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1
CHAPTER I
The Problem
Introduction
Faced with stiffer economic competition and worried about the skills of the
future wo...
2
Psychologically speaking, the short education program affects human
development of the Pilipino children. A Pilipino is ...
3
trained teachers; Achieve high academic standards, especially in Mathematics,
Science and English at all levels; Produce...
4
Truly, the implementation of K – 12 program of the Department of
Education. Is a great help to every students. But, some...
5
Specifically, the study sought answers to the following questions:
1. What are the parent’s sources of information about...
6
Significance of the Study
Learning is the aspect of development that connotes modification of
behavior, skills and knowl...
7
Sta. Maria High School. This is where the results of this study shall serve as
reference in the materialization of the D...
8
Future researchers should conduct a study on the effectiveness of K – 12
after the implementation of the program
Scope a...
9
Sta. Maria High School is situated at Barangay Sta. Maria, Iriga City. It is
along the secondary national road with good...
10
rooms which composed of principal’s office, computer laboratory, two section
for grade VII, one for second year, two fo...
11
3rd Year -B
4th Year Room
CR
3rd Year –A
Room
Grade 7-A
room
GulayansaPaar
alan
FIGURE I
MAP OF STA. MARIA HIGH SCHOOL
...
12
Definition of Terms
For the purpose of clarification, the important terms used in this study
have been defined.
The fol...
13
Sources. Refers to the basis and foundation where the K – 12 program was
been known to the parents of Grade VII student...
14
Chapter II
Review of Related Literature and Studies
This chapter must compose of related literatures and studies and re...
15
This study is related to the researcher’s study for this also focuses on the
perception of parents but differ because i...
16
Zellman (2012) conducted a study about the implementation of the K – 12
Education Reform in Qatar’s Schools, this study...
17
through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfactionand
fulfillment. (Nolledo:1992).
Article XIV of the co...
18
at the possibility of specialized education such as a high school or community,
which will focus on the arts or agricul...
19
education to increase the number of school years to 12 from the present 10-
yearprogram.
"I oppose the addition of two ...
20
Perceived Problems on K – 12 Implementation
Many parents disapprove of the proposed K - 12 Education system by the
Depa...
21
Synthesis-of-the-State-of-the-Art
This study is similar with the study of Manalo (2012) entitled the Enhanced
K – 12 Pr...
22
It is a must to hear the parents opinions regarding the K – 12 program as
they are one of the stakeholders of schools a...
23
assimilate, they incorporate the new experience into an already existing
framework without changing that framework. Thi...
24
Figure 2
Theoretical Framework
Cognitive
Development
Theory
(Piaget, 1980)
Constructivist
Theory
(Piaget 1980)
Motivati...
25
Conceptual Framework
The focus of this study was undertaken by the following conceptual
framework shown in Figure III w...
26
FIGURE 3
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
FEEDBACK
INPUT
Legal bases:
1987 constitution
of the Philippines
DepEd Orders
Parents, te...
27
CHAPTER 3
Research Design and Methodology
This chapter contains the research design and the methodology used in
the con...
28
Sampling Technique
The researcher has 35 parents of the Grade VII students of Sta. Maria
High School as her respondents...
29
It is reflected in Table 1 the number of respondents of this study who are
the Grade VII parents of Sta. Maria High Sch...
30
2. Securing permit to conduct the study. The permit to conduct the study was
requested and filed to the office of the s...
31
CHAPTER 4
The Reaction of the Parents of the Grade VII Students of Sta. Maria High
School, Iriga City on the Implementa...
32
Parents Sources of Information about
The Implementation of K – 12 Program
The K -12 program was one of the latest progr...
33
1. Television 4.54 VMT 4
2. Newspaper and magazines 3.71 MT 5
3. Books 2.37 T 7
4. Radio 1.37 NT 8
5. Internet 1.14 NT ...
34
who are equipped not only with knowledge but also with skills which will be
relevant as they go on with their daily lif...
35
learning for a more holistic development, (2.57); and last in ranked was: It is only
advantage for those who intend to ...
36
8. Advantage for those who intend to continue
studying abroad because the curriculum is
almost parallel with other coun...
37
mold a students to be in his best “self” in articulating his craft and skills which are
usable to guide his or her trac...
38
3. It add financial burden to the family. 4.82 VMT 1
4. It give hope to change the economic
status of the family.
4.11 ...
39
the self-confidence of the students, (4.34); Graduates can be given recognition to
work in abroad, (3.85); Graduates wi...
40
Parents Perceived Problems
Regarding the Implementation of K – 12 Program
Parents are among the closest people who are ...
41
Table 6
Indicators Weighted
Mean
Interpretation Rank
1. It will prolong the years of stay of the
students in school.
4....
42
CHAPTER 5
Summary, Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations
This chapter presents the summary of the study, the presen...
43
Findings
Parent’s Sources of Information
About K – 12 Program
The following sources of information about the K - 12 pro...
44
remarkable and I am excited with the full implementation of K – 12 program,
(2.4).
Student’s Welfare.The different indi...
45
Conclusions
The following conclusions were derived from the findings:
Parent’s Sources of Information about the K – 12 ...
46
This K – 12 program main goals is to equip the graduates with knowledge
and skills that will arm Pilipino graduates to ...
47
and different schools of giving the right information regarding the new
program.
2. The K – 12 program should include s...
48
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Unpublished Theses
Manalo, Katherine T. (2012) “Enhanced K – 12 program as Perceived by
the Parents of the...
49
APPENDICES
50
University of Northeastern Philippines
Iriga City
Dear Respondents;
The undersigned is conducting a research study enti...
51
I. What are the parent’s sources of information about the K-12
program.
(Please choose from the verbal indicators the a...
52
5 - Very Much True
4 - Much True
3 - Moderately True
2 - Slightly True
1 - Not at all True
Rationale
Indicators 5 4 3 2...
53
(Please choose from the verbal indicators the answer which you think and
feel is right. There is no right or wrong answ...
54
9. Others (please specify)______________
IV. What are the perceived problems of the parents regarding the
implementatio...
55
CURRICULUM VITAE
PERSONAL INFORMATION
Name : Rechelain P. Parica
Date of Birth : June 11, 1993
Place of Birth : Cawayan...
56
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
ELEMENTARY : Cawayan Elementary School
Cawayan, Sta. Maria Iriga City
School year: 1998 - 2004
H...
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  1. 1. 1 CHAPTER I The Problem Introduction Faced with stiffer economic competition and worried about the skills of the future work forces, the government lead by the President of the Philippines and his Department of Education Secretary are trying to connect education from preschool through post secondary so that more students are prepared for further study and work. In October 5, 2010, the recent program on Philippine Education as part of President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III’s Educational Reform Program was the instituting of the K – 12 Education Plan. From his 10 point Educational agenda he cited: 12 – Years Basic Education Cycle I will expand the basic education cycle, from a 10 year cycle to a globally comparable 12 years, for our public school children. At present, those who can afford basic education get into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. Universal preschooling for all public schools children will have preschool as their introduction to formal schooling by 2016, and we will make this available to all children regardless of income. The Pnoy Administration believes that adding more years to basic education in the Philippines could help solve the problems of unemployment, keep with global standards, and help Pilipino students to have more time to choose the career that best suits their skills.
