Term 2 Week 5.2011 Class Test for 3NA.2011 at S.H.S.S. Mongolians and Their Horses – Answers from original setter and Kuronekosan
Paragraph 1• Horses whinny outside. Birds whoop. I struggle against the early-morning cold and trudge to the crest of a nearby ridge and watch daybreak extend its hold on miles of green, hilly openness punctuated by the occasional cluster of cattle. As I descend I watch the horses gambol on the slopes. I grew up riding, and my father would tell me stories of Genghis Khan and his great equestrian warriors.
Vocabulary List 1• Whinny – make high and loud sounds; neigh.• Whoop – make noise loudly and happily.• Gambol – jump or run around in a lively active way• Equestrian – horse-riding
Paragraph 2I have read somewhere about a Mongolian proverb thatsays, “a Mongol without a horse is like a bird withoutwings”, and remember that a Mongol euphemism forgoing to the bathroom is to “go see my horse”.Mongolian nomadic culture is intensely linked to horses.Mongolian children grow up with horses, becoming skilfulriders before they are five. The horse and the nomadiclifestyle enabled the Mongols led by Genghis Khan andhis descendants to amass the largest empire the worldhas ever known. The horse is the most practical form oftransportation in Mongolia. It is a a pleasure to beunconstrained by roads or traffic lights, and free to goin any direction!
Vocabulary List 2• Euphemism – a polite word or expression used to avoid shocking or upsetting someone.• Nomadic – travelling from place to place, without a permanent home• Descendants – offspring• Amass – put together, create,• Unconstrained – not held down, not limited, not restricted
Inferential QuestionPoint 1 “Inferential” comes from the verb – “to infer”. “To infer” means “to form an opinion that something isPoint 2 probably true based on information given or gathered. // “To infer” is “to make an intelligent suggestion”.Point 3 To answer an inferential question, we must think around the information given to us in the paragraph(s) or passage. We need to use our own understanding of the givenPoint 4 information to answer the question because the immediate answer is not found in the given information.
From Paragraph 2In what ways is “a Mongol without a horse like abird without wings”? [2 marks]The Mongol, without his horse, will not be mobile.  Similarly, the birdwithout wings will not be able to fly from one place to another. Without his horse, the Mongol’s freedom to travel in any direction will beconstrained by roads or traffic conditions.  Similarly, the bird withoutwings will not be able to fly in any direction it wishes. Reject any answer that simply rephrases the above question.The question requires answers that show “HOW” a Mongol without a horseis LIKE a bird without wings.
Inputs from 3B students – Q1Lester It is as without a horse, a Mongol would have to depend on himself to walk long distances as the horse is a form of assitance* to him. It is thus similar to a bird without wings as a bird have to travel long distance by itself by walking if it does have assitance* which are its wings.Jerhythm Mongolian People grew up with horses and mongolian nomadic culture is intensely linked with horses.Aishwarya A bird cannot live without its wings. Likewise, a Mongol cannot live without a horse. Mongolian nomadic culture is intensely linked to horses.Fila A Mongol without a horse means a life without colours.
Inputs from 3C students – Q1Wan The horse is the most practical formShun of transportation for the Mongol.Grace It is that a Mongol euphemism for going to the bathroom is to “go see my horse” and that theKok normadic culture is closely joined using horses.Kristina It is in a way that Mogolian* cannolive* without horses.Julia The Mongolians wanted to go to the toilet.Boon The Mongolians live with the horsesWee since their young.
Inputs from 3D students – Q1Peng Mongol nomadic culture is intensively linked to horses.KeatNurush It is in a way that horses are part of their life. Without horses, they cannot do many things. They grew up with horses.Hazmie They grew up riding horses and riding is in it’s culture.Fahmie It means that every Mongol is expected to have a horse.
From Paragraph 2 Question 2• The horse is the most practical form of transportation in Mongolia. Without their horses, how will the Mongols’ travelling time be affected? [1 mark]• Their travelling time will be greatly lengthened.• Their travelling time will increase.• Their travelling time will become longer.
Inputs from 3B students – Q2Fang Mongols’ travelling time will be affect byYin unconstrained traffice*, but they are free to move around.Craig The Mongols’ travelling time will be greatly affected as the country is a huge place and it is almost impossible toTay walk. Without their horses, the Mongols travelling time will beWesley affected as it is the most practical form of transportation inTei Mongolia which is unconstrained by roads or traffic lights and free to go in any direction.Yong Without horses, their travelling time wilKang be much slower due to roads or traffic lights.
