Essay lesson for 3 na students part 7

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Essay lesson for 3 na students part 7

  1. 1. Further Details Which YouNeed To Pay Careful Attention PART 7 By Kuronekosan by Yeo Yam Hwee 1
  2. 2. Discursive or Argumentative? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of allowing students to plan their own schooling schedules. by Yeo Yam Hwee 2
  3. 3. Discursive or Argumentative?Discuss the advantages anddisadvantages of allowingstudents to plan their ownschooling schedules. Introduction Advantage 1 Disadvantage 1 Advantage 2 Disadvantage 2 Advantage 3 Disadvantage 3 Conclusion Hwee by Yeo Yam 3
  4. 4. Argumentative – but how to structure your essay?Discuss the advantages anddisadvantages of allowing students toplan their own schooling schedules. 50% 50% IMPORTANT NOTE: When you choose to write Introduction on this topic, you cannot afford to lean towards Advantage 1 Disadvantage 1 one side. You need to take a balanced view because Advantage 2 Disadvantage 2 “advantages” and “disadvantages” must be given more or less equal coverage. Advantage 3 Disadvantage 3 Also, there is nothing to agree or Conclusion by Yeo Yam Hwee 4 disagree about.
  5. 5. Argumentative – but how to structure your essay?Discuss the advantages anddisadvantages of allowing students toplan their own schooling schedules. 50% 50% IMPORTANT NOTE: Introduction You should always be clear in writing down your each Advantage 1 Disadvantage 1 claim in the following way: State your claim Advantage 2 Disadvantage 2 Support claim with elaboration Support elaboration with examples Advantage 3 Disadvantage 3 Wrap up this claim before moving on to the next claim. Conclusion by Yeo Yam Hwee 5
  6. 6. Argumentative – but how to structure your essay?Discuss the advantages anddisadvantages of allowing students toplan their own schooling schedules. 50% 50% By planning their own schooling schedules,IMPORTANT NOTE: students will be able to better manage the other things they want to do. EffectiveYou should always be clear students do not get unnecessarily stressedin writing down each of your out because they know what are the thingsclaim in the following way: they have to do first, before moving on to the next. Students who do well inState your claim examinations are probably the ones whoSupport claim with elaboration understand clearly when to study hard andSupport elaboration with an example when to play hard. If young people have theWrap up this claim before moving opportunity to plan their time, they willon to the next claim. become better managers of time when by Yeo Yam Hwee up. they grow 6
  7. 7. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages ofallowing students to plan their own schoolingschedules.Students should be allowed to plan their ownschooling schedules. Discuss.Total chaos will reign if students are allowed to plan theirown schooling schedules. What do you think?Academic performance will improve if students are allowed toplan their own schooling schedules. Do you agree?Truancy and absenteeism will become a thing of the past ifstudents are allowed to plan their own schooling schedules. by Yeo Yam Hwee 7
  8. 8. Even if “Do you agree that”is missing from the essay topic, WHY?we know that we can take sidesif we choose to attempt this question. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of allowing students to plan their own schooling schedules. Students should be allowed to plan their own schooling schedules. Discuss. “Discuss” does not mean you write a DISCURSIVE essay. It means you have to stake a CLAIM and support that claim with elaboration and examples. There must also be a HOWEVER paragraph to inform the readers that you by Yeo Yam Hwee are aware of the alternative CLAIM. 8
  9. 9. This is a SWEEPING STATEMENT. It is negative in tone and sois rather controversial. This provides a fertile ground for argumentation. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of allowing students to plan their own schooling schedules. Total chaos will reign if students are allowed to plan their own schooling schedules. What do you think? You have very strong reasons either to agree or to disagree with this CONTROVERSIAL statement. by Yeo Yam Hwee 9
