Marker's report 1127 english sec 3 el paper 2 final version

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Marker's report 1127 english sec 3 el paper 2 final version

  1. 1. Marker’ Marker’s Report English Language 1127 Paper 2 Secondary Two Mid Year Examinations 2011 Set, marked and reported by Yeo Yam Hwee Also7/16/2011 available at www.nekosan-nekosan.blogspot.com Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 1 Kuronekosan
  2. 2. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 2 Kuronekosan
  3. 3. YOU NEED TO HAVE A GOOD ENGLISH DICTIONARY WITH YOU AT HOME OR IN YOUR SCHOOL BAG. ALTERNATIVELY, LOG ON TO www.dictionary.com SO THAT YOU WILL ALWAYS HAVE AN ON-LINE REFERENCE WHENEVER YOU READ OR WRITE.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 3 Kuronekosan
  4. 4. WHAT DO WE NEED TO KNOW1. 1127 Paper 2 (Reading Comprehension and Summary Writing) is 50 marks.2. Maximum: 60 minutes to be spent on Comprehension and Vocabulary Questions.3. Maximum: 40 minutes to be spent on Summary Writing.4. Do not get stuck on ANY one question.5. Answer the questions in the ORDER set.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 4 Kuronekosan
  5. 5. SPECIFICALLY1. 1127 Paper 2 (Reading Comprehension and Summary Writing) is 50 marks.2. YOU MUST READ THE QUESTIONS FIRST, PLOT THE QUESTION SKELETON AND THEN READ THE PASSAGES within 7 – 10 minutes.3. Maximum: 50 minutes to be spent on Comprehension and Vocabulary Questions.4. Maximum: 40 minutes to be spent on Summary Writing.5. Do not get stuck on ANY one question.6. Answer the questions in the ORDER set.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 5 Kuronekosan
  6. 6. WATCH and BEAT THE CLOCK 1127 Paper 2 – Comprehension 1 HOUR and Summary Writing Paper 40 MINUTES Reading the questions 7 – 10 Reading the insert passages Marking out the answer skeleton MINUTES Naturally you will need to refer to the questions and the insert passages time and again during the duration of the examination. Working on the Comprehension And Vocabulary Questions 40 MINUTES Working on the Summary Writing 40 MINUTES CHECKING THROUGH YOUR 10 MINUTES ANSWER SCRIPT7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 6 Kuronekosan
  7. 7. The Answer Skeleton – Q1 (1m) For a ONE-mark 1 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX question, leave two lines for writing XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX down your answer.INDICATETHEQUESTION Leave 3 lines empty before youNUMBERS begin writing down your answerCLEARLY. to the next question. 2 YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 7 Kuronekosan
  8. 8. Why bother to leave 3 lines? Scratch away the 1 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX answer you no longer need neatly and clearly. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXINDICATE Rewrite your preferred answer to Question 1THE QUESTION here. However, do not make it a habit.NUMBERS CLEARLY 2 YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 8 Kuronekosan
  9. 9. The Answer Skeleton – Q2 (2m) 2 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX For a TWO-mark question, leave FOUR lines for writing XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX down your answer. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXINDICATETHEQUESTION Leave 3 lines empty before youNUMBERS begin writing down your answerCLEARLY. to the next question. 3 ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 9 Kuronekosan
  10. 10. FOR THE 5 Vocabulary Questions – Q15 (5m) For each 1-mark 15(1) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX question, leave ONE line for writing down your answer. 15(2) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Leave 1 line empty before you begin writing down your answerto the next question.INDICATETHE XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXQUESTIONNUMBERSCLEARLY. “Tentatively” means “gingerly”. 15(5) “Offering” means “sacrifice”. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 10 Kuronekosan
  11. 11. FOR THE SUMMARY Question – Q16 (25m) 16 SUMMARY - FINAL DRAFT Write these words clearly.INDICATE THE The factors contributing to the demise of the tiger are……………..SUMMARYQUESTIONNUMBER Leave a line after every written line.CLEARLY. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx YOU SHOULD USE OTHER SHEETS OF PAPER TO WORK XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX OUT YOUR POINT ORGANISER AND YOUR FIRST DRAFT. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX(148 words) THEN ALWAYS Indicate clearly the total number of words, not BEGIN YOUR counting the helping words. SUMMARY FINAL DRAFT ON A NEW PAGE. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 11 Kuronekosan
  12. 12. The General Guidelines for Marking and Awarding of Marks• Read Passages A and B in the insert provided carefully before you attempt any questions. Answer all questions. You are recommended to answer them in the order set. Mistakes in spelling, punctuation and grammar may be penalized in any part of the paper.• GENERAL UNDERSTANDING FOR MARKING THE SCRIPTS:• Please do not deduct any marks for grammar / misspelling or punctuation sips when marking Questions 1 to 14.• Award marks for comprehension. When in doubt, ask ourselves – Did the answer deliver an understanding of the question asked?• Determine if the candidate has understood the question and provided a reasonable answer before awarding the marks.• Do not award ½ mark under any circumstances when scoring any 1 mark question.• For an incomplete answer to a 1-mark question, award no marks.• Guidelines to O level marking of Paper 2 applies.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 12 Kuronekosan
  13. 13. Marker’s Report1. Many students read but did not understand the passages A and / or B.2. Many students also read but did not understand most / some of the questions.3. Because of [1] and [2] above, most did not garner full marks because the answers were mostly incomplete.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 13 Kuronekosan
  14. 14. Markers’ Report 4. Weaker students also did not read the question and the information which accompanied the question carefully and use such information to their advantage when answering the question. The question concerns this paragraph. The answer also comes from an understanding achieved after readingFrom paragraph 3 information from this paragraph.7. Explain fully, in your own words as far as possible, why running away from the tsunami is a futile attempt. [2 marks]7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 14 Kuronekosan
  15. 15. Tear the question apart when reading it so that you do not miss out any one part of the Question7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 15 Kuronekosan
  16. 16. [1] Explain fully, [2] in your own words [3] as far as possible, [4] why running away from the tsunami [5] is a futile attempt. Tear the question apart when reading it so that you do not miss out any one part of the7/16/2011 Question Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 16 Kuronekosan
  17. 17. How much is the question worth? ASK YOURSELF – WHY?7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 17 Kuronekosan
  18. 18. Insert - Passage A Paragraph 1 All of those broken bones in northern Japan, all of those broken lives and those broken homes prompt us to remember what in calmer times we invariably forget: the most stern and chilling of mantras holds, quite simply, that mankind inhabits this earth subject to geological consent, which can be withdrawn at any time.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 18 Kuronekosan
  19. 19. All of those broken bones How painful is the experience in northern Japan, all of for the Japanese? those broken lives and Extremely painful and heart- those broken homes wrenching. prompt us to remember what in calmer times we Invariably – repeatedly / invariably forget: the most constantly / over and over again. stern and chilling of mantras holds, quite simply, Mantra – a principle that mankind inhabits this Mantra – truth Mantra – a rule earth subject to geological consent, which can be “Withdrawn” means “taken withdrawn at any time. back”, “taken away”.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 19 Kuronekosan
  20. 20. An aerial shot of homes caught in flames after being hit by a tsunami at Natori City in northern Japan.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 20 Kuronekosan