  2. 2. 2 Psychologically speaking, the short education program affects human development of the Pilipino children. A Pilipino is legally a child before he or she turns 18 years old. Psychologists and educators say that children under 18 are generally not emotionally prepared for entrepreneurship or employment or higher education disciplines. Commonly, Grade six pupils graduate at the age ranging from 11-13 years old, and fourth year high school students graduates at the range of 15-17 years old. Therefore, these learners are still considered children and they are not capable to handle serious situations like decision – making and work task. In the Philippines, there is a harvesting practice which is called, “HinogsaBunga”, meaning a fruit which was taken from the trunk of the tree. The ripened fruits which were taken from the trunk of the tree are more sweet and tasty compared to fruits which were taken ahead of time. The goal of the K – 12 Basic Education Program is to create a functional basic education system that will produce productive and responsible citizens equipped with the essential competencies and skills for both life – long learning and employment. This program will enhance the basic education system to full functionality to fulfill the basic learning needs of students. This is in line with the agenda of the President Aquino of having quality education as a long – term solution to poverty, in order to achieve these goals. The program has the following twin objectives: To give every student as opportunity to receive quality education based on an enhanced and decongested curriculum that is internationally recognized and comparable; Develop a curriculum that is rational and focus on excellence; Produce a pool of highly qualified and adequately
  3. 3. 3 trained teachers; Achieve high academic standards, especially in Mathematics, Science and English at all levels; Produce graduates who are globally competitive and whose credential are recognized internationally; To change public perception that high school education is just a preparation for college; rather, it should allow one to take advantage of opportunities for gainful career or employment and/or self – employment in a rapidly changing and increasingly globalized environment; Produce graduates who possess skills and competencies that will allow them to be productive members of the society or pursue higher education; through coordination between the academic and business sectors, to change industry hiring practices into account the enhance skills and competencies of K – 12 graduates (Source: Discussion Paper, 2010) The goal of implementing the K – 12 Basic Education Program is to create a functional basic system that will produce productive and responsible citizens equipped with the essential learning and employment. This is in line with the agenda of the President Aquino of having quality education as a long term solution to poverty. The K – 12 Education vision from the Department of Education (DepEd, 2010): Every graduate of the Enhanced K-12 Basic Education Program is an empowered individual who has learned through a program that is rooted on sound principles and geared towards excellence.
  4. 4. 4 Truly, the implementation of K – 12 program of the Department of Education. Is a great help to every students. But, some which has a noble purpose for every Pilipino pupil or student. But then, some parents were not convinced of this program. From their own view this is another burden on the part of the students and parents. It will add to the financial problem of the family, and the advantage of implementing this program are for the people who wants to continue studying or work abroad because the curriculum is almost parallel to another country. This is some of the problems that this study is going to focus on and to hear the sentiments of the parents regarding the implementation of K – 12 program. Rationale of the Study The Sta. Maria High School, specifically the parents of the Grade VII studentsencounter problems in the implementation of K – 12 program, they all have different reactions and opinions about the said program. There are some parent’s viewing this program in negative which is this will be another burden of the students, this will add to the financial expenses of the parents, and some parents view the program positively and think that this will help the learners choose and decide the career which best suits to their skills. Statement of the Problem This study aimed to determine the reaction of the parents of the Grade VII students in Sta. Maria High School about the implementation of the K – 12 program.
  5. 5. 5 Specifically, the study sought answers to the following questions: 1. What are the parent’s sources of information about K – 12 program? 2. What are the parent’s reactions about the Implementation of the K – 12 program when it comes to rationale? 3. What are the parent’s perception about the implementation of K – 12 program in terms of: 3.1 personal 3.2 student’s welfare 4. What are the perceived problems of the parents regarding the implementation of the K – 12 program? Assumptions This study was premised on the following assumptions: 1. The parent’s sources of information about K – 12 program are the media and teachers. 2. There are both positive and negative reactions about the implementation of K – 12 program. 3. There are positive perception about the implementationof the K – 12 program in terms of personal and student’s welfare. 4. There are few problems perceived by the parents regarding the full implementation of K – 12 program from the Grade VII parents of the students of Sta. Maria High School, Iriga City.
  6. 6. 6 Significance of the Study Learning is the aspect of development that connotes modification of behavior, skills and knowledge that results from practice and experience which sought for quality education. The generalization of this present study would be a great contribution to the vast knowledge in relation to student’s achievements. Vital results of this investigation could be highly significant and beneficial specifically to the following: Students. They are the secondary student from Grade VII to Senior High School. They are considered the second main concern in the educational system next to the primary pupils which are the pupils from Grade 1 to Grade VI. In this study, the findings of this research will inspire, enlightened and become beneficial to the students of Sta. Maria High School. Teachers. This refers to professional teacher who took the four year course program of Bachelor of Science in Secondary and Elementary Education. In this study, they are the instruments in the materialization of the government educational programs. Through the implementation of K – 12 programs many schools will be hiring more teachers to cater the pupils needs. School Administrators will be gaining insights as to what measures are appropriate to help the teachers orient both students and teachers regarding the K – 12 program.
  7. 7. 7 Sta. Maria High School. This is where the results of this study shall serve as reference in the materialization of the Department of Education (DepEd) program particularly the K – 12. Community for they also play a vital role in the development of every learners. The school is part of the community so every parents of the learner must know what the problems of the school are. So that they will understand what is happening and what is the good solution to that problem. External Stakeholders. This refers to the alumni, parents, local leaders, retired teachers, youth leaders. They will be motivated to help and create a community environment that supports children’s enjoyment of their right to education and other rights. Government Agencies who are concerned with the development of young minds specially the Department of Education which continuously shapes the country’s future. In this study, the agency is benefited for it will gain wisdom in providing quality service to everybody particularly to the secondary students through the realization of the K – 12 program. Researcher Herself. This refers to the student conducting the study. She will find self – fulfillment in this study. This study will help and inspire more the researcher to be more innovative and carry out the programs of the Department of Education (DepEd) that will be beneficial both to learners and teachers.
  8. 8. 8 Future researchers should conduct a study on the effectiveness of K – 12 after the implementation of the program Scope and Delimitation The study focused on the reaction of the parents of the students of Grade VII section I and II of Sta. Maria High School, Iriga City regarding the implementation of K – 12 program which is being implemented under President Aquino administration. This study is interested on how and where parents learn the information about the K – 12 program. It aims to recognize the parents reactions based from the rationale. This study would also like to know the parents perception about the K – 12 program in terms of personal and student’s welfare. Problems which perceived by the parents in regards to the implementation of K -12 program were enumerated. This research study is limited or focuses only on the Grade VII section I and II of the school year 2012-2013. The results of the study may also be a basis for other similar study. Locale of the Study The setting of this study is in Sta. Maria High School, Iriga City, through the guidance of Dr. Concepcion I. De la Rama, Language Research Professor.