Inputs from 3C students – Q2Stephanie The mongols’ travelling time will be affected without their horses is because they will stop to rest instead of riding at a constant speed on a horse.Xu Hui Without their hourse, his travelling must be constrained by roads on traffic lights and difficult to go in any direction, and it may take longer time to travel.Kristina It will affect them in a way that they are not free to go in any direction.Grace The mogols* can travel freely in any directions becauseKok they also do not have traffic lights and are not constrained by the roads too.
Inputs from 3D students – Q2Fahmie It will be affected greatly because horses are not affected by traffic jams and traffic lights.Matthias Without horses they would travel more slower.Khalysha The Mongols travelling time would be delayed because they would have to cross roads and traffic lights.Jarren They would be constrained by roads and traffic lightsMah and would delay their time.
Paragraph 3After breakfast, I mount a runty blackMongolian pony and spur it across a tableof green grass. Its tack consists ofprimitive rope reins and a crude woodensaddle with a metal pommel and stuntedstirrups. Despite my best attempt at theMongolian supplication for equine speed –it sounds like “tchoo, tchoo” – I go a verylittle way very slowly.
Vocabulary List 3• Runty – small• Pommel – the high rounded part at the front of a horse’s saddle• Stirrups – metal rings in which someone riding a horse rests their feet• Supplication – appeal• Equine – related to horse
Paragraph 4Shortly after I dismount, we pull out ofcamp as sheep spill down the slopes likeants on hot sand and a modern herdsmansits astride a motorcycle preparing togather his cattle. I recall what our guidesaid earlier, “These days, you can’t reallyeke out a living from simply herding cattle.Yet, there’s little else to do here. Manylook beyond to supplement what theyalready are making.”
• From paragraph 4:• 3 What does the writer’s recollection of what the guide said earlier suggest about how the modern herdsman earns a living? [2 marks]• The modern herdsman cannot solely rely on herding cattle to make his living. He has to supplement it with some other work in order to make ends meet.• It suggests that the modern herdsman earns a living by working as a herder in the country and also working in the city area.
Inputs from 3B students – Q3Yong It suggests that the modern herdsman does not earn much as he only have a cattle.KangZoey It suggest that it was almost beyond imagination of how could they earn a living just by herding cattle.Too The Day* is simply too little.Amelia It suggests that the modern herdsman earn a living by selling things that are beyond what the peopleTan there could think of. As it is not easy to make a living.Fabian It suggests that the mordern* herdsman goes beyond herding the cattle to earn money.
Inputs from 3C students – Q3Boon The mordern* herdsmen herd cattleWee for his living.Eileen Making a living from simply herdingTan cattle are harder.Natasha It suggests that the herds man will sit astride a motorcycle preparing to gather his cattle and has two different jobs.Syafina It suggest that the mordern*
Inputs from 3D students – Q3Queenie People in Mogol* can’t live with sitting astride a motorcycle preparing to gather his cattle.Chloe Lim It suggests that the modern herdsman is very wealthy and is herding sheep as a hobby because as the writer recalls the guide’s words was that there was little to do here and one cannot make a living from herding cattle furthermore the modern herdman* was riding a motorcycle.Vaiytheesh It suggest that modern herdsman earns a living not just by herding cattle but also by mining.Jason Tan Now, it is much more difficult to earn a living when being a herdsman.
Paragraph 5• Several miles down the road we encounter a nomadic family – who has one foot in the old world – herding – and another in the modern world, mining. The grandparents own the two gers and are hosting for the short three-month summer break their 38-year-old daughter (seven other grown children are scattered throughout Mongolia) and her three children – the youngest is a one-month-old in a stroller and the oldest is Bulgaa, sixteen, who has a cell phone in her front pocket. Father is at home 250 miles away in Erdenet, a mining town that boasts the world’s fourth largest copper deposit. His salary has helped make them well-off by steppe standards. The main ger comfortably seats a dozen and we are served green milk tea, goat cheese, yogurt, bread, and aarwl – a milk and sugar candy.
Vocabulary List 4Steppe - an extensive plain, especially one without trees.
• From paragraph 5:• 4. What is meant by “by steppe standards”? [1 mark]• “By steppe standards” means “according to the ability of the people who live on the grasslands to make a living”.• It means according to the Mongols’ ways of living.