  21. 21. A man walks past the rubble and a building engulfed in flames in Iwaki (Fukushima Prefecture).7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 21 Kuronekosan
  22. 22. Sendai Airport is flooded during a tsunami in Sendai, northeastern Japan. The tsunami was a consequence of the 8.9 earthquake that hit Japan.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 22 Kuronekosan
  23. 23. Insert - Passage A Paragraph 1 Northeast Region Japan Quake 20117/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 23 Kuronekosan
  24. 24. Natori, Miyagi prefecture, April 11, 2011Members of the Japan Self-Defense Force and firemen hold a moment of silence forthe victims of the earthquake and the tsunami. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 24 Kuronekosan
  25. 25. Ishinomaki, Miyagi prefecture, April 10, 2011 Tsunami survivor Kenichi Kurosawa and his friends write "Ganbaro!," or "Hang in there," on a billboard lit up by car headlights nearly one month after the area was devastated by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 25 Kuronekosan
  26. 26. Destroyed A man walks through Onagawa, Miyagi prefecture, on April 10, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 26 Kuronekosan
  27. 27. Grim Task Members of the Metropolitan Police Department search for victims of the tragedy in Rikuzentakata, Miyagi prefecture, on April 9, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 27 Kuronekosan
  28. 28. Barely Standing A destroyed building in Otsuchi, Iwate prefecture, on April 9, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 28 Kuronekosan
  29. 29. Yamamoto, Miyagi prefecture, April 8, 2011 Members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces bow to pay respect to unidentified victims of the earthquake and tsunami.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 29 Kuronekosan
  30. 30. Insert - Passage A Paragraph 17/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 30 Kuronekosan
  31. 31. Insert - Passage A Paragraph 2 For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011. One moment, all were going about their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake. At first, the shock was merely a much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well accustomed. There came a stunned silence as there always does. However, minutes later, a low rumble from the east, the coastal waters off the northern Honshu vanished, sucked mysteriously out to sea. The rumbling continued. People began to spy a ragged white line on the horizon, and, with unimaginable ferocity, the line became clear as a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height. Seconds later, these Pacific Ocean waters hit the Japanese seawalls, surmounted them with careless ease and began to claw across the land beyond, in what would become a dispassionate and detached orgy of utter destruction. The sturdy buildings that survived the quake were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry- docked boats on the roofs of buildings and shuffled houses like playing cards. There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 31 Kuronekosan
  32. 32. For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011. One moment, all were going about their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake. At first, the shock was merely a much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well accustomed. There came a stunned silence as there always does. However, minutes later, a low rumble from the east, the coastal waters off the northern Honshu vanished, sucked mysteriously out to sea. The rumbling continued. People began to spy a ragged white line on the horizon, and, with unimaginable ferocity, the line became clear as a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height. Seconds later, these Pacific Ocean waters hit the Japanese seawalls, surmounted them with careless ease and began to claw across the land beyond, in what would become a dispassionate and detached orgy of utter destruction. The sturdy buildings that survived the quake were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry-docked boats on the roofs of buildings and shuffled houses like playing cards. There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 32 Kuronekosan
  33. 33. Ragged white lines on the horizon7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 33 Kuronekosan
  34. 34. A stretch of seawall7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 34 Kuronekosan
  35. 35. COASTAL TOWN7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 35 Kuronekosan
  36. 36. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 36 Kuronekosan
  37. 37. PA P2 Q1 – 1 mark Quote a sentence which tells you that the normal lives of the Japanese were being disrupted by the forces of nature on 11 March 2011. ANSWER: The normal lives of the Japanese One moment, all were going about their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake.The disruption from the forces of nature That day – 11 March 2011 HOW TO MARK: • Incomplete answer / Incomplete sentence / Any other sentence = 0 • Any part of the sentence being left out, intentionally or otherwise = 0 • Answer must clearly show candidate’s understanding of what a sentence is. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 37 Kuronekosan
  38. 38. PA-P2-Q1: Students’ input included: All were going about their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake. For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011. At first, the shock was merely a much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well accustomed. There came a stunned silence as there always does. All these are unacceptable.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 38 Kuronekosan
  39. 39. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q1Raiyan Matin The sentence is “For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2.46 p.m. on 11 March 2011”.Liang Zhen The sentence is “all were going about their day-to-day business and the ground began to shake”.Jerhythm The sentence is “their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake”.Hosea Ho The sentence is “There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables.”. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 39 Kuronekosan
  40. 40. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q1Farah Nabilah The sentence is “seconds later, these Pacific Ocean hit the Japanese seawalls, surmounted them with careless ease and began to claw across the land beyond.”Evyn Woon The sentence is “For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness of 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011.”.Sharifah Farah The sentence is “People began to spy a ragged white line on the horizon, and, with unimaginable ferocity, the line became clear as a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height.”Vandetta Ong The sentence is “Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food.” 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 40 Kuronekosan
  41. 41. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q1Julia The sentence is “all were going about their day to day business and then the ground began to shake”.Felicia Poh The sentence is “The three storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry-docked boats on the roof of buildings and shuffled houses like playing cards”.Neo Yew The sentence is “the ground began to shake”.ChuanWan Shun The sentence is “There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables”. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 41 Kuronekosan
  42. 42. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q1Yan Biao The sentence is “this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 pm on 11 March 2011”.Bai Bo Cheng For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 pm on 11 March 2011.Azly Mohd The sentence is “At first, the shock was merely a much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well accustomed”.Marcus Ma The sentence is “Seconds later, these Pacific Ocean waters hit the Japanese sea walls, summounted them with careless ease and began to claw across the land beyond, in what would become dispassionate and7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 42 detached orgyKuronekosan of utter destruction”.