  9. 9. 9 Sta. Maria High School is situated at Barangay Sta. Maria, Iriga City. It is along the secondary national road with good classification of road, accessible to all types of land transportation. Sta. Maria High School was built on 1999 headed by only one Teacher-in- Charge and four volunteer teachers. This school starts as Perpetual Help High School Annex (PHHS Annex). This has one building and thirty-eight (38) students. When this school was built in Barangay Sta. Maria, it becomes easier on the part of the parents to send their children’s in school. All of the students become thrifty because it lessens their expenses because of fare on going to school in far Barangay. All the teachers pursue to give quality education though they only have few students. But all of the sacrifices of the teachers become fruitful when the school was become popular in the City because of the high achievement of the schools to the Division Achievement Test and National Achievement Test and even in different competition. On the year 2006 with the use of the DepEd Order #5,s.1989 at 1994 by Virtue of Government Permit (R-B) No. 0002.,Series 2006 the Sta. Maria High School was recognized as an individual school in the Iriga City Division. After a couple of years, during the term of Mrs. Felicitas E. Embestro (x) as the Officer in Charge (OIC) the population of Sta. Maria High School had increased and construction of buildings as another room was built. They also produce their own office, school library. At present the school has nine (9)
  10. 10. 10 rooms which composed of principal’s office, computer laboratory, two section for grade VII, one for second year, two for third year and one room for the fourth year students. The present status of Sta. Maria High School is commendable in terms of performance and achievements as an output of educational competitions among schools / students within the City Division. The scholastic records of the school reveal the both curricular and co – curricular achievements are very much efficient, and that is through the leadership of the former Officer-in- Charge of the school Mrs. Felicitas E. Embestro (x). After Mrs. Felicitas E. Embestro’s term, her successor was Mrs. Munet A. Moraña as a Teacher-in-Charge and now continuing the legacy and pursuing to improve more the education as well as the environment of the school for a better product and produce an ideal graduate.
  11. 11. 11 3rd Year -B 4th Year Room CR 3rd Year –A Room Grade 7-A room GulayansaPaar alan FIGURE I MAP OF STA. MARIA HIGH SCHOOL Stage Principal’s Office Gate Guard House Library and Computer Room 2nd Year Room Grade 7 – B Room
  12. 12. 12 Definition of Terms For the purpose of clarification, the important terms used in this study have been defined. The following terms are: K – 12. Letter “K” refers to kindergarten and “12” refers to the additional two (2) years in the basic education. It is the additional years after fourth years in secondary schooling. Rationale. Denote the underlying principle of a certain program. In this study it refers to the basis of the creation of K – 12 program. Profile.Refers to the respondent’s sex, age, address, and parent’s occupation. Parents.Refers to the mother and father or guardian of the students from Sta. Maria High School. Grade VII Students. Refer to the learners who are enrolled in seventh grade level as a new level on K – 12 program implemented by the government in Sta. Maria High School and nationwide. Reaction. Connotes to an immediate feedback for an issue such as the K – 12 program. This is the main focus of this study, to know the different reactions of the parents on K – 12 implementation. Perception. Refers to what is conceived to be true which is subjective. It refers to the specific perception of the parents in regard to the K – 12 program which is implemented by the Department of Education.
  13. 13. 13 Sources. Refers to the basis and foundation where the K – 12 program was been known to the parents of Grade VII students. This can be through media such as television, radio, newspaper, journals and non-media such as forum. Programs. Refer to the listing of the order of the pertinent activities or plan by the Department of Education which is essentials for the development of the department as well as the learners. Academic Performance.Refers to the academic achievement of the pupils as evidenced by test results or marks given by the teacher based from the criteria such as: periodical test, written outputs, and participation or recitation. Comprehension.Refers to the capability of understanding or perceiving something particularly about the additional program implemented by the Department of Education. Theories. Are principles or idea made in writing that is applicable in different times and individuals for this is what is expected to happen. Analysis.This refers to the breaking down of ideas into small particles to be studied critically.
  14. 14. 14 Chapter II Review of Related Literature and Studies This chapter must compose of related literatures and studies and related readings. The researcher has gone through intensive readings of materials, both printed and downloaded through internet which has a great significance to problem during the course of thesis writing. This chapter also shows and discuss the Synthesis-of-the-State-of-the-Art, Gap bridged of the study as well as Theoretical and Conceptual Framework. Related Studies Marston (2011) conducted a related study about the Perception of Students and Parents involved in Primary to Secondary School Transition Programs. Transition programs, of different formats and complexities, basedon both Australian and international research, have been introduced in some schools tofacilitate transition. The aims of this research were to investigate and compare theperceptions of students, parents and teachers involved in several of these programs andto examine the extent to which transition programs can alleviate issues associated withtransition between primary and secondary schools. Although executive staff andteachers also provided valuable information and perceptions.
  15. 15. 15 This study is related to the researcher’s study for this also focuses on the perception of parents but differ because it focuses on both the perception of students and parents regarding the transition programs from primary to secondary school. Nartates (2011) conducted a study about the Effects of Broken Homes among Early Teenagers to their Academic Performance this studies cited by the researchers have also shown that the country’s education program is equivalent to the 12-year education cycle followed abroad except that it is being completed in only 10 years. These researches analyze and study what will be the effects of the K+12 educational systems to the country, parents, and students. This study becomes related to my study in the sense that it is concerned on the effects of K – 12 program to the parents. The only difference is that this study is focused on the effects of K – 12 program to the students whose parents are working abroad, and how it affect to their academic performance. Manalo (2012) conducted a study about the Enhanced K – 12 program as Perceived by the Parents of Grade Six Pupils at Baao District, BaaoCamarines Sur, School Year 2011-2012, this study id related to the researchers study because this focus on the perception of parents and reactions on K -12 implementation only differ on the respondents because this study has a wider respondents than the researchers study.
