1961 to date. Monthly.
Retrospective BibliographyCovers materials published duringan earlier time period.
Examples:Evans, Charles. AmericanBibliography. Chicago: Evans.1903-1934. 14 volumes.List books, pamphlets, and periodicalspublished in the US from 1903-1934. 14 vol. Titles are arranged in chronological order bydate of publication.Indexes to authors, printers, and publishersare given.
Bibliotheca Americana by JosephSabinList boks relating to to the US from itsEuropean discovery (October 12, 1942)to 1968.Provides complete bibliographicdescription and locations of copies aswell as references to reviews.
Guides to DatabasesCovers bibliographies availableelectronically.
Examples:Gale Directory of Databases.Detroit: Gale, 1993-. 2 volumes.Semi-annual.Contains about 6000 entries arrangedalphabetically by database name.
La Imprenta en Manila desde susorigines hasta 1810 (1896).Jose Toribio Medina, a Chileanbibliographer listed 565 titlesOf this number, 526 titles are dated,15 have no dates and 24 are ofdoubtful origin.
Access to Bibliographic SourcesCD-ROMa high-capacity read only opticaldisk that is intended for databasepublishing and distribution.
Examples:BibliofileA MARC database management utilityproduced by the Library Corporation.Provide acess to catalog records bymain entry, title, ISBN or ISSN, and LCcard no.
Examples:CD-MARC Bibliographic- a CD-ROMimplementation of the LC MARC DatabaseLaserQuest from General Research CorporationSuperCat from Gaylord Research CorporationCD-CATSS (Catalog Support System) fromUtlasCAT CD450 from OCLCAlliance Plus from Follett Software
Bibliographic Utility Is a large database for sharedcataloging information created bythe combined efforts of largelibraries.
Examples:OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) Formerly Ohio College Library Center The largest bibliographic utilityRLIN (Research Libraries Information Network) Started in 1967 at Stanford University
Functions of Bibliographic Utilities1. Rapid location of a book, article, document, etc.2. Acquisition of materials through either direct/indirect file use.3. Circulation control and remote catalog access.4. Shared cataloging5. Online access to LC Name Authority File6. Answering bibliographic verification and location queries.
Principles in CompilingBibliographies1. All bibliographical entries must be in accord with the purpose of the research paper.2. All entries should be accurate, logical and clear.3. The bibliographical form which is prescribed for a given paper must be followed consistently in every entry.
Guidelines in CompilingBibliographies1. A bibliography must be classified and divided into sections, usually by type of material, unless it is very short.2. The variety of source of materials may sometimes call for further subdivision of the main classes, e.g. Primary sources may be divided into “Published” and “Unpublished” works.3. Entries should be arranged in a definite order within the division.4. The bibliography of a paper is single-spaced with one blank space between entries. The first line of each entry is flush left, and all subsequent lines, if any, ate indented five spaces.
5. Give the author’s full name in the inverted order.6. If there are two or more authors, only the first author’s name is inverted from while the succeeding names are transcribed in natural order.7. Full stops are used in bibliographical entries, at the end of each main part.Bibliographical references to periodicals, however, retain the parenthesis around the dates of publication when these follow volume number.8. Page numbers are listed in bibliographical entries when the main item is part of a whole work.
When given, page no. must be inclusive (first and the last page of the cited section). When an article is continued at the back of the journal, only the first page is to be given.9. Bibliographies are arranged alphabetically by author’s family name, letter by letter.10. In a succession of works by the same author, the name given for the first entry and an eight space line succeeding with a period takes place in subsequent entries.