  43. 43. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q1Clement The sentence is ‘this consent was withdrawnFoo with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m.”Hazmie The sentence is “For the Japanese, thisAfiq concert was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011”.Mairah The sentence is ‘all were going about their day to day business and then the ground began to shake.’Matthias The sentence is “going about day to day bussiness when the ground shake”.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 43 Kuronekosan
  44. 44. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q1 The sentence is ‘For the Japanese, this consent wasElizabeth withdrawn with shocking suddeness at 2.46 an 11 March 2011.’ “However, minutes later, a low rumble from the east, theAlysha coastal waters off the northern Honshu vanished, sucked mysteriously out of the sea.” tells me that the normal lives of the Japanese were being disrupted by the forces of nature on 11 march 2011. People stopped diving under tables. Those who made itYu Qi safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold. In lines that stretched for hours for water and food. The sentence is “The three-storey wall of water dissolvedYi Qi coastal towns, dry-docked boats on the roofs of bulidings (sic) and survied (sic) the quake were ravaged by the7/16/2011 waves.” Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 44 Kuronekosan
  45. 45. PA-P2-Q1: Advice to studentsQuote a sentence which tells you thatthe normal lives of the Japanese were Understand the conceptsbeing disrupted by the forces of nature ofon 11 March 2011. Sentence Verb Clause Adjective Expression Adverb Phrase Noun Always look for the given One moment, all were sentence which contains going about their day- the closest meaning to-day business and to what is being then the ground began paraphrased or explained to shake. to you by the setter.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 45 Kuronekosan
  46. 46. PA P2 Q2 (2 marks) What does the expression, “unimaginable ferocity” (line 13) suggest about the nature of the waves?ANSWER: The waves were extremely powerful and/or violent (= ferocity) [1] , quite beyond what anybody could ever think of (= unimaginable) [1]. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 46 Kuronekosan
  47. 47. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q2Wesley Tei The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggest that the nature of the waves were really huge and how fearful it was that no one could imagine how strong was it.Fila “Unimaginable ferocity” suggest that the nature of the waves was unbelieveably pulled back far away from the shore.Benson Lim It mean “the people had never imagine this kind of wave before.”Yong Kang The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggests that the nature of the waves are surprising dangerous. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 47 Kuronekosan
  48. 48. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q2Darren Cheah It suggest that the waves were very violent, so violent that it was unimaginable.Nurul It suggested that the nature of the waves is unpredictable asShafiqah at any point of time, it can just swept away the whole island.Sharifah Farah The expression “unimaginable ferocity” tells us that “they were curious and frightened what will happen next”.Jon Tan It suggest that the waves were fierce. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 48 Kuronekosan
  49. 49. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q2Coen Tay The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggest that the waves were unthinkable and fierce.Justin Ho It suggests that the waves coming in was very fast in speed and fierce in the mount of power it had.Simapreet It suggests that the waves can get very nasty such that no one would ever believe it can happen.Jonathan The expression tells me that the force of the wave was veryChow strong and it was moving very swiftly. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 49 Kuronekosan
  50. 50. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q2Farah Nabilah The expression of “unimaginable ferocity” is very big and scary and can’t be imagine.Evyn Woon It suggests that the waves were rushing towards the shore with such speed that it was as if the waves were at the people.Lee Xin Wei It suggest that the waves is unimaginable big and strong.Doris Lim The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggest that the waves were so strong and nobody expected it to be so big and sudden. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 50 Kuronekosan
  51. 51. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q2Yee Ning The “unimaginable ferocity” suggest the nature of the waves were beyond what the people expected and it was extremely strong.Xu Hui It suggests the nature of the waves is very strong and powerful.Darius Lim It sugest that the waves are very strong and huge.Boon Wee The nature of the waves are very strong and unexpected.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 51 Kuronekosan
  52. 52. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q2Martin Lim It sugest that the line became clear as a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height.Julia The expression of “unimaginable ferocity” suggest about the waves have reach the highest height.Izzaty It suggest that the waves were so much stronger than you ever expect.Stephanie Ng The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggest that the nature of waves are very strong and it swept back inshore at great7/16/2011 height. WrittenKuronekosan Hwee by Yeo Yam 52
  53. 53. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q2Rebecca Tan It suggest that it is incredible and shocking.Deborah Tan It is unpredictable and very strong.Madeline Tan It suggest that the nature of the waves is beyond our imaginary and it is strong.Felicia Poh The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggest that ‘nobody will know or understand how strong the waves is and nobody had thought that the waves will be so7/16/2011 strong’. Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 53 Kuronekosan
  54. 54. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Elizabeth It suggests that the waves were so unbelievingly huge and it caused a shock for the Japanese.Khalysha It suggests that the waves were unexpectedly very violent.Matthias It meant that the waves was very strong and deadly.Chloe Lim It suggests that the nature of the waves creates a very strong impact when hit 7/16/2011 and is very ferocious. Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 54 Kuronekosan
  55. 55. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Jarren The nature of the waves is very strongMah and is very ferocious. It can kill people.Colin The nature of the waves is three-story high, itGiam dissolved coastal towns and the nature of the waves is stronger then expected.Fahmie The waves were more ferocious than one can imagine.Jian Xin The expression suggest that the nature of the wave is very frightening to the people and scary.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 55 Kuronekosan
  56. 56. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Jin Hui It suggest the wave were naturally fierce and it could homes and buildings.Germaine The expression “unimaginable ferocity” suggest that the waves were unbelievably scary.Peng The nature of the waves is too high andKeat huge to imagine.Kai Ting The nature of the waves was so strong and it is wild that you are unable to think of.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 56 Kuronekosan
  57. 57. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Mairah The expression ‘unimaginable ferocity’ means that the waves hit Japan hard with force and it was at a very fast speed.Queenie It suggest that the waves are something people will not think of as it is huge.Kumiko It suggest that the waves are so tragic that is beyond our imagination.Say Kiat It suggests that the nature of the waves were very frightening.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 57 Kuronekosan
  58. 58. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Edgard The waves were very strong and moved very fast.Mandy It mean unthinkable height.ChangRanjitha It suggests that the nature of the waves was atrocious and very fierce.Haziq The expression suggest that the wave is heading to the shore at great height.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 58 Kuronekosan
  59. 59. PA P2 Q2 (2 marks)HOW TO MARK:• Accept any other answers which MUST adequately explain the expression.• Award full marks so long as BOTH words in the expression are being adequately explained.• Award 1 mark if the given answer is correct but only provides a partial explanation of the given expression. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 59 Kuronekosan
  60. 60. PA P2 Q2 (2 marks)HOW TO MARK:• Do not award any marks if there is any contradiction in the answer.• Do not award any marks if these words “ferocity”, “ferociousness”, “ferocious”, “imagination”, “imagined”, “imagine” or “image” are found in any part of the student’s answer. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 60 Kuronekosan