  16. 16. 16 Zellman (2012) conducted a study about the implementation of the K – 12 Education Reform in Qatar’s Schools, this study is a reform of education for a new era , because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the K–12 reform's implementation in Qatar's schools and the perception of the parents on the Implementation of the K – 12 program. This study has a relation to the researchers study because it also get the perception of the parents on the K – 12 implementation. Tan (2011) conducted a study on the Most Perceived Problems on K – 12 Implementation of the Students Luzon Elementary School,Tagkawayan Quezon. This study is related to the researchers study as it also focus on the problems perceived about the K – 12 program which affects the students performance and parents perception. Related Readings The operation of our educational system revolves around laws legislated by congress. The primary source of these laws is the 1987 constitution. A separate Article of education is provided in the 1987 constitution. It prescribes that the state shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensures that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents
  17. 17. 17 through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfactionand fulfillment. (Nolledo:1992). Article XIV of the constitution which focused on education in which section I states that “the state shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all”. The K – 12 Program “We are the last country in Asia and one of only three countries in the world with a 10-year pre-university program” (source: SEAMEO Innotech 2011) The Department of Education has formally launched its K-12 program, which adds 2 years to basic education in the country. This means that aside from kindergarten, 6 years of elementary, and 4 years of high school, students will have to undergo an additional 2 years of study in senior high school. Education Secretary Armin Luistro (2011) says the additional 2 years will help students decide what course they will take in college. It will also help high school students to be given a chance to specialize in science and technology, music and arts, agriculture, fisheries, sports, business entrepreneurship, and others. K-12 aims to make basic education sufficient enough so that anyone who graduatescan be gainfully employed and have a productive life. K – 12 will look
  18. 18. 18 at the possibility of specialized education such as a high school or community, which will focus on the arts or agriculture. Education Secretary Bro. Armin Luistro said that the proposal will make high school graduates employable, making tertiary education unnecessary to get a job. That proposal of Department of Education to add two more years to basic education drew mixed reactions in the Senate. Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile (2011), expressed support to the DepEd’s K – 12 as he agrees with the proposal because the country needs to increase its competitiveness at the international level. He said: We are underrated by other countries, our educational system. It is painful for others. But for the country we have to do it. To implement the program, the DepEd has to work with Congress to amend the existing law, Batas Pambansa 232 or the “Education Act of 1982,” which states that the basic formal education is a 10-year program. Senate education committee head Senator Edgardo Angara (2010) had earlier said that they have created technical working groups (TWG) to study the proposal and call for a wider consultation regarding the matter. The Reactions about K – 12 program Senator opposes proposed DepEd K-12 program.Senate Majority Floor Leader Vicente "Tito" Sotto explained why he opposed the proposal of the Department of Education (DepEd) to amend the law on the country’s basic
  19. 19. 19 education to increase the number of school years to 12 from the present 10- yearprogram. "I oppose the addition of two years to basic education. There is no clear benefit to adding two years to basic education," Sotto said in a privilege speech at the Senate. He added that the national budget can't even provide sufficient funds to maintain the present number of years of basic education, but now the DepEd wants to add more to it. According to him, adding two years to basic education will further increase our budget deficit. We need quality education, not quantity of years in education. We need more schools, not more years in school. KabataanPartylist Rep. Raymond Palatino called this move by Education Secretary Armin Luistro a "delusions of grandeur". He said that in a poverty- stricken country like the Philippines, the implementation of the K+12 was a "question of survival", especially for parents who could barely send their children to school. He added that this new education plan will not address the escalating number of out-of-school youths, nor lift the employment rate, because the real problem is the low employment opportunities. Senators ChizEscuderowas also against the implementation of the K+12 Education plan. Escudero pointed out that it is not in the length of educational years, but the quality of education a student can acquire. And this has to begin by training teachers to be competitive, create more classrooms and improve learning facilities, and provide budget for textbooks.
  20. 20. 20 Perceived Problems on K – 12 Implementation Many parents disapprove of the proposed K - 12 Education system by the Department of Education, as it is means additional burden for both parents and students, even more so for the marginalized sector of the community. There are some issues raised by different individual on this matter which are the possibility of Additional 2 years = added cost to parents, DepEd lacks of educational resources such as classroom and teachers and some parents can’t wait to have their children start working. Nograles (2010), son of former House Speaker Prospero Nograles, also noted that the government’s public school system does not have enough classrooms, teachers and well-equipped educational facilities which are required for the effective implementation of the proposal. The younger Nograles said: The reality on the ground is that some schools even have to divide their classes to morning and afternoon sessions to accommodate more students …We need to modernize our public school system first before we could even consider expanding the cycle of our basic education system. He added that with the current 10-year basic education cycle, schools even lack teachers who will provide quality education as higher salaries encourage them to pursue work abroad. He said: Once we are assured that there are no longer classrooms under the trees, then we are ready to have a 12 – year basic education cycle.
  21. 21. 21 Synthesis-of-the-State-of-the-Art This study is similar with the study of Manalo (2012) entitled the Enhanced K – 12 Program as Perceived by the Parents of Gade Six Pupils of Baao District, BaaoCamarines Sur, wherein it is similar to the fact that they are all concerned about the perception of the parents and the perceived problem regarding the new program of the Department of Education which is the K -12 program. The Gap Bridged by the Study Grade Seven students as a new grade on the new curriculum which is the K – 12 program are one of the most affected individual regarding the implementation of the program. This study is focused more on the perceived problems of the parents regarding the K – 12 implementation. K – 12 program as perceived by the parents is somehow called a burden and it added more on financial problem of the family. The Philippines is the only country in the world that still follows a 10 – year basic education cycle. And so Last October 2010, President Noynoy Aquino proposed the Kindergarten plus 12 on the K-12 program to catch up with the rest of world having a 12 – year basic education cycle. However, with all the issues on education the country is still has, parents expressed their opinions on the President Aquino’s plan of strengthening the Philippine education system through the K -12 program.
  22. 22. 22 It is a must to hear the parents opinions regarding the K – 12 program as they are one of the stakeholders of schools and a respected parents of the students who are involved on loving and caring for the future of their children. Theoretical Framework Education is one of the ways to change life, change values, and change fate of one’s individual. K – 12 program is part of the proposed educational reforms of the Philippines present President which shifts Philippine Basic Education system to twelve years plus kinder from the current ten years. The theoretical framework has a stars to symbolize the students who is the center of K – 12 program. This study was anchored on the point of view and theories of the following well-known authorities which are closely relevant to the researchers study. Cognitive Development Theory by Jean Piaget(1980). He was a French speaking Swiss theorist who posited that children learn through actively constructing knowledge through hands-on experience. He suggested that the adult’s role in helping the child learn was to provide appropriate materials for the child to interact and construct. Theory of Constructivism is generally attributed to Jean Piaget (1980), who articulated mechanism by which knowledge is internalized by learners. He suggested that through processes of accommodation and assimilation, individuals construct new knowledge from their experiences. When individual
  23. 23. 23 assimilate, they incorporate the new experience into an already existing framework without changing that framework. This may occur when individual experiences are aligned with their internal representations of the world, but may also occur as a failure to change a faulty understanding. In contrast, when individuals’ experiences contradict their internal representations, they may change their perceptions of the experiences to fit their internal representations. According to the theory, accommodation is the process of reframing one’s mental experiences. Accommodation can be understood as the mechanism by which failure leads to learning; when we act on the expectation that the world operates in one way and it violates our expectations, we often fail, but by accommodating this new experience and reframing our model of the way the world works, we learn from the experience of failure or failure of others. Motivation Theory by Abraham Maslow (1943), according to these, Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include hi9s observations of humans innate curiosity. Maslow said on his theory that through the curiosity of the human they become motivated to do things on their own way. They are being motivated to finish and work harder. His theories are parallel to other theories of human development psychology, some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. Researcher’s Theory (2012). The reaction of the parents in K – 12 programs will be a best solution to all the problems to be encountered of this program which will lead to a better and effective implementation of the K – 12 programs
  24. 24. 24 Figure 2 Theoretical Framework Cognitive Development Theory (Piaget, 1980) Constructivist Theory (Piaget 1980) Motivation Theory (Maslow 1943) Reaction Perceived Problems Perception Sources of Information Researcher’s Theory: Determining the parents reactions, perception, sources of information and problems on K – 12 implementation which can lead to a effective implementation of the program
  25. 25. 25 Conceptual Framework The focus of this study was undertaken by the following conceptual framework shown in Figure III which has a three part process: the input, process and output. Input – This are the Department of Education Orders, Legal Basis, Related Literatures and Theories. Process – In the research process, this includes the parent’s sources of information about K – 12 program, parent’s reaction about the implementation of the program. How do the parents perceived the K – 12 program in terms of personal and student’s welfare, and the parent’s perceived problem regarding the implementation of the program. Output – this study identified the parent’s reaction of K – 12 implementation and the problems encountered in implementing this program which can be used to improve for the better implementation of the K – 12 program.
