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Attack on Pearl Harbor

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Attack on Pearl Harbor …

Attack on Pearl Harbor

by: Ginalyn Abela

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • 1. Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • 2. Attack on PEARL HARBOR
    • The attack on Pearl Harbor happened Sunday morning, December 7, 1941 at 7:55 a.m. (Hawaii time). It was a surprise attack from the Japanese Navy that shocked the United States .
    • 3. The attack on Pearl Harbor was the start of WWII
  • Before the Attack
    • September 1940 -- The U.S. placed an embargo on Japan by prohibiting exports of steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japan, due to Japan's takeover of northern French Indochina. 
    • 4. April 1941 -- The Japanese signed a neutrality treaty with the Soviet Union to help prevent an attack from that direction if they were to go to war with Britain or the U.S. while taking a bigger bite out of Southeast Asia. 
    • 5. June 1941 through the end of July 1941 -- Japan occupied southern Indochina. Two days later, the U.S., Britain, and the Netherlands froze Japanese assets. This prevented Japan from buying oil, which would, in time, cripple its army and make its navy and air force completely useless. 
    • Toward the end of 1941 -- With the Soviets seemingly on the verge of defeat by the Axis powers, Japan seized the opportunity to try to take the oil resources of Southeast Asia. The U.S. wanted to stop Japanese expansion but the American people were not willing to go to war to stop it.  The U.S. demanded that Japan withdraw from China and Indochina, but would have settled for a token withdrawal and a promise not to take more territory. 
    • 6. Prior to December 1941, Japan pursued two simultaneous courses: try to get the oil embargo lifted on terms that would still let them take the territory they wanted, and to prepare for war.
  • December 7, 1941
    • the attack only lasted 90 minutes
    • 7. 2, 386 Americans died, including 57 civilians
    • 8. 1, 139 Americans were wounded
    • 9. 18 ships were sunk, including battleships
    • 10. Japan lost only 29 aircrafts, 5 tiny submarines and 65 men
  • Reasons of bombing
    • Pres. Roosevelt banning all exports of scrap, iron, steel and oil to Japan.
    • 11. Japan had lost more than 90% of oil supply
    • 12. the belief that Japan was becoming encircled by Western powers
    • 13. Lands (Hawaii)
    • 14. The fear of resources such as oil running low
    • 15. strong determination of advancing in the East Asia region
  • Effects
    • Japan began their quest for a Pacific Empire
    • 16. US was forced to join World War II
    (The Sleeping Giant was awakend)
    • US and Great Britain declare war on Japan
    (December 8, 1941)
    • Germany and Italy declare war on US
    (December 11, 1941)
  • 17. Military Leaders
    Japanese admiral inthe Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II and one time commander of the Kido Butai (the carrier strike force).
    He committed suicide during the Battle of Saipan.
    Vice Admiral ChūichiNagumo
    ( March 25, 1887 - July 6, 1944)
  • 18. Japanese Naval Marshal General and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II, a graduate of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy and a student of Harvard University (1919–1921).
    Isoroku Yamamoto 
    (April 1884 – 18 April 1943)
  • 19.  A four-star admiral in the United States Navy. He served as Commander-in-chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Because of the attack, he was removed from office and was reduced to his permanent two-star rank of rear admiral. He would subsequently retire from the Navy with that rank.
    Husband Edward Kimmel 
    (February 26, 1882 - May 14, 1968)
  • 20.   Major General in the United States Army and the U.S. military Commander responsible for the defense of U.S. military installations in Hawaii at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
    Walter Campbell Short 
    (March 30, 1880 – March 9, 1949)
  • 21. Report of :
    Ginalyn M. Abela
    BSIT-41A
    http://www.pearlharbor.org/history-of-pearl-harbor.asp
    http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/pearl.htm

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