Commission Michel Barnier Home and financial market Günther Oettinger Energy Connie Hedegaard Action on the climate Karel de Gucht Trade Olli Rehn Economy and monetary matters Antonio Tajani Industry
The European Commission acts as an executive of the European Union.
Every five years a new Commission is chosen.
The governments of the members states choose the president and the Parliament has to approve it. Then, the president and the governments of the members states choose the members of the commission. And finally, the Parliament has to approve it again.
The seat of the Commission is in Brussels, but also there are offices in Luxemburg and representations in the whole European Union.
The decisions are taken between some European institutions, the Parliament and national governments by voting.
1-To approve the European legislation , with the Council.
2-To exercise the democratic control of all the institutions of the EU , and especially of the Commission. To pass or to reject the appointment of the commissioners, and right to demand the dimension of the Commission in his set.
3-The power of the money . It influences the expense of the UE. Adopt or rejects the budget in its entirety.
The decisions of the Council are taken by voting. The bigger it is the population of a country, the more votes it has, but the numbers are valued in favor of the countries with minor population. In most of the questions, the Council decides for " qualified majority ".
-A qualified majority is reached:
-if a majority of members states approve it.
-if there metes a minium of 255 votes to favor, which supposes 73,9 % of the whole.
The Presidency of the Council is rotating and it's duration is a period of six months.