  26. 26. 26 FIGURE 3 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FEEDBACK INPUT Legal bases: 1987 constitution of the Philippines DepEd Orders Parents, teachers and students Questionnaires Related Literatures and Studies Theories PROCESS 1. Gaining information about parents sources of information on K – 12 program. 2. Determining the parent’s reaction on K – 12 implementation. 3. Drawing out parent’s perception about the K – 12 programs in terms of personal and student’s welfare. 4. Determining the perceived problems regarding the implementation of the program. OUTPUT Effective Implementation of K – 12 Program
  27. 27. 27 CHAPTER 3 Research Design and Methodology This chapter contains the research design and the methodology used in the conduct of this study. It incorporated the sampling technique, sources of data, the research subjects, population of the study, the instrument utilized to gather data, as well as the statistical tools employed in processing the data. This chapter is showing how the researcher came to the necessary data for this study, and how these data were analyzed, interpreted and presented in the easiest way possible. Research Design This study utilized the descriptive – survey in order to achieve the purpose of this study – which is to determine and describe the thoughts and feelings of parents of Grade VII students from Sta. Maria High School, Iriga City. It is descriptive in a sense that the data obtained were analyzed and described. The researcher used her survey questionnaire as her instrument. Based on the result of the survey conducted, she was able to determine the details of this study. Graphs and other figures were also used to provide clearer understanding of the data presented as answers to the problem of the study.
  28. 28. 28 Sampling Technique The researcher has 35 parents of the Grade VII students of Sta. Maria High School as her respondents. She believes that having 35 Grade VII parents as her respondents will somehow provide adequate data to be interpreted for this study. The unrestricted random sampling was used by the researcher because there had been no restriction imposed to those who were tested; every member of the class has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample. The Respondents This study involved a total of 35 parents of the Grade VII students of Sta. Maria High School. Table 1 The Respondents Gender Number of Grade VII Students Parents Percentage (%) Male 15 42.9 Female 20 57.1 Total 35 100
  29. 29. 29 It is reflected in Table 1 the number of respondents of this study who are the Grade VII parents of Sta. Maria High School, Iriga City, School year 2012- 2013. There are 35 total numbers of parents as respondents. 15 or 42.9 percent are males and 20 or 57.1 percent are females. In this section, it could be seen that there are more females than males who’s been a part of the sample. Research Instruments The researcher prepared a questionnaire to determine the views of the Grade Seven (VII) parents regarding the implementation of K – 12 program. This can be determined based from the indicators such as the respondents’ profile, preparedness of parents’ in terms of emotional and financial aspect. The research subjects were asked to choose their preferred response by checking the number option based on their personal feelings and perception along the given area. The questionnaire had questions that relates to the study and these questions were answered consequently. Data Gathering Procedure The researcher has followed certain procedures in the conduct of this study. 1. Choose a certain title. It is a must that we choose a title for our study and defend it to the panelist until it was approved.
  30. 30. 30 2. Securing permit to conduct the study. The permit to conduct the study was requested and filed to the office of the school principal. 3. Preparation of the Instruments. Questionnaire is a principal tool in gathering the data. The first draft of the instrument was made in coordination with the adviser so that the survey tool is reliable and valid. 4. Administering the Questionnaire. The researcher personally distributed the questionnaire to the respondents in Sta. Maria High School during a classroom meeting. Here, a clear explanation of the purpose and objectives of the study was been indicated. Confidentiality was given in order to assure cooperation and to avoid inhibitions from the respondents in accomplishing the questionnaire. 5. Validating the Instrument. After the distribution is the validation of the questionnaire. It is analyzed and interpreted through the data gathered and formulate the conclusions and recommendations of this study. Statistical Treatment of Data. The formula used: P = F/N x 100 Where: P = Percentage F = Frequency N = Total Number of Respondents 100 = Constant Number
  31. 31. 31 CHAPTER 4 The Reaction of the Parents of the Grade VII Students of Sta. Maria High School, Iriga City on the Implementation of K – 12 Program School Year 2012 – 2013 This chapter represents an analysis and interpretation of the data obtained in the study. Its findings were based on the data gathered through the questionnaires retrieved from the respondents. Those data were then analyzed to be presented, discussed and interpreted according to the perimeters of this research to answer the problem sought for this study. The topics discussed in this chapter were arranged as follows. 1. What are the parent’s sources of information about the K – 12 program. 2. What is the parents’ reaction about the implementation of the K – 12 program, along: 2.1 Rationale 3. What is the parents’ perception about the implementation of K -12 program, in terms of: 3.1 Personal 3.2 Students’ Welfare 4. What are the perceived problems of the parents regarding the implementation of K – 12 program. Findings The following were the findings based from the study:
  32. 32. 32 Parents Sources of Information about The Implementation of K – 12 Program The K -12 program was one of the latest programs of the Department of Education. Since this is new, many Pilipino particularly parents were asking and wondering what it is all about. In this study, nine (9) sources of information were presented, as a means of information needed by the parents were enumerated. The data from the Table 2were about sources of information of the K – 12 program. These were, Television, (4.54); Newspapers and magazines, (3.71); Books, (2.37); Radio, (1.37); Internet, (1.14); PTA Meetings, (5); Friends and Relatives, (3.05); Teachers and School Administrators, (4.68); Orientation Conferences (4.94). The foregoing data implied that the source of information of the parents about K – 12 program came from PTA Meetings, and Orientation Conferences. Parents from Barangay Sta. Maria don’t have an access of internet. Therefore they rely on the people who will discuss information such as the K – 12 program. These people are usually in Department of Education who are knowledgeable regarding the K – 12 program. Table 2 The Parents Sources of Information about the K – 12 Program. Indicators Weighted Mean Interpretation Rank
  33. 33. 33 1. Television 4.54 VMT 4 2. Newspaper and magazines 3.71 MT 5 3. Books 2.37 T 7 4. Radio 1.37 NT 8 5. Internet 1.14 NT 9 6. PTA Meetings 5 VMT 1 7. Friends and Relatives 3.05 T 6 8. Teachers & School Administrators 4.68 MT 3 9. Orientation Conferences 4.94 VMT 2 Average:3.42 MT Legend: 4.50 – 5.00 Very Much True (VMT) 3.50 – 4.49 Much True (MT) 2.50 – 3.49 True (T) 1.50 – 2.49 Slightly True (ST) 1.00 – 1.49 Not at all true (NT) The Parents’ Reaction about the K – 12 Program The students’ parents among other people are the one who are mostly concerned about the implementation of the K – 12 program. The right to express their opinions were been exercised by the parents from Sta. Maria High School. Different reactions from positive to negative were been expressed. Rationale.The current educational system does not possess the basic competencies. The K – 12 program will pave way to a generation of graduates
  34. 34. 34 who are equipped not only with knowledge but also with skills which will be relevant as they go on with their daily life experiences for future’s sustainable development. Table 3 shows the parent’s reactions about the K – 12 program in terms of Rationale. From the findings, Table 3 cited ten (10) indicators. These were generally rated as “Much True” and two rated as “Very Much True”, three for “True” and only one for “Significantly True”, interpretation. As shown in the table, ranked first was: Most of the parents believe that most graduates in high school are too young to enter the labor force. Therefore, I am happy that this K – 12 program would be productive and not be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices, (4.91); ranked second was: The most basic education programs affects the human development of the Pilipino children. The implementation of the K-12 programs will make the graduates prepared emotionally for entrepreneurship or employment or higher education disciplines, (4.65); ranked third was: Basic education will ensure sufficient mastery of the core subjects to its graduates such that graduates may pursue higher education if they choose to. (4.31); this was followed by: I do appreciate that the graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market, (3.91); I am happy that the implemented curriculum will decongest academic workload, (3.77); Enough time for other learning opportunities beyond the classroom, (3.4); I understand that graduates will prepared for higher education, (2.48); Allows
