From Spain - The European Union

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  • 1. European Union Aroa Cid Idoia Rived Borja Huidobro Olga Martínez de Marigorta
  • 2. Characteristics
    • The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states, located primarily in Europe.
    • The EU was established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993 upon the foundations of the European Economic Community.
    • It has almost 500 million citizens.
  • 3.
    • The European Union has established a single economic market across the territory of all its members
    • The countries that have de euro are:
      • Spain
      • France
      • Belgic
      • Low Countries
      • Finland
      • Germany
      • Italy
      • Greece
      • Portugal
      • Slovenia
      • Ireland
      • Luxembourg
      • Austria
      • Cyprus
      • Malta
  • 4. ORIGINS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION The European Union was born in 1951 to end up with the conflicts between neighboring countries that had culminate in the Second World War.
  • 5. ● In order to coordinate the economies of member countries, the European Union has designed a series of common policies. ● There are three common types of policies: • Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) • Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) • Cohesion Policy Common Policies
  • 6. CAP The common policy is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies and programmes. It represents 48% of the EU's budget The CAP combines a direct subsidy payment for crops and land which may be cultivated with price support mechanisms
    • It has 2 funds:
    • European Fund of Orientation and Agricultural Guarantee
    • European Agricultural Fund for the Rural Development
  • 7. FCP
    • It means Fishing Common Politics
    • Its objetictive is to support the fishing European developments getting its viable companies that produce in a sustainable way to avoid the depletion of the fishing resources
    • Principal instrument of funding: European fund of fishing
  • 8.
    • Its function: to compensate the imbalances between the poorest and richest of the EU.
    • It has three objectives: • The convergence • Regional competitiveness and employment • Territorial cooperation
    • There are three funds: • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) • European Social Fund (ESF) • Cohesion Fund
    Cohesion Policy