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From Spain -  The European Union
 

From Spain - The European Union

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    From Spain -  The European Union From Spain - The European Union Presentation Transcript

    • European Union Aroa Cid Idoia Rived Borja Huidobro Olga Martínez de Marigorta
    • Characteristics
      • The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states, located primarily in Europe.
      • The EU was established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993 upon the foundations of the European Economic Community.
      • It has almost 500 million citizens.
      • The European Union has established a single economic market across the territory of all its members
      • The countries that have de euro are:
        • Spain
        • France
        • Belgic
        • Low Countries
        • Finland
        • Germany
        • Italy
        • Greece
        • Portugal
        • Slovenia
        • Ireland
        • Luxembourg
        • Austria
        • Cyprus
        • Malta
    • ORIGINS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION The European Union was born in 1951 to end up with the conflicts between neighboring countries that had culminate in the Second World War.
    • ● In order to coordinate the economies of member countries, the European Union has designed a series of common policies. ● There are three common types of policies: • Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) • Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) • Cohesion Policy Common Policies
    • CAP The common policy is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies and programmes. It represents 48% of the EU's budget The CAP combines a direct subsidy payment for crops and land which may be cultivated with price support mechanisms
      • It has 2 funds:
      • European Fund of Orientation and Agricultural Guarantee
      • European Agricultural Fund for the Rural Development
    • FCP
      • It means Fishing Common Politics
      • Its objetictive is to support the fishing European developments getting its viable companies that produce in a sustainable way to avoid the depletion of the fishing resources
      • Principal instrument of funding: European fund of fishing
      • Its function: to compensate the imbalances between the poorest and richest of the EU.
      • It has three objectives: • The convergence • Regional competitiveness and employment • Territorial cooperation
      • There are three funds: • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) • European Social Fund (ESF) • Cohesion Fund
      Cohesion Policy