Inputs from 3B students – Q4Fabian “Steppe standards” means “thriftiness”.Hidayat It meant by the common and normal standards.Kenneth ‘By steppe standards’ meansXu according to each own’s quality.Justin It means that the father’s salary hasHo helped improve their lives to a great extent.
Inputs from 3C students – Q4Darius It means that even higher standards.LimSyafina It means to get good and having a high class paid.Desmond The money or income is more thanLuo enough.Shamila “Steppe standards” means by the standard of the Mongolian steppes.
Inputs from 3D students – Q4Jason It ment* by a longshot*.TanSamuel It means that compared to other Mongolian families,Lee his family was way better than them.Benedict It is by the Mongol countryside standard.Elisabeth It means ‘just enough’.
Paragraph 6A small TV is tuned to Mongolia’s Super Bowl, the Nadaam Festival.This festival is also locally termed, “the three games of men”. Theage-old games are Mongolian wrestling, horse racing and archerywhich are held throughout the country during the midsummerholidays. On the wall, a Mickey Mouse clock tells the time. Afreezer serves as table and for food storage. Bulgaa, who chewsgum as we speak, has a computer at home (and an email addressand High 5 online profile), and speaks English superbly. Despite theeconomic pull of the city, at least today she recognizes the power ofher grandparents’ nomadic roots. “I like the country better than thecity. It is prettier and freer. And the air is so fresh.” She doesadmit, though, that she has little time to relax here – she mustcollect dung and feed it to the stove and help herd the cattle.Despite her father’s mining work, the livestock remain central to thefamily’s life, which is why Bulgaa scored a linguistic coup when sheasked her grandmother: Uher mal targan uu? (Are the cattlefattening well?)
• From paragraph 6:• Coup – a brilliant victory• 5.Give one observation by the writer that shows the family’s thriftiness despite being well-off. [1 mark]• A freezer serves as table and for food storage.• The freezer is also used as a table.
VOCABULARY THRIFT – [Noun] having the quality of exercising care in using money.He is a man of thrift.He uses money thoughtfully. THRIFTY – [Adjective]He is a thrifty man.He uses money thoughtfully. THRIFTINESS - [Noun] The way he uses money demonstrates his thriftiness. He does not use it carelessly.
Inputs from 3B students – Q5Coen They still collect dung and feed it to theTay stove.Darren They still prefer living in the country side asCheah it is prettier, freer and the air is fresher.Jon Tan She still works very hard and hardly has time to relax.Simar One observation is that the family remains in the country side and do jobs which well-to-do families would not do but the family still believes in the family normadic* roots.
Inputs from 3C students – Q5Yan His life is improve.BiaoSean They have a small television in their ger.TooAzly He states that his family has the latest devices like a computer.Julia The observation is the writer has computer at home and speak English superbly.
Inputs from 3D students – Q5Wei Ren The observation is that the family has a computer and has an email address and a High 5 online profile.Ranjitha The family only had a small TV.Haziq The family living condition is very good because they have television, computers, freezers and can speak superbly english.Colin Giam Despite the economic pull of the city, at least today she recognises the poower of her grandparents’ nomadic roots.
From Paragraph 6 Question 6• 6.Explain in your own words two activities that kept Bulgaa busy even though she preferred the country to the city. [2 marks] The points dug out from the paragraph are:• She must collect dung and feed it to the stove and help herd the cattle.
Acronym - UYOWIf a question says1. to USE YOUR OWN WORDS, or2. To USE YOUR OWN WORDS, as far as possible…then you MUST use your own words.
Vocabulary List 5 – for UYOW• Collect – gather• Dung – droppings / faeces / excrement• Feed – fire• Stove – furnace• Herd – to look after the animals so that they can feed on the grass
6.Explain in your own words two activities that keptBulgaa busy even though she preferred the country tothe city. [2 marks] Firstly, she had to gather animal droppings to fire the furnace.  Secondly, she had to look after the cattle by taking them out on the grasslands so that they could feed.  She had to gather animals’ waste as fuel for cooking  and assist the family in moving the cattle from one place to another .
CATTLECATTLE - Always spelt in this way.There is no such a word – CATTLES.