  35. 35. 35 learning for a more holistic development, (2.57); and last in ranked was: It is only advantage for those who intend to continue studying abroad because the curriculum is almost parallel with other country’s curriculum, (2.25). This implied that parents have various reactions; they believed that basic education is usually seen as a preparation for high school graduates who are too young to enter the labor force. Therefore, they are happy that this K – 12 programwould be productive and not be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. Good education is the best way to lift the Pilipino people from the poverty state. The K – 12 program is a way to help the Pilipino students equipped and penetrate the global industry. Through K – 12 program the current education will posters competencies or emotional maturity essential for the world work force. Table 3 Rationale Indicators Weighted Mean Interpreta tion Rank 1. I am happy that the implemented curriculum will decongest academic workload. 3.77 MT 5 2. Gives students more time to master competencies and skills as well. 2.48 ST 8 3. Enough time for other learning opportunities beyond the classroom. 3.4 T 6 4. Allows learning for a more holistic development 2.57 T 9 5. I do appreciate that the graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. 3.91 MT 4 6. I understand that graduates will prepared for higher education. 3.42 MT 7 7. Basic education will ensure sufficient mastery of the core subjects to its graduates such that graduates may pursue higher education if they choose to. 4.31 MT 3
  36. 36. 36 8. Advantage for those who intend to continue studying abroad because the curriculum is almost parallel with other country’s curriculum. 2.25 T 10 9. Most graduates in high school are too young to enter the labor force. Therefore, I am happy that this K – 12 program would be productive and not be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. 4.95 VMT 1 10. The most basic education program affects the human development of the Pilipino children. The implementation of K – 12 program will make the graduates prepared emotionally for entrepreneurship or employment or higher education disciplines. 4.65 VMT 2 Average: 3.56 MT Legend: 4.50 – 5.00 Very Much True (VMT) 3.50 – 4.49 Much True (MT) 2.50 – 3.49 True (T) 1.50 – 2.49 Slightly True (ST) 1.00 – 1.49 Not at all true (NT) The Parents Perception on the Impact of the Implementation of the K – 12 Program It has been said that parents have an instinct to the possible things that will happen particularly when it comes to their children’s, it is called “mother instinct”. For their reason, many parents are optimistic of the possible outcome of this new DepEd program. However, there were also parents who are pessimistic about the K – 12 program. Personal. Table 4 presents the parents perception about the K – 12 program as regards to personal. As human grows, there is a need to learn to became mature in different aspects of life. The K – 12 program is designed to
  37. 37. 37 mold a students to be in his best “self” in articulating his craft and skills which are usable to guide his or her track a new and bright life in the future. Gauging the data presented, the indicators cited got two (2) for “Very Much True” and another two for “True” and only one for “Much True”. Therefore, the parents believed that the K – 12 program is not in doubt an advantage to the part of the students. However, there were parents also, who had been previously fed by negative information regarding the K – 12 program, who are still doubting about the capacity of the Department of Education as regards to the implementation of new program initiated by the Department and supported fully by the President of the Philippines. The indicators for personal were ranked from highest to lowest. These were: It add financial burden to the family, (4.82); It will help my son/daughter learn skills which are relevant to have a sustainable and decent life in the future, (4.45); It give hope to change the economic status of the family, (4.11); It help my son/daughter to be mold as a better person, (3.4); and, it is remarkable and I am excited with the full implementation of K – 12 program, (2.4). Table 4 Indicators Weighted Mean Interpretation Rank 1. It is remarkable and I am excited with the full implementation of K – 12 program. 2.4 T 5 2. It will help my son/daughter learn skills which are relevant to have a sustainable and decent life in the future. 4.45 VMT 2
  38. 38. 38 3. It add financial burden to the family. 4.82 VMT 1 4. It give hope to change the economic status of the family. 4.11 MT 3 5. It helps my son/daughter to be mold as a better person. 3.4 T 4 Average: 3.83 MT Legend: 4.50 – 5.00 Very Much True (VMT) 3.50 – 4.49 Much True (MT) 2.50 – 3.49 True (T) 1.50 – 2.49 Slightly True (ST) 1.00 – 1.49 Not at all true (NT) Student’s Welfare. The student’s welfare was always the concern, not only by the teachers but by the government as well. It is being said that the student of this generation will be the builders of tomorrow’s future. This K – 12 is abreast with this idea to fully develop the skills of these students and further cultivate it so that they will not become liabilities to the country but instead, a valuable citizen of this nation. Table 5 presents the different indicators for the parent’s perception about the K – 12 program in terms of students welfare. Generally, it garnered three (3) “Very Much True” and three (3) for the “Much True” and two (2) for the “True” interpretation. From highest to lowest, it was been rated and arranged as follows: Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market, (4.91); It enhance knowledge and skills of the students, (4.68); It gives students more time to other learning opportunities beyond the classroom, (4.6); It boost
  39. 39. 39 the self-confidence of the students, (4.34); Graduates can be given recognition to work in abroad, (3.85); Graduates will be prepared for higher education, (3.54); It is an enjoyable experience, (3.2); and last the government is in a hurry to implement and yet the students are not yet ready, (2.57). Table 5 Student’s Welfare Indicators Weighted Mean Interpretation Rank 1. It enhances knowledge and skills of the students. 4.68 VMT 2 2. It boosts the self-confidence of the students. 4.34 MT 4 3. It is an enjoyable experience. 3.2 T 7 4. It gives students more time to other learning opportunities beyond the classroom. 4.6 VMT 3 5. Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. 4.91 VMT 1 6. Graduates will be prepared for higher education. 3.54 MT 6 7. The government is in a hurry to implement and yet the students are not yet ready. 2.57 T 8 8. Graduates can be given recognition to work in abroad. 3.85 MT 5 Legend: 4.50 – 5.00 Very Much True (VMT) 3.50 – 4.49 Much True (MT) 2.50 – 3.49 True (T) 1.50 – 2.49 Slightly True (ST) 1.00 – 1.49 Not at all true (NT)
  40. 40. 40 Parents Perceived Problems Regarding the Implementation of K – 12 Program Parents are among the closest people who are indirectly affected with this new DepEd program. Nevertheless, the parents are the stakeholder of the Sta. Maria High School. Their ultimate concerns were all beneficial to the students. In descending order were the parents perceived problem regarding the implementation of the program. These were the following indicators with their corresponding weighted mean: There will be shortage of classroom, teachers and non-teaching personnel, (5); There are lots of facilities lacking like computer laboratory, library and others, (4.94); This will cause additional financial problem, (4.91); Additional dependency to parents, (4.85); Additional burden to the parents and students, (4.57); It will prolong the years of stay of the students in school, (4.28); This will cause confusion to the student what course to get, (3.65); It will detrail their plan of having their children to work early to be able to help them financially, (3.57); It will deprive the other siblings to study, (2.82); Vague future, (1.71). The data presented implied that the parents were also evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of the implementation of the K – 12 program. The parents are aware of the benefits that their students can get from K – 12 program.
