Discussion and Examples• Predicting• Questioning• Clarifying• Summarizing
Donna Dyer of the North West Regional EducationService Agency in North Carolina recommends. Heres one way she suggests you use reciprocal teaching: 1. Put students in groups of four. 2. Distribute one notecard to each member ofthe group identifying each persons unique role. summarizer questioner clarifier predictor
3. All students read and take notes.Have students read a few paragraphs of theassigned text selection. Encourage them to usenote-taking strategies such as selectiveunderlining or sticky-notes to help them betterprepare for their role in the discussion.
4. Stopping pointAt the given stopping point, the Summarizer willhighlight the key ideas up to this point in thereading.
5. QuestionerQuestioner will then pose questions about theselection:• The unclear parts• puzzling information• connections to other concepts already learned• motivations of the agents or actors or characters• etc.
6. Clarifier• addresses confusing parts and attempts to answer the questions that were just posed.
7. The Predictoroffers guesses about what the author will tellthe group next or, if its a literary selection, thepredictor might suggest what the next events inthe story will be.
8. Switch RolesSwitch one person to the right, and the nextselection is read. Students repeat the processusing their new roles. This continues until theentire selection is read.
As you watch the fifth grade lesson, look for and record examples of the following:The Four Strategies: The Four Foundations:• Predicting • Think-Alouds• Questioning • Cooperative Learning• Clarifying • Scaffolding• Summarizing • Metacognition