  61. 61. PA P2 Q2: Advice for Students What does the expression, “unimaginable ferocity” (line 13) suggest about the nature of the waves? You may not see the phrase, “USE YOUR OWN WORDS” or “USE YOUR OWN WORDS AS FAR AS POSSIBLE”, you will have to understand that this question challenges you to explain the use of the two words (actually a phrase). You cannot use the same two words in any other forms when explaining by penning down your answer. This question deals with both VOCABULARY and LANGUAGE USE.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 61 Kuronekosan
  62. 62. PA P2 Q2: Advice for StudentsWhat does the expression, “unimaginable ferocity” (line 13) suggest aboutthe nature of the waves?ASK YOURSELVES IF THIS IS A VALID ANSWER?This expression tells me that the nature of the waves is so ferocious that its force is beyond what the Japanese can imagine. *Language use – In a conversation, there is an opportunity for the parties involved to seek further clarification with regard to the above uttered response. However, when penning down your answer in a formal examination in the use of English Language, the above answer has barely attempted to explain anything.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 62 Kuronekosan
  63. 63. PA P2 Q2: Advice for Students What does the expression, “unimaginable ferocity” (line 13) suggest about the nature of the waves? Avoid all these directly related words:NOUN VERB ADVERB ADJECTIVEImagination To imagine Imaginably Be imaginable*Unimagination To *unimagine Unimaginably Be unimaginableImaginativeness Imaginatively Be imaginative Unimaginatively Be unimaginativeFerociousness Ferociously Be ferociousFerocity 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 63 Kuronekosan
  64. 64. Why is knowledge of word class a prerequisite? What does the expression, “unimaginable ferocity” (line 13) suggest about the nature of the waves? NOUN: What is so Unimaginable ferocity “Unimaginable”? ADJECTIVE: “Unimaginable” describes the word “ferocity”. What kind of “ferocity”?7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 64 Kuronekosan
  65. 65. PA P2 Q2: Advice for StudentsDo not tear apart the phrase to attempt an explanation. You willmore likely than not, produce a misinterpretation such as the one Iam showing here:“Unimaginable ferocity” suggests that the waves were unexpectedand they were powerful. (from an actual candidate’s script)versus“Unimaginable ferocity” suggests that the waves were unexpectedlypowerful.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 65 Kuronekosan
  66. 66. PA P2 Q3 ( 1 mark)• “…a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height” (lines 13 – 14). How high was it being reported to be?• ANSWER:• It was three-storey high.• HOW TO MARK:• Award no marks to any other answers given. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee Kuronekosan 66
  67. 67. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q3Fang Yin It was being reported to be a extremely high waves.Aishwarya It was reported to be at the height of the horizon.Liang It is enough to surmounted theZhen Japanese seawalls with ease and clwa across the land.Stephen The height of the waves were very high.Cheong7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 67 Kuronekosan
  68. 68. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q3Farah It was told that it was high enough to swept all the people and destroy the houses,Nabilah schools and more. It was three story wall.Justin It was reported to be so high to theHo point that it can destroy and topple buildings.Yong It was to b as high as the JapaneseKang seawalls.Fila The waves were going back further away from the shore and it is going to7/16/2011 be very Written by Yeo Yam Hwee high. 68 Kuronekosan
  69. 69. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q3Yee Ning It was reported to be as high as ten metres.Yan Biao The wave is very high, even it is over the seawall.Xu Hui More than ten metres.Julia The highest level.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 69 Kuronekosan
  70. 70. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q3Qi En It was so high that it swept the houses that was build near to the sea.Chloe It was high enough to hit the JapaneseWong seawalls.Bo Cheng It being reported to very high, it is like a wave cross a wall.Aysha The wave was 3 storey high.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 70 Kuronekosan
  71. 71. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Clement It is reported to be the people began ot spy a ragged white line on the horizon and with unimaginable ferocity the line become clear as a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height.Zachary It was being reported that the waves is asSer high as the Japanese seawalls.Kai Ting It was reported the waves was at a great height.Peng It was reported to be as high as theKeat seawalls.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 71 Kuronekosan
  72. 72. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q3Germaine It was reported as high as the horizon.Queenie It is reported to be as high as the buildings in Japan.Haziq It is very high because the waves hit the seawalls.Edgard It wsa being reported to be very high.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 72 Kuronekosan
  73. 73. How to look for the answer to PA P2 Q3? For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011. One moment, all were going about their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake. At first, the shock was merely a much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well accustomed. There came a stunned silence as there always does. However, minutes later, a low rumble from the east, the coastal waters off the northern Honshu vanished, sucked mysteriously out to sea. The rumbling continued. People began to spy a ragged white line on the horizon, and, with unimaginable ferocity, the line became clear as a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height. Seconds later, these Pacific Ocean waters hit the Japanese seawalls, surmounted them with careless ease and began to claw across the land beyond, in what would become a dispassionate and detached orgy of utter destruction. The sturdy buildings that survived the quake were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry-docked boats on the roofs of buildings and shuffled houses like playing cards. There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 73 Kuronekosan
  74. 74. • “…a wall of waves For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 swept back March 2011. One moment, all were going about inshore at great their day-to-day business and then the ground began to shake. At first, the shock was merely a height” (lines 13 – much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well 14). How high accustomed. There came a stunned silence as there always does. However, minutes later, a low was it being rumble from the east, the coastal waters off the reported to be? northern Honshu vanished, sucked mysteriously out to sea. The rumbling continued. People began to spy a ragged white line on the horizon, and, with unimaginable ferocity, theLook out for the sentence in which line became clear as a wall of waves sweptthe quoted words (in brackets) from the back inshore at great height. Seconds later,question come from. The answer is these Pacific Ocean waters hit the Japaneseusually nearer to you than you think. seawalls, surmounted them with careless easeSo always be patient by going through and began to claw across the land beyond, ineach and every sentence. what would become a dispassionate and detached orgy of utter destruction. The sturdy buildings that survived the quake were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry-docked boats on Look for any the roofs of buildings and shuffled houses like playing cards. There were so many aftershocks sentence which that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the sheds the light on the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food. issue of HEIGHT. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 74 Kuronekosan
  75. 75. Mass Burial A Buddhist monk chants prayers before burying unidentified victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Yamamoto, Miyagi prefecture, on April 8, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 75 Kuronekosan
  76. 76. Royal Greeting Emperor Akihito speaks with evacuees from Fukushima at a shelter in Kazo, Saitama prefecture, on April 8, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 76 Kuronekosan
  77. 77. Ishinomaki, Miyagi prefecture, April 7, 2011 A man stands before Kadonowaki Elementary School, which was damaged by the earthquake and tsunami.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 77 Kuronekosan
  78. 78. Wasteland A man walks through a devastated part of Ishinomaki, Miyagi prefecture, on April 7, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 78 Kuronekosan
  79. 79. Temporary Home On March 27, 2011, an evacuation center in Kesennuma, Miyagi prefecture is full of locals who lost their homes in the earthquake and tsunami, their numbers swelled by others escaping the radiation from the stricken nuclear power plant in Fukushima. With evacuees packed so closely together, privacy is almost non-existent.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 79 Kuronekosan
