The past-simple
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The past-simple






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The past-simple The past-simple Presentation Transcript

  • We use the SIMPLE PAST to talk aboutactions that started and finished at a specifictime in the past.So, different adverbs of time are used:yesterday, last mont, last weeklast year, etc.
  • 2 types of verbs• REGULAR• IRREGULAR
  • REGULAR VERBSFor Regular verbs the simple past isformed byadding “ED" at the end of the verb:verb + ed = simple past Play played walk walked Listen listened Watch watched
  • IRREGULAR VERBSIrregular verbs dont form the pasttense by adding -ed.They suffer a change in the spelling, have to memorize them! Go – went Eat – ate Read – read etc.
  • Spelling• 1) Double the consonant if the consonant is stressed stop – stopped swap - swapped• 2)Add only –d, when the verb ends with –e love – loved save – saved• 3)Verbs ending in y preceded by a consonant: Change y to i Then add -ed. hurry - he hurried (watch out! play – played)
  • Certain change patterns • speak  spoke • eat  ate • see  saw • fly  flew • think  thought
  • Verb TO BEI youhe was we wereshe theyit
  • The most important irregularverb is the verb "TO BE“SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PASTI am I wasYou are You wereHe/she/it is He/she/it wasWe are We wereYou are You were They are They were
  • Negative SentencesSUBJECT + DID NOT + VERB (base form) Example: I did not work yesterday or I didn’t work yesterday INCORRECT: I didn’t worked
  • More examples: - I didn’t go on holiday last year - I didn’t went on holiday last year
  • Negative Sentences verb TO BE WAS / WERE + NOTExamples: I was not at school yesterday afternoon or I wasn’t at school yesterday afternoon They were not at home last weekend or They weren’t at home last weekend
  • Yes /No QuestionsDID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence + ? Example: Did you work yesterday? - Yes, I did. - No, I didn’t.
  • Yes /No Questions verb TO BEWAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence + ? Example: Were you at home last weekend? - Yes, I was. - No, I wasn’t.
  • REMEMBER!!• Positive sentences: – I played football yesterday – I went home early on Saturday• Negative sentences: – I didn’t play football yesterday – I didn’t go home early on Saturday• Yes/No questions: – Did you play football yesterday? – Did you go home early in Saturday?
  • REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE• Positive sentences: – I was in London last year• Negative sentences: -They weren’t at home last weekend• Yes/No questions: – Were you ill yesterday?
  • AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVEYesterday I played football Yesterday I didnt play footballLast week she had a party Last week she didnt have a partyLast month we went to England Last month we didnt go to EnglandThey arrived at ten oclock They didnt arrive at ten oclock
  • Put the verbs into the correct form(simple past).1. It (be) ____ great.2. I (travel) _____ around by car with twofriends and we (visit)_____ lots of interesting places.3. In the evenings we usually (go) _____ to apub.4. We (be) ___ lucky with the weather.5. It (not / rain) ______ a lot.6. We (not /see) ______any rainbows.
  • 7. I (not / cook) ________ so we (go) _____out for dinner.8. The sun (not / shine ) _____ that day.9. I (not / hear) ______ you when you (arrive)______ at home.10. She (not / like) _____ rice, so she (eat) ___sausages.11. We (are) _____ in the restaurantwhen the waiter (shout) _______.