IS A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT ?
A musical instrument is a device
constructed or modified for the purpose
of making music.
In principle, anything that produces
sound can serve as a musical instrument.
The term "musical instrument", however,
is generally reserved for items that have
a specific musical purpose.
HISTORY OF MUSICAL INSTUMENTS
The first musical instrument invented is
the flute, this was confirmed by German
scientist who unearthed a flute which
was made from a vulture's wing bone.
The flute was estimated to be at least
35,000 years old
Their sound is made by a vibrating string.
Strings can be made of metal, synthetic or
The strings can have different gauge or
thickness, weight,length and tension.
PICTURES OF STRING INSTRUMENTS
guitar is a musical instrument with
ancient roots that is used in a wide variety
of musical styles.
It typically has six strings, and four, seven,
eight, ten, and twelve string guitars are
piano is a musical instrument played by
means of a keyboard that produces sound by
striking steel strings with felt hammers that
immediately rebound allowing the strings to
continue vibrating at their resonant frequency.
These vibrations are transmitted through a
bridge to a soundboard that amplifies them.
The violin is a bowed string instrument
with four strings
It is the smallest and highest-pitched
member of the violin family of string
It has about 45 strings stretched across its
tall triangular frame. The strings are
plucked by hand while seven pedals at the
bottom of the harp adjust the length of the
strings to produce additional notes.
It means, "the hitting of one body against
another," instruments in the percussion
family are played by being struck,
shaken, or scraped.
o In the orchestra, the percussion section
provides a variety of rhythms, textures
and tone colors.
Chimes are a tuned instrument consisting
of a set of 12 to 18 metal tubes hung from
a metal frame. The chimes, or tubular
bells, are struck with a mallet and sound
like church bells when played
xylophone is a tuned instrument
made of hardwood bars in graduated
lengths set horizontally on a metal frame.
Striking the bars with hard mallets
produces a bright, sharp sound
The woodwind family have different
sources of sound. Vibrations begin when
air is blown across the top of an
instrument, across a single reed, or across
PICTURES OF WIND INSTRUMENTS
flute is now made from silver or gold
and is about 2 feet in length. It looks like
a narrow tube with a row of holes
covered by keys along one side.
The player blows air across the small
hole in the mouthpiece to produce a
The piccolo is exactly like the flute
except that it is much smaller and is
usually made of silver or wood.
The pitch of the piccolo is higher than
that of a flute.
oboe is made by wood and it have
metal keys that can produce many notes
has two reeds tied together then the
reeds vibrate and produce a sound.
saxophone is made by brass.
Although it is found only occasionally in
the symphony orchestra
Brass family instruments produce their
unique sound by the player buzzing his/her
lips while blowing air through a cup- or
funnel-shaped mouthpiece only
OF BRASS FAMILY
The tuba has four to five valves and is
held upright in the player’s lap.
gives the instrument a more mellow
sound. Instead of valves, the trombone
has a slide which changes the length of
its approximately 9 feet of tubing to reach
player presses the three valves in
various combinations with the fingers of
the right hand to obtain various pitches