  80. 80. Tucked In A tsunami victim wraps herself up in a blanket as she sleeps inside a shelter in Ofunato, Iwate prefecture on March 25, 2011. It has been reported that indoor temperatures at some of the evacuation centers can plummet down to mid-30s Fahrenheit.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 80 Kuronekosan
  81. 81. Resting Survivors sit on top of blankets that cushion the hard floor of an evacuation center in Kamaishi, Iwate prefecture on March 24, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 81 Kuronekosan
  82. 82. Special VisitCrown Prince Naruhito and PrincessMasako pay a visit to bring words of encouragement to the evacueesresiding in the Ajinomoto Stadium in Tokyo on April 6, 2011. Manyevacuees here are from Fukushima. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 82 Kuronekosan
  83. 83. Clean Shave A man smiles as he gets a shave from volunteers at a shelter in Minamisanriku, Miyagi prefecture on March 29, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 83 Kuronekosan
  84. 84. PA P2 Q4 (2 marks)• Explain fully why people stopped diving under tables (lines 20 – 21).• ANSWER:• There were so many aftershocks which made it useless / futile / dangerous for people to hide under the tables anymore. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 84 Kuronekosan
  85. 85. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q4 People stopped diving under the tables because they knowZoey Too that nothing could help if they do that, its tsunami and not earthquake. They should be going for the highest floor in a tall building. People stopped diving under the tables because the thingsRaiyan in the buildings randomly move, which makes being under the table an extremely unsafe place, which as a result caused people to stop diving under tables. They stopped diving under tables as they were demoralisedRemus due to the amount of aftershocks that happened after theOng wall of waves struck. People stopped diving under tables because the three-Aish storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry-docked boats on the roofs of building and shuffled houses like playing cards. There were too many aftershocks too.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 85 Kuronekosan
  86. 86. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q4Liang Zhen As they are used to the aftershocks tha happened many times in their country and were apparently unaware of the waves.Jerhythem They stopped diving under tables as there was a tsunami coming towards them.Stephen Hiding under tables help prevent earthquake but not huge waves.Lester It is as there were so many aftershocks that houses were shuffled about which made it dangerous and impossible to dive under tables. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 86 Kuronekosan
  87. 87. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q4Wan Shun Even by seeking of shelter could not be of any help.Yee Ning People stop diving under tables because there was a tsunami attack and it is destroying the homes in Japan.Yan Biao Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark. in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for warter and food.Xu Hui It was because there were so many aftershocks and they made it safely to higher ground. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 87 Kuronekosan
  88. 88. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q4Darius Lim When the earthquakes happens the people would hide below their table and when flood came they are under the table and they died.Boon Wee They would drown if they dive under tables and not go to higher placesRebecca Tan They stopped diving under tables because it wasn’t just the earthquake but also the tsunami. They went under the tables for protection from the earthquake.Deborah Tan There were many aftershocks.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 88 Kuronekosan
  89. 89. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q4Elyana People stopped as there were too many aftershocks.Samuel The people got used to the aftershocks.Lee The people stopped diving under tables because theyGrace realised that the earthquake had shook the seabed and itTan caused a tsunami and it was coming their way. People would only need to dive under the table if there wasJason en earthquake. The people are not trying to hide from anTan earthquake but a tsunami. Therefore, there was no need to dive under the table.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 89 Kuronekosan
  90. 90. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q4Wei Jun People stopped diving under tables because tehre was tsunami after the tremors which shocked the people.Benedict There were too many aftershocks, so theAng people thought that the tremors were just another aftershock.Wei Ren There was aftershocks after aftershocks so the people stopped diving under tables as they will be repeating this process over and over again.Yi Qi The people was used to the aftershocks and they might go to higher ground that make7/16/2011 them much safe. Yam Hwee Written by Yeo 90 Kuronekosan
  91. 91. PA P2 Q4 (2 marks)You are expected toget PART of the answereither DIRECTLY orINDIRECTLY from the ExplainRELEVANT AREA ofPARAGRAPH 2. fully why peopleBUT you cannot just stopped diving undertake the answer. You tables (lines 20 – 21).must provide yourown intelligent explanationwhy certain thingshappened or needed tohappened. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 91 Kuronekosan
  92. 92. For the Japanese, this consent was withdrawn with shocking suddenness at 2:46 p.m. on 11 March 2011. One moment, all were going about their day-to-day business and then the ground began to WITHIN THE shake. At first, the shock was merely a much stronger and rather longer version of the tremors to which most Japanese are well PARAGRAPH, PICK accustomed. There came a stunned silence as there always does. However, minutes later, a low rumble from the east, the coastal waters OUT WHERE off the northern Honshu vanished, sucked mysteriously out to sea. The rumbling continued. People began to spy a ragged white line on THE SENTENCE IN THE ferocity, the line became clear as the horizon, and, with unimaginable QUESTION COMES a wall of waves swept back inshore at great height. Seconds later, these Pacific Ocean waters hit the Japanese seawalls, surmounted FROM: them with careless ease and began to claw across the land beyond, in what would become a dispassionate and detached orgy of utter destruction. The sturdy buildings that survived the quake were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry-docked boats on the roofs of buildings and shuffled houses like There were so many playing cards. aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food. by Yeo Yam Hwee7/16/2011 Written 92 Kuronekosan
  93. 93. A WORD OF CAUTION IT IS NOT ALWAYS HELPFUL TO THINK THAT A READY ANSWER TO THE QUESTION CAN BE FOUND IN THE SENTENCE BEFORE “There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables.” OR AFTER. It all depends on how much is being said before on the same SPECIFIC topic and how much is being elaborate afterwards on the same topic.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 93 Kuronekosan
  94. 94. …The sturdy buildings that survived the quake Same or Different ? were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry- docked boats on the roofs of buildings and There shuffled houses like playing cards. were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 94 Kuronekosan
  95. 95. The sentence BEFORE it is not dealing with HIDING under TABLES. This is quite clear to us that this sentence is a one- off The sentence AFTER it is not dealing with HIDING under TABLES. comment.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 95 Kuronekosan
  96. 96. …TheDifferent sturdy buildings that survived the quake were ravaged by the waves. The three-storey wall of water dissolved coastal towns, dry- docked boats on the roofs of buildings and There shuffled houses like playing cards. were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. Those who made it safely to higher ground waited in the dark, in the cold, in lines that stretched for hours for water and food. Different7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 96 Kuronekosan
  97. 97. Your Relevant Area of Text has been reduced to…7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 97 Kuronekosan
  98. 98. So why did they stop diving under tables? REASON 1 – which is given to you in the sentence which we have narrowed down: There were too many aftershocks7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 98 Kuronekosan
  99. 99. If your answer ends here, you have NOT explained fully. It is an incomplete answer. You will receive only ONE mark.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 99 Kuronekosan
  100. 100. Standard Procedure Take Cover Under Tables7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 100 Kuronekosan
  101. 101. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 101 Kuronekosan
  102. 102. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 102 Kuronekosan
  103. 103. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 103 Kuronekosan
