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Musical instruments

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  • men, It's wrong, in page 19 you have written oboe to the flute and piccolo to the oboe. You should had checked this before you upload that.
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Transcript

  • 1. Presented by Y.HARIKRISHNA KALYANI
  • 2. WHAT    IS A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT ? A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. In principle, anything that produces sound can serve as a musical instrument. The term "musical instrument", however, is generally reserved for items that have a specific musical purpose.
  • 3. HISTORY OF MUSICAL INSTUMENTS The first musical instrument invented is the flute, this was confirmed by German scientist who unearthed a flute which was made from a vulture's wing bone. The flute was estimated to be at least 35,000 years old
  • 4. TYPES MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS  String Instruments  Percussion Instruments  Wind Instrumets  Brass Intrumets
  • 5. STRING INSTRUMENTS
  • 6. STRING INSTRUMENTS Their sound is made by a vibrating string. Strings can be made of metal, synthetic or natural materials.  The strings can have different gauge or thickness, weight,length and tension. 
  • 7. PICTURES OF STRING INSTRUMENTS GUITAR PIANO HARP VIOLIN
  • 8. GUITAR  The guitar is a musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles.  It typically has six strings, and four, seven, eight, ten, and twelve string guitars are also exist
  • 9. PIANO  The piano is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with felt hammers that immediately rebound allowing the strings to continue vibrating at their resonant frequency.  These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies them.
  • 10. VIOLIN   The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings It is the smallest and highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments.
  • 11. HARP It has about 45 strings stretched across its tall triangular frame. The strings are plucked by hand while seven pedals at the bottom of the harp adjust the length of the strings to produce additional notes.
  • 12. PERCUSSION FAMILY
  • 13. PERCUSSION FAMILY It means, "the hitting of one body against another," instruments in the percussion family are played by being struck, shaken, or scraped. o In the orchestra, the percussion section provides a variety of rhythms, textures and tone colors. o
  • 14. PICTURES OF PERCUSSION FAMILY CHIMES XYLOPHONE
  • 15. CHIMES Chimes are a tuned instrument consisting of a set of 12 to 18 metal tubes hung from a metal frame. The chimes, or tubular bells, are struck with a mallet and sound like church bells when played
  • 16. XYLOPHONE  The xylophone is a tuned instrument made of hardwood bars in graduated lengths set horizontally on a metal frame.  Striking the bars with hard mallets produces a bright, sharp sound
  • 17. WIND INSTRUMENTS
  • 18. WIND INSTRUMENTS The woodwind family have different sources of sound. Vibrations begin when air is blown across the top of an instrument, across a single reed, or across two reeds.
  • 19. PICTURES OF WIND INSTRUMENTS PICCOLO FLUTE SAXOPHONE OBOE
  • 20. FLUTE  The flute is now made from silver or gold and is about 2 feet in length. It looks like a narrow tube with a row of holes covered by keys along one side.  The player blows air across the small hole in the mouthpiece to produce a sound
  • 21. PICCOLO • The piccolo is exactly like the flute except that it is much smaller and is usually made of silver or wood. • The pitch of the piccolo is higher than that of a flute.
  • 22. OBOE  The oboe is made by wood and it have metal keys that can produce many notes rapidly.  It has two reeds tied together then the reeds vibrate and produce a sound.
  • 23. SAXOPHONE  The saxophone is made by brass. Although it is found only occasionally in the symphony orchestra
  • 24. BRASS FAMILY
  • 25. BRASS FAMILY Brass family instruments produce their unique sound by the player buzzing his/her lips while blowing air through a cup- or funnel-shaped mouthpiece only
  • 26. PICTURES OF BRASS FAMILY TRUMPET TUBA TROMBONE
  • 27. TUBA The tuba has four to five valves and is held upright in the player’s lap.
  • 28. TROMBONE  It gives the instrument a more mellow sound. Instead of valves, the trombone has a slide which changes the length of its approximately 9 feet of tubing to reach different pitches
  • 29. TRUMPET  The player presses the three valves in various combinations with the fingers of the right hand to obtain various pitches