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Character focus 1-shylock [compatibility mode]
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Character focus 1-shylock [compatibility mode]

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    Character focus 1-shylock [compatibility mode] Character focus 1-shylock [compatibility mode] Presentation Transcript

    • THE MERCHANT OF VENICE Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 1 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • Character Analysis prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee Term 2 Week 3 -4.2012 FOCUS 1 SHYLOCK Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 2 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • PHYSICAL MENTAL QUALITIES QUALITIES MORAL SOCIALHow do we QUALITIES QUALITIESwrite aboutSHYLOCK’scharacter? Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 3 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • PHYSICAL QUALITIES Shylock is Jewish by ethnicity. He moves within his own social circle but needs to interact with people of other ethnicities due to his money-lending business. Since he is not liked, but even hated by the Christians, he cannot be assumed to feel comfortable to be with them all day long. The living quarters of the Jews are also separated from those of the Christians. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 4 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • PHYSICAL QUALITIES Shylock , a Jew, is just as human as any other human beings. “Has not the Jew eyes? Had not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions?” [See pages 65 – 66 of your textbook] Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 5 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • PHYSICAL QUALITIES Are the Jews not fed with the same food? Are they not hurt by the same ways as Christians? Are they not similarly affected by the same diseases? Are they not warmed by the same summer as Christians? Are they not cooled by the same winter? Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 6 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • PHYSICAL QUALITIES If a Jew is pricked, does he not bleed? If a Jew is tickled, does he not laugh? If a Jew is poisoned, does he not die? [See page 66 of your textbook] Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 7 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MENTAL QUALITIES Shylock is very careful to whom he lends money to when he is in business. This can be seen from the way he considers seriously and drives a hard bargain with Bassanio who wants to borrow three thousand ducats for three months from him, to get Antonio “bound” by Bassanio’s loan. He is shrewd and calculating. He uses opportunities to his advantage. He does not trust Bassanio but insists on meeting with Antonio before agreeing to lend money. He also gets away with Antonio’s agreement to let him have one pound of his flesh should Antonio “default” on his bond. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 8 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MENTAL QUALITIES Shylock seems to have an immense capacity to put up with all the scorning, mocking, taunting, shame and dishonour which have befallen him as the story unfolds. He suffers the social and economic injustice at the hands of the Christians, betrayal by his daughter, Jessica and eventual loss of his hardearned money. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 9 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MENTAL QUALITIES However, when he cannot hold his emotions in check any longer, he is as human as he can be. Jessica may be in a great hurry to run away from her father’s “dark house” but it is quite obvious that Shylock loves her, even though he also mourns for the loss of his money. This can be seen from what he proclaims to Tubal, his trusted Jewish kinsman, after he learns from him that his Jessica is nowhere to be found, “The curse never fell upon our nation till now. I never felt it till now.” Like most people, he has no room to be sympathetic towards Antonio’s misfortune. Shylock’s pain blinds him from showing mercy and offering forgiveness to Antonio, but instead steels his heart to seek justice for himself the way he wants Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 Prepared by it to be done. 10 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MENTAL QUALITIES But in the end, because of his failure to show mercy and his insistence of having justice meted out for him to exact a pound of flesh from Antonio, Shylock is utterly defeated by Portia’s sound warning to him that his contract only allows him to cut out one pound of flesh from Antonio’s chest with no provision for any blood to be shed. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 11 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MORAL QUALITIES Jewish people are also religious in their own rightful ways. Just because they as a tribe are being despised by the Christians does not mean they are immoral people. Just because the Christian laws forbid money-lending does not make their trade an immoral one. If they are not allowed to own properties or do business and are only permitted to lend money, then it is a trade that is being forced upon them because they are human beings to who need to make a living to survive. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 12 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MORAL QUALITIES Shylock’s hatred for the Christians is quite deep. He seeks revenge for all the wrong he thinks Antonio and his supporters have heaped upon him. He does not understand why he has to put up with the self-righteousness of Antonio’s supporters who demands that he has to be “merciful or generous” to Antonio who has lost his ships in the seas. For all Shylock knows, these supporters belong to the same group who laughs at him for failing to be a good enough father to his daughter, Jessica, who has eloped to be with Lorenzo, her lover. