From Spain- European InstitutionsPresentation Transcript
Commission Michel Barnier Home and financial market Günther Oettinger Energy Connie Hedegaard Action on the climate Karel de Gucht Trade Olli Rehn Economy and monetary matters Antonio Tajani Industry
The European Commission acts as an executive of the European Union.
Every five years a new Commission is chosen.
The governments of the members states choose the president and the Parliament has to approve it. Then, the president and the governments of the members states choose the members of the commission. And finally, the Parliament has to approve it again.
The seat of the Commission is in Brussels, but also there are offices in Luxemburg and representations in the whole European Union.
The decisions are taken between some European institutions, the Parliament and national governments by voting.
To propose legislation to the Parliament and to the Council.
To manage and to apply the policies of the EU and the budget.
To make fulfill the legislation of the EU.
To represent the EU internationally, for example, negotiating agreements between the EU and other countries.
The Parliament represent the citizens.
-There are 736 members
-They are elected once every five years by the citizens of the European Union.
The European Parliament is the only directly-elected body of the European Union.
The seat is in three places :
1- Luxemburg: General secretary
2- Strasburg: Meetings of the parliament, the Plenary sessions
3- Brussels: Meetings of commissions
1-To approve the European legislation , with the Council.
2-To exercise the democratic control of all the institutions of the EU , and especially of the Commission. To pass or to reject the appointment of the commissioners, and right to demand the dimension of the Commission in his set.
3-The power of the money . It influences the expense of the UE. Adopt or rejects the budget in its entirety.
Duration of the legislature: 5 years
-The candidate who obtains an absolute majority of the votes cast in a secret ballot is elected President.
-The President’s term of office is two and a half years
-The President directs Parliament’s activities, chairs plenary sittings and declares the budget finally adopted.
The actual president : Jerzy Buze k (b or n July 3, 1940) is a Polis h engineer .
- He was the Prime Minister of Poland (1997-2001).
-He has been a member of the European Parliament since June 13, 2004.
- On July 14, 2009, he was elected a new President of the European Parliament with 555 votes.
The Council is the main decision-making in the EU. It represents the member states, and its meetings are attended by one minister from each EU national governments.
It represents the legislative power.
-Chiefs of state and/or of government of the countries member, trained by the ministers of foreign matters.
-High representative for the foreign politics and of common safety.
The seat is in Brussels, except from some months of the year, when the seat is in Luxemburg.
The Council has six basic functions:
1. To approve the laws of the EU; in many areas it legislates jointly with the European Parliament.
2. To coordinate the economic general policies of the members states.
3. To conclude international agreements between the EU and other countries or international organizations.
4. To approve the budget of the EU, together with the Parliament.
5. To define and to apply the foreign politics and the common safety of the EU, being based on the directives established by the European Council.
6. To coordinate the cooperation between the national courts and the police forces in criminal matters.
The decisions of the Council are taken by voting. The bigger it is the population of a country, the more votes it has, but the numbers are valued in favor of the countries with minor population. In most of the questions, the Council decides for " qualified majority ".
-A qualified majority is reached:
-if a majority of members states approve it.
-if there metes a minium of 255 votes to favor, which supposes 73,9 % of the whole.
The Presidency of the Council is rotating and it's duration is a period of six months.