  104. 104. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 104 Kuronekosan
  105. 105. So what couldwe do?7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 105 Kuronekosan
  106. 106. So what makes your answer complete? We now know, that the reason is: THERE ARE TOO MANY AFTERSHOCKS… We ask further, SO why did they stop diving under tables?7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 106 Kuronekosan
  107. 107. YOU NEED TO DO SOME REASONING BEYOND THE WRITTEN INFORMATION There were too many aftershocks which were likely to make people lose confidence in hiding under tables, thinking that it was a pointless thing to do. There were too many aftershocks which probably made people lose hope in hiding under tables, thinking that it was too dangerous for them to do so.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 107 Kuronekosan
  108. 108. 1m 1m7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 108 Kuronekosan
  109. 109. PA P2 Q4 (2 marks)HOW TO MARK:• Award 2 marks if these two parts are found in the answer:• There were so/too many aftershocks.• It was useless / futile / dangerous for them to hide under tables anymore. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 109 Kuronekosan
  110. 110. PA P2 Q4 (2 marks)• Award 1 mark if only this is found in the answer:• There were so/too many aftershocks.BUT• Do not award any marks if only this is found in the answer:• It was useless / futile / dangerous for them to hide under tables. Yam Hwee 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo 110 Kuronekosan
  111. 111. PA P2 Q4 (2 marks) Read the following sentence carefully and then you will see that the answer is found within it. There were so many aftershocks that people stopped diving under tables. There were so many aftershocks. So much so that people stopped diving under tables. It probably would not do them any good at all.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 111 Kuronekosan
  112. 112. PA P2 Q4 (2 marks) If the candidate’s answer demonstrated his or her understanding of the futility of the people and / or sense of danger in trying to hide for safety under the tables, then marks would have been appropriately awarded. Even if the given answer was incorrect (as in not given as “there were too many aftershocks) , as long as the student backed up what they thought had caused the people’s feeling of futility or sense of danger, the answer was accorded with one mark. There might however, be exceptions where I felt no marks should be given. These exceptional cases, I wish to reassure you, have been consistently attended to. Best luck next time to those affected. However, if the candidate merely provided this answer: “It was useless / dangerous (and so on) for them to do so”, then I am afraid, no marks would have been awarded because the explanation is clearly incomplete.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 112 Kuronekosan
  113. 113. PA P2 Q5 (1 mark)• The survivors “waited in lines that stretched for hours for food and water” (line 22). What does this suggest about the progress of outside help to them?• ANSWER:• Outside help took a long time to reach the survivors. (acceptable: a very long time)• Outside help was slow to reach the survivors. (acceptable: very slow)• Outside help had difficulties reaching the survivors.• Outside help was not efficient enough to reach the survivors.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 113 Kuronekosan
  114. 114. PA P2 Q5 (1 mark)• HOW TO MARK:• Award 1 mark to any other suitable answer which adequately addresses “the progress of outside help”.• Do not accept:• There was little progress. ( This answer conveniently labels “progress” which is not what the question is asking the candidate to do. The phrase “little progress” also begs the question: how so? )• It is the “pace” which is “ongoing” that has to be addressed.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 114 Kuronekosan
  115. 115. PA P2 Q5 (1 mark)• If the candidate’s answer leans towards “outcome” or “extent” or prescribes by handing down a “judgement”, he is not dealing with any suggestion of “progress”.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 115 Kuronekosan
  116. 116. PA P2 Q5 (1 mark)• Do not accept:• Outside help was insufficient or Outside help was insufficient enough.• Outside help was ineffective or Outside help was ineffective enough.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 116 Kuronekosan
  117. 117. Insert - Passage A Paragraph 3 Japan is at the junction of a web of tectonic plate boundaries that makes it more peculiarly vulnerable to seismic activities than almost anywhere else. Besides geography, topography also played an especially tragic role too – for it is an axiom known to all those who dwell by high-tsunami-risk coastlines that when the sea sucks back, you run inland and, if at all possible, you run uphill. However, in this corner of northeast Japan, with its wide plains of rice meadows and ideal factory sites and conveniently flat airport locations, there may well be a great deal of inland – but there is almost no uphill. So the reality is this: if a monstrous wave is chasing you inland at the speed of a jetliner, and if the flat terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath, then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and its forces will pulverise you out of all recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 117 Kuronekosan
  118. 118. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q5Lester It suggests that it was very slow.Stephen It means progress of outside help isChong very little.Hosea Ho It suggest the progress of outside help ws not enough.Jerhythm It suggest that the progress of outside help to them were very slow as it took hours for water and food to come to the survivors.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 118 Kuronekosan
  119. 119. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q5Liang The progress must have been slow and rather ineffective.ZhenAish It suggests that the progress of outside help to them was very slow.Remus This suggests that there is not much progress of outside help to them as there are not many peopleOng helping out and lack of food and water to be given out.Raiyan It showed that outside help has not reachedMatin them. If outside help had reached them, it would not be so long to receive supply of7/16/2011 food and WrittenKuronekosan Hwee water. Yam by Yeo 119
  120. 120. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q5Ng Wan Shun There were too many people in need of help that the progress of outside help to them were very slow.Yee Ning This suggest that the progress of outside help to them seems very long and slow as if water and food will never ever reach them.Yan Biao The government may help them to get food and water to survive.Darius Lim It suggests that outside help to them is not much from other countries yet. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 120 Kuronekosan
  121. 121. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q5Boon Wee They waited for help but there was nobody.Rebecca Tan It suggest that the progress for help is quite slow as the people had to wait for hours for food and water. But is quick to send food and water for them. Help is given when needed, in time.Madeline Tan It suggest that the outside helper are slow.Felicia Poh It was quite slow therefore they have to wait in the dark, cold and that stretched for hours.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 121 Kuronekosan
  122. 122. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q5Yu Qi It suggest about the progres of outside help to them is not enough, is very less.Alysha The progress of outside help to them were not sufficient as they had to wait for hours for food and water.Elizabeth It suggest that the help from outside is fast and that they show care for the survivors of the horrible event.Khalysha It suggests that the outside help that they were receiving was very limited 7/16/2011 and the WrittenKuronekosan Hwee slow. by Yeo Yam progress was 122
  123. 123. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q5Matthias This suggested that help arrived very fast.Chloe Lim It suggests that the progress of outside was insufficient and slow leaving survivors to wait for hours for food and water.Jarren It suggests that the help outside was uselessMah and the progress took very long.Colin There were limited progress of outside helpGiam because many houses had been destroyed.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 123 Kuronekosan
  124. 124. PA P3 Q6 (1 mark)• What is the wisest thing to do for those living along high-tsunami-risk coastlines during a tsunami attack?• The wisest thing in this sentence refers to “the axiom” (Passage A Line 26) which is a complete understanding or knowledge held by the people living under similar conditions. It does not break up into discrete courses of action. It refers to the full course of action.• ANSWER:• The people should run inland and then run uphill.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 124 Kuronekosan