  10. 10. This is a SWEEPING STATEMENT. Although positive in tone, this claim is alsorather controversial. This provides a fertile ground for argumentation. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of allowing students to plan their own schooling schedules. Academic performance will improve if students are allowed to plan their own schooling schedules. Do you agree? You have very strong reasons either to agree or to disagree with this CONTROVERSIAL statement. by Yeo Yam Hwee 10
  11. 11. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages ofallowing students to plan their own schoolingschedules.Truancy and absenteeism willbecome a thing of the past ifstudents are allowed to plan theirown schooling schedules. [X] There is no “Do you agree?” or “What do you think?” It does not mean that you should merely take what is stated here and follow the DRIFT blindly. You think it through and then takeby Yeo Yam Hwee and present your arguments. your position 11
  12. 12. Truancy and absenteeism will become a thing of the past if students are allowed to plan their own schooling schedules.INTRODUCTIONWhy is truancy an issue – why is it a talking point?Why is absenteeism an issue – talking point?How do truancy and absenteeism affect the effectiveness of learning andteaching in the classroom? - Do they affect the teachers / students?What do I believe in THESIS STATEMENT Skeleton of your whole essay.What am I going to talk about in this essay. by Yeo Yam Hwee 12
  13. 13. Discursive or Argumentative? Explain and discuss the functions of your school uniform. There is nothing to agree or disagree with. So this is mainly a DISCURSIVE essay topic. by Yeo Yam Hwee 13
  14. 14. Discursive or Argumentative?Explain and discuss the functions of your schooluniform.Students should be allowed to wear their own clothesto school. Do you agree?Students establish a strong sense of identity whenthey put on their school uniforms. What is youropinion?Wearing school uniforms is an outdated practice in amodern day school. Do you agree or disagree withthis comment? by Yeo Yam Hwee 14
  15. 15. Discursive or Argumentative? Explain where in Singapore you would take your friends from overseas who has only a day to spend here.DISCURSIVE - Nothing to argue FOR or AGAINST. - Only need to give reasons for taking your overseas friend to at most THREE places which you think he or she must visit. by Yeo Yam Hwee 15
  16. 16. Discursive or Argumentative? Why should students develop the habit of life-long learning?DISCURSIVE - Nothing to argue FOR or AGAINST. - Only need to give reasons for taking your overseas friend to at most THREE places which you think he or she must visit. by Yeo Yam Hwee 16
  17. 17. Discursive or Argumentative?Discuss theimportance ofhealthy living.Here there is no need to think about AGREEING or DISAGREEING withThe IMPORTANCE of HEALTHY LIVING. by Yeo Yam Hwee 17
  18. 18. Discursive or Argumentative? Discuss the importance of healthy living.Here there is no need to think about AGREEING or DISAGREEINGwith the IMPORTANCE of HEALTHY LIVING. We FOCUS onEXPLAINING AND DESCRIBING the topic and ITSIMPORTANCE. by Yeo Yam Hwee 18
  19. 19. How to structure a Discursive essay? Discuss the importance of healthy living. Explain what you mean by “healthy living”. Give your own definition; does not need to be a definition which someIntroduction “experts” say or share. Why is this an issue?Paragraph State clearly its IMPORTANCE. How does it concern you? Three important things you plan to write about in this essay on the topic. Why is HL Using your own What WhatMain Body experience, advantages or difficulties relevant to suggest how toParagraphs benefits or and you as a maintain a life desired challenges student / style of H L? 1-4 teenager/ son outcomes do do you What do you you expect to foresee? Or or daughter? plan to do? see? expect to encounter? Once again, state the importance of healthy living.Conclusion Mention that it is a desirable thing to do but understandably difficult to achieve and maintain over a period of time. Paragraph Give encouragement and persuade your readers to try it out and not give up. by Yeo Yam Hwee 19
  20. 20. Discursive or Argumentative? Youths in Singapore are soft. What do you think? by Yeo Yam Hwee 20
  21. 21. ArgumentativeThis is a negative comment. It is also an allegation. For some, it may evenbe construed as an insult. Nevertheless, emotions aside, we deal with theissue squarely to see how this may be reasoned out. Youths in Singapore are soft. What do you think? INTEREST, NOT EMOTIONS should rein REMEMBER: When you deal with comments like this, do not get emotional. Your attitude should be one of interest but be detached enough so that your reasoning may be clear and well-thought-out. by Yeo Yam Hwee 21
