THE SIMPLE PASTTHE SIMPLE PAST Miss Yesenia Sepulveda
We use the SIMPLE PAST to talk aboutactions that started and finished at a specifictime in the past.So, different adverbs of time are used:yesterday, last mont, last weeklast year, etc.
2 types of verbs• REGULAR• IRREGULAR
REGULAR VERBSFor Regular verbs the simple past isformed byadding “ED" at the end of the verb:verb + ed = simple past Play played walk walked Listen listened Watch watched
IRREGULAR VERBSIrregular verbs dont form the pasttense by adding -ed.They suffer a change in the spelling,so...you have to memorize them! Go – went Eat – ate Read – read etc.
Spelling• 1) Double the consonant if the consonant is stressed stop – stopped swap - swapped• 2)Add only –d, when the verb ends with –e love – loved save – saved• 3)Verbs ending in y preceded by a consonant: Change y to i Then add -ed. hurry - he hurried (watch out! play – played)
Certain change patterns • speak spoke • eat ate • see saw • fly flew • think thought
Verb TO BEI youhe was we wereshe theyit
The most important irregularverb is the verb "TO BE“SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PASTI am I wasYou are You wereHe/she/it is He/she/it wasWe are We wereYou are You were They are They were
Negative SentencesSUBJECT + DID NOT + VERB (base form) Example: I did not work yesterday or I didn’t work yesterday INCORRECT: I didn’t worked
More examples: - I didn’t go on holiday last year - I didn’t went on holiday last year
Negative Sentences verb TO BE WAS / WERE + NOTExamples: I was not at school yesterday afternoon or I wasn’t at school yesterday afternoon They were not at home last weekend or They weren’t at home last weekend
Yes /No QuestionsDID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence + ? Example: Did you work yesterday? - Yes, I did. - No, I didn’t.
Yes /No Questions verb TO BEWAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence + ? Example: Were you at home last weekend? - Yes, I was. - No, I wasn’t.
REMEMBER!!• Positive sentences: – I played football yesterday – I went home early on Saturday• Negative sentences: – I didn’t play football yesterday – I didn’t go home early on Saturday• Yes/No questions: – Did you play football yesterday? – Did you go home early in Saturday?
REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE• Positive sentences: – I was in London last year• Negative sentences: -They weren’t at home last weekend• Yes/No questions: – Were you ill yesterday?
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVEYesterday I played football Yesterday I didnt play footballLast week she had a party Last week she didnt have a partyLast month we went to England Last month we didnt go to EnglandThey arrived at ten oclock They didnt arrive at ten oclock
Put the verbs into the correct form(simple past).1. It (be) ____ great.2. I (travel) _____ around by car with twofriends and we (visit)_____ lots of interesting places.3. In the evenings we usually (go) _____ to apub.4. We (be) ___ lucky with the weather.5. It (not / rain) ______ a lot.6. We (not /see) ______any rainbows.
7. I (not / cook) ________ so we (go) _____out for dinner.8. The sun (not / shine ) _____ that day.9. I (not / hear) ______ you when you (arrive)______ at home.10. She (not / like) _____ rice, so she (eat) ___sausages.11. We (are) _____ in the restaurantwhen the waiter (shout) _______.