  125. 125. PA P3 Q6 (1 mark)• HOW TO MARK:• Do not accept any PART or INCOMPLETE answer.• Do not accept any answer which changes the meaning of the original advice given in the passage. This is a wrong answer:• The people should run inland OR run uphill. (The original text does not provide any choice in this sense at all.)7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 125 Kuronekosan
  126. 126. PA P3 Q6 (1 mark) This is not a TRICK question. However, for candidates who had not been awarded any marks, you might just get that feeling. If you have gotten it WRONG, do not be too upset about it. When I set this question, I had wanted to test your ability to do close and accurate reading. For those of you who got it right because you had simply lifted from the passage, I would also wish to say that, not all lifting is bad. But do so at your on risk. MORAL of the story: Do not underestimate the power of CONNECTIVES such as AND, OR, EITHER…OR, NEITHER…NOR, IN SPITE OF. DESPITE and so on.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 126 Kuronekosan
  127. 127. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q6Remus The wisest thing to do for those livign along high- tsunami-risk coastline during a tsunami attack is toOng run away from the tide and to get to higher ground.Jerhythm The wisest thing to do is to get to high ground area.Stephen You either run inland or uphill.CheongHosea Ho The wisest thing to do is to run inland and if possible, run uphill.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 127 Kuronekosan
  128. 128. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q6Madeline Tan It is to run to inland and possibly best if run to uphill.Wan Shun It is to run uphill.Boon Wee It is to run to a further and higher place.Izzaty It is to run inland and if possible, up a hill. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 128 Kuronekosan
  129. 129. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q6Jason Tan It is best to look for higher ground and run uphill.Grace Tan The wisest thing to do for those living along high-tsunami risk coastlines during a tsunami attack is to run uphill instead of running inland.Calvin Loo The wisest thing to do is to run uphill or run inland when the sea sucks back.Nurush The wisest thing to do for those living along high-tsunami-risk coastlines during a tsunami attack is to run inland as there is not many uphills.Samuel Lee The wisest thing to do was to run inland or if possible up hill.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 129 Kuronekosan
  130. 130. So what couldwe do?7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 130 Kuronekosan
  131. 131. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks)• Explain fully in your own words why it is hopeless to try to escape from a tsunami if you are on flat land.• RELEVANT AREA OF TEXT from which answer is taken from:• …and if flat terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath, then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and its forces will pulverise you out of all recognition… (lines 31- 34)7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 131 Kuronekosan
  132. 132. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks)You must READ the question carefully: No assumptions should be made that by leaving something unsaid, your This gives you a clear signal examiner would understand your that the answer is given in the relevant answer anyway. area of the text. Explain fully in your own words why it is hopeless to try to escape from a tsunami if you are on flat land. This word tells you that explanation (s) is / are needed. A 2-mark question 7/16/2011 probably means TWO reasons Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 132 Kuronekosan
  133. 133. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks)READ THE QUESTION FURTHER: Explain fully in your own words why [a] it is hopeless to try to escape from a tsunami [b] if you are on flat land.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 133 Kuronekosan
  134. 134. LOOK FOR THE RELEVANT AREA OF TEXTYou have been informed that this question comes 1FROM PASSAGE A 2FROM PARAGRAPH 3 3 4 YOU MUST LOOK FOR THE RELEVANT 5 AREA OF TEXT IN PARAGRAPH 37/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 134 Kuronekosan
  135. 135. Passage A Paragraph 3 Japan is at the junction of a web of tectonic plate boundaries that makes it more peculiarly vulnerable to seismic activities than almost anywhere else. Besides geography, topographySo what and also played an especially tragic role too – for it is an axiom known to all those who dwell by high-where to tsunami-risk coastlines that when the sea sucks back, you run inland and, if at all possible, you run uphill. However, in this corner of northeastlook for Japan, with its wide plains of rice meadows and ideal factory sites and conveniently flat airport locations, there may well be a great deal ofthe inland – but there is almost no uphill. So the reality is this: if a monstrous wave is chasing you inland at the speed of a jetliner, and if theRELEVANT flat terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath, then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, itarea of text? will drown you, and its forces will pulverise you out of all recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 135 Kuronekosan
  136. 136. IT IS VERY OBVIOUS NOW THAT… READING COMPREHENSION INVOLVES READING BOTH THE QUESTIONS AND THE PASSAGES ACCURATELY.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 136 Kuronekosan
  137. 137. Explain fully Japan is at the junction of a web of tectonic plate boundaries that makes it more peculiarly vulnerable to seismic activities than almost anywhere else.in your own Besides geography, topography also played an especially tragic role too – for it is an axiom known to all those who dwell by high-tsunami-risk coastlines that when the sea sucks back, you run inland and, if at allwords why it possible, you run uphill. However, in this corner of northeast Japan, with its wide plains of rice meadows and ideal factory sites and conveniently flat airport locations, there may well be a great deal of inland – but there isis hopeless almost no uphill. So the reality is this: if a monstrous wave is chasing you and if the flat inland at the speed of a jetliner,to try to terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try toescape from escape its wrath, then you cannota tsunami if avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and itsyou are on forces will pulverise you out of allflat land. recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 137 Kuronekosan
  138. 138. , and if the flat terrain denies you any chance ofPay close sprinting to a hilltop to tryattention to the to escape its wrath, then you cannot avoid theRELEVANT inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and itsAREA OF TEXT forces will pulverise you out of all recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.What does itmean?7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 138 Kuronekosan
  139. 139. Does not allow / Deprives Opportunity, and if the flat terrain denies you any chance ofsprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath,then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catch you,it will drown you, and its forces will pulverise you out ofall recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.Running very quickly To prevent from being attacked by it. To avoid being attacked by it.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 139 Kuronekosan
  140. 140. You cannot run away from the unavoidable thing which you are going to face up to.,and if the flat terrain denies you any chance ofsprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath,then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catchyou, it will drown you, and its forces willpulverise you out of all recognition, as a thing ofutter insignificance. The tsunami 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 140 Kuronekosan
  141. 141. crush completely,and if the flat terrain denies you any chance ofsprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath,then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catchyou, it will drown you, and its forces willpulverise you out of all recognition, as athing of utter insignificance. You will disappear totally Nobody will be able to because you have been tell who you originally destroyed completely by the were. tsunami. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 141 Kuronekosan
  142. 142. Explain fully Japan is at the junction of a web of tectonic plate boundaries that makes it more peculiarly vulnerable to seismic activities than almost anywherein your own else. Besides geography, topography also played an especially tragic role too – for it is an axiom known to all those who dwell by high-tsunami-risk coastlines that when the sea sucks back, you run inland and, if at allwords why it possible, you run uphill. However, in this corner of northeast Japan, with its wide plains of rice meadows and ideal factory sites and conveniently flat airport locations, there may well be a great deal of inland – but there isis hopeless almost no uphill. So the reality is this: if a monstrous wave is chasing you and if the flat inland at the speed of a jetliner,to try to terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try toescape from escape its wrath, then you cannota tsunami if avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and itsyou are on forces will pulverise you out of allflat land. recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 142 Kuronekosan