Inputs from 3B students – Q6Vannetta She had destop* at home to entertain her and goodOng education.Nurul The two activities that kept Bulgaa busy was theShafiqah computer that she has at home for working purpose and also the economic problems that she has to face.Loh Zhi Wei The activity were “the three games of men” and the ago-******. This activit* keep her more relax.Sharifah She have a lot of things to do at home example chores. She must gather dung and spoon it to the stove and help herd the cattle.
Inputs from 3C students – Q6Jin Yang She collect dung and feed it to the stove and help to herd the cattle.Martin Lim Bulgaa had to collect faeces and feed it to the stove and herd the cattle.Izzaty She eats the food people the city eats and connects to the other people via internet.Azly She collects dung and feed the cattles* to burn off time*Boon Wee Bulgaa chewed on gum and played computer.Darius Lim Despite having to helpherd* the cattles* and clearing dung feed it to the stove.
Inputs from 3D students – Q6Mandy She had to collect the dung and feed it toChiang the stove and she also has to help look after the sheeps.Kumiko She had to help out by collecting dung and had to feed it to stove and help herd the cattle.Colin She had to collect feaces to feed the animal and move the cow.Kai Ting She have to retiveve* shit and stuff in to stove and herd the cattle.Say Kiat She must collect waste materials and put it in the stove and she has to maintain the cattle.
Paragraph 7 When we leave we pass a solitary basketballhoop and, then, the Ghengis Khan Golf Coursewith its condo-like apartments. Another countryclub looms ahead. Here and there are satellitedishes. We have been told that the Japaneseand South Koreans are investing heavily inMongolian tourism, building more and morecamps and hotels. I look at the mostly virginhills, the vast open spaces, and wonder howlong it will be before full-blown resorts pushthe herders off their ancestral lands.
From Paragraph 7 Question 7• Quote a sentence that shows the writer’s pessimistic view for the Mongols’ future. [1 mark]• I look at the mostly virgin hills, the vast open spaces, and wonder how long it will be before full-blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands.
Inputs from 3B students – Q7Sharifah They keep comparing their own country with another.Kimberley The sentence is “we have been told that the Japanese and South Koreans are investing heavily in Mongolian tourism, building more and more camps and hotels.Liang The sentence is “how long it will be beforeZhen full-blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands”.Vanetta The sentence is “wonder how long it will beOng before full-blown resortst push the herders off their ancestral lands”.
Inputs from 3C students – Q7Stephanie The sentence is “Another country club looms ahead”.Rachel The sentence is “We have been told that the Japanese and South Koreans are investing heavily in the Mongolian tourism,Foo building more and more camps and hotels.”.Julia “wonder how long it will be before full-blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands”. It shows the writer’s pessimistic view.Syafina The sentence is “It will be before full- blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands.
Inputs from 3D students – Q7Farhan The sentence is “how long it will be before full-blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands”.Germaine The sentence is “wonder how long it will be before full-blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands”.Kai Ting The sentence is “Another country club looms ahead.”Nurhanis The sentence is “wonder how long it will be before full-blown resorts push the herders off their ancestral lands”.
Question 8: SUMMARY• From the whole passage:• The passage above gives an insight into the Mongols’ traditional and modern ways of living through the writer’s travelling experiences.• Using your own words as far as possible, summarise what the writer observes and learns about the Mongols’ traditional and modern ways of living.• USE THE MATERIAL IN THE PASSAGE.• Your summary, which must be in continuous prose (not note form), must not be more than 150 words (not counting the words given to help you to begin).• Begin your summary as follows• The Mongols, through the lenses of the author, lead a…[25 marks]
Summary PointsTraditional• Miles of green, with occasional cluster of cattle• Mongolian pony’s tack consists of primitive rope reins and a crude wooden saddle• livestock remains central to the family’s life• served green milk tea, goat cheese, yogurt, bread and aarwl – a milk and sugar candy• Bulgaa speaks to the grandmother in Mongolian language, asking about the cattle
Summary PointsModern• modern herdsman sits astride a motorcycle, preparing to gather his cattle.• father works in a mining town and earns a salary.• the youngest is one-month-old in a stroller• Small television set, mickey mouse clock, computer and freezer• the game bowling replaces traditional games (archery, wrestling and horse racing) during the Naadam Festival.• Bulgaa chews gums• Bulgaa communicates using email and cell phone, and has an online profile• Bulgaa speaks English superbly• Solitary basketball hoop• golf course and condo-like apartments, country club• satellite dishes sighted• Japanese and South Koreans building more camps and hotels.