Serine
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Serine

on

  • 109 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
109
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
109
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Serine Serine Presentation Transcript

    • BIOMOLECULE ADOPTION DUE MONDAY, DEC TH 16 Mrs. Degroat John YE & Jeremy Jiang
    • Birth Cerfiticate
    • Picture of Baby 
    • Location in body  Serine is an extremely reactive amino acid found in the membranes lining every cell in the body. It is involved in the metabolic processes that burn glucose and fatty acids for energy. It is involved in the making of all four of the A-G-C-T bases of DNA, and it provides methyl groups involved in the methylation of DNA. This is the process through which methyl groups stick to genes and determine whether they are turned on or off. Methylation of the genes for type 2 diabetes, for instance, can cause the individual to stay thin and never develop the disease.
    • Location in Body (continue)  The body uses serine to make creatine, which combines with water to "pump up" muscle mass. Serine is a component of the antibodies and immunoglobulins that fight infections, and it is a component of choline, ethanolamine, sarcosine, and phospholipids involved in the transmission of signals through the nervous system. Serine can be converted to pyruvate, which enables the muscles and the liver to release stored glucose from glycogen. It is also the grandparent of the oxygen transport molecule hemoglobin, the compound that makes blood red and that enables it to oxygenate the whole body. Hemoglobin is made from amino-levulinic acid, which is made from glycine, which is made from serine.
    • Baby’s Special Talent  The amino acid serine and the amino acid glycine are interconvertible. When the body needs serine it does not obtain from the digestion of food, it uses glycine and threonine, but it has to have enzymes made from three B vitamins, vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), and folic acid. For the brain to use serine to make the protective compound phosphatidylserine, it needs the essential amino acid methionine to "work it in" to cell membranes, and folic acid to complete the conversion. When there is not enough methionine or folic acid for the synthesis to be performed, the result, clinical observations tells us, can literally be madness.
    • Baby’s Special Talent  One putative gliotransmitter, D-serine is believed to be an endogenous co-agonist for synaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), modulating synaptic transmission and plasticity mediated by this receptor. The observation that D-serine levels in the mammalian brain increase during early development, suggests a possible role for this gliotransmitter in normal brain development and circuit refinement.
    • Family Picture! Me! Brother Brother2 The Hydrocyl Amino Acids Family
    • Parents Questionaire  1. What elements make up your biomolecule?   2. What type of organic compounds is your Biomolecule?   Our baby Serine is made from Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, and Oxygen. Serine belongs to protein family. 3. Is your biomolecule a monomer for an organic compound? If so, what is the name of the subunit (amino acid, monosaccharide, glycerol/ fatty acid, nucleotide, or carbon rings)?  No, our biomolecule is not a monomer for an organic compound. The subunit is amino acid.
    • Parents Questionnaire(continue)  4. What are the general functions of all compounds in the family of your biomolecule?       1). Protein is termed the building block of the body because it is vital in the maintenance of body tissue, including development and repair. 2). Protein is a major source of energy, which can be used for human activities. 3). Protein is involved in the creation of some hormones, which helps control body functions that involve the interaction of several organs. 4). Enzymes are proteins that increase the rate of chemical reactions in the body. 5). Protein is a major element in transportation of certain molecules and also sometimes used to store certain molecules. 6). Protein forms antibodies that help prevent infection, illness and disease.
    • Parents Questionnaire(continue)  5. Describe two or more functions of your specific biomolecule.  One of the Serine's functions is to help form the phospholipids which are necessary for creating every cell in the human body.  Second, Serine is also known for assisting in production of immunoglobulins and antibodies for a healthy immune system, as well as for helping in the absorption of creatine that helps build and maintain the muscles.
    • Parents Questionnaire(continue)  6. List three or more reasons you feel you would make a good parent to the biomolecule you’re asking to adopt.  Firstly, Serine played an important role in various biosynthetic pathways. It helps an enzyme catalyze its reaction - the hydrolysis of peptide bonds in polypeptides and proteins, which is basically a major function in the digestive process. Thus, being a good parent will help with my digestive process.  Second, Serine is recognized as a non-essential amino acid and is believed to be important to overall good health, both physical and mental. This amino acid is particularly essential for proper functioning of your brain and of your central nervous system. This means I have to be a good parent to take care of Serine so that it will run my brain function and central nervous system properly.  Third, to create proper conditions for Serine to be produced in the human body, we may need a sufficient amount of vitamin B and folic acid. But taking into account the modern Western diet including too much processed convenience food, it may be harder to obtain it than you realize. Knowing human hard to obtain the Serine also makes me a good parent to take care Serine.
    • Parents Questionnaire(continue)  7. Why did you choose this specific biomolecule? chose Serine because it’s especially vital to our human bodies. It helps human digestive process, running the essential function of brain and nervous system, also involves in the functioning of RNA and DNA, in the muscle formation as well as in the maintenance of a proper immune system. I
    • Work Cited  The Biology Project. The University of Arizona, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://www.biology.arizona.edu/biochemistry/problem_sets/aa/S erine.html>.  Guiametabolica.N.p.,n.d.Web.15Dec.2013. <http://www.guiametabolica.org/ sites/default/files/Triptico_DefSe rina_EN_0.pdf>.  Massey.N.p.,n.d.Web.15Dec.2013.<http://www.massey.ac.nz/~w wbioch/Prot/aminos/framset.htm>. Frontiers.N.p.,n.d.Web.15Dec.2013.<http://www.frontiersin.org/J ournal/10.3389/fncel.2013.00039/full>.   Ellen Topness and Demand Media. "6 Primary Functions of Proteins." SFGate. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/6-primary-functions-proteins5372.html>.