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 13 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • MORAL QUALITIES What hardens Shylock and makes him so bent on seeking revenge? What can’t he just let Antonio off by accepting the generous offers made by Bassanio to rescue Antonio from having to give up a pound of flesh to Shylock. Shylock challenges the Christians with his question: “If a Jew wrongs a Christian, what is his humility? Revenge! If a Christian wrongs a Jew, what should his sufferance be by Christian example? Why revenge! Shylock blames the Christian for what he has become. He is telling us that he is being cornered by the injustice he is experiencing. He vows to be even better than the Christians in carrying out his actions to seek justice for himself and he will persist to do so to the very end. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 14 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • SOCIAL QUALITIES Shylock’s character cannot be studied in isolation. We have to examine him based on his relationship with Antonio. Antonio is a Christian merchant with a good reputation in Venice who also lends money for free. He is not interested in making money out of the misery of other people. In this point he disagrees with Shylock, a Jewish usurer and merchant. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 15 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • SOCIAL QUALITIES Shylock makes his living by lending money on interests. Antonio despises Shylock for his profession and tries everything to ruin and discredit him. Shylock on the other hand hates Antonio for what he does to him – Antonio scorns Shylock for being a “misbeliever” and “cut-throat dog” and he also “spits on Shylock’s Jewish gaberdine”. [See page 56 of the textbook] This is the major conflict of the main plot which is defined by personal and religious differences between Antonio and Shylock.Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 16 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • SOCIAL QUALITIES The social lines are drawn very clearly to separate the Jews from the Christians and Shylock is obviously very influenced by what is it he can and cannot do with the Christians. He rejects Bassanio’s dinner invitation flatly by telling him that he does not want to “smell pork” or “eat, drink or pray with them”. The Jews and the Christians are separated by their respective religious practices. [See page 54-55 of textbook] Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 17 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • SOCIAL QUALITIES• Shylock also reveals to us that he “hates Antonio” because Antonio is “a Christian”. This cannot be said to be unique of Shylock because of the way the Christians generally despise and mistreat the Jews in Venice. Shylock also feels threatened by the Christians lending money without charging interest and therefore affecting his means of making a living. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 18 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • SOCIAL QUALITIES “The dark Jew (in the form of Shylock) hates the bright (self-righteous) Christians of Venice; and strongest reason of all, he hates them because they hate him. Hate breeds hate as fast as summer flies.” But because of the unequal social status, Shylock has to be courteous and civil to Antonio but Antonio continues to regard Shylock with “unconcealed contempt”. [See page 55 of textbook.] Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 19 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • SOCIAL QUALITIES Shylock’s social circle is extremely limited by his ethnicity and religion because of the self- righteousness of the Christians, including Antonio. When Shylock offers to be a friend, Antonio brushes him off curtly, even when Shylock tries “to prove his good faith” by lending Bassanio money with no charging of interest. Shylock tries in vain to befriend everybody but “none was friends with him”. [See pages 56 – 57 of the textbook.] It is implied here through Antonio ‘s hostile behaviour towards Shylock that he can expect no friendship from Antonio. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 20 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • Shylock plays many roles in the story: Shylock is born a Jew and his religion is Judaism. Judaism is the religion, philosophy, and way of life of the Jewish people He lives and works in Venice. He is a father. His daughter is Jessica. He is a moneylender by trade. He is also a member of the Jewish tribe who is in constant conflict with the Christians who live and work in the Venice. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 21 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • Our understanding of Shylock is formed also by:HOW SHYLOCK HOW SHYLOCKSEES HIMSELF SEES OTHERSHOW OTHERS HOW SHYLOCKSEE SHYLOCK WOULD LIKE OTHERS TO SEE HIM Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 22 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • How Shylock sees himself He takes care of himself and his family and makes his living through money-lending and does not see any reason why the Christians should despise him such. Although increasingly being isolated by others in the story as it proceeds, Shylock musters his confidence to fight for what he thinks is justice owed to him by the Christians who have been unfair and unjust towards him and his kind.1/4/2012 Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express 23 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • How others see Shylock In sixteenth century, Venice was one of the most powerful and liberal city states in Europe. Intolerance of the Jews was a fact of life. By law the Jews were forced to live in the walled foundry of “Geto” area of the city. After sundown, the gate was locked and guarded by Christians. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 24 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • How others see Shylock In the daytime, any man leaving the ghetto had to wear a red hat to mark him as a Jew. The Jews were forbidden to own property. So they practised usury – the lending of money by charging interest. This was against Christian laws. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 25 Studentst at HSCS.2012
    • How others see Shylock The sophisticated Venetians would turn a blind eye to the money-lending business but for the religious fanatics, who hated the Jews, it was another matter. So we can imagine the kind of low social status which Shylock and the people of his “nation” have to endure for as long as the Christians reign over them. Prepared by Yeo Yam Hwee for 2Express1/4/2012 26 Studentst at HSCS.2012