  41. 41. 41 Table 6 Indicators Weighted Mean Interpretation Rank 1. It will prolong the years of stay of the students in school. 4.28 MT 6 2. Additional burden to the parents and students. 4.57 VMT 5 3. This will cause additional financial problem. 4.91 VMT 3 4. It will deprive the other siblings to study. 2.82 T 9 5. This will cause confusion to the student what course to get. 3.65 MT 7 6. There are lots of facilities lacking like computer laboratory, library and others; 4.94 VMT 2 7. There will be shortage of classroom, teachers and non-teaching personnel. 5 VMT 1 8. Additional dependency to parents. 4.85 VMT 4 9. Vague future. 1.71 ST 10 10.It will detrail their plan of having their children to work early to be able to help them financially. 3.57 MT 8 Legend: 4.50 – 5.00 Very Much True (VMT) 3.50 – 4.49 Much True (MT) 2.50 – 3.49 True (T) 1.50 – 2.49 Slightly True (ST) 1.00 – 1.49 Not at all true (NT)
  42. 42. 42 CHAPTER 5 Summary, Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations This chapter presents the summary of the study, the presentation of the findings and formulation of the findings and recommendations derived from the analysis and interpretation of the data. Summary This study aimed to determine the views of the Grade VII students’ parents as regards to the implementation of K – 12 program. Specifically, the study sought answers to the following questions: 1. What are the parent’s sources of information about K – 12 program. 2. What are the parents reaction about the implementation of the K-12 program along; 2.1 Rationale 3. What is the parents’ perception about the implementation of K -12 program, in terms of: 3.1 Personal 3.2 Students’ Welfare 4. What are the perceived problems of the parents regarding the implementation of K – 12 program.
  43. 43. 43 Findings Parent’s Sources of Information About K – 12 Program The following sources of information about the K - 12 program with their corresponding weighted mean:PTA Meetings, (5); Orientation Conferences (4.94); Teachers and School Administrators, (4.68);Television, (4.54); Newspapers and magazines, (3.71);Friends and Relatives, (3.05); Books, (2.37); Radio, (1.37); Internet, (1.14). The Parents Reaction about the Implementation of the K-12 Program Rationale.There wasten (10) indicators these were generally rated as “Much True” interpretation. This was: Most graduates in high school are too young to enter the labor force. Therefore, I am happy that this K – 12 program would be productive and not be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices, (4.91). Parents Perception About the Implementation of K – 12 Program. Personal.The indicators for personal were ranked from highest to lowest these were: It add financial burden to the family, (4.82); It will help my son/daughter learn skills which are relevant to have a sustainable and decent life in the future, (4.45); It give hope to change the economic status of the family, (4.11); It help my son/daughter to be mold as a better person, (3.4); and, it is
  44. 44. 44 remarkable and I am excited with the full implementation of K – 12 program, (2.4). Student’s Welfare.The different indicators arranged from highest to lowest with their corresponding weighted mean: It add financial burden to the family, (4.82); It will help my son/daughter learn skills which are relevant to have a sustainable and decent life in the future, (4.45); It give hope to change the economic status of the family, (4.11); It help my son/daughter to be mold as a better person, (3.4); and, it is remarkable and I am excited with the full implementation of K – 12 program, (2.4). Parents Perceived Problems Regarding the Implementation of K – 12 Program In descending order were the parents perceived problem regarding the implementation of the program. These were the following indicators with their corresponding weighted mean: There will be shortage of classroom, teachers and non-teaching personnel, (5); There are lots of facilities lacking like computer laboratory, library and others, (4.94); This will cause additional financial problem, (4.91); Additional dependency to parents, (4.85); Additional burden to the parents and students, (4.57); It will prolong the years of stay of the students in school, (4.28); This will cause confusion to the student what course to get, (3.65); It will detrail their plan of having their children to work early to be able to help them financially, (3.57); It will deprive the other siblings to study, (2.82); Vague future, (1.71).
  45. 45. 45 Conclusions The following conclusions were derived from the findings: Parent’s Sources of Information about the K – 12 Program. In this study, there were nine (9) indicators as a source of information presented as the vehicles for the information needed by the parents about the K – 12 program. Majority of the respondents had their sources of information from PTA meeting and Orientation Conferences. The Parents Reaction about the Implementation of K-12 Program Rationale. The current educational system does not possess the basic competencies. K -12 program was only concern with the student who are not yet ready to enter the world of work. This program will pave way to a generation of graduates who are equipped not only with knowledge but also with skills which are relevant as they go on with their daily life experiences for futures sustainable development. Parents Perception about the Implementation of K – 12 Program. Personal. This K – 12 program will be a burden on the part of parents and students, not just for emotional, physical reason but also in financial aspect because this program will prolong the years of stay in school of the students.
  46. 46. 46 This K – 12 program main goals is to equip the graduates with knowledge and skills that will arm Pilipino graduates to be at a solid ground where if not for excellence with foreign countries but at least, quality workers. Students Welfare. This K – 12 program is abreast with new idea to fully develop and cultivate the skills of students, so that they will not become liabilities to the country but instead, these will be a valuable citizen of this country. Parents Perceived Problems Regarding the Implementation of K – 12 Program The parents have also evaluated the disadvantages of the implementation of K – 12 program will the most perceived problems is that these could be a shortage of classroom, teachers and non – teaching personnel. This is true as we see and observed it today. Recommendations The following recommendations are derived from the findings and conclusions. 1. Parents should watch programs from television which will help them to get a better understanding about K – 12 program. If they have suggestion and clarification, the government should entertain it and be open to the public
  47. 47. 47 and different schools of giving the right information regarding the new program. 2. The K – 12 program should include subjects which will boosts the students personality to face the problems generated from economic crisis and environmental dilemma. 3. Suggests mechanism that will improve the student’s participation rate and retention rate. 4. Parents and teachers should help each other for the sake of the students. And should have an income generating project such as GulayansaPaaralan (which can be sold in the market), and students should be encouraged to save money. 5. Future researchers should conduct a study on the effectiveness of K – 12 after the implementation of the program.