  22. 22. ArgumentativeYouths in Singapore are soft.What do you think? Why is this an issue?Introduction To what extent is this a fair comment? To what extent is this not so fair?Paragraph What is your opinion on this? State clearly your THESIS STATEMENT What are the thoughts you would like to highlight in this essay?Main Body Point 1 Point 2 Point 3 HOWEVER PARAGRAPHParagraphs Topic Topic Topic1–4 Sentence Sentence Sentence Reiterate the thesis statement here.Conclusion Being positive about your stand. Being understanding about alternative viewpointsParagraph Express hope and best wishes. by Yeo Yam Hwee 22
  23. 23. Discursive or Argumentative? How would you give advice to a classmate who is falling behind in his or her studies? by Yeo Yam Hwee 23
  24. 24. DiscursiveWhat kind of things would you say to him or her?What kind of things would you do?What kind of efforts would you make?What methods would you use to help him or her? How would you give advice to a classmate who is falling behind in his or her studies? Be very clear: Your Advice can come in many forms. target is a classmate Time Management who is falling behind Where to start to revise In hir or her studies. How to consult when in doubt How to study independently When to study and when to rest And so on. by Yeo Yam Hwee 24
  25. 25. Discursive or Argumentative?Write about the things whichwill affect the choice youmake between continuingyour education in SecondaryFive and beginning a newlearning path at the ITE? by Yeo Yam Hwee 25
  26. 26. DiscursiveWrite about the things whichwill affect the choice youmake between continuingyour education in SecondaryFive and beginning a newlearning path at the ITE? by Yeo Yam Hwee 26
  27. 27. Discursive or Argumentative?What can youngSingaporeans do toprotect theenvironment? by Yeo Yam Hwee 27
  28. 28. Discursive REMEMBER: You are also a young Singaporean. What can young Singaporeans do to protect the environment?We should make sure that we do not litter – keep Singapore clean and green.Do not waste water resources – always use water according to need.Do not waste energy resourcesIf possible take part in the greening of our country – tree planting and so onKeep our beaches cleanReport any acts of wrong-doing by people to the authoritiesHelp to spread the message of environmental protection to others.Be an example or role models to other people through positive action. by Yeo Yam Hwee 28
  29. 29. Discursive or Argumentative?What makes avibrantclassroom? by Yeo Yam Hwee 29
  30. 30. Discursive Essay WritingClear understandingthat the classroom Positive Positive Availability andis a shared space Attitude of Attitude of accessibility ofbetween the the teaching andteachers andstudents. teachers students learning facilities What makes a vibrant classroom? Planning and Teaching and Support from Support from execution of learning of life- the school to parents / curriculum skills, analytical provide a safe guardians of which considers skills, IT skills and conducive students the learner in and so on learning- the 21st century teaching environment by Yeo Yam Hwee 30
  31. 31. Discursive or Argumentative?Studying smart ismore effectivethan studyinghard. Do youagree? by Yeo Yam Hwee 31
  32. 32. Discursive or Argumentative?Visibility is morecrucial thanability. by Yeo Yam Hwee 32
  33. 33. Discursive or Argumentative?Despite the technologicaladvances, man is not anycloser to gaining a betterunderstanding of himself inhis relationship to othersand his environment. by Yeo Yam Hwee 33
  34. 34. Discursive or Argumentative?What are the thingsyou and yourparents do when youspend timetogether? by Yeo Yam Hwee 34
  35. 35. Discursive AND descriptive THIS TOPIC REQUIRES YOU TO ANSWER IN THE FIRST PERSON PRONOUN - I What are the things you and your parents do when you spend time together?EATING A WATCHING A GOING ON A HOUSEKEEPINGMEAL – FAVOURITE FAMILY TOUR and SPRING-Breakfast / MOTION together to CLEANING andLunch / Dinner PICTURE at West Malaysia so on/ Supper and the cinema and so onso on. by Yeo Yam Hwee 35
  36. 36. Which type of Essay is this?Write about a timewhen a heated familyargument whichproduced a positiveoutcome. by Yeo Yam Hwee 36

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