  143. 143. Explain fully Japan is at the junction of a web of tectonic plate boundaries that makes it more peculiarly vulnerable to seismic activities than almost anywherein your own else. Besides geography, topography also played an especially tragic role too – for it is an axiom known to all those who dwell by high-tsunami-risk coastlines that when the sea sucks back, you run inland and, if at allwords why it possible, you run uphill. However, in this corner of northeast Japan, with its wide plains of rice meadows and ideal factory sites and conveniently flat airport locations, there may well be a great deal of inland – but there isis hopeless almost no uphill. So the reality is this: if a monstrous wave is chasing you and if the flat inland at the speed of a jetliner,to try to terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try toescape from escape its wrath, then you cannota tsunami if avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and itsyou are on forces will pulverise you out of allflat land. recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 143 Kuronekosan
  144. 144. Explain fully Japan is at the junction of a web of tectonic plate boundaries that makes it more peculiarly vulnerable to seismic activities than almost anywhere else.in your own Besides geography, topography also played an especially tragic role too – for it is an axiom known to all those who dwell by high-tsunami-risk coastlines that when the sea sucks back, you run inland and, if at allwords why it possible, you run uphill. However, in this corner of northeast Japan, with its wide plains of rice meadows and ideal factory sites and conveniently flat airport locations, there may well be a great deal of inland – but there isis hopeless almost no uphill. So the reality is this: if a monstrous wave is chasing you and if the flat inland at the speed of a jetliner,to try to terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try toescape from escape its wrath, then you cannota tsunami if avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and itsyou are on forces will pulverise you out of allflat land. recognition, as a thing of utter insignificance.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 144 Kuronekosan
  145. 145. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks)• Explain fully in your own words why it is hopeless to try to escape from a tsunami if you are on flat land.• Read the RELEVANT AREA OF TEXT carefully:• …and if flat terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath, then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and its forces will pulverise you out of all recognition… (lines 31- 34)7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 145 Kuronekosan
  146. 146. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks)• ANSWER (Own Words):• There is no highland or high level area for a person to run to higher grounds. [1] When the powerful waves engulf a person, it will certainly overwhelm /smother him and crush him completely, killing him. [1]7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 146 Kuronekosan
  147. 147. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks)• HOW TO MARK:• Award 2 marks if the answer “explains fully” and “given in own words”.• Award I mark to any part of the answer which “explains fully” and “given in own words”.• Do not award any marks for answers not “given in own words”.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 147 Kuronekosan
  148. 148. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks) I was very taken aback by the answers given by the majority of the candidature. Not a single one of you had attempted to use the following sentence (in your own words) to provide an explanation:• …and if flat terrain denies you any chance of sprinting to a hilltop to try to escape its wrath, then you cannot avoid the inevitable: it will catch you, it will drown you, and its forces will pulverise you out of all recognition… (lines 31-34)7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 148 Kuronekosan
  149. 149. PA P3 Q7 (2 marks) However, to your credit, you managed to spell out to me that you had understood that on a flat land, running away from the tsunami was “futile” because the natural force was “bigger”, “stronger”, “faster”, “fiercer”, “more powerful” (and so on) than you. As long as your answer made sense, you would have been accorded with 1 mark. Still your answer was incomplete because many, if not all, had failed to explain the word “pulverise”, which I had expected to see in your answer.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 149 Kuronekosan
  150. 150. 3B Students’ Inputs – Q7Hosea Ho The tsunami would eventually reach the person and would kill the person if the person was on a flat land because he could not outrun the tsunami. It is hopeless to try to escape from a tsunami if you are onHidayat flat land as the frightening waves will chase you at a very fast speed and will exterminate anything in its path including you. The tsunami is very fast. Also, the tsunami has a limitedFabian height, therefore, if you run uphill that is higher than the tsunami, you will be safe. The tsunami will eventually outrun you and you will be killedRaiyan drowning or the tremendous force of the tsunami. No human can outrun the speed of the tsunami.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 150 Kuronekosan
  151. 151. 3C Students’ Inputs – Q7Azly If the waves catches you while you are on flatMohammad land, there is no chance of survival as the wave will drawn you.Marcus Ma The tsunami will drown you if you are on a flatland and it moves with speed equivelent (sic) to a jeltliner.Shadi It is hopeless to escape a tsunami on flat land because there is no high ground to run to.Jin Yang The waves will still be coming after you as there is no high ground to stopthe wave from coming. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 151 Kuronekosan
  152. 152. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q7Samuel Lee It is hopeless as a big wave that is behind you is moving at the speed of an aircraft is trying to drawn you as you try to run away from it.John Ng On flat land, there is hardly anywhere that you can run to unless there is a high place.Fahmie The waves are too fast to be outrunned and since flat lands have no hills, you will have no higher ground to get away from the waves, and you will be crushed by the tsunami.Jarren Mah On a flat land, there is no uphill nearby. So if a tsunami chases you, there will be no hope on escaping the tiger wave and you cannot avoid the7/16/2011 disaster. Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 152 Kuronekosan
  153. 153. 3D Students’ Inputs – Q7Chloe Lim You cannot dodge the inevitable, if a tsunami is chasing you at high speed and have no chance of running to the peak of the hill to attempt to save yourself.Matthias It is hopeless to escape a tsunami if you are on flat land because the speed of the wave is too fast for a human to escape and flat area do not have enough height for people to run uphill.Khalysha It is hopeless because there is no uphill to run to since Japan is mostly full of flat land.Elizabeth The wave will be travelling at a very fast speed, the chances of people surviving is very slim as there’s no time for survivors to run uphill they can run all they want, eventually the waves will catch up and drown the victims.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 153 Kuronekosan
  154. 154. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 154 Kuronekosan
  155. 155. 7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 155 Kuronekosan
  156. 156. Medical Attention An elderly woman gets medical treatment at a shelter in Kamaishi, Iwate prefecture on March 24, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 156 Kuronekosan
  157. 157. Donations Women search through donated clothes at the Big Palette Fukushima convention center in Koriyama on April 5, 2011. Residents of the evacuation zone near the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant left their homes with only the essentials, not knowing how long they would be in the shelters.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 157 Kuronekosan
  158. 158. Communal Dining Earthquake victims gather around a makeshift dining hall for dinner on March 24, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 158 Kuronekosan
  159. 159. Birthday Celebration A boy celebrates his 3rd birthday in Kesennuma, Miyagi prefecture on March 27, 2011.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 159 Kuronekosan
  160. 160. Keeping Informed On March 25, 2011, a man mourns while reading the media coverage of the widespread destruction from the earthquake, tsunami and the nuclear crisis. As of April 6, 2011, the National Police Agency has announced that the death toll has risen to 12,468 people while another 15,091 are still missing.7/16/2011 Written by Yeo Yam Hwee 160 Kuronekosan

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