  48. 48. 48 BIBLIOGRAPHY Unpublished Theses Manalo, Katherine T. (2012) “Enhanced K – 12 program as Perceived by the Parents of the Grade Six Pupils of baao District, baaoCamarines Sur” Nartates, Jonathan M. (2011) “The Effect of Broken Homes among Early Teenagers to their Academic Performance” Tan, Jeryl S. (2011) “Most Perceived Problems on K – 12 program of Students in Souther Luzon Elementary School, Tagkawayan Quezon” Zellman, Gail L. (2012), “Implementation of the K – 12 Education Reform In Qatar’s Schools” Marston, Jennifer T. (2011) “Perception of Students and Parents Involved In Primary to Secondary School Transition Program” Books: Discussion Paper (2010) Dictionaries: Webster Universal and dictionary Thesaurus Website: http://www.google.com http://www.yahoo.com http://www.wikipedia.com
  49. 49. 49 APPENDICES
  50. 50. 50 University of Northeastern Philippines Iriga City Dear Respondents; The undersigned is conducting a research study entitled “The Reaction of the Grade VII Parents on K – 12 Implementation”. In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor of Secondary Education. In this connection, may I request your outmost cooperation to answer each item of this questionnaire to the best of your ability upon consideration of truth and honesty. Rest assured that whatever responses you made will be dealt with high confidentiality. Thank you very much for your usual cooperation. RECHELAIN P. PARICA Researcher Profile of the Respondents (Please fill up the necessary information in the questionnaire) Name:_______________________________ Age:________ Gender:________ Occupation of Student’s Mother:______________________________________ Occupation of Student’s Father:______________________________________
  51. 51. 51 I. What are the parent’s sources of information about the K-12 program. (Please choose from the verbal indicators the answer which you think and feel is right. There is no right or wrong answer.)Check (/) the number of your answer. Rate Verbal Indicators 5 - Very Much True 4 - Much True 3 - Moderately True 2 - Slightly True 1 - Not at all True Indicators 5 4 3 2 1 1. Television 2. Newspaper and Magazines 3. Books 4. Radio 5. Internet 6. PTA Meetings 7. Friends and Relatives 8. Teachers and School Administrators 9. Orientation Conferences 10.Others(PleaseSpecify)_________________________________________ II. What is the parent’s reaction about the implementation of the K- 12 program. (Please choose from the verbal indicators the answer which you think and feel is right. There is no right or wrong answer.) Check (/) the number of your chosen answer) Rate Verbal Indicators
  52. 52. 52 5 - Very Much True 4 - Much True 3 - Moderately True 2 - Slightly True 1 - Not at all True Rationale Indicators 5 4 3 2 1 1. I am happy that the implemented curriculum will decongest academic workload. 2. Gives students more time to master competencies and skills as well. 3. Enough time for other learning opportunities beyond the classroom. 4. Allows learning for a more holistic development 5. I do appreciate that the graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. 6. I understand that graduates will prepare for higher education. 7. Basic education will ensure sufficient mastery of the core subjects to its graduates such that graduates may pursue higher education if they choose to. 8. Advantage for those who intend to continue studying abroad because the curriculum is almost parallel with other country’s curriculum. 9. Most graduates in high school are too young to enter the labor force. Therefore, I am happy that this K – 12 program would be productive and not be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. 10.The most basic education program affects the human development of the Pilipino children. The implementation of K – 12 program will make the graduates prepared emotionally for entrepreneurship or employment or higher education disciplines. 11.Others ( Please Specify) _________________ _____________________________________ III. What is the parent’s perception about the implementation of K – 12 program.
  53. 53. 53 (Please choose from the verbal indicators the answer which you think and feel is right. There is no right or wrong answer.) Check (/) the number of your chosen answer) Rate Verbal Indicators 5 - Very Much True 4 - Much True 3 - Moderately True 2 - Slightly True 1 - Not at all True A. Personal Indicators 5 4 3 2 1 1. It is remarkable and I am excited with the full implementation of K – 12 program. 2. It will help my son/daughter learn skills which are relevant to have a sustainable and decent life in the future. 3. It add financial burden to the family. 4. It give hope to change the economic status of the family. 5. It help my son/daughter to be mold as a better person. B. Student’s welfare Indicators 5 4 3 2 1 1. It enhance knowledge and skills of the students. 2. It boost the self-confidence of the students. 3. It is an enjoyable experience. 4. It gives students more time to other learning opportunities beyond the classroom. 5. Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. 6. Graduates will be prepared for higher education. 7. The government is in a hurry to implement and yet the students are not yet ready. 8. Graduates can be given recognition to work in abroad.
  54. 54. 54 9. Others (please specify)______________ IV. What are the perceived problems of the parents regarding the implementation of K – 12 program. (Please choose from the verbal indicators the answer which you think and feel is right. There is no right or wrong answer.) Check (/) the number of your chosen answer) Rate Verbal Indicators 5 - Very Much True 4 - Much True 3 - Moderately True 2 - Slightly True 1 - Not at all True Indicators 5 4 3 2 1 11.It will prolong the years of stay of the students in school. 12.Additional burden to the parents and students. 13.This will cause additional financial problem. 14.It will deprive the other siblings to study. 15.This will cause confusion to the student what course to get. 16.There are lots of facilities lacking like computer laboratory, library and others; 17.There will be shortage of classroom, teachers and non-teaching personnel. 18.Additional dependency to parents. 19.Vague future. 20.It will detrail their plan of having their children to work early to be able to help them financially. 21.Others. (Please specify)_________________ ____________________________________ Thank you very much!!! The Researcher
  55. 55. 55 CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION Name : Rechelain P. Parica Date of Birth : June 11, 1993 Place of Birth : Cawayan, Sta. Maria Iriga City Sex : Female Address : Zone 1, Cawayan, Sta. Maria Iriga City Civil Status : Single Nationality : Filipino Parents : Mr. Edgar Ibasco – Parica : Mrs. Evelyn Panambo – Parica Siblings: : Ramon P. Parica : Rowena P. Catimbang : Ria P. Parica : Rochelle P. Parica : Ronalyn P. Parica
  56. 56. 56 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ELEMENTARY : Cawayan Elementary School Cawayan, Sta. Maria Iriga City School year: 1998 - 2004 HIGH SCHOOL : Sta. Maria High School Cawayan, Sta. Maria Iriga City Year graduated 2004 -2008 COLLEGE : Oliveros College Inc.(OCI) Consumer Electronics Servicing(CES) Iriga City, Camarines Sur School year: 2009 – 2009 : University of Northeastern Philippines(UNEP) Bachelor of Secondary Education Iriga City, Camarines Sur School year: 2009 – Present SEMINARS ATTENDED: Enhancing Pre-service training of Teacher Education Student  Albay Astrodome, Legaspi City  August 3, 2010 Information Literacy and Technology: Shaping Our Future  Unep Mini- theater, Iriga City  December 3, 2010 Personality Development and Team building  Kolping Complex, Haring , Canaman Cam Sur  August 27, 2011 Org. Camp Boosting Leadership Potentials in Delivering Better Service towards Unity and Progress  University of North Eastern Philippines, Iriga City  December 1,2, and 3, 2011

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